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Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A) and its implications for Agricultural Extension and Advisory Services


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Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A) and its implications for Agricultural Extension and Advisory Services

  1. 1. Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A) and its implications for Agricultural Extension and Advisory Services Yemi Akinbamijo PhD Executive Director 3rs AFAAS Agricultural Extension Week, Durban, South Africa, 3 November, 2017
  2. 2. Outline 1. FARA’s value proposition – Essence of the Science - Rationale and Functions - Selected Achievements 2. The Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A) and its roll-out to countries 3. Envisaged contribution of FARA to Global Goals and implications for Agricultural Extension
  3. 3. Rationale for establishment of FARA • A response to over-fragmentation of research and innovation in Africa – Geographically and Functionally • Facilitation of spillovers of knowledge, technologies and competencies across sub-regions • Coordinating the formulation and implementation of continental ag. research and innovation frameworks responding to continental frameworks • Entry point for external partners and representation of African AR&D in the global forum
  4. 4. Africa: a fragmented continent • 16 countries (home to 25% of population) are land locked • Heterogeneous agro-ecologies Collective actions through sub-regional & regional approaches necessary to capture economies of scale • 55 sovereign states • 31 countries have a population of less than 12m (small markets)
  5. 5. Functional fragmentation Fragmentation extends to the way stakeholders in the agricultural knowledge system and value chain function Policy Advisory services Research Farmers Education Business
  6. 6. FARA’s value proposition A strategic (continent-wide) mechanism for facilitating collective actions in agricultural research and innovation to increase agricultural productivity and competitiveness The collective actions are focused on strengthening the capacity for agricultural innovation at country level - Capacity is an overarching constraint—FARA’s interventions are aimed at increasing the effectiveness (impact) of national ag. Innovation systems
  7. 7. Functions of FARA Observatory Continental situational analyses Foresight Advocacy AR&D approaches Investments Enabling env. Capacity Strengthening Human Institutional Systemic Knowledge and Information sharing Consultations Science week ICT Partnerships Strategic Operational
  8. 8. How FARA adds value to national agric. Innovation Systems (NAIS) • Jointly with SROs, facilitates multi-country programming that enables countries to gain access to facilities, competencies, technologies and knowledge they lack - E.g. Mobility of capacities; collaborative research and resource sharing agreements within and outside Africa, etc • Provides perspectives from across and outside continent to the NAIS (the NAIS is composed of national & supra-national actors) • Coordinates development of frameworks and facilitates their translation to national level - E.g. FAAP into NAIPs pillar IV; S3A into national agric STI policy)  increased productivity
  9. 9. Impact of IAR4D I now sponsor my children to the university And me too I bought cows I used my assets to buy rabbits I built a new house which fetches me 20,000 RwF a month I am an input dealer, I also benefited a lot I represent the Bank, we also benefited significantly By participating in IAR4D, farmers increased their yields and had better access markets; agribusinesses increased their sales, and researchers reported higher adoption of technologies in a short time. Every one is winner!!!
  10. 10. • The foundation for transformation has been laid • Need for an African narrative of the continent Africa before 1984 2000 and now
  11. 11. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 13 • Wide scope for growth • Bridging the productivity gap • Offers the highest poverty reducing potential • (2- 4 times compared to other sectors) • Scope for intensification: to reduce land degradation Agriculture:adriverforsustainableandinclusive growthinAfrica
  12. 12. Africa’s population rising fastest 9% of world pop 16% of world pop 25% of world pop 39% of world pop Unemployment: About half of 10 million graduates from 668 universities each year in Africa cannot find jobs--- ACET.
  13. 13. 15 Agricultureremainsa majorsourceof income in Africa;however,untappedpotential hasresultedin persistentpovertyanddeterioratingfood security
  14. 14. Malabo 2014: Implications for S3A 1 Recommi t to the Principle s and Values of the CAADP Process- AIS 2 Recommit to enhance investmen t finance in Agricultur e: Connectin g to mainstrea m economy 2 3 Commitmen t to Ending Hunger by 2025: Double productivity: Reduce PHL by half 3 4 Commit to Halving Poverty by 2025: incl. 6% growth. STI Preparedness, land accompanied by labor productivity
  15. 15. Malabo 2014: Implications for S3A 5 Commit to Boosting Intra-African Trade in Agricultural Commodities & Services: Triple – Regionalising Food Systems 6 Commit to Enhancing Resilience in livelihoods & production systems to climate variability & other shocks: Multi-sector strategies, indigenous knowledge systems, foresight and climate change 2 7 Commitment to Mutual Accountability to Actions and Results. Through the CAADP Result Framework – CAADP RF, S3A RF, PPI, Biennial Agricultural Review Process
  16. 16. Baselining for S3A: Total Factor Productivity Studies • With Business as Usual, no country will meet the goal of doubling agricultural productivity by 2025 • Agric. TFP growth positively correlates with poverty reduction • TFP growth in manufacturing and services is influenced by TFP growth in Agric. Agriculture is the way to start transformation Country Agric TFP Growth Years to Double Doubling Year Burkina Faso 0.017 41.1 2051 Cameroon 0.023 30.4 2040 Malawi -0.029 Morocco 0.019 36.8 2047 Nigeria 0.039 18.4 2028 Tunisia 0.014 50 2060 Uganda 0.014 50 2060 Zambia -0.016
  17. 17. Demands on Africa’s agriculture & food system 1. Produce significantly more food ..  on less land,  with less water  In conditions of increasingly unpredictable climate and markets  With less manual labour 2. Reduce the amount of waste and losses 3. Produce more nutritious and safe food 4. Move up the value chain (processing and marketing industry grows 2X faster than production) Calls for increased application of Science, Technology and Innovation Increasing Productivity, Competitivenes s,Integration anddecentlives
  18. 18. •Applying Science to Agriculture is not an option, it is an imperative!!
