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IoT Hardware innovation


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Paolo Azzoni (Eurotech)

Published in: Devices & Hardware
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IoT Hardware innovation

  1. 1. AGILE M18 Review, 20 October 2017, Brussels (Belgium) IoT Hardware innovation PAOLO AZZONI/ EUROTECH/ WP1 LEADER 1
  2. 2. Outline 1. IoT Hardware Innovation 2. Gateway Hardware Design and Implementation 3. Design Methodology 4. Gateway Prototypes
  3. 3. IoT HW Innovation 3
  4. 4. IoT HW Innovation Modular and flexible embedded hardware, supported by a specific design methodology, and capable to guarantee products sustainable evolution, driven by customers needs in different vertical domains. ◦ Based on a new design methodology (DFM) ◦ Two application and vertical driven HW platforms ◦ Interoperability is based on hardware components modularity based on COM Express universal standard (PICMG COM.0 v2.1) and compliancy with the HAT specification Native HW modularity Existing HW modularity DFM Address both makers and professionals Solid library of standard modules COM Ex and HAT standards Global market ready Products sustainability Reduce customization effort Reduce TTM
  5. 5. IoT HW Innovation (2) AGILE tries to address real-world challenges of IoT solutions design and development: ◦ the gateway is the core component of many vertical IoT/M2M application. ◦ IoT is volatile, dynamic, with high speed change and limited predictability. AGILE modularity and flexibility represents a concrete answer in order to quickly adapt and minimize risks, specifically for custom products. ◦ AGILE approach allow the customer to focus on business logic, not on the IoT infrastructure and its technical details. AGILE is orienting to rapid application development in IoT. ◦ The platform allows managing heterogeneity and diversity, handling large numbers of heterogeneous and constantly evolving assets and devices. ◦ AGILE approach is oriented to simplify building customizable IoT solutions for different use cases. 5
  6. 6. WP1 – Summary and status 6
  7. 7. WP1 - Gateway HW design and implementation Main objective: specification, design and implementation of the hardware of the modular gateway. The modular gateway: ◦ will be available in two versions: ◦ the “makers” version based on RaspberryPi; ◦ the industrial version with a new HW design based on Intel architecture. ◦ will be based on a set of core and expansion modules: ◦ core modules: carrier module, cpu module, the storage module or the power supply, etc.; ◦ extension modules: the communication modules, sensing modules, etc.. 7
  8. 8. WP1 - Gateway HW design and implementation (2) Address two levels of modularity: • modularity for existing HW: an expansion module (shield) allows the RPi to be extended with new modules; • intrinsic modularity: in the industrial gateway any architectural element is a module. Hardware module interoperability: • based on compliancy with the HAT specification; • based on COM Express universal standard (PICMG COM.0 v2.1). Hardware prototypes development: • Implement a set of prototypes of the “makers” gateway; • Implement a set of prototypes of the industrial gateway; • implement a set of expansion modules that will be adopted in the pilots. 8
  9. 9. Design Methodology 9
  10. 10. Design methodology Design for modularity (DFM): DFM follows the emerging trend in HW design and manufacturing known as “Build to Order”. ◦ BTO products are not built until a confirmed order for products is received. ◦ We extend BTO also to the design phase (not only manufacturing). ◦ Traditionally, BTO is the most appropriate approach used for highly customized or low volume products. ◦ DFM allows to map a custom design in a design based on standard modules! DFM has been applied to the design of the industrial gateway: ◦ definition of the reference design; ◦ definition and implementation of a general purpose consolidated design; ◦ definition and implementation of a vertical consolidated design (the monitoring station, Pilot C).
