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  • Participation map of Cheetham by TomkaLaske
  • Miles

    1. 1. Understanding everyday participationarticulating cultural values
    2. 2. Trajectories and narratives of participationContext & orientation
    3. 3. The decontextualisation of value in cultural policy• Cultural value trapped in a self-contained and self-referentialdebate• Where is the value of publicly funded culture located & whatis needed to demonstrate this? (Belfiore & Bennett 2008,(Bakhshi 2009, O’Brien 2010)• Narrow focus on ‘high’ cultural practices obscures the waysin which the idea of cultural participation and its valuation issocially constructed and constructing (Bourdieu 1984)• Cultural policy as ‘social inclusion’ - in fact operationalisedaround a polarizing ‘deficit model’ of participation (Miles andSullivan 2012)• Underpinned by methodological techniques that confirm anarrow and tendentious view of participation and participants
    4. 4. What, where and when is cultural participation?• ‘Manchester’s Cultural Institutions’ project• Probe beyond the cultural indicator - participation narrativesof those identified in surveys as ‘users’ and ‘non users’ offormal cultural venues (Miles 2013)• Non-users often have vibrant informal cultural networksdefined by ostensibly mundane pursuits and socialrelationships• ‘Ghostly’ participants hidden by lack of self-identification andalienation from mainstream contextsProblematise participation - resist and examine the writing outof everyday participation by the official model of culturalparticipation and value
    5. 5. Project overview
    6. 6. What are we trying to do?• Discover how people participate in their everyday lives andthe ‘stakes’ they attach to their participation• Understand how communities are communities renderedthrough participation• Reveal and develop new articulations and measures ofcultural value• Explore the relationship between different cultural contexts –institutional, voluntary, informal• Reconnect policy and practice with the everyday
    7. 7. Some theoretical background• Project starts from Pierre Bourdieu…− participation is an important source of identity, power and value− there are different forms of ‘capital’ – cultural and social as well aseconomic• …but explores Bourdieu’s ideas further− by looking at the day-to-day practices of those who do not engagewith formal culture− by exploring how participation relates to location and place
    8. 8. Our approach• Not defining ‘culture’ or ‘value’ in advance• Viewing participation as a social process, not just individualbehaviour• Participation practices are situated – they shape and areshaped by people’s relationship to place• Mixed methods - combining historical, quantitative andqualitative work• Interdisciplinary working – history, sociology, Englishliterature, performance studies, cultural policy, cultural sectorresearch• Collaboration with communities, local authorities, voluntaryorganisations, cultural professionals and policymakers
    9. 9. Five work packages1. Histories – discourses of cultural participation and value;cultural technologies; cultural policy, place and economy;representations of everyday life; community cultural practices2. Reanalysis of survey data – how does participation vary byplace and throughout people’s lives?3. Cultural ecosystems research – local histories, mapping,in-depth interviews, ethnography and social network analysisin six contrasting locations4. Application projects – working with communities andpartners to develop projects in response to findings5. Research-policy-practice nexus – reflecting on partnershipand developing new models of collaboration
    10. 10. Progressto date
    11. 11. WP1: two histories under wayHistory of participation and value• how has our understanding of cultural participation andvalue been shaped by key individuals and institutions?• focus on Literary and Philosophical and Museum SocietiesHistory of cultural indicators• how have cultural participation and value been measured inrecent years, why and with what consequences forunderstanding and policy?• focus on the national Taking Part survey and local authorityframeworks in Manchester and Aberdeen
    12. 12. WP2: identifying and exploring datasets• What can existing datasets tell us about− informal participation− local level participation− participation over the course of people’s lives?• Starting with Taking Part data− literature review, variable mapping, much data under-used including ‘freetime activities’− rolling up of 6 years of quarterly waves allows detailed local analysis• Additional datasets− Time Use Survey− Scottish Household Survey− Longitudinal Study of Young People in England− 1958 National Child Development Study
    13. 13. WP3: discovering the ecosystems• Manchester− rich cultural infrastructure with a history of civic engagement− focus on Broughton and Cheetham – straddling theManchester/Salford boundary− diverse faith communities including a significant Orthodox Jewishpresence, Tesco and parks as important neutral public spaces• Dartmoor− areas of deprivation, incomer affluence and rural isolation− partnership with Dartmoor National Park Authority, participatorypractices that don’t want to be found− rich in community practice, from Tavistock Arts Market to theSticklepath Fireshow
    14. 14. WP3: discovering the ecosystems• Gateshead− bottom 20% nationally for cultural participation despite major Quaysideinvestment in ‘culture-led regeneration’− working with communities to understand everyday activities from theground up and how these are recognised/accommodated by culturalinstitutions• Peterborough− a cultural ‘cold spot’ and priority area for several national agencies− engagement with more than 100 groups and practitioners to date, fromartists and DJs to ‘Operation CAN-do’− cultural dynamic is changing – rebellious ‘undergrounders’ striving todo things differently
    15. 15. WP3: discovering the ecosystems• Aberdeen/shire− Fraserburgh – traditional fishing economy with social problems but aculture of volunteering; informal practices range from writing clubs tosurfing to ‘Fly Cup’− contrast with Aberdeen city – a top-down, local authority-drivenapproach to cultural investment; potential to work with communitygroups such as Radio Schmu• Eliean Siar – Stornoway− geographically isolated, aging community with an inclusive, bottom-upculture and high levels of social enterprise− vibrant grassroots cultural activity, often documenting and passing oncultural traditions
    16. 16. Organisation
    17. 17. Project TeamPrincipal InvestigatorDr Andrew Miles, Centre for Research on Socio-cultural Change, University of ManchesterCo InvestigatorsDr Eleanora Belfiore, Centre for Cultural Policy Studies, University of WarwickDr Lisanne Gibson, School of Museum Studies, University of LeicesterDr Abigail Gilmore, Institute for Cultural Practices, University of ManchesterDr Felicity James, School of English, University of LeicesterDr Jane Milling, Department of Drama, University of ExeterDr Kerrie Schaefer, Department of Drama, University of ExeterPolicy and Sector ResearchersCatherine Bunting, Arts Council EnglandSarah Stannage, Clore Fellow, MLA Living PlacesFunded through the AHRC’sConnected Communities programme
    18. 18. Project Partners
    19. 19. Communications• Website:• Twitter: @UEParticipation• Website:• Twitter: @UEParticipation