NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 1 of 12Bio-based ProductsHighlightsPage 2 MarketsPage 3 Platform ChemicalsPage 5 Spe...
NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 2 of 12MarketsSource: nova-institutBio-based polymers productioncapacity could tripl...
NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 3 of 12industry identified three major barriers to thedevelopment of new biotechnolo...
NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 4 of 12Turkey, have announced a collaborationagreement to commercialise Myriants bio...
NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 5 of 12and can be adapted to a variety of rawmaterials such as wood, straw, corn res...
NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 6 of 12of synthetic rubber that Versalis is alreadysupplying to Pirelli for the prod...
NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 7 of 12Codexis announces next generationCodeXyme® cellulase enzymesCodexis, a develo...
NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 8 of 12arrangement, GreenBio will supply PHA resinsto Metabolix, which will extend t...
NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 9 of 12of long-lasting hot and cold therapy, withflexibility like a bag of frozen ve...
NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 10 of 12renewable feedstocks. The strategy focuseson the modification of a clostridi...
NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 11 of 12Price InformationItem Price, US$ (Mar 08) Price, US$ (Mar 13) % Price Increa...
NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 12 of 12Events*NEW* Life Cycle AssessmentWorkshops, 10-11 Apr 2013 in York, UKwww.nn...
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NNFCC Market Review bio based products issue thirteen april 2013

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NNFCC Market Review bio based products issue thirteen april 2013

  1. 1. NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 1 of 12Bio-based ProductsHighlightsPage 2 MarketsPage 3 Platform ChemicalsPage 5 Speciality ChemicalsPage 7 BioplasticsPage 9 ResearchPage 11 Price InformationPage 12 EventsNNFCC Market ReviewIssue Thirteen, April 2013ach month we review the latestnews from across the global bio-based chemicals and materialssector for NNFCC members.ForewordWelcome to the April 2013 issue of our bio-based products market review. This month Pirelliannounced it had signed an agreement withVersalis to research the potential of guayule-based rubber. Guayule is a desert shrub andnatural alternative to existing sources of rubber.Global demand for rubber is predicted to growto around 36 million metric tons by 2020, from 26million metric tons in 2011. But the price ofrubber has fluctuated dramatically over thepast decade, with natural rubber reaching apeak in the summer of 2011 at $2.81/pound.Prices have since decreased but they are stillthree times higher than they were a decadeago.In the past, most rubber used in tyres has beenmade from the latex-bearing Pará rubber treeor synthesised from petroleum. But continuedrestraints on the geographic area suitable fornatural rubber production and pressure on thelong-term supply of synthetic rubber is causingvalue chain concerns. This is making bio-basedalternatives an attractive area for investment astyre makers look for a way of controlling volatileraw material costs.Pirelli are far from being the first to look at bio-based alternatives to existing sources of rubber.Last year Cooper Tire announced they wouldbe working with Yulex to develop tyres madefrom guayule-based polymers.Guayule isn’t the only alternative either. Nearlya dozen companies are working with tyremanufacturers to develop rubber from bio-based isoprene. This includes the three largesttyre manufacturers. In March 2010, Goodyearannounced they would be working withGenencor (now DuPont) to develop tyres fromisoprene. Then a little over a year later inOctober 2011 Michelin teamed up with Amyristo develop tyres from isoprene and just last yearthe world’s largest tyre manufacturerBridgestone announced they wereworking withAjinomoto to develop isoprene-based tyres.Continue reading for the full story, as well as therest of themarket news.E
