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INTERNSHIP REPORT ON
UNDERSTANDING OF VILLAGE KNOWLEDGE CENTRES (VKC) IN
GUNTUR & NALGONDA OF
MS SWAMNATHAN RESEARCH FOUNDATION
By
MANDALA AGNIVESH
MA PUBLIC POLICY AND GOVERNNANCE
TATA INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, HYDERABAD
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I cordially thank M.S Swaminathan Research Foundation for giving me the opportunity to
undergo my project work.
I thank Mr. J.Srinath, Principal scientist, IEC, M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation for his
full fledge support for having given me the opportunity to Study in Village Knowledge Centers.
I would like to thank the staff members Mr.Rajkumar (senior scientist), Dr.Malarvannan (senior
scientist, IEC), Ms. A Arokia Mary Eddolin (Project associate), Mr. Omkar Vinay Kumar
(Project associate), Mr. Jnakiramulu (Project associate) for their valuable inputs.
Sincere thanks to my faculty guide Dr. Pankaj sakseria who guided me throughout the project
I thank Dr. Aseem Prakash, Coordinator, MA Public Policy and Governance, Tata Institute Of
Social Sciences, Hyderabad for his advice to select my guide.
ABSTRACT
India consists of 600000 villages with 700 million populations. Most of These villages are lack
of basic amenities like water, education, healthcare, sanitation, empowerment and infrastructure.
Raising the standard of livelihood in the villages became the India’s priority. Rural areas will
become strong by creating e-infrastructure which makes them to rebuild their community with
technology development by setting up of the Village Resource Centers (VRC)/ Village
Knowledge centers (VKC) to integrate capabilities in satellite communications and satellite
based earth observations to disseminate variety of services emanating from the space systems
and other IT tools to address the changing and critical needs of rural communities.
My area of Research with two basic questions:
1. How rural community understanding the technology?
2. How MS Swaminathan Research Foundation understanding the problems of rural
community with ICT tools?
Location of research: 4 VKC’S in Guntur (Kavuru & Kanaparru) and Nalgonda (Balaji nagar
Tanda & Annaram Tanda)
Period of Internship: 8th
may, 2015 to 17th
June, 2015 (5 weeks)
Method of study: Visited 4 VKC’S in Guntur and Nalgonda and interviewed senior scientist Mr.
Rajkumar, Ms. Arokia Mary Eddolin; Project associates, 40 farmers, VMC members,
Knowledge workers.
INTRODUCTION
The population of the rural people in the world is 6 billion and India has 1.6 billion populations.
Empowering and development of these people is the primary motto of the any country. In
common service centers efficiency and effectiveness were lagging. This made government to
establish Village Resource Centers (VRC)/ Village Knowledge centers (VKC). Every
organization set up in the society should be transparent and effective which will depend on the
quality and quantity of input. VRC/VKC serving the particular purpose of fulfilling individual
rationality as more efficient social units.
Information dissemination with technology plays a vital role for sustainable development. This
will empower the people to live on their rationality and increase the livelihood standard. After
independence countries investment on science research in the budget is 1% compared to other
countries, among this 0.1% investment is done on rural communities. As part of this, Indian
Space Research Organization (ISRO) and Department of Space (DoS) thought to introduced
information technology (IT) and communications in the rural community to serve the basic
facilities like health, education, water, resource mapping, and sanitation with technology
introduction and established village resource centers with the support of NGO’S/ organizations.
The main idea is to empower rural communities with IT enabled services and communication
technology. This introduction of technology will create transparent, efficient services considering
citizen as a share holder of government. This will reduce the demarcation between rural and
urban societies in terms of efficient services of government. This instrument of technonology
serves the remote areas of the rural communities and provides services like Tele-education, Tele
medicine, Agriculture advisories, resource mapping etc., and reducing the social barriers
between urban and poor.
Policy perspective:
Department of science and technology (DST) improved the science and technology research by
increasing the activities of the research in the country. Some achievements are
1. Some policies were framed and coordinated with science and technology perspectives.
2. Infrastructure in the research institutions were developed in S&T innovation.
3. Seeking help from the foreign countries for basic research development in the S&T.
4. Special focus of research on S&T innovations in rural societies.
5. Increasing the importance of science and technology in the country.
6. Inviting the entrepneuers in the fields of research.
7. Implementing scientific surveys
Department of space improved the basic amenities in the research institutions in India. These
guidelines of the DST made Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) satellite
communications and major non government organizations, institutions to establish Village
resource centers (VRC).
VILLAGE RESOURCE CENTRE (VRC) / VILLAGE KNOWLEDGE CENTRE (VKC):
Village Resource centre (VRC) / Village Knowledge centre (VKC) established in the year 2004
by Prof. M S Swaminathan through M S Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF). VRC act
as HUB/SPOKES connected to 20-30 VKC’S (Information Centers). VRC/VKC’S use
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to disseminate knowledge, information
and skills for rural community. This act as bridge between the knowledge, gender and
digitalization which empowers the rural community by participation through different modes like
Land to Lab, Lab to Land, Lab to Lab and Land to Land. It is established in the remote area after
several field studies.
