Bill Grieser - Annual Meeting

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  • Shale development and horizontal drilling changed everythingStill using equipment and technology that we were using the conventional tight gas plays.
  • In North America, shale developments have led the oil and gas industry into highly populated areas where we haven’t traditionally produced hydrocarbons. This has resulted in extremely high visibility and concern about the processes and fluids we use in fracturing. Halliburton has for many years focused on developing environmentally focused products and processes to meet the needs of offshore operators in places like the Gulf of Mexico and the North Sea. The new developments are a natural outcome of those continuing efforts.
  • The new CleanStim fluid formulation is a complete fluid system which includes the gel, crosslinker, surfactant and breaker all sourced from the food industry. No other company offers a complete fluid system like this. The fluid is providing excellent performance is all aspects of what a fracturing fluid must provide such as proppant transport, controllable break and cleanup. Plus, it provides an extra measure of protection for people, animals and the environment at the wellsite.
  • CleanStream service is based on Halliburton’s proprietary use of ultraviolet light to control bacteria growth in fracturing fluids. As you know, controlling bacteria growth in critical since excess bacteria can ruin the fracturing fluid, damage well components and produce H2S gas. Historically, chemical biocides have been used for the purpose but they can be harmful to humans and animals in case of a mishap. And the chemicals require special handling. CleanStream service can greatly reduce the need for biocides and in some cases completely eliminate the need.
  • CleanWave service used electrocoagulation to condition flowback and produced water for use in wellsite activities, primarily fracturing. In a typical treatment, about 30% of the frac fluid returns to surface and must be handled as a pollutant. CleanWave service enables reusing the flowback water. In addition, many wells produce large amounts of water that normally must be disposed of. Again, CleanWave service can enable conditioning the water for use in fracturing, drilling fluids, or completion fluids – any operation than can use a clean brine.
  • Prior to the introduction of the ADP advanced dry polymer blender, fracturing fluid concentrate was transported in a hydrocarbon to keep the gel from hydrating. The concentrate was then blended with water at the wellsite to produce fracturing fluid. Preparing the gel concentrate required large volumes of hydrocarbon carrier fluid. The ADP blender completely eliminates the need for carrier fluid with its inherent transportation and handling. The ADP blender enables creating a fracturing fluid by mixing a dry powder with the water. All of Halliburton’s fracturing fluid formulations can be prepared using the dry polymer blending process.
  • SandCastleTM PS-2500Reduces footprint - the size of the pad required to store proppant (14’ x 15’ Pad)No emissions, uses of solar panels for powerEnables greater on-site proppant storage volumes than traditional unitsReal-time material inventory with integral weighing system – using load cellsImproves reliability through design simplicity
  • Microseismic fracture mapping helps determine where the fracture is developing and propogating. Knowing this in real time during a treatment helps assure the fracture stays in the intended zone. Pinnacle is the world’s number one provider of MSM fracture mapping. This technology has been useful in helping assure concerned parties that the fractures we create are no where near aquifers. The example shown here is from a number of treatments in the Barnett Shale in North Texas.
  • Halliburton has taken a leadership role in developing a system to provide operators a solid basis for choosing environmentally enhanced chemicals. Through the CSI process, each chemical in our portfolio is assigned a value based on its HSE characteristics. With this system an operator can make an informed decision on the chemicals to use in a treatment.
  • Halliburton has taken a leadership role in developing a system to provide operators a solid basis for choosing environmentally enhanced chemicals. Through the CSI process, each chemical in our portfolio is assigned a value based on its HSE characteristics. With this system an operator can make an informed decision on the chemicals to use in a treatment.
  • Halliburton fully supports chemical disclosure, first in the industry to develop software to generate chemical disclosure data on location (through our data acquisition software in the frac van) to satisfy the FracFocus voluntary database. We are also adding the ability to generate specific forms required by states , such as Arkansas, Wyoming and Texas.
  • Bill Grieser - Annual Meeting