  2. 2. NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 2 of 12MarketsSource: nova-institutBio-based polymers productioncapacity could triple by 2020New study finds that bio-based polymersproduction capacity could triple from 3.5million tonnes in 2011 to nearly 12 milliontonnes in 2020. Bio-based drop-in PET andPE/PP polymers and the new polymers PLAand PHA show the fastest rates of marketgrowth. The lion’s share of capital investmentis expected to take place in Asia and SouthAmerica.The study was carried out by nova-Institute incollaboration with renowned internationalexperts from the field of bio-based polymers.It is the first time that a study has looked atevery kind of bio-based polymer producedby 247 companies at 363 locations aroundthe world and it examines in detail 114companies in 135 locations. Considerablyhigher production capacity was found thanin previous studies.The bio-based polymers market representedaround 1.5 per cent of the total polymermarket in 2011. However, current producers ofbio-based polymers estimate that productioncapacity will reach nearly 12 million tonnes by2020. With an expected total polymerproduction of about 400 million tonnes in2020, the bio-based share should increasefrom 1.5 per cent in 2011 to 3 per cent in 2020,meaning that bio-based production capacitywill grow faster than overall production.The most dynamic development is foreseenfor drop-in biopolymers, which are chemicallyidentical to their petrochemical counterpartsbut at least partially derived from biomass.This group is spearheaded by partly bio-based PET (Bio-PET) whose productioncapacity will reach about 5 million tonnes bythe year 2020, using bioethanol from sugarcane. The second in this group are bio-basedpolyolefins like PE and PP, also based onbioethanol. But the capacity for “new in themarket” bio-based polymers PLA and PHA isexpected to at least quadruple between2011 and 2020.Most investment in new bio-based polymercapacities will take place in Asia and SouthAmerica because of better access tofeedstock and a favourable politicalframework. Europe’s share will decrease from20 per cent to 14 per cent and NorthAmerica’s share from 15 per cent to 13 percent, whereas Asia’s will increase from 52 percent to 55 per cent and South America’s from13 per cent to 18 per cent.Click here for more information.US could replace 20 per cent ofpetrochemical consumption with bio-based products over the next decadeThe United States could replace 20 per centof petrochemical consumption with bio-based products over the next decade – whilecreating jobs and capturing a large share ofthe global renewable chemical market. Thekey is acting soon, before the currenttechnological and agricultural edge is lost toother nations.The findings came from a report by the MilkenInstitute, in collaboration with the USDepartment of Agriculture. According to theirreport, "Unleashing the Power of the Bio-Economy," experts from finance, policy and
  3. 3. NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 3 of 12industry identified three major barriers to thedevelopment of new biotechnology in the US: Financing new projects and bringing themto scale: The development timetable forbio-based chemicals is five to ten years,longer than most new tech investors willtolerate before seeing returns. Perceived market uncertainties: Therelative cost difference of bio-chemicals islargely dependent on the cost of oil. Policy uncertainty and complexity: Theregulation of bio-based chemicals iscomplex and sometimes seemingly moreonerous than the rules for petrochemicals,which are subject to a number of long-standing exemptions.Click here for more information.Platform ChemicalsFirst commercial-scale lignin plant in25 years opens in USA commercial-scale lignin separation planthas been installed by Domtar at its mill inNorth Carolina, US. The company claims this isthe first facility of its type in the country in over25 years. The production of lignin began inFebruary, with a targeted rate of 75 tonnes aday, for industrial applications such as a bio-based alternative to the use of petroleumand other fossil fuels.The project was helped to fruition by a grantthrough the Biomass Research andDevelopment Initiative awarded by the USDepartment of Agriculture and the USDepartment of Energy.Click here for more information.Source: ZeaChemZeaChem financial troubles cut workat Ore cellulosic biorefineryJust weeks after announcing that it madeethanol from sawdust at a demonstrationplant in Eastern Oregon, ZeaChem has beenforced to reduce its workforce while it tries toraise capital. ZeaChem is trying to build a$400 million refinery to create biofuels inBoardman, along the Columbia River.However, the company has failed to close ona bridge loan, leading to layoffs at theOregon plant as well as a lab in Californiaand the Colorado headquarters, the EastOregonian reported. CEO Jim Imbler said theBoardman facility remains staffed at a much-reduced capacity but the company hopes tohave financing lined up in a few weeks."These are the kinds of things that canhappen when youre running a startup. Ourteam is very excited, and business is going towork. Theres a reason this isnt for the faint ofheart," said Imbler.Click here for more information.Myriant and Bayegan partner tocommercialise bio-based chemicalsMyriant Corporation, a global renewablechemicals company located in the US, andBayegan Group, an international chemicalproduction and trading company based in