“VRC/VKC’S enshrine the 5 C’S of thriving knowledge ecosystem
1. Reliable and affordable Connectivity and devices.
2. Dynamic and relevant Content.
3. Capacity building.
4. Convergence of knowledge stake holders from public and private sectors.
5. Community centric Care and management of knowledge centers.” ( Prof. MS
SWAMINATHAN)
This 5 C’S will promote equitable access to information and knowledge among households and
economically marginalized rural communities to make informed decisions and improve their
livelihood using ICT tools.
This knowledge transfer is done by partnership with Government and private organization i.e.,
Boundary and strategic partner.
Boundary partner: Facilitates infrastructure and materialistic resources like room, electricity,
furniture for smooth run of VKC. In 4 VKC’S of Guntur (Kavuru and Kanaparru) and Nalgonda
(Balajinagar Tanda and Annaram Tanda) Boundary partner is Gram panchayat/sarpanch.
Strategic Partner: Facilitates support in the form of resource person, workshops, and training
program from other institutions like WALANTARI, LAMFARM, IWMI and KVK etc., to
empower the rural community.
In Guntur strategic partner is LAMFARM (provide Agriculture advisories from Sr. Scientist Mr.
Guruva Reddy as resource person), WALAMTRI & IWMI provide support in form of field visits
in cilmadapt project.
In Miryalguda strategic partner is WALAMTARI, KVK (Krishi Vignana Kendram, Agriculture
laboratory).
Village Knowledge Centers (VKC) are established in the village Kavuru, Kanaparru, Balajinagar
Tanda, Annaram Tanda in the year 2013. Each VKC is extending services for 2 to 3 near
villages/Tandas. Each VKC has 2 knowledge workers and village management committee
(VMC). VKC undertakes systematic need assessment to prioritize community needs. These
needs are addressing through ICT tools to deliver specific information, knowledge, capacity
building inputs and institutional linkages. VMC and Knowledge workers acting as medium to
pass the information in remote area of rural community. This VKC’s providing information
related to Agriculture advisories, Animal husbandries, Education, Health from different sources.
VKC conducting various programs like Audio conference, Video conference, Phone in Program,
Helpline, Webinar. It consists of public address system, sending audio advisories, maintaining
knowledge management system (KMS).
Programs conducted by VKC are:
1. Audio/Video conference: This program creating a platform for communities to interact
directly with experts (Agriculture experts from LAMFARAM and KVK). Here expert
addressing the group of farmers gathering in a VKC/Other place through computer
(Internet connection), Transponders and speakers. This creating awareness in the rural
community to ask questions with experts in different themes like agriculture, animal
husbandry, health, education etc,.
Observation: farmers are showing positive concerns towards this program, as this
include technology intervention in the form of computer/transponders and speakers.
Farmers are interested to use this program in various themes like usage of pests,
fertilizers and water. As per the records 17 & 18 audio conferences in Guntur and
Nalgonda, 7 video conferences in Guntur and 1 webinar in Nalgonda. The participation
of the people in these programs is good with relevant response with experts. Farmers are
expecting more video and audio conferences in a month on various themes like
employment skills, awareness programs.
2. Phone in program: It is a theme based weekly phone in program connecting farmers
and experts on specific matter and clarifying their doubts regarding agriculture, animal
husbandries etc., by this farmers are showing enthusiasm towards knowledge building
and becoming expertise on the field.
Observation: Every farmer wants to utilize this opportunity, which evoked desirous
attitude to know and work for better results. As per the records 13 & 15 phone in
programs were conducted in Guntur and Nalgonda with 400 farmers.
3. Workshops/Awareness programs:
Workshops and Awareness programs were conducted to boost the rural community with
new innovations and technologies from other departments like Government, Private and
MSSRF etc,.
Other activities of VKC:
1. Voice messages: Voice messages are sending to farmers as part of information
dissemination. These messages are mobile based season and crop based agriculture
advisories on agriculture practices, irrigation, pests, fertilizers, disease management, seed
selection and treatment, land preparation and water conservation measures, weather based
advisories and market information. This reducing the farmer’s time to visit VKC and
knowing directly at his work place. These messages are sending through internet in
Telugu language by project associate.
Observation: I found every farmer is felt happy in receiving these messages in various
themes like agriculture, animal husbandry, irrigation, government schemes, civic services
etc.,. These farmers are requesting more messages frequently i.e., daily from various
themes. As per the records audio advisories are 193 &410 in Guntur and Miryalguda
respectively in themes like agriculture and irrigation. People are expecting to receive
these messages in the period 8AM to 10PM.
2. Public address system: It acting as voice of village which disseminating information in
every corner of the village with 2-3 public address system in villages. Important
information like weather report, notifications are sending in to the public through this
system from VKC.
