F -X C h a n ge                                                              F -X C h a n ge
    PD                       ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                               F -X C h a n...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                  F -X C h a n ge
    PD   ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                       F -X C h a n ge
    PD              ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                    F -X C h a n ge
    PD ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                              F -X C h a n ge
    PD       ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                      F -X C h a n ge
    P...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                  F -X C h a n ge
    PD   ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                   F -X C h a n ge
    PD  ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                             F -X C h a n g...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                   F -X C h a n ge
    PD                  ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                           F -X C h a n ge
    PD                          ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                    F -X C h a n ge
    PD ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                               F -X C h a n ge
    PD      ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                    F -X C h a n ge
    PD ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                          F -X C h a n ge
 ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                                           ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                      F -X C h a n ge
    P...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                      F -X C h a n ge
    P...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                F -X C h a n ge
    PD     ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                     F -X C h a n ge
    PD...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                    F -X C h a n ge
    PD ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                          F -X C h a n ge
    PD           ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                         F -X C h a n ge
  ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                         F -X C h a n ge
  ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                    F -X C h a n ge
    PD ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                    F -X C h a n ge
    PD ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                    F -X C h a n ge
    PD ...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                     F -X C h a n ge
    PD...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                      F -X C h a n ge
    P...
F -X C h a n ge                                                                                     F -X C h a n ge
    PD...
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory
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A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory

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A Testers Role On Agile Projects - Janet Gregory