  4. 4. NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 4 of 12Turkey, have announced a collaborationagreement to commercialise Myriants bio-succinic acid in markets across the MiddleEast, Eastern Europe and Africa.Under the terms of the agreement, Bayeganhas committed to annually purchase a pre-determined amount of Myriants bio-succinicacid for supply to customers in the MiddleEast, Eastern Europe and Africa. In addition,Myriant has granted exclusive distributionrights of bio-succinic acid to Bayegan in theseareas. The two companies have also agreedto negotiate a potential joint venture to builda bio-succinic acid plant in Turkey subject tocertain commercial milestones being met.Click here for more information.Purac to acquire BIRD EngineeringPurac, a subsidiary of CSM, has announcedthat it has entered into an agreement toacquire Dutch company BIRD Engineering.BIRD Engineering is a biotech contractresearch company, specifically in the field ofindustrial microbiology. BIRD has experiencewith various micro-organisms, mostly bacteriaand yeasts, and has expertise in the field ofthe development of new strains, anddevelopment of fermentation processes. Theacquisition will include the intellectualproperty and 7 key employees of BIRDEngineering. BIRD Recruitment, a division ofBIRD Engineering B.V. will not be part of theacquisition.Click here for more information.Direvo reaches milestone inconsolidated bioprocessing oflignocellulose to lactic acidIndustrial biotechnology company Direvo hasannounced that it has successfully built up aprocessing chain from pre-treatment throughfermentation to downstream processing for aconsolidated bioprocess for making lacticacid from lignocellulose. Up until now, therehas not been any known consolidatedbioprocess for producing lactic acid fromlignocellulose, the company said.Using pre-treated Miscanthus grass, Direvofermented lactic acid on pilot scale in asingle-step-synthesis. Direvo was further ableto show that the important step ofdownstream processing of free lactic acid inthe fermentation matrix can be realisedefficiently by standardised procedures.On the basis of this proof-of-concept, the nextdevelopment stage to raise competitivenessin a commercial environment will be toincrease the yield of lactic acid.Click here for more information.Source: SEKABDavy Process Technology Ltd andSEKAB E-Technology AB FormStrategic PartnershipBritish-based Davy Process TechnologyLimited, a Johnson Matthey company, andSEKAB, a leading player in the field of theethanol based chemicals and biofuels, haveannounced that they are embarking on acollaboration to develop and marketCelluTech™, SEKAB’s lignocellulosic basedbiorefinery technology.The technologies that constitute CelluTech™were developed by SEKAB E-Technology incollaboration with Swedish universities.International experts have rated theCelluTechTM process among the mostadvanced methods to treat lignocellulosicbiomass in the world. The platform is flexible
  5. 5. NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 5 of 12and can be adapted to a variety of rawmaterials such as wood, straw, corn residuesand bagasse.Click here for more information.Bio-XCell and METabolic EXplorerreview progress on plan to build aPDO plant in MalaysiaMETabolic EXplorer, a green chemistrycompany that specialises in the developmentof bioprocesses for the production ofchemical compounds used in a wide rangeof everyday products, and Malaysian Bio-XCell, the developer of the Bio-XCellbiotechnology park and ecosystem in theIskandar region of Malaysia, have reviewedthe progress made so far on plans to build aPDO plant in Malaysia.An analysis of the issues addressed over thepast two months has prompted Bio-XCell andMETabolic EXplorer to agree on theconditions in which the project can beresumed and pursued. The issues in questionmainly concern the reorganisation of theengineering aspects. Accordingly, the twopartners are determined to press ahead withplans to open a METabolic EXplorer plant inMalaysia and will do everything necessary toadjust the contractual framework before endof May 2013, in order to resume