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Anaerobic Digestion UK Market Status

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This paper was presented by NNFCC's Head of Biomass and Biogas at a Rushlight Biobriefing on the 27th September 2012.

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Anaerobic Digestion UK Market Status

  1. 1. NNFCC Understanding the AD landscape: UK and Europe Lucy Hopwood Head of Biomass & BiogasNNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants
  2. 2. NNFCC Introduction Consultancy Advisory • Market, technical, • Strategic guidance and policy & sustainability briefings, meeting expertise support Membership • Standard & business membership packages Specialising in bioenergy, biofuels and bio-based products, with an unparalleled knowledge of bio-based supply chains.NNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  3. 3. NNFCC UK Policy Context “…to deliver a hugeincrease in energy from “…3 – 5TWh by 2020” waste through AD”NNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  4. 4. NNFCC Current Status Non-waste:  29 operational plants  12MWe installed capacity  63 planned plants  59MWe consented capacity + 146 water treatment plants Waste:  48 operational plants  67MWe installed capacity  84 planned plants  149MWe consented capacityNNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  5. 5. NNFCCNNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  6. 6. NNFCC Landfill gas Sewage gas Other biogasNNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  7. 7. NNFCC Biogas Use Biogas Biomethane Power Transport Heat Only CHP Gas Grid Only FuelNNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  8. 8. NNFCC Financial Incentives - Options OR Combined Heat & Power (CHP) Biomethane to Grid (BtG) Generation Tariff Feed-In-Tariff Export TariffElectricity Market Value for Gas or Market Value OR Renewables Obligation Certificates (ROCs) Renewables Obligation Market Value Biogas Combustion tariff (<200kWth)Heat Renewable Heat Biomethane Injection Incentive Market Value NNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  9. 9. NNFCC Feed-In-Tariff (FIT) 0 - 250kWe @ 14.7p/kWh 250 - 500kWe @ 13.6p/kWh 500 – 5MWe @ 8.96 p/kWh Apr 2014: 0 - 250kWe @ 14.7p/kWh Degression 250 - 500kWe @ 13.6p/kWh commences 500 – 5MWe @ 9.9 p/kWh Dec 2012: Feb 2012: New tariffs Sept 2011: Comprehensive apply0 - 500kWe @ 11.5p/kWh Tariff increase review500 – 5MWe @ 9 p/kWh March 2011: Fast-Track Review April 2010: IntroducedNNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  10. 10. NNFCC Impact of Feed-In-Tariff (2010 – 2012) Source: Ofgem – Feed in Tariff Newsletter, June 2012NNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  11. 11. NNFCC Renewables Obligation (RO) AD @ 0.1 ROC per April 2015: year Degression commences Anaerobic Digestion remains @ 2 ROCs/MWh March 2017: RO closes April 2014: Anaerobic Digestion Sept 2012: EMR opens @ 2 ROCs/MWh Sustainability July 2012: Banding consultation Review Awaiting April 2009: response consultation on Banding minimum scale Introduced April 2002: IntroducedNNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  12. 12. NNFCC Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) Medium and large scale biogas combustion (proposed @ 5.9p and 2.2p/kWh) 2014 & 2017: Scheduled tariff reviews Biogas combustion (<200kWth) Summer 2013: and Biomethane Injection Sept 2012: New tariffs @ 7.1p/kWh July 2012: Consultation enforced Consultation on extension cost control & & domestic March 2012: sustainability Heat Strategy Nov 2011: Introduced for non-domesticNNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  13. 13. NNFCC Resource Availability “…Government policy is to deliver an increase Food Waste ≈ 16 Mt/y in energy from waste through AD.” ≈ 8.3 Mt/y household “We recognise that at farm-scale, some ≈ 6.3 Mt/y commercial & industrial energy crops may be required…and that such ≈ 1.3 Mt/y food service & retail crops can be grown as part of the normal agricultural rotation. Furthermore, there is land available which is not suitable for the Agricultural Waste ≈ 90 Mt/y production of food crops but which may, therefore, be used to supply energy-crop only ≈ 13 million cattle AD plants.” ≈ 33 million sheep ≈ 4 million pigs “It is not our policy…to encourage energy crops-based AD, particularly where these are ≈ 166 million chickens grown to the exclusion of food producing crops.” “...NFU vision for AD…1,000 farm-based anaerobic digestion plants by 2020, alongside 100 - 200 larger waste-linked facilities…”NNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  14. 14. NNFCC Biogas Potential “...NFU vision for AD…1,000 farm-basedanaerobic digestion plants by 2020, alongside 100 - 200 larger waste-linked facilities…” • c. 2billion m3 of biogas per year could be captured, equivalent to 12TWh; • Estimated c. 1,050 plantsNNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  15. 15. NNFCC AD Potential – UK to 2030 “…AD could deliver between 3–5 TWh of =5.6TWh electricity by 2020” AD Strategy & Action Plan, 2011 =3.0TWh =1.8TWh Source: ARUP, 2011NNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  16. 16. NNFCC AD Strategy & Action Plan1. Feedstock & 2. Confidence and 3. Education and technology CREATION security awareness DELIVERYNNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  17. 17. NNFCC Official AD Information Portal: www.biogas-info.co.ukNNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC
  18. 18. NNFCC NNFCC Consultancy Services :  Future market analysis  Resource planning  Feedstock sustainability appraisal  Technology evaluation and due diligence  Project feasibility assessment  Business to business introductions  Investor to developer introductions  Policy and regulatory support Contact details: +44 (0) 1904 435182 enquires@nnfcc.co.uk www.nnfcc.co.uk Connect and follow us on Twitter and LinkedInNNFCC: The Bioeconomy Consultants © NNFCC

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