Exploring Decolonizing, Indigenous and African Diasporic Knowing: A Video Sharing Circle


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These slides accompanied a video presentation and discussion of a scoping review of literature dealing with decolonizing — Indigenous, and African Diaspora —methodologies, presented by Ciann Larose Wilson, at the Under the Baobab African Diaspora Networking Zone at the International AIDS Conference, AIDS 2014.

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  • - Introduce ourselves, we are representing this much larger research team on the Decolonizing Methodologies project (refer to slide)
  • - We wanted to acknowledge our funders – The Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Social Research Centre in HIV Prevention

    Some background: Our team held two consultations at the African Diaspora Networking Zone and the Indigenous Networking Zone in the global village at AIDS2012 and participant contributions really helped to shape the way we thought about this project in terms of the gaps in knowledge and existing literature.

    We’d also like to acknowledge our fabulous videographer Remy.
  • Epi data has indicated the disproportionate impact of HIV on indigenous and African diasporic communities globally

    Over the last decade or so there has been this tremendous growth in decolonizing methodologies by African diasporic and indigenous scholars which has profoundly changed the way we think about research with ACB and Indigenous communities.
    These approaches work well with the community-engaged research approaches such as PAR and CBR.
    What they all tend to do is highlight the voices and narratives of African and Indigenous communities in research and scholarship, which given the ugly history of research as a vector of colonialism within these communities, provides a more ethical medium of engagement and valuation of our knowledge systems.
  • Our Objectives for this project: To conduct a scoping review study to review and summarize the growing body of literature on decolonizing, Indigenous methodologies and “diaspora” thought to inform HIV prevention social research

    (Outline important terms and how we defined and used them)

    Scoping Review

  • These are the themes that came out from the literature we won’t talk about them in depth but these were some of the findings cuz not the focus of our presentation but wanted to give you a flavor
  • We did all this research and we came up with 3 sets of questions

    1. was the scoping review process respectful of the knowledge systems we were learning about?

    2. if it wasn’t how was how were we engaging with the scoping review process and the tensions and how was this impacting us personally?

    In the end we did not complete a “pure” scoping review process but rather the process was an individual journey that as a team became a group journey that led to new knowledge that in and of itself had truth value of the lack of fit of this very westernized research approach that categorizes, synthesizes and homogenizes …where as a group we wanted to respect diversity of knowledges and honor the holistic ways of being in the world.
    Overall we found the scoping review process created a pan-Indigenous and pan-African/homogienizing way of understanding these communities and knowledge systems that are very diverse and heterogenous.
    And we struggled with questions about the legitimacy of our work and our process and the conflicts we were having.
    We shifted our entire thinking and process of the scoping review rather than trying to fit the mold and decided to respect our orative cultures and honor the conversations and process we’d been going through as a team by documenting our conversations with video.
    And here is a snippet of that video to give you an idea of the things we were discussing and confronted with.
  • The discussion and video was in-keeping with Indigenous and African oral cultures.
    We are rediscovering our ways of knowing
    We are asking questions about how we occupy and inhabit spaces as Indigenous and African diasporic scholars
    We are asking how we inhabit research spaces as Indigenous, ACB and allied researchers
    We are continuing to ask questions about how this knowledge we are acquiring will shape research in the future
    We have a desire to include others in this process and have questions about how to do this in a meaningful way.
  • All 3 videos will be screened at the Canada booth and the African Diasporic Villiage

    We also have weblinks….
  • Exploring Decolonizing, Indigenous and African Diasporic Knowing: A Video Sharing Circle

    1. 1. Our Story, Our Time, Our Future Chambers LA, Jackson R, Masching R, Tharao W, Wilson C, Worthington C, Mbulaheni T, Greenspan NR, Brownlee P, Amirault M, Pierre-Pierre V, Smillie-Adjarkwa C 2014 International Indigenous Conference on HIV & AIDS Sydney, Australia July 17th to 19th, 2014 Exploring Decolonizing, Indigenous and African Diasporic Knowing: A Video Sharing Circle
    2. 2.  Funding provided by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and the CIHR Social Research Centre in HIV Prevention  Consultation participants at AIDS 2012 (e.g., Indigenous and African Diaspora scholars)  Videographer—Rémy Huberdeau Acknowledgements
    3. 3.  Globally, Indigenous peoples and African/Caribbean/Black (ACB) diaspora are disproportionately impacted by HIV  Knowledges of peoples of African and Indigenous descent change the ways we think about and conduct research  Decolonizing and Indigenous methodologies  Tremendous growth over the past plus-decade  Aligned with the development of the family of participatory research approaches (e.g., PAR, CBR, CBPR, AR, etc.)  Intended to give voice to African and Indigenous peoples  Cultural identities mater in research contexts  Ethical and moral responsibility Background
    4. 4.  To conduct a scoping review study to review and summarize the growing body of literature on decolonizing, Indigenous methodologies and “diaspora” thought to inform HIV prevention social research  Produce a working paper/framework which can be shared widely with others engaged in HIV/AIDS research First Steps Definitions A scoping review is a study that maps the literature and is used by researchers and community members to help summarize a range of evidence in order to convey the breadth of a field (Arksey & O’Malley, 2005) Decolonizing (i.e., supports self-determination/challenges colonialism in research), Indigenous (i.e., by and for, using techniques and methods drawn from traditions and knowledges of Indigenous peoples), Diaspora (i.e., a term linked to imperialism, displacement from homelands and its connection to colonized experience) (Smith, 1999; Evan et al, 2009; Evans Braziel & Mannur, 2003)
    5. 5.  Decolonizing knowing centering the issues and worldviews of Indigenous and African populations  Colonialism (processes, practices, histories, ideologies) and its impact on Indigenous/African cultures  Incorporation of cultural knowing/knowledge within research  Reclamation of voice within knowing practice  Connectedness or relational ontology (i.e., relationship to what we know)  Holistic health as tied to decolonized knowing practices  Ethical responsibilities of conducting research  Community participation and active collaboration  Culturally appropriate research methods  Conducting research of community benefit  Developing research mechanisms that foster community ownership/control  Allowing reflexivity (i.e., critical reflection of experiential knowing) to emerge within research  “Two-eyed seeing”/“double consciousness” ̶ seeing/using the strengths in both Indigenous/Afrocentric and Western ways of knowing Emerging Themes from the Literature
    6. 6. Was the research process in which we were engaged decolonizing knowing?  How did we shape the scoping process using our emerging of the decolonized knowing?  Tensions in world views and ways of knowing  Concepts and languages  Reader’s relationship to the literature and beyond  What did this re-shaping say about our engagement with the literature that we were reading  Finding one’s voice  Collaborating across cultures and systems  Varying locations and identities.  Literature similarities and differences How did we shift knowledge translation using Indigenous approaches? Questions remained …
    7. 7.  Using video made our research process more congruent with Indigenous and African oral culture  Opened space for individual and collective reflection  Impact of work is far-reaching. Transforms our practice and personal relationships to HIV social research and the scoping review process.  Also invites allies to explore with us the use of decolonizing, Indigenous and diasporic knowing Discussion Points
    8. 8.  Why is it important to decolonize our work?  How can we decolonize the work we do? Discussion
    9. 9. AIDS2014 Web links The Canadian Aboriginal AIDS Network Youtube Channel http://www.youtube.com/user/CdnAboriginalAIDS The African Carribbean Council on HIV/AIDS in Ontario http://www.youtube.com/user/ACCHOntario Where can you watch the videos?