Observation: Every villager is comfortable with this system. They need this system’s
voice should be clear with loud sound. This system is running in all places except Kavuru
(Guntur VKC) due to technical problem.
3. Notice board: This notice board acting as a mirror of VKC as every farmer sees’s the
notice board during his walk in the village. This Notice board is containing various
information like weather report including degrees, Agriculture and Animal Husbandry.
Observation: Notice board maintenance is not good during my period of internship; it
should be improved with regular cleaning and updating information. Villagers are
expecting more news from government schemes, civil services apart from agriculture and
animal husbandry.
4. Knowledge Management System (KMS) : It is a server based knowledge management
system which functioning as respiratory for static and dynamic contents in different
formats and languages relating to agriculture and animal husbandry. Through VRC and
VKC farmers and extension workers access this information and contextualize the wealth
of knowledge and information.
Observation: Project associates and Knowledge workers are gathering information in the
KMS in agriculture and animal husbandry. As per the records 148 and 120 in Guntur and
Nalgonda, which need to be improved in high number of content.
5. Helpline: It acting as emergency number for agriculture advisories and other activities.
Observation: No of people using this service is less, which needs more awareness.
6. Education: Guntur (Kanaparru) VKC is acting as education center for computer classes
with 10-15 students. This shows it acting as a technology learning centre. It should be
expanded to all VKC’s.
KNOWLEDGE WORKER AND VILLAGE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE:
Knowledge worker: Knowledge workers are acting as a voice of VKC. There role plays a vital
role in the information dissemination to farmers/visitors and villagers. Their duties represent the
efficiency of VKC. Their duties are divided on daily, weekly and monthly basis.
Daily duties:
1. Cleaning the VKC premises
2. Organizing and maintaining the registers (User register, MUPP, CALP, etc)
3. Writing news on the notice board
4. Providing information for the community those who visit VKC and registering their
queries in the user register
5. Announcing the important news in the Public address system and registering that content
in the note
6. Maintaining the technical equipments properly and troubleshooting the problems, if can’t
be resolved informing the issue to the VRC.
7. Collecting content/information from different sources.
8. Conducting ICT based education to the children.
Weekly Duties:
1. Visiting the village people (gender, age, occupational basis) and making them aware and
also assessing their needs
2. Computer maintenance register maintenance
3. Teaching ICT based curricula and its related registers maintenance and also undertaking
follow-ups
4. Contacting and creating rapport with the government officials inside the village for
getting information/content
5. Identifying the community people those who unused the VKC and meeting them in
person and creating awareness
6. Participating in meetings conducted by the other NGO’s/CBO/Government
organizations
7. Sharing the work among the knowledge workers and participating in the follow up
related planning and discussions
8. Sharing the information and progress about the VKC and getting suggestions.
Monthly duties:
1. Meeting with the boundary partners and updating about the progress of the VKC and
getting suggestions.
2. Meeting with parents or teachers for the development of the education of the students
3. Conducting focus group discussions for identifying the needs of the community.
4. Participating in the monthly knowledge workers meeting and sharing the activities done
in their respective meeting
5. Disseminating community news paper inside the village
6. Collecting the statistical details of the working village and updating the old information
7. VKC activities related report preparation
8. Planning for the next month
9. Participating in the VKC management committee meeting and documentation
10. Organizing and mobilizing people for the awareness meeting conducted by the VKCs
11. Meeting the SHG groups and other groups(farmers/ fishers/youth/etc) functioning inside
the village and documenting their needs
12. VKC accounts maintenance
Observation: Above stated duties are idle norms of the VKC from MSSRF and all VKC’S KW
are aware of all these norms except monthly duties. For these knowledge workers need more
training regarding their duties, special emphasize on monthly duties which include meeting with
boundary partner (sarpanch) and updating the monthly report and creating awareness among the
people about VKC and their programs. Knowledge workers should be specially trained in
computer operations and sending audio advisories like Tamilnadu (Sr. Scientist Mr. Rajkumar).
This will make Knowledge worker send more information for many farmers. Knowledge worker
should be motivated socially for doing service; this will make him/her to work efficiently.
Village Management committee (VMC): VMC plays a vital role in efficient disseminating in
various forms into the village. This committee is responsible for daily, weekly, activities of the
VKC. VMC in each VKC plans, organize, implement, monitor and evaluation programs of VKC.
This committee constitute of 10-12 members with president. VMC members are from different
socioeconomic backgrounds that efficiently disseminate the information into the village.
Observation: Village management committee is working efficiently in Kanaparru (Guntur) and
Nalgonda (Annaram and Balajinagar Tanda). In kavuru VKC (Guntur) VMC is facing a political
problem between the members of the VKC. This made to halt proper functioning of VKC from
past few months. Guntur kanaparru VKC set trend of including VMC members from different
castes like SC, ST& BC and women, this shows equality in spreading the information in various
socio economic groups.