operations bySeptember 2013.Click here for more information.Anellotech announces ability toproduce large volume samples of bio-derived benzene and tolueneAnellotech, a technology-based companyfocusing on producing low-cost green drop-inversions of widely used petrochemicalsdirectly from non-food biomass such as wood,bagasse and corn stover, has announcedthat it plans to make available largequantities of green benzene and toluene tostrategic partners for downstream productdevelopment purposes before the end of2013.Anellotech is the developer of athermochemical catalytic fast pyrolysis(CFPTM) process for making aromaticsdirectly from non-food biomass. By pyrolyzingbiomass in the presence of a catalyst, thevolatiles produced during the pyrolysisprocess can be converted into aromatichydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene, andxylenes (BTX).Click here for more information.Speciality ChemicalsVersalis signs agreement with Pirelli forjoint research project on guayule-based natural rubberVersalis and Pirelli have entered into aMemorandum of Understanding to kick off ajoint research project for the use of guayule-based natural rubber in tyre production. Theproject will run over a period of three years.On an exclusivity basis, Versalis will provide aninnovative range of guayule-based naturalrubber materials, while Pirelli will carry out trialtests to validate the performance of thematerials for tire production. As soon as newindustrial quantities become available,Versalis will supply Pirelli with guayule-basednatural rubber to complement the current set
  6. 6. NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 6 of 12of synthetic rubber that Versalis is alreadysupplying to Pirelli for the production ofconventional tyres.The agreement with Pirelli follows thepartnership between Versalis and Yulex forguayule production and for the constructionof an industrial complex to be based inSouthern Europe.Click here for more information.Akzo Nobel and Solvay cooperate onrenewable solventsSolvay and Akzo Nobel have announced apartnership for the usage of bio-basedchemicals within AkzoNobel formulations ofpaints and coatings."This partnership demonstrates thatsustainable development is not only anethical attitude from companies but also ameans of doing business and creating valuefor our customers and our businesses.” saidSolvay Coatis President Vincent Kamel.The agreement concerns widely usedoxygenated solvents, specifically bio-Butanoland bio-Acetone and their derivatives, andthe Solvay Coatis Augeo family of solvents.Solvent volumes of up to 10 kiloton per yearare targeted by 2017.Click here for more information.Amyris and Firmenich announceexpansion of collaboration in flavours& fragrancesAmyris and flavours and fragrances companyFirmenich have announced a ‘significant’expansion of their collaboration to developand commercialise renewable ingredients forthe flavours and fragrances market.Under a previous agreement established inNovember 2010, Firmenich funded Amyris’sresearch and development to produce up tothree flavours and fragrances ingredients,with an initial fragrance oil targeted forcommercialisation in early 2014.The new collaboration agreement providesFirmenich with exclusive access to the Amyristechnology platform for the flavours andfragrances market in exchange for significantfunding over the next six years. Under the newagreement, Amyris and Firmenich will jointlyselect additional target flavours andfragrances ingredients that Amyris willdevelop and manufacture. Firmenich willmarket and distribute any ingredients resultingfrom the collaboration exclusively in theflavours and fragrances market. Both partieswill share in the economic value derived fromthe sale of these ingredients.Click here for more information.Start-up to use University of Minnesotatechnology to manufacture bio-basedmethylmethacrylateStart-up Ascenix BioTechnologies haveannounced plans to commercialiseproduction methods to synthesise chemicalsfrom renewable feedstocks. The start-uppredicts this new bio-based process,developed by University of Minnesotaresearchers, will be more economical andenvironmentally friendly. The process yieldsdrop-in chemicals comparable inperformance to those created usingpetroleum-based materials.Although the process could be applied to theproduction of biofuels and myriad chemicals,the start-up’s initial focus is onmethylmethacrylate (MMA), a chemical usedto make acrylic glass, paints and coatings,automotive parts and electronics. Globalproduction of the chemical is more than 6billion pounds per year.Click here for more information.