  11. 11. Design for modularity 11 Reference architectural partitioning Company previous experience Requirements identification Gateway reference design Preliminary reference design Design review and optimization First phase Customer requirements Mapping on reference design Custom modules development Gateway consolidated design Gateway design Second phase • Reduce the effects of fixed costs. • Reduce the development costs. • Offer custom products with lower costs. DFM Benefits
  12. 12. T↓ C↓ V P T↓ C↓ V P T↓ C↓ V P DFM for standard product Gateway HW modularity is an important factor to: ◦ design and develop sustainable standard products, ◦ and correctly position them in the related markets. Tuned by a standard configuration Cost optimized Extremely low customization High volumes (but not to much sense…because of Low P) Quickest delivery Low cost influenced by modularity price (win for stocking/volume lower indirect costs and NRE) Extremely low customization High volume for a specific vertical Traditional design&dev. approach Modular approach Comparison T↓: Time to market (inv.); C ↓: Costs (inv.); V: Volumes; P: Customization Level
  13. 13. STRONG DFM IMPACT T↓ C↓ V P T↓ C↓ V P DFM for custom product Gateway HW modularity has a strong impact to: ◦ design and develop sustainable custom products, ◦ and correctly position them in the related vertical markets. Highest design, dev. and production times High costs, highest NRE Highest customization level Low volumes (but not to much sense…because it typical for a custom product) Low time to market (influenced only by custom modules) Lower costs (benefit from modularity, influenced by custom modules) High customization (constrained only by modularity) High volume for a specific vertical (thanks to modularity) Traditional design&dev. approach Modular approach Comparison T↓: Time to market (inv.); C ↓: Costs (inv.); V: Volumes; P: Customization Level
  14. 14. Costs analysis DFM enable the HIGH REUSE of HW modules: ◦ although the customer request is for 100-200 pieces, the high reuse allow to manufacture larger quantities of the same modules; ◦ the price “breakpoint” is at 1000-2000, producing a module in these quantities cuts down the module price; ◦ low-costs modules allows to address orders of small quantities (100-200) of custom gateway. Estimated DESIGN costs (normalized): 14 cost for standard products with a traditional approach 100 cost for standard products using DFM approach 150 cost of a custom product with a traditional approach 150-250 cost of a custom product using DFM approach 40-190 The costs analysis demonstrates the AGILE solution is sustainable when addressing the IoT market!
  15. 15. AGILE HW Platform 15
  16. 16. AGILE HW Platforms Main features Two versions: makers’ and industrial. ◦ Makers’: oriented to proof of concepts, affordable and rapid prototyping, ◦ Industrial: oriented to high end solutions for transportation and industrial markets. Two architectures supported: Intel (BayTrail family) and ARM (ARMv7, ARMv8). Wide connectivity support: 2G/3G/LTE, Wi-Fi, BLE, ZigBee, LoRaWAN. Wide sensing capabilities: e.g. more than 150 sensors available with the monitoring station. Rich I/O: versatile set of I/O interfaces, including Gbit Ethernet, USB, isolated DI/O and serial ports, CAN, video, audio in/out, etc.. Multiple storage options, including eMMC, mSATA, SD-Cards, and fixed or removable 2.5” SSD/HDD Fanless: low power-performances with fanless architecture. Both AGILE hardware gateways share the same AGILE software platform. Other HW platforms potentially will support AGILE: Up Board (V.1) (See WP2) 16
  17. 17. AGILE HW Platforms 17 Makers Gateway Industrial Gateway (Reference Design) Monitoring Station (Consolidated Design) Design for Modularity ATHENS Event Intrinsic modularity Modularity by expansion
  18. 18. Makers gateway 18 AGILE SHIELD MAKERS GATEWAY
  19. 19. Makers gateway (2) (see D1.1-D.12 for details) 19
  20. 20. Makers gateway (3) 20 ZigBee LoRaWAN 802.15.4 + sensors + actuators + … + Raspberry Pi 3 features: Bluetooth Low Energy Wifi … Available in Crowdfunding Campaign since November Adopted in Pilot A Examplesofconnectivitymodules
  21. 21. Industrial gateway 21 REFERENCE DESIGN MONITORING STATION ( Consolidated Design)
  22. 22. THANK YOU