Planning of VMC plays a vital role in effective running of the VKC; this includes activities to
be done for achieving the goals by identifying the proper resources. All VMC’s are actively
planning their monthly targets except Kavuru VKC.
Organizing Of activities is actively doing by all VKC’s with the help of boundary and strategic
partners and knowledge workers by making accountability. Financial transactions were
effectively managing all VMC/VKC. This leads to quality output of planned activities.
Implementing the activities is the ground reality; this will be successful with allocating the work
to right person. This process includes timely executing the activities as per the plan. To
implement any activities successfully awareness should be created in the people because, this
implementation is for the people and there up gradation of their livelihood.
Monitoring/Evaluation should be done for all activities planned and implemented. It acts as a
feedback for any program. Monitoring is also done either during the process or after completion
or after some time, it is done to capture the ultimate effects of that project, and its significance.
Evaluation is capturing different aspects and its expected and unexpected changes happened
during the implementation of the project.
SUSTAINABILITY OF THE VKC
Sustainability lies in bringing not only financial but also other resources, already the Community
is providing space and electricity bills for the VKC operated area. The role of VKC MC is to
decide which ever is appropriate to their village to bring sustainability of the VKCs.
Observation: The VKC contract with MSSRF is going to end in Guntur and Nalgonda. Most of
the villagers and VMC are interested to run the VKC after the contract. Guntur VKC is getting
more sustainability fund than other VKC in the form of Internet, Application for government
schemes, Printing, results etc,. This shows the interest of the villagers for their interest towards
VKC and their programs. This should be adopted by other VKC‘s in Nalgonda.
CLIMADAPT- Adaption through Innovation
Idea of this CLIMADAPT is to implement adaption measures and improve the capacity of the
stakeholders to address climate change impacts. This project emphasizing on the adaptive
capacity in agriculture and water sectors. The main objective is to implement selected adaptation
measures at a systems level, develop methodologies for up scaling, and build capacity of the
relevant agencies, including farmers’ networks and women Self Help Groups (SHGs) to address
climate change impacts in Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Telangana.
Primary Objectives:
• To map the current knowledge base, vulnerability and preparedness to address climate
impacts in agriculture and water sectors in the two states of AP and TN (Situation
Analysis).
• To select and apply suitable climate and hydrology scenarios in AP and TN, in the
identified regions with active stakeholder involvement.
• To assess, plan and undertake capacity building of selected state government officials,
engineers (Department of Agriculture, Department of Irrigation, PWD, State Extension
Departments, Local village panchayats, etc), women and small scale farmer groups.
• To select and promote most promising adaptation technologies at a systems level, that
will also help in developing methodologies for up scaling, with the involvement of
government and private sector.
• To strengthen the link between research, innovation, policy and capacity building,
through active stakeholder engagement.
• To contribute to the state level climate adaptation policy framework through strategic
interventions, in particular the agriculture and water sectors
• Analyze the different roles of and responsibilities of men and women in the context of
climate change adaptation and agriculture, looking at their interests, needs and views
• To map men and women`s perceptions of climate changes and the impact on their
livelihoods and their coping strategies for ensuring food security
• Increase awareness and capacity building of women on climate change impacts and
alternative livelihood options through collaboration with Women Self Help Groups that
are already established in most villages in AP, TS and TN
MS Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) contribution will take the lead role in Work
Plan 1 i.e., Information dissemination. It will also take part in scenario development ( socio-
economic and livelihoods ), focus on building skills and capacities of the stakeholders and rural
poor with a view to enhancing livelihood opportunities. It creates the base line for this project by
program planning, organizing, implementing and monitoring. Establishing VKC in the village
level for implementing this project. It studies the field sites and creates work plan 2 and 3 and
pass this information to WALAMTARI and IWMI to do field level activities in the agriculture
land.
Observation: Information dissemination by the VKC is appropriate to the CLIMADAPT
project. Villagers are showing positive concerns with the project idea with technology
intervention of MSSRF. Though some advisories of this project are costly, people are showing
the positive concerns to adopt this project information. The coordination between the partners in
the project should be strengthened with proper measures. More advisories should be made
among the people, which create awareness among the people and give good results.
SUGGESTIONS:
1. Political structure should be removed from the VMC.
2. Knowledge workers should be trained effectively with all skills like sending audio
advisories, emailing and documentation.
3. Computer education should be taught in every VKC as per the demand from the
community.
4. Audio advisories should be expanded to different themes like Jobs, Government schemes
with more frequently i.e., daily.
5. Public address system should be improved in the village by establishing more audio
devices in the villages.
6. Every month VMC meeting should be done with targeted goals.
7. Awareness should be created in the village for effective use of VKC and their programs.
8. The link between the VKC, MSSRF Boundary and strategic partner should be strong.
9. Farmers are expecting markets information daily about Turmeric and other agriculture
products.