  7. 7. NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 7 of 12Codexis announces next generationCodeXyme® cellulase enzymesCodexis, a developer of engineered enzymesfor pharmaceutical, biofuel and chemicalproduction, has announced the launch ofCodeXyme® 4 and CodeXyme® 4X cellulaseenzyme packages for use in producingcellulosic sugar for production of biofuels andbio-based chemicals.Codexis’ latest generation of advancedcellulase enzymes, CodeXyme® 4 for diluteacid pretreatments and CodeXyme® 4X forhydrothermal pretreatments, exhibitsexcellent performance, converting up to 85per cent of available fermentable sugars athigh biomass and low enzyme loads.Combined with high strain productivity usingthe CodeXporter® enzyme productionsystem, this allows for a cost-in-use that thecompany believes will be among the lowestavailable once in full-scale commercialproduction.Click here for more information.BioplasticsPolymersNewlight partners with Biomer toexpand sales of ‘greenhouse gas-derived’ PHA plasticsNewlight Technologies and Biomer haveannounced that the two companies haveexecuted a partnership to expand sales of‘greenhouse gas-derived’ PHA plastics. Underthe terms of the partnership, Newlight hasacquired the rights to Biomers intellectualproperty, including for the functionalmodification of PHA’s.Newlight will combine the companys highyield greenhouse gas-to-PHA conversion andfunctionalisation technologies with Biomersexpertise in the functional modification ofPHA plastics to generate high-performance,cost-effective, sustainable PHA materials.Click here for more information.Perstorp and Purac in partnership todevelop caprolactone lactide co-polymersPurac, a leader in natural food preservationand bio-based chemicals, has announced apartnership with Perstorp to developcaprolactone lactide co-polymers for plastic,coatings and adhesive markets.Combining the complementary strengths ofPerstorp in specialty products for coatingsand plastics with Purac in renewable lacticacid based chemicals has already resulted inpartly renewable caprolactone lactide co-products. Possible uses for this newcaprolactone lactide co-polymer includepolyols for coatings, adhesives, sealants andelastomers, and for biodegradable plasticsand hot-melt adhesives. The new co-polymerwill be launched to the market in 2013.Click here for more information.PackagingMetabolix signs distribution and PHAsupply agreements with TianjinGreenBio Materials Co. LtdBioscience company Metabolix haveannounced they have entered into adistribution agreement with Tianjin GreenBioMaterials, a biomaterials company based inTianjin, China.Under the terms of the agreement, Metabolixwill distribute GreenBios SoGreen™ heatshrink film in Europe and will be the exclusivedistributor in the Americas. In addition to adistribution relationship, Metabolix andGreenBio have also signed a supplyagreement for PHA biopolymers. Under the
  8. 8. NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 8 of 12arrangement, GreenBio will supply PHA resinsto Metabolix, which will extend the range andavailability of the Companys PHA products.Click here for more information.BagsSource: Bio-buddyCustom Bioplastics to market the newBio-buddy dog waste bag usingCardia’s biohybrid technologyUS-based Custom Bioplastics have launchedthe new “Bio-buddy™ dog waste bag”developed using Cardia’s Biohybrid™technology. The new “Bio-buddy™ dogwaste bag” is now being manufactured andmarketed into the US and online by CustomBioplastics, a US manufacturer of blown andcast film plastic packaging located in thePacific Northwest.Custom Bioplastics new Biohybrid™ Bio-buddydog waste bag are made with acombination of recycled resin and Cardia’sBiohybrid technology. The plant starch inBiohybrid lessens the total carbon footprint ofthe bag along with creating a bag that is softand silky to the touch. This introduction is theresult of a desire of Custom Bioplastics toprovide a dog waste bag that follows thenewly issued FTC Green Guidelines and lawsbeing enacted in California.Click here for more information.Breville goes green with Cardiacompostable juicer bagsCardia has announced that Breville GroupLimited, a global designer and manufacturerof small kitchen appliances will purchase andmarket Cardia’s compostable “juicer bags”as part of its Juicer accessory offering toconsumers. The 100 per cent compostable“Clean & Green™” juicer pulp bags are partof Breville’s campaign to encourageenvironmentally-friendly waste disposalpractices. The agreement is expected togenerate strong sales for Cardia.Click here for more information.HealthSource: EtavonniEtavonni Products launchesFrozenPeaz® hot and cold therapypacksEtavonni Products has launched itsFrozenPeaz® hot and cold therapy packsmade with DuPont Tate & Lyle’s Zemea®propanediol. FrozenPeaz® products deliverflexible hot and cold therapy to relieve painand assist in recovery from minor injuries orpost-surgery rehabilitation. Benefits of thisproduct include safe and non-toxic delivery
