Threats and Challenges for the Plastics Industry : An                                                 Indian Perspective  ...
Awareness is picking up slowly in India                We want to learn from other countries as chemicals                 ...
Majority of toys in Indian market contain toxic chemical: Study      •    CSE study in 2010 showed that even toys marked a...
•    Packaged Drinking Water and Packaged Natural Mineral Water are under mandatory BIS     certification as per the PFA R...
•     Bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates       o Found In: Water bottles, baby bottles, plastic wraps, food packaging       ...
•   IS: 9833-1981: List of pigments and colourants for use of plastics in contact with foodstuffs/pharma/drinking water•  ...
•   IS: 11705-1986: Positive list of EAA copolymers in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and drinking water•   IS: ...
Thank youChemicals in Plastics               8
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3 chemicals in plastics

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3 chemicals in plastics

  1. 1. Threats and Challenges for the Plastics Industry : An Indian Perspective CHEMICALS IN PLASTICS A presentation by… ARVIND M MEHTA Chairman Plastivision India Advisory Board. AIPMA Executive Director Council of International Plastics Association Directors (CIPAD) Past President: Plastindia Foundation Past President: AIPMA Miami, USA. 4-5 December 2012Country Report: Plastics Industry in India- Issues and Challenges
  2. 2. Awareness is picking up slowly in India We want to learn from other countries as chemicals in plastics are threatsChemicals in Plastics 2
  3. 3. Majority of toys in Indian market contain toxic chemical: Study • CSE study in 2010 showed that even toys marked as safe for infants and toddlers were found to contain dangerous levels of the chemicals • Over 45% of the samples exceeded internationally accepted safe limits for phthalates • BIS released draft regulations on phthalates in toys – DEHP, DBP, DIDP, DNOP - regulated to be less than 0.1% Pesticide residues in bottled water Between July and December 2002, CSE tested 17 different brands of PDW and PNMW commonly sold in areas that fall within Delhi NCR & found the samples for 12 organochlorines, and 8 organophosphorus pesticides - covering the spectrum of pesticides most used in India BFR in recycled plastic across Delhi • Delhi-based NGO Toxics Link, in its study (2011), found the presence of brominated flame retardants (BFR) in recycled plastic across Delhi • Of the 44 samples that were collected from recycling and moulding units for the study, 18 were found to contain BFR and heavy metals like lead and cadmium Source: CSE-Centre for Science and Environment, The Economic TimesChemicals in Plastics 3
  4. 4. • Packaged Drinking Water and Packaged Natural Mineral Water are under mandatory BIS certification as per the PFA Rules, 1955 administered by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India.• Packaged drinking water and natural mineral water shall be packed in clean, hygenic, colorless, transparent and tamperproof bottles/containers: o made of PE conforming to IS 10146 o or PVC conforming to IS 10151 or o PP conforming to IS 10910 o or PET and PBT conforming to IS 12252 o or polycarbonate conforming to IS 14971 o or PS conforming to IS 10142 o or sterile glass bottles suitable for preventing possible adulteration or o contamination of the water or PE bags conforming to IS 15609• Plastic containers shall be conforming to IS 15410• All packaging materials of plastic origin shall pass the overall migration and colour• migration limits as laid down in the relevant Indian Standards as per method given in• IS9845 Source: BIS-Bureau of Indian Standards, ICPEChemicals in Plastics 4
  5. 5. • Bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates o Found In: Water bottles, baby bottles, plastic wraps, food packaging  Endocrine disruptor  developmental problems • Propylene Glycol & Polyethylene Glycol o Used in industrial cleaners, anti-freeze, oven-cleaner, and hydraulic fluid ▪ Allegedly are carcinogenic and have been shown to be related to kidney problems, dermatitis, liver problems and weakened immunity • Sodium Lauryl Sulfate & Sodium Laureth Sulfate o Found in foaming agents like in certain soaps, shampoos, toothpastes, and many industrial cleaners like car wash soap. ▪ Denature proteins damage cells, Eye malformation in children and depression • Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) o A component of Teflon nonstick coatings ; found In nonstick pots and pans ▪ Hormone disruptor Limited awareness in India; some research being carried out by Govt. agencies – unlikely to impact plastics use in the immediate futureChemicals in Plastics 5
  6. 6. • IS: 9833-1981: List of pigments and colourants for use of plastics in contact with foodstuffs/pharma/drinking water• IS: 10141-1982: Positive list of constituents of PE for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs/pharma/drinking water• IS: 10142-1982: Specification for styrene polymers for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs/pharma/drinking water• IS: 10146-1982: Polyethylene for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs and drinking water• IS: 10148-1982: Positive list of constituents of PVC &its copolymers for safe contact with foodstuffs/pharma/water• IS: 10149-1982: Positive list of constituents of styrene polymers in contact with foodstuffs/pharma/drinking water• IS: 10151-1982: PVC and its co-polymers for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs/pharma/drinking water• IS: 10910-1984: Positive list of constituents of PP& its copolymers for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs/pharma• IS: 11434-1985: Ionomer resins for its safe use in contact with foodstuff, pharmaceuticals and drinking water• IS: 11435-1985: Positive list of constituents of ionomer resins in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals & water• IS: 11704-1986: Ethylene acrylic acid (EAA) copolymers for their safe use in contact with foodstuffs/pharma/waterChemicals in Plastics Source: BIS-Bureau of Indian Standards, ICPE 6
  7. 7. • IS: 11705-1986: Positive list of EAA copolymers in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and drinking water• IS: 12229-1987: Positive list of constituents of PET & PBT for their safe use in contact with foodstuffs/pharma/water• IS: 12247-1988: Nylon-6 polymer for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and drinking water• IS: 12248-1988: Positive list of constituents of Nylon-6 polymer for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs/pharma• IS: 12252-1987: PET & PBT for their safe use in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and drinking water• IS: 9845-1998: Method of analysis for the determination of specific and/or overall migration of constituents of plastics materials and articles intended to come into contact with food stuffs• IS: 13449-1992: Positive list of constituents of EVA copolymers in contact with foodstuffs/pharma/drinking water• IS: 13576-1992: EMA for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and drinking water• IS: 13601-1993: EVA co-polymers for its safe use in contact with foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and drinking water• IS: 14972-2001: Positive list of constituents of polycarbonate in contact with foodstuffs/pharma/drinking waterChemicals in Plastics Source: BIS-Bureau of Indian Standards, ICPE 7
  8. 8. Thank youChemicals in Plastics 8

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