CONCLUSION:
MS SWAMINATHAN RESERCH FOUNDATION (MSSRF) is succeeding from past 25 years
of research and service. It established the milestone of friendly-technology in the remote rural
community. This enlightenment is enshrining the rural area with more positive adaptive
solutions.

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Internship report

  • 1. INTERNSHIP REPORT ON UNDERSTANDING OF VILLAGE KNOWLEDGE CENTRES (VKC) IN GUNTUR & NALGONDA OF MS SWAMNATHAN RESEARCH FOUNDATION By MANDALA AGNIVESH MA PUBLIC POLICY AND GOVERNNANCE TATA INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, HYDERABAD
  • 2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I cordially thank M.S Swaminathan Research Foundation for giving me the opportunity to undergo my project work. I thank Mr. J.Srinath, Principal scientist, IEC, M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation for his full fledge support for having given me the opportunity to Study in Village Knowledge Centers. I would like to thank the staff members Mr.Rajkumar (senior scientist), Dr.Malarvannan (senior scientist, IEC), Ms. A Arokia Mary Eddolin (Project associate), Mr. Omkar Vinay Kumar (Project associate), Mr. Jnakiramulu (Project associate) for their valuable inputs. Sincere thanks to my faculty guide Dr. Pankaj sakseria who guided me throughout the project I thank Dr. Aseem Prakash, Coordinator, MA Public Policy and Governance, Tata Institute Of Social Sciences, Hyderabad for his advice to select my guide.
  • 3. ABSTRACT India consists of 600000 villages with 700 million populations. Most of These villages are lack of basic amenities like water, education, healthcare, sanitation, empowerment and infrastructure. Raising the standard of livelihood in the villages became the India’s priority. Rural areas will become strong by creating e-infrastructure which makes them to rebuild their community with technology development by setting up of the Village Resource Centers (VRC)/ Village Knowledge centers (VKC) to integrate capabilities in satellite communications and satellite based earth observations to disseminate variety of services emanating from the space systems and other IT tools to address the changing and critical needs of rural communities. My area of Research with two basic questions: 1. How rural community understanding the technology? 2. How MS Swaminathan Research Foundation understanding the problems of rural community with ICT tools? Location of research: 4 VKC’S in Guntur (Kavuru & Kanaparru) and Nalgonda (Balaji nagar Tanda & Annaram Tanda) Period of Internship: 8th may, 2015 to 17th June, 2015 (5 weeks) Method of study: Visited 4 VKC’S in Guntur and Nalgonda and interviewed senior scientist Mr. Rajkumar, Ms. Arokia Mary Eddolin; Project associates, 40 farmers, VMC members, Knowledge workers.
  • 4. INTRODUCTION The population of the rural people in the world is 6 billion and India has 1.6 billion populations. Empowering and development of these people is the primary motto of the any country. In common service centers efficiency and effectiveness were lagging. This made government to establish Village Resource Centers (VRC)/ Village Knowledge centers (VKC). Every organization set up in the society should be transparent and effective which will depend on the quality and quantity of input. VRC/VKC serving the particular purpose of fulfilling individual rationality as more efficient social units. Information dissemination with technology plays a vital role for sustainable development. This will empower the people to live on their rationality and increase the livelihood standard. After independence countries investment on science research in the budget is 1% compared to other countries, among this 0.1% investment is done on rural communities. As part of this, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and Department of Space (DoS) thought to introduced information technology (IT) and communications in the rural community to serve the basic facilities like health, education, water, resource mapping, and sanitation with technology introduction and established village resource centers with the support of NGO’S/ organizations. The main idea is to empower rural communities with IT enabled services and communication technology. This introduction of technology will create transparent, efficient services considering citizen as a share holder of government. This will reduce the demarcation between rural and urban societies in terms of efficient services of government. This instrument of technonology serves the remote areas of the rural communities and provides services like Tele-education, Tele medicine, Agriculture advisories, resource mapping etc., and reducing the social barriers between urban and poor. Policy perspective: Department of science and technology (DST) improved the science and technology research by increasing the activities of the research in the country. Some achievements are 1. Some policies were framed and coordinated with science and technology perspectives. 2. Infrastructure in the research institutions were developed in S&T innovation. 3. Seeking help from the foreign countries for basic research development in the S&T. 4. Special focus of research on S&T innovations in rural societies. 5. Increasing the importance of science and technology in the country. 6. Inviting the entrepneuers in the fields of research. 7. Implementing scientific surveys Department of space improved the basic amenities in the research institutions in India. These guidelines of the DST made Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) satellite
  • 5. communications and major non government organizations, institutions to establish Village resource centers (VRC). VILLAGE RESOURCE CENTRE (VRC) / VILLAGE KNOWLEDGE CENTRE (VKC): Village Resource centre (VRC) / Village Knowledge centre (VKC) established in the year 2004 by Prof. M S Swaminathan through M S Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF). VRC act as HUB/SPOKES connected to 20-30 VKC’S (Information Centers). VRC/VKC’S use Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to disseminate knowledge, information and skills for rural community. This act as bridge between the knowledge, gender and digitalization which empowers the rural community by participation through different modes like Land to Lab, Lab to Land, Lab to Lab and Land to Land. It is established in the remote area after several field studies. “VRC/VKC’S enshrine the 5 C’S of thriving knowledge ecosystem 1. Reliable and affordable Connectivity and devices. 2. Dynamic and relevant Content. 3. Capacity building. 4. Convergence of knowledge stake holders from public and private sectors. 5. Community centric Care and management of knowledge centers.” ( Prof. MS SWAMINATHAN) This 5 C’S will promote equitable access to information and knowledge among households and economically marginalized rural communities to make informed decisions and improve their livelihood using ICT tools. This knowledge transfer is done by partnership with Government and private organization i.e., Boundary and strategic partner. Boundary partner: Facilitates infrastructure and materialistic resources like room, electricity, furniture for smooth run of VKC. In 4 VKC’S of Guntur (Kavuru and Kanaparru) and Nalgonda (Balajinagar Tanda and Annaram Tanda) Boundary partner is Gram panchayat/sarpanch. Strategic Partner: Facilitates support in the form of resource person, workshops, and training program from other institutions like WALANTARI, LAMFARM, IWMI and KVK etc., to empower the rural community.