  9. 9. NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 9 of 12of long-lasting hot and cold therapy, withflexibility like a bag of frozen vegetables. TheClear Ice™ Solution (made from Zemea®) is anatural, 100 per cent plant-based alternativeto petroleum and glycerin-based gels.Zemea® propanediol is made from cornsugar through fermentation and developedfor use in the cosmetics and personal caremarket. It is a high-performance,environmentally sustainable alternative topetroleum-based glycols and glycerin, wherethe product’s lack of skin irritation, improvedmoisturisation and excellent aestheticproperties are benefits. Zemea® is approvedas a natural ingredient by Ecocert and theNatural Products Association; is certified 100per cent bio-based by the US Department ofAgriculture.Click here for more information.ResearchUK Minister for Universities and Science DavidWillets with Synthace CEO Sean Ward at theUCL Advanced Center for BiochemicalEngineering, Source: SynthaceSynthace awarded £500,000 TSBSynthetic Biology GrantUniversity College London spin-out Synthacehas announced the receipt of a highlycompetitive Technology Strategy Board (TSB)award, ‘Rapid Engineering of CellularFactories’, in collaboration with UniversityCollege London and University ofManchester.The Synthace project will integrate severalnovel technologies as reusable components,including the highly controlled import andexport of chemicals from a cell, and theability to rapidly tune the amount of eachpart used to assist in the production of achemical inside of a cell.Together with the other technologies in theSynthace platform, it enables the engineeringof a cell which can convert low valuefeedstocks such as vegetable oils into muchhigher value chemicals such aspharmaceutical ingredients, fragrances, andpigments.Click here for more information.Green Biologics is awarded grantfunding to advance the industrialapplication of synthetic biologyGreen Biologics, a British industrialbiotechnology company focused on theproduction of biobutanol and other C4chemicals from a range of sustainable andrenewable feedstocks, has announced it hasbeen awarded grant funding from the TSB,the UK’s innovation agency, to engineer anovel bacterial host for biobutanolproduction.The project is in collaboration with theClostridia Research Group (CRG) at theUniversity of Nottingham which is funded bythe Biotechnology and Biological SciencesResearch Council (BBSRC). The total projectcosts are £492k made up from contributionsby Green Biologics (£62k), TSB (£185k) andBBSRC (£245k). The project duration is 18months and due to commence on 1st May2013.The partners aim to develop a novel bacterialhost for the production of 1-butanol from
  10. 10. NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 10 of 12renewable feedstocks. The strategy focuseson the modification of a clostridium species(Clostridium pasteurianum) for the fastgrowing renewable chemicals market. Thismicrobe has many desirable features thatmake it an attractive fermentation host (fastgrowth rates, robustness and good butanoltolerance) but suffers from technicallimitations. In this project, the partners willdeploy advanced molecular biology tools forclostridia and introduce synthetic metabolicpathways that increase the range offeedstocks and also improve butanolproduction.Click here for more information.New Paper: Current progress on bio-based polymers and their futuretrends, in Progress in BiomaterialsThis article reviews the recent trends,developments, and future applications of bio-based polymers produced from renewableresources. Bio-based polymers are attractingincreased attention due to environmentalconcerns and the realisation that globalpetroleum resources are finite. Bio-basedpolymers not only replace existing polymers ina number of applications but also providenew combinations of properties for newapplications.A range of bio-based polymers are presentedin this review, focusing on general methods ofproduction, properties, and commercialapplications. The review examines thetechnological and future challengesdiscussed in bringing these materials to awide range of applications, together withpotential solutions, as well as discusses themajor industry players who are bringing thesematerials to the market.Click here for more information.Source: Resources, Conservation & RecyclingNew paper: Critical aspects in the lifecycle assessment (LCA) of bio-basedmaterials – Reviewing methodologiesand deriving recommendations, inResources, Conservation & RecyclingConcerns over non-renewable fossil fuelsupply and climate change have beendriving the Renaissance of bio-basedmaterials. To substantiate environmentalclaims, the impacts of bio-based materialsare typically quantified by applying life cycleassessment (LCA).The internationally agreed LCA standardsprovide generic recommendations on how toevaluate the environmental impacts ofproducts and services but do not addressdetails that are specifically relevant for the lifecycles of bio-based materials. This paperprovides an overview of key issues andmethodologies explicitly pertinent to the LCAof bio-based materials. The authors arguethat the treatment of biogenic carbonstorage is critical for quantifying thegreenhouse gas emissions of bio-basedmaterials in comparison with petrochemicalmaterials.Click here for more information.New Book Chapter: The Transition to aBio-Based Chemical IndustryTransition Management from aGeographical Point of ViewManagement Principles of SustainableIndustrial Chemistry: Theories, Concepts andIndustrial Examples for Achieving SustainableChemical Products and Processes from aNon-Technological Viewpoint.Click here for more information.
