Mixed funding model. Funded by the public purse through BIS. & partly by commissioned research. Many other research highlights including Carbon capture and storage, Shale gas, Ocean Drilling Program, development of high resolution 3D geological model for flood analysisPollutants in the Thames estuaryRenewable heat and deep geothermalSubsurface aggregate resources Sustainable urban drainageVolcano monitoring from spaceInvestigating new coal technologies
You may have seen our scientists on the news in high vis jackets on hand to comment on the latest earthquake, tsunami, ash cloud. And advise government at a high level in these cases.
The Holbeck landslide, south of Scarborough in North Yorkshire, attracted considerable interest when it destroyed the four-star Holbeck Hall Hotel between the night of 3 June and 5 June 1993. A rotational landslide involving about 1 million tonnes of glacial till cut back the 60 m high cliff by 70 m.
Our primary function was as a survey& although we tend to do less of it these days, the data gathered by survey still underpins a lot of what BGS is doing.
How we survey has become more hi-tech over the years, but the general principles have remained the same ...There is a whole other talk on how we use mobile devices to collect information.BGS•SIGMA mobile is a heavily customised ArcMap development that provides a field data capture system designed to run on rugged tablet PCs with integrated GPS units, with tools for cleaning field linework to make professional quality map outputs.
I’m going to concentrate today on how we use mobile devices and particularly smartphones to deliver informationProvides window to massive collections in NGDC
It’s true that there is a ‘top down’ push for public sector organisations to provide more materials openly e.g. from INSPIRE and UK open data drive (TBL).And there is also a pull from an increasing environmentally aware and ‘tooled up’ community – not just ‘free our data‘ but also ‘give us something to use on our smartphones’But there is an increase drive from the data providers themselves to share more materials, to see them used and shared more to solve environmental problemsThere is also a push from providers to use open supply in order to move away from expensive direct supply methods.A new freemium ‘business model’ is emerging based on more active sharing of data and partnership with users (as they develop new and better uses for it e.g. flooding prediction) aimed at increasing overall ‘impact’Public sector organisations no longer want or need to ‘go it alone’Last 20 years have seen transition from paper to digital mapping and databasesIncreased appreciation of the value of GIS as a business toolEmergence of easy-to-use web-based mapping tools e.g. Google maps, Google EarthExplosion of the internet and mobile devicesData holders encouraged to open up access to their digital resourcesMedia campaigns – the Guardian ‘Free our data’Government’s transparency agendaIT ‘celebrity’ endorsed initiatives – data.gov.uk. Making public data publicGeographic Information Legislation – INSPIRE, UK Location Programme.Aim: to make geospatial data more accessible to a new generation of “tooled up” environmentally aware users
Software downloads such as BGS digital field data capture system
Mobile delivery of spatial information has been very successful in partnership with WMSRejuvenated use of digital geological mapping.Now being used routinely by researchers and consultants:‘I use this all the time on surveys and site visits. It’s a copy of the maps I used to buy in the past’‘Invaluable for those working in the environmental consultancy sector’‘Brilliant stuff: snappy intuitive interface, interesting data, and free.’ESRI International 1st place Community Favorite winner for Best Mobile App AGI Innovation & Best Practice – Highly commendedESRI (UK) Innovation in Central Government– Highly commended
FCScottish Natural heritageSEPAJames Hutton
Mobile technologies are also opening up opportunities for citizen science, although this is still in early daysInteresting spin-off is information on where our maps are used, which could feed back in to data update processes?Hope that BGS information can be used much more widely in this capacity – another opportunity for educational sector (particularly with collaboration across sectors)?
How does iGeology 3D work?iGeology 3D builds a 3D model of the landscape around you and drapes the BGS geological map over the surface. It creates a view of the 3D model matching the view through your camera and displays both on the screen with the geological landscape translucent over the camera view. iGeology 3D uses your phone's GPS to move the view as you walk about the landscape and uses the compass and tilt sensors to keep the 3D geology view lined up with the camera view as you tilt and turn the camera. iGeology 3D constructs a 3D model of the landscape centred on your GPS location, drapes the geological map over the surface and displays the view of it that matches your actual view. The geology is translucent so it appears to colour your camera’s view of the landscape around you.
17th April 2013iGeologyiOS Unique Downloads: 114,993Android Unique Downloads: 28,887[143,880 unique downloads in total] iGeology 3D:Android Unique Downloads: 13,373mySoiliOS Unique Downloads: 12,832Crowdsourced Records: 585iGeology Countries:Total Countries: 12162 Million Map RequestsApprox 200 in app reports sold
Most of our geoscience information has a geographical component, so we use maps to communicate it.The maps we print today aren’t very different from the first ones produced about 200 years ago!Maps are a good tool but have some limitations:Not instantly available – we have to go and buy one.Takes some training and effort to get at detailed information, using a compass.The information is limited to what was printed, it may not be exactly what you need to know.Interactive maps on the web are an improvement in many ways:Available whenever you want them.Can choose from a menu of information to show on them.Click in the map for details instead of looking up symbology in the legend.Smartphone and tablet apps are better again.In your pocket wherever you are.Show you where you are on the map and which way you are facing.Still a map, still takes practice to mentally transfer information from the map to the landscape.Augmented reality apps start to get away from maps altogether. Display information directly onto the camera’s view of the landscape. Tap on a place on the landscape to find out about it. No map reading skills required.