  • 6. In Guntur strategic partner is LAMFARM (provide Agriculture advisories from Sr. Scientist Mr. Guruva Reddy as resource person), WALAMTRI & IWMI provide support in form of field visits in cilmadapt project. In Miryalguda strategic partner is WALAMTARI, KVK (Krishi Vignana Kendram, Agriculture laboratory). Village Knowledge Centers (VKC) are established in the village Kavuru, Kanaparru, Balajinagar Tanda, Annaram Tanda in the year 2013. Each VKC is extending services for 2 to 3 near villages/Tandas. Each VKC has 2 knowledge workers and village management committee (VMC). VKC undertakes systematic need assessment to prioritize community needs. These needs are addressing through ICT tools to deliver specific information, knowledge, capacity building inputs and institutional linkages. VMC and Knowledge workers acting as medium to pass the information in remote area of rural community. This VKC’s providing information related to Agriculture advisories, Animal husbandries, Education, Health from different sources. VKC conducting various programs like Audio conference, Video conference, Phone in Program, Helpline, Webinar. It consists of public address system, sending audio advisories, maintaining knowledge management system (KMS). Programs conducted by VKC are: 1. Audio/Video conference: This program creating a platform for communities to interact directly with experts (Agriculture experts from LAMFARAM and KVK). Here expert addressing the group of farmers gathering in a VKC/Other place through computer (Internet connection), Transponders and speakers. This creating awareness in the rural community to ask questions with experts in different themes like agriculture, animal husbandry, health, education etc,. Observation: farmers are showing positive concerns towards this program, as this include technology intervention in the form of computer/transponders and speakers. Farmers are interested to use this program in various themes like usage of pests, fertilizers and water. As per the records 17 & 18 audio conferences in Guntur and Nalgonda, 7 video conferences in Guntur and 1 webinar in Nalgonda. The participation of the people in these programs is good with relevant response with experts. Farmers are expecting more video and audio conferences in a month on various themes like employment skills, awareness programs.
  • 7. 2. Phone in program: It is a theme based weekly phone in program connecting farmers and experts on specific matter and clarifying their doubts regarding agriculture, animal husbandries etc., by this farmers are showing enthusiasm towards knowledge building and becoming expertise on the field. Observation: Every farmer wants to utilize this opportunity, which evoked desirous attitude to know and work for better results. As per the records 13 & 15 phone in programs were conducted in Guntur and Nalgonda with 400 farmers. 3. Workshops/Awareness programs: Workshops and Awareness programs were conducted to boost the rural community with new innovations and technologies from other departments like Government, Private and MSSRF etc,. Other activities of VKC: 1. Voice messages: Voice messages are sending to farmers as part of information dissemination. These messages are mobile based season and crop based agriculture advisories on agriculture practices, irrigation, pests, fertilizers, disease management, seed selection and treatment, land preparation and water conservation measures, weather based advisories and market information. This reducing the farmer’s time to visit VKC and knowing directly at his work place. These messages are sending through internet in Telugu language by project associate. Observation: I found every farmer is felt happy in receiving these messages in various themes like agriculture, animal husbandry, irrigation, government schemes, civic services etc.,. These farmers are requesting more messages frequently i.e., daily from various themes. As per the records audio advisories are 193 &410 in Guntur and Miryalguda respectively in themes like agriculture and irrigation. People are expecting to receive these messages in the period 8AM to 10PM. 2. Public address system: It acting as voice of village which disseminating information in every corner of the village with 2-3 public address system in villages. Important information like weather report, notifications are sending in to the public through this system from VKC.