  11. 11. NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 11 of 12Price InformationItem Price, US$ (Mar 08) Price, US$ (Mar 13) % Price IncreaseCrude oil (petroleum, barrel) 101.84 ↑ 107.66 5.71Maize (corn, metric ton) 233.85 ↓ 302.50 29.36Sugar (pound) 0.1288 ↓ 0.1821 41.38Rapeseed oil (metric ton) 1640.50 ↑ 1217.64 -25.78Soybean oil (metric ton) 1321.27 ↑ 1131.98 -14.33Ethanol (gallon) 2.31 ↓ 2.45 0.61For details on indexes please see www.indexmundi.com/commoditiesCrude Oil (petroleum), simple average of three spot prices; Dated Brent, West Texas Intermediate,and the Dubai Fateh. Historic ethanol prices available at www.neo.ne.gov/statshtml/66.htmlArrows indicate rise (↑), constant (–) or fall (↓) from previous month.For details on the nature of these commodities please see www.indexmundi.com/commodities050100150200250300Feb-98Feb-99Feb-00Feb-01Feb-02Feb-03Feb-04Feb-05Feb-06Feb-07Feb-08Feb-09Feb-10Feb-11Feb-12Feb-13Priceindex(relativeterms)Comparisonof Price Indexes (2005 = 100)Agricultural RawMaterialsFoodCrude Oil (Petroleum)
  12. 12. NNFCC Market Review, April 2013, Page 12 of 12Events*NEW* Life Cycle AssessmentWorkshops, 10-11 Apr 2013 in York, UKwww.nnfcc.co.uk/events/new-partnership-providing-lca-workshopsFollowing the success of our previous LifeCycle Assessment (LCA) workshops, NNFCCand North Energy bring you two new trainingworkshops providing you with insight into howLCA’s work and their applications.Renewable Plastics Conference, 16-17Apr 2013 in Amsterdam, TheNetherlandswww.renewable-plastics.comNow in its 4th year, the Renewable PlasticsConference will examine how the renewableplastics industry will evolve in the future. Overthe two days, we will provide you with currentessential information on the key issuessurrounding this area and an update onrecent technological developments.Dr John Williams, Head of Materials atNNFCC, will be chairing the conference andalso speaking about "Bioplastics in aneconomically challenging climate”.NNFCC members receive a 15 per centdiscount off the usual delegate rates. Emailenquiries@nnfcc.co.uk to receive the specialpromotional code.Biochemicals and Bioplastics 2013,19-20 Jun 2013 in Frankfurt, Germanywww.wplgroup.com/aci/conferences/eu-cbc1.aspBiochemicals & Bioplastics 2013 summit will bevaluable to anyone who needs acomprehensive overview of progress in thebiochemical industry and what are the latesttechnological advancements and whichBiorenewable market segment are the mostpromising in the next 10 years.Dr John Williams, Head of Materials atNNFCC, will be speaking on bio-basedfeedstock opportunities and biomass processinnovations.NNFCC members receive a 15 per centdiscount off the usual delegate rates. Emailenquiries@nnfcc.co.uk to receive the specialpromotional code.Credits and DisclaimerNNFCC Market Review is edited by Dr Matthew Aylott for NNFCC members. Feedback is welcome.The Review has been compiled in good faith and NNFCC does not accept responsibility for anyinaccuracies or the products or services shown.NNFCCThe Bioeconomy ConsultantsNNFCC, Biocentre, Phone: +44 (0)1904 435182York Science Park, Fax: +44 (0)1904 435345Innovation Way, E: enquiries@nnfcc.co.ukHeslington, York, Web: www.nnfcc.co.ukYO10 5DG.

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