  1. 1. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k A Tester’s Role on an Agile Project Agile Tester Days Belgium September, 2009 Janet Gregory, DragonFire Inc. With material from Lisa Crispin 1
  2. 2. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Introduction - Me First agile team – 2000 Currently – coaching, testing Agile Testing: A Practical Guide for Testers and Agile Teams; Addison Wesley 2009 2 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  3. 3. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Topics What about you !!!! A very little bit about agile Challenges What is agile testing Life of a tester during an iteration Why and how testing must “keep up” Continual improvement 3 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  4. 4. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Agile is a term to describe methodologies that: have short iterations encourage active customer participation demand whole team collaboration test features as they are coded deliver business value at regular intervals adapt their processes based on feedback …and so on………….
  5. 5. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Blurred Lines Between Roles Agile developers are “test infected” Agile testers and programmers collaborate Agile testers and customers collaborate “Whole Team” responsibility for testing Everyone understands the business 5 5 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  6. 6. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k What challenges do you see for agile testers? 6 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  7. 7. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Exercise Break into groups Discuss your current project or previous projects What type of problems is your team experiencing? Choose the top 3 problems you would like to solve 7 Copyright 2009 Lisa Crispin and Janet Gregory
  8. 8. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Some Common Challenges Separate test team No common language Fear – loss of identity Testing always at the end Organizational culture Don’t know enough about agile concepts Lack technical and tool skills Physical limitations – work space 8 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  9. 9. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k What is Agile Testing? Testers are part of the team Drives development with tests Work with customers to define acceptance tests for each story / feature Provides continuous feedback to the team Provides constructive skepticism Tests each story as it is complete 9 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  10. 10. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Management Expectations Phased approach… 90% done… until it’s too late Agile – new expectations Make quality the priority (not speed!) Let the team solve problems Give team time to learn / slack time Tips / Techniques Provide visibility – raise risks early Stress adaptive rather than predictive Stress ‘getting business value’ regularly Build credibility / trust by proving it works 10 Copyright 2007: Lisa Crispin and Janet Gregory
  11. 11. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k The agile tester’s mindset ..... Instead of – We’re here to break the software! Think – What can we do to help deliver the software successfully? 11
  12. 12. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Be involved, question, be proactive
  13. 13. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Whole Team Approach Anyone can pick up a testing task Run automated regression tests regularly Continuous build Minimally – daily! Otherwise ………. 13 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  14. 14. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Discuss .... Instead of saying NO, or being the gatekeeper Be the information provider so business can make the decisions 14 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  15. 15. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Change how we think about testing … Focus on the 'why' we test Change the way we think not about the when not about the how white box, black box 15 Copyright 2009 Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  16. 16. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k The Agile Testing Quadrants Brian Marick introduced the concept Can be used to ensure we accomplish all goals Q1 - Technology-facing tests that support the team Q2 - Business-facing tests that support the team Q3 - Business-facing tests that critique the product Q4 - Technology-facing tests that critique the product 16 Copyright 2009 Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  17. 17. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Test Approach - The Agile Way Project Initiation Get an understanding of the project Release Planning Participate in estimating stories Create Test Plan Each Iteration Write and execute story tests 1 Write and execute new functional test cases …. Pair test with other testers, developers X Automate new functional test cases Run automated regression test cases Perform Load Test System Test / Complete Regression Test End Game Perform UAT Perform Mock Deploy Participate in Release Readiness Release to Prod/ Support Participate in Release to Prod Participate in Retrospectives 17 Copyright 2008 Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  18. 18. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Project Initiation Purpose – high level understanding of project Questions to ask: Are other teams involved? Will we need special resources? Test environments, tools, people What other risks are there? May be asked for 10,000 ft estimates Required to determine cost/benefit 18 Copyright 2008 Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  19. 19. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Release Planning – The Purpose Understand the “Conditions of Satisfaction” Criteria to gauge success of the project Functionality, quality, time??? Want to get a good idea of relative ‘size’ Plan what might be possible 19 Copyright 2008 Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  20. 20. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k What do you think a tester’s role is during release planning .... If anything? 20 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  21. 21. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Release Planning – Tester’s Role Sizing of stories think about impacts to system Ask questions that may impact the ‘bigness’ of the story to uncover hidden assumptions such as ‘what if?’, or “what happens if?” Not the time for details Create a project “test plan” 21 Copyright 2008 Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  22. 22. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Preparing for Iteration - Stories Be proactive - preplanning Specifications workshops – Gojko Adzic Help customer achieve ‘advance clarity’ on stories Customers speak with “one voice” Testable stories Steel threads 22 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  23. 23. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Use Pictures to Clarify 23 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  24. 24. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Learning to Collaborate Groups again.... Step 1 – Draw your vision of the perfect .... Step 2 – Collaborate to create one common vision that each of you can live with. 24 Copyright 2009 Lisa Crispin and Janet Gregory
  25. 25. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k During Iteration Planning • Find hidden assumptions – question assumptions • Ask “why?” Ask “what if?” • Define and estimate testing tasks • Ask what other tasks are required • Define high level story tests or examples 25 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  26. 26. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Testable Stories Goal – steel thread, thin slice, critical path Work towards an end-to-end first cut What is absolutely required Keep it simple Allows whole team to work together Gives good basis for testing Later – add complexity / extras 26 Copyright 2008 Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  27. 27. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Drive Development - ATDD ATDD (Acceptance Test Driven Development) Express the intent of the story Use examples Defines behaviours Maybe misbehaviours Help the developers to understand what is expected 27 Copyright 2008 Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  28. 28. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Acceptance Test Exercise The story….. As an on-line shopper, I want to provide my shipping address when I check out so that my order goes to the right location. Consider Locations – countries? Misbehaviours? What is the simplest thing we could do? 28 Copyright 2008 Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  29. 29. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k When Coding Starts Write detailed test cases from examples Make them executable if possible Write simple, happy path tests to automate Share them with the programmers Once simple tests pass, write more test cases Start with happy path Then move towards edge cases Identify possible exploratory scenarios 29 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  30. 30. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Testing/Coding: Don’t sit and wait! Is any testable part of a story ready? Test with behind-the-GUI tool such as FIT? Or other harness to bypass GUI Pair with programmers Test together before check-in Show them issues Ask questions Bugs found here are cheap and easy to fix 30 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire
  31. 31. F -X C h a n ge F -X C h a n ge PD PD ! ! W W O O N N y y bu bu to to k k lic lic C C w w m m w w w w o o .d o .c .d o .c c u -tr a c k c u -tr a c k Testing/Coding: Collaboration Pair with customers Show customer early Does delivered feature meet expectation? Other team members, e.g. Work with DBA to understand database Work with sys admin to get better messaging from continual build 31 Copyright 2009: Janet Gregory, DragonFire

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