    1. 1. Using Technology to Meet Environmental and Regulatory Challenges September 29th, 2011© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    2. 2. © 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    3. 3. Objectives • Overview • History • “The Evolution” • What’s at stake? • Commitment to Technology • Solutions • Discussion© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    4. 4. U.S. Shale Development Montana Thrust Bakken Belt Antrim Mancos Niobrara New Gothic/ Albany Green River Woodford Fayetteville Monterey Floyd Barnett Bone Springs/ Haynesville Avalon http://www.eia.gov/oil_gas/rpd/shale_gas.jpg© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    5. 5. Fayetteville Historical Evolution© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    6. 6. Decades of Technology Application Quantify Construct Complete 1,000 Analyze 10,000 100 1,000 Gas Rate (Mscf/D) Oil Rate (bbl/D) Gas Rate Sim Gas Rate 10 Oil Rate 100 Oil rate Sim 1 10 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 Time (Days)© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    7. 7. “The Leap” Horizontal versus Vertical – Less Environmental Footprint Horizontals  Improve efficiency  Reduce surface footprint© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    8. 8. Protecting Ground Water Surface Casing - Isolating Wellbore and Formation Ground Surface Level Surface Wellbore USDW Surface Cement Purpose  Protect ground water  Provide stable wellbore Steel Requirements Casing  Set by state regulations  Typically 500 to 1,500 ft© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    9. 9. Protecting Ground Water Production Casing Ground Surface Level Surface USDW Casing 1,000’s of Feet of Separation Production Wellbore Purpose  Provides zonal isolation Production  Provides well path to productive intervals Cement Requirements  Set by state regulations Steel  Set by operator requirements Casing© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    10. 10. Arkansas Oil and Gas Commission© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    11. 11. Cementing Technology Overview Solution Development Job Execution Results Evaluation  Finite Element  Job Monitoring  Post Evaluation Analysis  Automatic Density  Cement  Computational Fluid Control Bond Log Dynamics  Job Design for Life of the Well© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    12. 12. Typical Fluids Lab Total Lab Hours per year 70,110 hours Machine Hours per year 39,450 hours Lab Maintained 24/7/365 Lab contains drilling fluids, completion fluids fracture fluids and cementing All machines monitored real time on site. Data accessible from any location globally.© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    13. 13. Halliburton Overview Commitment to Technology Halliburton Locations Halliburton Headquarters Halliburton Research Centers Operational Research Corporate 2010 Founded: Employees Countries Centers Headquarters Customers FAST 1919 50,000+ 70+ 14 Houston National, FACTS Dubai International and Independent entities worldwide© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    14. 14. Environmentally Focused Energy Development© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    15. 15. Environmental Advancements In Fracturing CleanStim™ Formulation  A clean, low-impact fracturing fluid system  All ingredients sourced from the food industry© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    16. 16. Environmental Advancements In Fracturing CleanStream® Service  Uses ultraviolet light to control bacteria in fracturing fluid  Minimizes or even eliminates biocides  Replaced 463,000 gallons of biocide© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    17. 17. Environmental Advancements In Fracturing CleanWave® Service  Electrocoagulation process  Minimizes chemical usage  Reduces volume of fresh water required for fracs  Recycled 96.5 million gallons of water saving 23,200 tractor trailer loads© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    18. 18. Environmental Advancements In Fracturing ADPTM Advanced Dry Polymer Blender  Introduces gelling agent in dry powder form into fracturing fluids  Eliminates the large volumes of carrier fluids  Eliminated 14.5 million gallons of mineral oil in fracturing operations© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    19. 19. Frac of the Future - 4th Generation Equipment Features • New Q-10 pump • Improved sand delivery • Improved rig-up and rig-down for multiple well padsBenefits• Decreased footprint• Decreased emissions• Enhanced Service Quality and Safety• Operational Efficiency• Remote operation• Reduced NPT© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    20. 20. Environmental Advancements In Fracturing Microseismic Fracture Mapping  Enables understanding and controlling where the fractures are located  Helps maximize stimulated reservoir volume© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    21. 21. Fracture Height Determination Marcellus Kevin Fisher, “Data Confirm Safety of Well Fracturing” The American Oil & Gas Reporter – July 2010© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    22. 22. Environmental Advancements In Fracturing Chemistry Scoring Index (CSI) Health  Assess relative HSE hazards Safety  Consider relative hazards in formulating new products Environmental  Can be adopted by entire industry Source: Need source© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    23. 23. Environmental Advancements In Fracturing Chemistry Scoring Index (CSI)  Assess relative HSE hazards  Consider relative hazards in formulating new products  Can be adopted by entire industry Health Safety Environmental Source: Need source© 2011 HALLIBURTON. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    24. 24. © 2010 Halliburton. All Rights Reserved. 26
    25. 25. Chemical Disclosure© 2010 Halliburton. All Rights Reserved. 27
    26. 26. Hydraulic Fracturing Microsite© 2010 Halliburton. All Rights Reserved. 28
    27. 27. QUESTIONS? Questions?© 2010 Halliburton. All Rights Reserved. 29

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