Geology, Apps, Maps & Augmented Reality (Patrick Bell, BGS)


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Audio Recorded Live at the AGI Showcase Event in York.
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  • Mixed funding model. Funded by the public purse through BIS. & partly by commissioned research. Many other research highlights including Carbon capture and storage, Shale gas, Ocean Drilling Program, development of high resolution 3D geological model for flood analysisPollutants in the Thames estuaryRenewable heat and deep geothermalSubsurface aggregate resources Sustainable urban drainageVolcano monitoring from spaceInvestigating new coal technologies
  • You may have seen our scientists on the news in high vis jackets on hand to comment on the latest earthquake, tsunami, ash cloud. And advise government at a high level in these cases.
  • The Holbeck landslide, south of Scarborough in North Yorkshire, attracted considerable interest when it destroyed the four-star Holbeck Hall Hotel between the night of 3 June and 5 June 1993. A rotational landslide involving about 1 million tonnes of glacial till cut back the 60 m high cliff by 70 m.
  • Our primary function was as a survey& although we tend to do less of it these days, the data gathered by survey still underpins a lot of what BGS is doing.
  • How we survey has become more hi-tech over the years, but the general principles have remained the same ...There is a whole other talk on how we use mobile devices to collect information.BGS•SIGMA mobile is a heavily customised ArcMap development that provides a field data capture system designed to run on rugged tablet PCs with integrated GPS units, with tools for cleaning field linework to make professional quality map outputs.
  • I’m going to concentrate today on how we use mobile devices and particularly smartphones to deliver informationProvides window to massive collections in NGDC
  • It’s true that there is a ‘top down’ push for public sector organisations to provide more materials openly e.g. from INSPIRE and UK open data drive (TBL).And there is also a pull from an increasing environmentally aware and ‘tooled up’ community – not just ‘free our data‘ but also ‘give us something to use on our smartphones’But there is an increase drive from the data providers themselves to share more materials, to see them used and shared more to solve environmental problemsThere is also a push from providers to use open supply in order to move away from expensive direct supply methods.A new freemium ‘business model’ is emerging based on more active sharing of data and partnership with users (as they develop new and better uses for it e.g. flooding prediction) aimed at increasing overall ‘impact’Public sector organisations no longer want or need to ‘go it alone’Last 20 years have seen transition from paper to digital mapping and databasesIncreased appreciation of the value of GIS as a business toolEmergence of easy-to-use web-based mapping tools e.g. Google maps, Google EarthExplosion of the internet and mobile devicesData holders encouraged to open up access to their digital resourcesMedia campaigns – the Guardian ‘Free our data’Government’s transparency agendaIT ‘celebrity’ endorsed initiatives – Making public data publicGeographic Information Legislation – INSPIRE, UK Location Programme.Aim: to make geospatial data more accessible to a new generation of “tooled up” environmentally aware users
  • Software downloads such as BGS digital field data capture system
  • Mobile delivery of spatial information has been very successful in partnership with WMSRejuvenated use of digital geological mapping.Now being used routinely by researchers and consultants:‘I use this all the time on surveys and site visits. It’s a copy of the maps I used to buy in the past’‘Invaluable for those working in the environmental consultancy sector’‘Brilliant stuff: snappy intuitive interface, interesting data, and free.’ESRI International 1st place Community Favorite winner for Best Mobile App AGI Innovation & Best Practice – Highly commendedESRI (UK) Innovation in Central Government– Highly commended
  • FCScottish Natural heritageSEPAJames Hutton
  • Mobile technologies are also opening up opportunities for citizen science, although this is still in early daysInteresting spin-off is information on where our maps are used, which could feed back in to data update processes?Hope that BGS information can be used much more widely in this capacity – another opportunity for educational sector (particularly with collaboration across sectors)?
  • How does iGeology 3D work?iGeology 3D builds a 3D model of the landscape around you and drapes the BGS geological map over the surface. It creates a view of the 3D model matching the view through your camera and displays both on the screen with the geological landscape translucent over the camera view. iGeology 3D uses your phone's GPS to move the view as you walk about the landscape and uses the compass and tilt sensors to keep the 3D geology view lined up with the camera view as you tilt and turn the camera. iGeology 3D constructs a 3D model of the landscape centred on your GPS location, drapes the geological map over the surface and displays the view of it that matches your actual view. The geology is translucent so it appears to colour your camera’s view of the landscape around you.
