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2 waste management threats and opportunities


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2 waste management threats and opportunities

  1. 1. Threats and Challenges for the Plastics Industry : An Indian Perspective WASTE MANAGEMENT: THREATS AND OPPORTUNITIES A presentation by… ARVIND M MEHTA Chairman Plastivision India Advisory Board. AIPMA Executive Director Council of International Plastics Association Directors (CIPAD) Past President: Plastindia Foundation Past President: AIPMA Miami, USA. 4-5 December 2012Country Report: Plastics Industry in India- Issues and Challenges
  2. 2. Dry Waste Agriculture Recycled Plastic Wet Products Waste Composting Segregation Recycling of Plastics Waste Dump Yard Sale of Dry Waste Segregated Dry WasteWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities 2
  3. 3. 6% Disposal site Plastic Waste in % 9% Street Dumping 6% Vegetable Market Commercial 7% Complex 7% Low Income Group Middle Income 10% Group High Income Group 14%Waste Management: Threats and Opportunities Source: Report of the Sub-group on Petrochemicals for the 12th Five Year Plan, 2012 3
  4. 4. Percentage of quantities in the waste at Gorai (Landfill in Mumbai) Compostable Matter 9% 33% 6% 7% Plastic 5% 7% Paper Miscellaneous (Sand, Silt, Debris etc.) Metal / Glass 8% 52% 2% 10% Source: NEERI (National Environmental Engineering & Research Institute, Nagpur, Maharashtra) Report on composition of MSW in Mumbai landfill in 2005 14% Moreover, over 95% of plastics are collected from landfills for recyclingWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities 4
  5. 5. Characterisation of Total Waste Plastics, 6.9% Non-Plastics, 9% 4.3% 345 kg (6.6%) for Recycling 6% Dry Waste, 11.2% 7% 10% 7% Less than 5 % of plastics remain in the landfills - Study in Deonar Dumping 14% in Mumbai AreaWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities 5
  6. 6. Plastic Waste Management at a Glance Per Day Plastic Waste Generation 15342 MT Plastic waste Generation per capita 13 gm Plastic Waste Collection (Estimated: 60% of consumption) 9205 MT Uncollected Plastic Waste (Estimated: 40% by weight) 6137 MT Municipal solid waste generation as per CPCB study on MSW 50592 MT generation in 60 major cities (2010-11) Plastic waste generation as per CPCB study on MSW generation in 3501 MT 60 major cities (2010-11) Source: Central Pollution Control Board ‘Material on Plastic Waste Management’ June 2012Waste Management: Threats and Opportunities 6
  7. 7. Average annual volume of plastics recycled 3.6 MMT Number of Organized Recycling Units 3500 Number of Unorganized Recycling Units >10,000 Manpower directly involved in Plastics Recycling ~6,00,000 Manpower indirectly involved in Plastics Recycling ~10,00,000 Estimated Investment in Plant & Machinery US$ 30 million PE, PP, PVC, PET, PS, ABS, Plastics Recycled PMMA, PBT, SAN and Nylon ~ 40% of plastics consumed are recycled. One of the highest recycling rates in the world Source: Report of the Sub-group on Petrochemicals for the 12th Five Year Plan, 2012Waste Management: Threats and Opportunities 7
  8. 8. • Improper waste management causes o Soil Pollution o Air Pollution o Water Pollution • MSW clogs drains, creating o Stagnant water for insect breeding and o Floods during rainy seasons • Greenhouse gases are generated from the decomposition of organic wastes in landfills • Insect and rodent vectors are attracted to the waste and can spread diseases such as cholera and dengue fever • Some Health Problems linked to improper waste management are infections, allergies, breathing problems and even cardiovascular riskWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities 8
  9. 9. Flow Diagram for Recycling of Consumer Waste Consumer Waste Household Waste Hotel/Hospital Waste Street Waste Dump yard Scrap Dealers Rag pickers Scrap wholesalers Grinding, Cleaning Recyclers Sorting & Cleaning , Drying Sold to processors/Product Granulation & Lump Formation conversion to end Packaging & Grinding Clearly delineated roles and functions in an efficient multi-stage processWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities 9
  10. 10. Flow Diagram for Recycling of Industrial Waste Industrial Waste End Users Street Waste Scrap Dealers Scrap Pickers Scrap Wholesalers Grinding, Recycler Sorting & Cleaning Cleaning, Drying Sold to Processors / Granulation & Lump Formation & Product Conversion to End Packaging Grinding Efficient value addition process governed by market dynamicsWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities 10