  • 8. Observation: Every villager is comfortable with this system. They need this system’s voice should be clear with loud sound. This system is running in all places except Kavuru (Guntur VKC) due to technical problem. 3. Notice board: This notice board acting as a mirror of VKC as every farmer sees’s the notice board during his walk in the village. This Notice board is containing various information like weather report including degrees, Agriculture and Animal Husbandry. Observation: Notice board maintenance is not good during my period of internship; it should be improved with regular cleaning and updating information. Villagers are expecting more news from government schemes, civil services apart from agriculture and animal husbandry. 4. Knowledge Management System (KMS) : It is a server based knowledge management system which functioning as respiratory for static and dynamic contents in different formats and languages relating to agriculture and animal husbandry. Through VRC and VKC farmers and extension workers access this information and contextualize the wealth of knowledge and information. Observation: Project associates and Knowledge workers are gathering information in the KMS in agriculture and animal husbandry. As per the records 148 and 120 in Guntur and Nalgonda, which need to be improved in high number of content. 5. Helpline: It acting as emergency number for agriculture advisories and other activities. Observation: No of people using this service is less, which needs more awareness. 6. Education: Guntur (Kanaparru) VKC is acting as education center for computer classes with 10-15 students. This shows it acting as a technology learning centre. It should be expanded to all VKC’s. KNOWLEDGE WORKER AND VILLAGE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE: Knowledge worker: Knowledge workers are acting as a voice of VKC. There role plays a vital role in the information dissemination to farmers/visitors and villagers. Their duties represent the efficiency of VKC. Their duties are divided on daily, weekly and monthly basis. Daily duties:
  • 9. 1. Cleaning the VKC premises 2. Organizing and maintaining the registers (User register, MUPP, CALP, etc) 3. Writing news on the notice board 4. Providing information for the community those who visit VKC and registering their queries in the user register 5. Announcing the important news in the Public address system and registering that content in the note 6. Maintaining the technical equipments properly and troubleshooting the problems, if can’t be resolved informing the issue to the VRC. 7. Collecting content/information from different sources. 8. Conducting ICT based education to the children. Weekly Duties: 1. Visiting the village people (gender, age, occupational basis) and making them aware and also assessing their needs 2. Computer maintenance register maintenance 3. Teaching ICT based curricula and its related registers maintenance and also undertaking follow-ups 4. Contacting and creating rapport with the government officials inside the village for getting information/content 5. Identifying the community people those who unused the VKC and meeting them in person and creating awareness 6. Participating in meetings conducted by the other NGO’s/CBO/Government organizations 7. Sharing the work among the knowledge workers and participating in the follow up related planning and discussions 8. Sharing the information and progress about the VKC and getting suggestions. Monthly duties: 1. Meeting with the boundary partners and updating about the progress of the VKC and getting suggestions. 2. Meeting with parents or teachers for the development of the education of the students 3. Conducting focus group discussions for identifying the needs of the community.
  • 10. 4. Participating in the monthly knowledge workers meeting and sharing the activities done in their respective meeting 5. Disseminating community news paper inside the village 6. Collecting the statistical details of the working village and updating the old information 7. VKC activities related report preparation 8. Planning for the next month 9. Participating in the VKC management committee meeting and documentation 10. Organizing and mobilizing people for the awareness meeting conducted by the VKCs 11. Meeting the SHG groups and other groups(farmers/ fishers/youth/etc) functioning inside the village and documenting their needs 12. VKC accounts maintenance Observation: Above stated duties are idle norms of the VKC from MSSRF and all VKC’S KW are aware of all these norms except monthly duties. For these knowledge workers need more training regarding their duties, special emphasize on monthly duties which include meeting with boundary partner (sarpanch) and updating the monthly report and creating awareness among the people about VKC and their programs. Knowledge workers should be specially trained in computer operations and sending audio advisories like Tamilnadu (Sr. Scientist Mr. Rajkumar). This will make Knowledge worker send more information for many farmers. Knowledge worker should be motivated socially for doing service; this will make him/her to work efficiently. Village Management committee (VMC): VMC plays a vital role in efficient disseminating in various forms into the village. This committee is responsible for daily, weekly, activities of the VKC. VMC in each VKC plans, organize, implement, monitor and evaluation programs of VKC. This committee constitute of 10-12 members with president. VMC members are from different socioeconomic backgrounds that efficiently disseminate the information into the village. Observation: Village management committee is working efficiently in Kanaparru (Guntur) and Nalgonda (Annaram and Balajinagar Tanda). In kavuru VKC (Guntur) VMC is facing a political problem between the members of the VKC. This made to halt proper functioning of VKC from past few months. Guntur kanaparru VKC set trend of including VMC members from different castes like SC, ST& BC and women, this shows equality in spreading the information in various socio economic groups. Planning of VMC plays a vital role in effective running of the VKC; this includes activities to be done for achieving the goals by identifying the proper resources. All VMC’s are actively planning their monthly targets except Kavuru VKC. Organizing Of activities is actively doing by all VKC’s with the help of boundary and strategic partners and knowledge workers by making accountability. Financial transactions were effectively managing all VMC/VKC. This leads to quality output of planned activities.
