Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Migration, Sexuality and
HIV: Experiences of Horn of
Africa Men with Refugee
Backgrounds in Australia
Samuel Muchoki
Secto...
PhD research
Target population:
Men from Sudan, Somalia, Eritrea and Ethiopia
Location:
Melbourne, Australia
Background
70...
Methods
• 7 Key informant interviews
• 4 FGDs
• 18 in-depth interviews
Men's experiences in
countries of origin
• Promotion of condom use in Eritrea,
Ethiopia and South Sudan
• A few men report...
Men's experiences in
countries of asylum
• Promotion of condom in refugee camps
‘I knew [little] about AIDS before I left
...
Men's experiences in
Australia
• 14 of 18 participants who took part in the in-
depth interviews reported having not come
...
• The lack of opportunities to learn about sexual
health in Australia contributed to perception,
among some men, that ther...
Sexual behaviours while
overseas
• I [am] so scared. So whenever I go to Africa I
just go there, eat, drink, talk and then...
• 2 other participants reported using more than
one condom at the same time
Reason 1: Myths about
condoms
If you use condom every time you will be
having back pain….pain in the
penis…Condom cannot e...
Reason 2: Perceptions
about effectiveness of
condom
• The believe that using more than one condom
at the same time will of...
Reason 3: Lack of
knowledge about how to
use a condom
• I learnt that here in Australia, [long
pause] from my White girl. ...
Suggestions for future
research
In countries of asylum:
• Sexual behaviour of refugee men after living
the camp
In countries of settlement:
• Sexual behaviours of men who frequently travel
to Africa
• Sexual behaviours of men who have...
Acknowledgement
• La Trobe University for funding my PhD study
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Migration, Sexuality and HIV: Experiences of Horn of Africa Men with Refugee Backgrounds in Australia

444 views

Published on

This presentation by is based on the author’s PhD study that explored the sexual lives of men with refugee backgrounds from Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia during migration and on settlement in Australia.

This presentation was given at the Under the Baobab African Diaspora Networking Zone at the International AIDS Conference, AIDS 2014.

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Migration, Sexuality and HIV: Experiences of Horn of Africa Men with Refugee Backgrounds in Australia

  1. 1. Migration, Sexuality and HIV: Experiences of Horn of Africa Men with Refugee Backgrounds in Australia Samuel Muchoki Sector Development and Policy Adviser Multicultural Health and Support Service (MHSS) samuelm@ceh.org.au
  2. 2. PhD research Target population: Men from Sudan, Somalia, Eritrea and Ethiopia Location: Melbourne, Australia Background 70% of humanitarian entrants in Australia between 2003 and 2007 were from the Horn of Africa
  3. 3. Methods • 7 Key informant interviews • 4 FGDs • 18 in-depth interviews
  4. 4. Men's experiences in countries of origin • Promotion of condom use in Eritrea, Ethiopia and South Sudan • A few men reported using condoms as a result
  5. 5. Men's experiences in countries of asylum • Promotion of condom in refugee camps ‘I knew [little] about AIDS before I left Somalia…but when I came to Kenya I became more conscious. (Hussein, 37 years old, married, Somali born) • Nonetheless, a few men engaged in unprotected sex after living the camp.
  6. 6. Men's experiences in Australia • 14 of 18 participants who took part in the in- depth interviews reported having not come across any sexual health information since arriving in Australia • They also reported they had never used, nor did they know where they could find, sexual health services in Australia.
  7. 7. • The lack of opportunities to learn about sexual health in Australia contributed to perception, among some men, that there was no HIV in Australia • This contributed to sexual risk-taking by engaging in unprotected sex while in Australia
  8. 8. Sexual behaviours while overseas • I [am] so scared. So whenever I go to Africa I just go there, eat, drink, talk and then go straight home…I still don’t have any courage to have sex, even with [a] condom. I am so scared, I don’t want to. (Joshua, 30 years old, single, Ethiopian born)
  9. 9. • 2 other participants reported using more than one condom at the same time
  10. 10. Reason 1: Myths about condoms If you use condom every time you will be having back pain….pain in the penis…Condom cannot even allow you to have sex for more than six years…If I want to have sex, I look at the girl and them I decide, and then I have sex with her. (Mishek, 34 years old, married, Sudanese born)
  11. 11. Reason 2: Perceptions about effectiveness of condom • The believe that using more than one condom at the same time will offer better protection
  12. 12. Reason 3: Lack of knowledge about how to use a condom • I learnt that here in Australia, [long pause] from my White girl. She taught me [laughing]. (Ishmael, 25 years old, single, Somali born)
  13. 13. Suggestions for future research In countries of asylum: • Sexual behaviour of refugee men after living the camp
  14. 14. In countries of settlement: • Sexual behaviours of men who frequently travel to Africa • Sexual behaviours of men who have long- distance relationships with partners living in countries of asylum • Barriers to condom use by Horn of Africa men • Sexual behaviours of Horn of Africa men who have sex with men
  15. 15. Acknowledgement • La Trobe University for funding my PhD study

×