  11. 11. Plastic Waste Landfill Material Recovery Energy Recovery Mechanical Feedstock Biological Heat & Power Cement Kiln Recycling Recycling Recycling Generation Conversion to Monomer Conversion to Fuel Reducing Agent in Blast Furnace GasificationWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities 11
  12. 12. • Encouraging Re-use of plastics • Segregation at source – awareness among citizens against littering • Proper system for collection of segregated wastes for facilitating recycling • Incentives / encouragement for recycling • Upgradation of the existing mechanical recycling technology • Encouragement for alternate methods of recycling / recovery of energyWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities 12
  13. 13. Plastic Waste Source of Waste Application of Recycled Material Soft drink and mineral water Multi-layer soft drink bottles, carpet PET bottles fibres, fleece jackets Waste bins, detergent bottles, crates, Milk crates, bottles for agricultural pipes, Plastic lumber, HDPE shampoo and cleaners Plant pots, Traffic cones, Toys, milk and cream bottles Outdoor furniture Clear cordial and juice bottles, Detergent bottles, tiles, plumbing pipe Rigid PVC plumbing pipes and fittings. fittings Drinking straws, ice-cream PP containers hinged lunch Composite bins, crates boxes Yoghurt containers, plastic Coat hangers, office accessories rulers, PS cutlery video/CD boxes Source: Report of the Sub-group on Petrochemicals for the 12th Five Year Plan, 2012Waste Management: Threats and Opportunities 13
  14. 14. Milk Packaging in India Unit Annual Milk Production (2012 MMT 127 projection by FAO) Milk Packaged (15% of annual MMT 19.1 production) Milk pouches Milk Packaged in Pouches (94% of discarded by MMT 17.9 packaged milk) households  million collected by rag- Daily Milk sales 3.4 litres pickers  Daily pouch requirement (potential million recycled & 6.9 converted to in 100% packaged sale scenario) nos. barsati films by Source: FAO, IBEF; Ministry of Food Processing, Govt. of India; Report of the Sub-group on Petrochemicals for the 12th Five Year Plan, 2012; recyclers; Milk increasingly being sold in packaged form, polymer consumption in sector likely to rise manifold from current 0.7 MMT  more recyclingWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities 14
  15. 15. Waste Management: Threats and Opportunities 15
  16. 16. Plastic Battery Boxes Recycled into Affordable Luggage Plastic Battery Boxes Recycled into Affordable LuggageOld plastic battery Plastic Dana generated Dana processed to produceboxes recycled from discarded boxes luggage components Aluminum channel Aluminum channel Nails being inserted fitment mounted Injection Moulding MachineCasing trimmer Casing produced Processing Dana Recycled luggage ready Products after assembly Accessories mounted FOR SALE and testing on the luggage boxes Waste Management: Threats and Opportunities 16
  17. 17. PLASTICS ARE RECYCLABLE PET BOTTLES are recycled to create a wide array of utility products PET bottle waste Recycled plastic granules Plastic Sacks Niwar Patti Fiber filling for pillows Rugged floor carpetsWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities Toys for children Filling for mattresses 17
  18. 18. • Co-processing in cement kilns / energy recovery • Conversion to fuel • Construction of asphalt road • Conversion to basic chemicalWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities 18
  19. 19. Invention by Indian Scientist Dr. Alka Zadgaonkar Raisoni College of Engineering, NagpurWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities 19
  20. 20. ACC Plant at Kymore - MP Calorific Values (MJ / KG) : Plastics ~ 45 : Coal ~ 29 All types of plastics waste – laminated, mixed and uncleaned, can be co-processed in cement kiln in partial replacement of coalWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities 20
  21. 21. • Plastic Waste allowed to be utilized in road construction in 5 states o Tamil Nadu o Karnataka o Maharashtra o Puducherry o Himachal Pradesh Prof. V S Aghase Road Dadar, Mumbai • Plastic Waste allowed to be co-processed in cement kilns in 4 states o Madhya Pradesh o Tamil Nadu o Orissa o Andhra Pradesh Indian plastic industry trying to expand the no. of applications for recycled materialWaste Management: Threats and Opportunities 21
  22. 22. Thank youCountry Report: Plastics Industry in India- Issues and Challenges 22