  • 11. Implementing the activities is the ground reality; this will be successful with allocating the work to right person. This process includes timely executing the activities as per the plan. To implement any activities successfully awareness should be created in the people because, this implementation is for the people and there up gradation of their livelihood. Monitoring/Evaluation should be done for all activities planned and implemented. It acts as a feedback for any program. Monitoring is also done either during the process or after completion or after some time, it is done to capture the ultimate effects of that project, and its significance. Evaluation is capturing different aspects and its expected and unexpected changes happened during the implementation of the project. SUSTAINABILITY OF THE VKC Sustainability lies in bringing not only financial but also other resources, already the Community is providing space and electricity bills for the VKC operated area. The role of VKC MC is to decide which ever is appropriate to their village to bring sustainability of the VKCs. Observation: The VKC contract with MSSRF is going to end in Guntur and Nalgonda. Most of the villagers and VMC are interested to run the VKC after the contract. Guntur VKC is getting more sustainability fund than other VKC in the form of Internet, Application for government schemes, Printing, results etc,. This shows the interest of the villagers for their interest towards VKC and their programs. This should be adopted by other VKC‘s in Nalgonda. CLIMADAPT- Adaption through Innovation Idea of this CLIMADAPT is to implement adaption measures and improve the capacity of the stakeholders to address climate change impacts. This project emphasizing on the adaptive capacity in agriculture and water sectors. The main objective is to implement selected adaptation measures at a systems level, develop methodologies for up scaling, and build capacity of the relevant agencies, including farmers’ networks and women Self Help Groups (SHGs) to address climate change impacts in Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Telangana. Primary Objectives: • To map the current knowledge base, vulnerability and preparedness to address climate impacts in agriculture and water sectors in the two states of AP and TN (Situation Analysis). • To select and apply suitable climate and hydrology scenarios in AP and TN, in the identified regions with active stakeholder involvement. • To assess, plan and undertake capacity building of selected state government officials, engineers (Department of Agriculture, Department of Irrigation, PWD, State Extension Departments, Local village panchayats, etc), women and small scale farmer groups.
  • 12. • To select and promote most promising adaptation technologies at a systems level, that will also help in developing methodologies for up scaling, with the involvement of government and private sector. • To strengthen the link between research, innovation, policy and capacity building, through active stakeholder engagement. • To contribute to the state level climate adaptation policy framework through strategic interventions, in particular the agriculture and water sectors • Analyze the different roles of and responsibilities of men and women in the context of climate change adaptation and agriculture, looking at their interests, needs and views • To map men and women`s perceptions of climate changes and the impact on their livelihoods and their coping strategies for ensuring food security • Increase awareness and capacity building of women on climate change impacts and alternative livelihood options through collaboration with Women Self Help Groups that are already established in most villages in AP, TS and TN MS Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) contribution will take the lead role in Work Plan 1 i.e., Information dissemination. It will also take part in scenario development ( socio- economic and livelihoods ), focus on building skills and capacities of the stakeholders and rural poor with a view to enhancing livelihood opportunities. It creates the base line for this project by program planning, organizing, implementing and monitoring. Establishing VKC in the village level for implementing this project. It studies the field sites and creates work plan 2 and 3 and pass this information to WALAMTARI and IWMI to do field level activities in the agriculture land. Observation: Information dissemination by the VKC is appropriate to the CLIMADAPT project. Villagers are showing positive concerns with the project idea with technology intervention of MSSRF. Though some advisories of this project are costly, people are showing the positive concerns to adopt this project information. The coordination between the partners in the project should be strengthened with proper measures. More advisories should be made among the people, which create awareness among the people and give good results. SUGGESTIONS: 1. Political structure should be removed from the VMC. 2. Knowledge workers should be trained effectively with all skills like sending audio advisories, emailing and documentation. 3. Computer education should be taught in every VKC as per the demand from the community.
  • 13. 4. Audio advisories should be expanded to different themes like Jobs, Government schemes with more frequently i.e., daily. 5. Public address system should be improved in the village by establishing more audio devices in the villages. 6. Every month VMC meeting should be done with targeted goals. 7. Awareness should be created in the village for effective use of VKC and their programs. 8. The link between the VKC, MSSRF Boundary and strategic partner should be strong. 9. Farmers are expecting markets information daily about Turmeric and other agriculture products. CONCLUSION: MS SWAMINATHAN RESERCH FOUNDATION (MSSRF) is succeeding from past 25 years of research and service. It established the milestone of friendly-technology in the remote rural community. This enlightenment is enshrining the rural area with more positive adaptive solutions.