Ahlem

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Ahlem

  1. 1. Chapter one Introduction 1- An overview about the English language in the world in general and in Algeria in particular. 2- TSEL , definition and workplace. 2- TEFL , definition and workplace. 4- The differences between TSEL & TEFL. *ESL and EFL in classroom. Conclusion.
  2. 2. Introduction: Language is very important to communicate in society. Language is made up of sounds, words and sentence. Brown states, “language is more than a system or communication. It involves whole person, culture, educational, developmental communicative process”. It means Language is measured as a mean of communication and it is difficult to do all activities without language. Based on the abstract of language above we can see that someone needs in connecting communication each other, acquiring knowledge and skill, taking education and establishing relation with other people. “language is the road map of a culture, it tells you where its people come from and where they are going” Rita mea brown. Language has a very significant role in our lives.It symbolizes the cultures in our societies where individuals interact and use it to communicate between each other. Among languages, English which has great reach and influence; it is the international language of business and opens up many opportunities to non-native speakers. So, in this chapter, I will speak about the English language and its importance as well as its place in the world in general and particularly in Algeria. English has many acronyms and abbreviations used in the field of English teaching and learning which may be confusing but we are concerning in TESL and TEFL, which I define them and mention their workplaces as I also compared between them as it is shown here in this chapter. 1- An overview of English language in the world and in Algeria in specific: The English language, which takes its name from its origins as the native tongue of the people of England, is today the most widely spoken language in the world. It is spoken as a first language by a majority of the inhabitants of several nations, including the United Kingdom, theUnited States, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand. It is the third most commonly spoken language in the world in terms of native speakers, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish. It is widely learned as a second language and used as an official language of the European Union and many Commonwealth countries, as well as in many world organisations.
  3. 3. Moreover, English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo- Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria. Historically, English originated from the fusion of languages and dialects, now collectively termed Old English, which were brought to the eastern coast of Great Britain by Germanic (Anglo-Saxon) settlers by the 5th century. Further more, English has become the global language, the first and most widesprad in the world. It is the language of modern times. English language science and technology and scientific research. English language and computer language study at universities and institutes. English way of thinking as a means of communication with others and become acquainted with the culture is the key to a foreign culture. In today’s global world, the importance of English can not be denied and ignored since English is the most common language spoken everwhere. With the help of developing technology, English has been playing a major role in many sectors including medicine, engineering, and education, which, in my opinion, is the most important arena where English is needed. Particularly, as a developing country. Algeria has adopted English as a foreign language in its school and higher education institutions. English education tries to reply the cultural needs of algerian learners. It allows them to be aware of the world around them. Most importantly, it prepars the individual as a world citizen. However , the field of teaching English as a foreign language is always a subject to different reserchers which aim at improving its learning process in general and teaching skills in particular. Due to the status of English as a global communication , and because of its status as a language among the two global lingua franca ( English and French), it is taught from the beginning of the first year of the phase educational medium . Spite of that, a very small number of Algerians speak it , most of them young people . And the Algerian government teaching English mandatory as a foreign language second to fourth graders from the middle school since the end of the seventies of the last century. In September of 1993 , the Ministry of Education in primary and secondary education by making both English and French two separate choices for the first mondatory foreign language , and students were required to choose one of them as a foreign language first wants to study. The Ministry of Education said that english was to be promoted because it was: the language of scientific knowledge. In the period from 1993 and 1997 , and between 2 million children in the learning phase , the proportion of English chose to study lies between 0.33% and 1.28 % chose English over French.
  4. 4. 2- TESL definition and work place : TESL: teaching English as second language, this term tends to emphasis the needs of the learners who will use English in their daily lives, in addition to their mother longue. *TESL has two scenarios here: English is used as second language where by …… natives of a particular country and are likely to use it daily , to explain more ; English is a common language to communicate and holds special status as a medium of communication in a government and education . I twill have a common role in a multilingual setting. The terms ESL is also commonly applied to immigrants, students and refugees (refugee: one who flees to another country or place for safety), who live within a country where English is the first language ( such as : the US, the UK or Australia) and who need to learn to function in their host community as quickly, as possible in order to integrate effectively, they will need English for work and education and everyday activities such as shopping and travelling. TESL usually ignores literature and more academic concepts that are not considered necessary for survival at a functional level. TESL workplace is designed for students with very limited English speaking skills and limited reading and writing skills in their first language who are trying to enter the work force. Eight levels of instruction develop speaking, listening, reading and writing skills to aid in work place communication to assist in functioning with greater confidence within the community. 3- TEFL definitions and work place : TEFL: teaching English as foreign language. A term that refer to teacher training programs in EFL. TEFL usually occurs in the students own country, either within the state school system, or privately, for instance; in an after-hours language school or with a tutor. TEFL teachers may be native or non-native speakers of English. English is taught as a foreign language and the aim of teaching is not for survival but is as usually academically-based, using the whole range of skills for instance: reading, writing, listening and speaking. Johann Wolfgang von Beothe, German writer (1749-1832) Said “a man who does not know a foreign language is ignorant of his own”. English is taught in schools, often widely, but it does not play an essential role in national or social life. In Algeria, English is taught from the
  5. 5. middle school years, however only a little number of Algerians speak English, most of them younger people. The Algerian government taught English as the secondary mandatory foreign language for students beginning in the fourth grade in the middle school cycle, from the end of the 1970 to the early 1990. English has a world language, is taught among others in schools, but there is no regional variety of English which embodies a Spanish, Brazilian or Japanese cultural identity. 4- The differences between TEFL and TESL : In truth, these days the distinction between the two is becoming less important but there are still some fundamental differences. When employing language teachers and the terms foreign and the second language are becoming less important with English now having the status of a global language with the increasing in internet use, today’s younger generation are becoming more and more exposed to English in their daily lives. - Geoffrey Williams emphasis on the importance of learning a second language and said: « you can never understand one language until you understand at least two ». - TESL usually ignores literature and more academic concepts that are not considered necessary for survival at a functional level. - °If was spoke a different Lang we would perceive a somewhat different world somewhat lauding Wittgenstein autumn philosopher 1889-1951 - Some needs of an ESL student are different of an EFL learner: - EFL students: students from an EFL background will generally have a limited communicative competence and smaller vocabulary range due to their lack of exposure to English outside of the classroom. After the English lesson - Ends may not continue to practice their English and it is viewed as just another lesson like science or math .

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