  • 17th April 2013iGeologyiOS Unique Downloads: 114,993Android Unique Downloads: 28,887[143,880 unique downloads in total] iGeology 3D:Android Unique Downloads: 13,373mySoiliOS Unique Downloads: 12,832Crowdsourced Records: 585iGeology Countries:Total Countries: 12162 Million Map RequestsApprox 200 in app reports sold
  • Most of our geoscience information has a geographical component, so we use maps to communicate it.The maps we print today aren’t very different from the first ones produced about 200 years ago!Maps are a good tool but have some limitations:Not instantly available – we have to go and buy one.Takes some training and effort to get at detailed information, using a compass.The information is limited to what was printed, it may not be exactly what you need to know.Interactive maps on the web are an improvement in many ways:Available whenever you want them.Can choose from a menu of information to show on them.Click in the map for details instead of looking up symbology in the legend.Smartphone and tablet apps are better again.In your pocket wherever you are.Show you where you are on the map and which way you are facing.Still a map, still takes practice to mentally transfer information from the map to the landscape.Augmented reality apps start to get away from maps altogether. Display information directly onto the camera’s view of the landscape. Tap on a place on the landscape to find out about it. No map reading skills required.
  • Geology, Apps, Maps & Augmented Reality (Patrick Bell, BGS)

    1. 1. Geology apps, maps and augmented reality AGI Showcase North 14th November 2013 Patrick Bell British Geological Survey © NERC All rights reserved
    2. 2. British Geological Survey • • • • Provider of objective and authoritative geoscientific data, information and knowledge to government, industry, academia and the public. Public sector research organisation - part of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Funded primarily by Government, but have significant external income through commissioned research Founded in 1835 © NERC All rights reserved
    3. 3. © NERC All rights reserved
    4. 4. © NERC All rights reserved
    5. 5. © NERC All rights reserved
    6. 6. © NERC All rights reserved
    7. 7. © NERC All rights reserved
    8. 8. © NERC All rights reserved
    9. 9. National Geoscience Data Centre 14 million items 400 digital datasets © NERC All rights reserved
    10. 10. Drive to open up access to this data Open Data White Paper Unleashing the Potential #opendata @uktransparency @cabinetofficeuk Technology pull Policy Pull Solutions pull (better answers) © NERC All rights reserved
    11. 11. Freemium © NERC All rights reserved
    12. 12. © NERC All rights reserved
    13. 13. © NERC All rights reserved
    14. 14. Borehole logs © NERC All rights reserved
    15. 15. © NERC All rights reserved
    16. 16. 3D geology © NERC All rights reserved
    17. 17. Groundhog © NERC All rights reserved
    18. 18. © NERC All rights reserved
    19. 19. © NERC All rights reserved
    20. 20. © NERC All rights reserved
    21. 21. iGeology Free iOS and Android App. Allows access to the equivalent of 500 geology maps. Developed and maintained in-house. Driven by interoperable web services to provide a self service, web-based delivery mechanism Downloaded over 150,000 times ! © NERC All rights reserved
    22. 22. © NERC All rights reserved
    23. 23. 3D Models Field Data Collection (SIGMA) Client Software External Web Server Central Oracle Database Scanning and Digitizing Analogue Data Map Data: Geology Polygons © NERC All rights reserved
    24. 24. Web services © NERC All rights reserved
    25. 25. OpenGeoscience smartphone app mashups © NERC All rights reserved
    26. 26. Walking guide along the Newent to Huntley section of the Abberley and Malvern Hills Geopark Way © NERC All rights reserved
    27. 27. UK Quake QuakeWatch Earthquake Lite © NERC All rights reserved
    28. 28. © NERC All rights reserved
    29. 29. Helper applications © NERC All rights reserved
    30. 30. © NERC All rights reserved
    31. 31. Portable access to soil properties: • • • • • • © NERC All rights reserved Soil Texture Soil pH Soil Depth Organic Matter Topsoil Thickness Parent Material Seamlessly combining data from different data providers in to one interface
    32. 32. mySoil – BGS/CEH App Crowdsourced Data • Users can add data to the map • Extend and validate data holdings • New Community-based products © NERC All rights reserved
    33. 33. iGeology 3D – Augmented Reality © NERC All rights reserved
    34. 34. © NERC All rights reserved
    35. 35. Impact © NERC All rights reserved
    36. 36. • 160,000 Downloads • 1000 users per day • Downloaded in 120 countries • 62 Million Map Requests © NERC All rights reserved
    37. 37. © NERC All rights reserved
    38. 38. Promote partnership working Natural Hazards Partnership © NERC All rights reserved
    39. 39. 200 Years of Geological Maps 1815 William Smith map Modern paper maps Interactive web maps Augmented reality apps iGeology 3D Mobile map apps iGeology © NERC All rights reserved
    40. 40. Thank you – any questions? © NERC All rights reserved