  19. 19. 21 Click to edit Master title style 11/3/2017 21 Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa Pivotal role of Agriculture “Everything can wait but agriculture cannot wait!” Jawaharlal Nehru Indian Statesman and First Prime Minister Historically, with few exceptions, no country has been able to sustain a rapid transition out of poverty without raising productivity in its agricultural sector
  20. 20. Outline 1. FARA’s value proposition –Essence of the Science - Rationale and Functions - Selected Achievements 2. The Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A) and its roll-out to countries 3. Envisaged contribution of FARA to Global goals and the implications for Agricultural Extension
  21. 21. What is the Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa?
  22. 22. Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A) • Seeks to scale up the application of Science and Technology in resolving constraints across value chains: (inputs, production, processing and marketing) • Target is to double productivity by 2025 • Main actions and impacts are at country level, but actions at sub-regional & continental level are also important because of fragmentation
  23. 23. S3A • Each country to set targets for increase in agricultural productivity and the requirements to achieve them, in terms of: - Science, technologies and innovations - Capacity strengthening - Enabling environment / Policies - Investments • Countries to learn from one another and share resources, e.g. competencies and infrastructure • Productivity Programmes and other mega-initiatives e.g. TAAT, AARP, CRPs are S3A programmes
  24. 24. Institutional arrangements for advancing implementation of the S3A The Science for Agriculture Consortium (S4AC) (supra- national) interfacing with national STI platforms S4AC National STI platforms
  25. 25. The Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa • To operationalize the Malabo target, the AUC and NEPAD mandated FARA to lead the development of a country-driven Science Agenda in 2012. • FARA is the entry point to AR4D in Africa, technical arm of the AUC End UsersEnd UsersEnd Users NARES NARES NARE S NARES
  26. 26. Realizing the S3A vision Africa is food secure, a global scientific player, and the world’s breadbasket Double Agricultural productivity by 2025 Themes 1.Sustainable productivity in major farming systems 2.Food systems and value chains 3.Agricultural biodiversity and natural resource management 4.Mega trends and challenges for agriculture in Africa Interventions 1. Strengthening institutional systems of science for agriculture • Sustaining basic capacity at national level • Enhancing regional and global collaboration • Knowledge Management 2. Sustainable financing of science 3. Creating a favourable policy environment • Policy-science interface • Commitment to youth and women
  27. 27. S3A OPERATIONAL STRATEGIES Research Education Extension INTEGRATION of Services Farmers Policy Agribusiness & agro-industry CONNECTING services with end users & among themselves STRENGTHENING the Agricultural Innovation System
  28. 28. Demands and Imperatives of the S3A Sustainable Development Goals AU Agenda 2063 Feed Africa CAADP / Malabo STISA PIDA etc NAIPS, APPs, NARS progs, CGIAR & other IARC African Progs, FARA & SRO progs, AGRA, AATF, etc AU-EU FNSSA
  29. 29. 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 CAADP-CGIAR alignment (Dublin) AUC and NPCA commission FARA to lead development of S3A (Johannesburg) Methodology for S3A development elaborated Expert Panel assembled (Accra) Discussion paper developed F2F consultation at 2013 science week; E-consultation (Accra) Draft Framework document (Accra) SRO consultations (Dar-es-Salaam, Entebbe, Dakar) S3A Endorsed by Ministerial meeting (Addis Ababa) AU summit / Malabo declaration on 3AGT (Malabo) S3A launched (Johannesburg) S3A implementation strategy: Walk the talk (Accra) Institutional arrangement for supporting S3A implementation (Washington DC) Financing proposal (Rome) 2017 S3A roll-out at country level; Theory of change, RF, Action plans, financing, implementation S3A timeline
  30. 30. 40 African countries participated in 3 regional consultations (April-May 2017) 09 in Southern Africa 08 in ECA 23 in CORAF/WECARD and NAASRO regions S3A Regional Consultations
  31. 31. Emerging S3A implementation process 1. Country Commits to S3A implementation 2. Stocktaking and profiling; ToC: a. What is the country’s productivity target by 2025? b. What science (tech, services etc) is needed to achieve these targets? c. What capacity strengthening is required? d. What policies are required? e. What investments are required? f. What collaborative engagements are required? 3. Develop investment programme aligned to NAIPs, SDGs etc 4. Strengthen institutional structures needed to implement programme 5. Implement actions 6. M&E and lesson learning Social marketing of the S3A
  32. 32. Role of Supranational Organisations in S3A Implementation
  33. 33. Knowledge& innovationare essential, butare not themselvessufficientfordevelopment Innovation pathways Enabling environment & inputs Institutions & capacities supporting agricultural development & innovation Desired development outcome
  34. 34. The Framework The S3A is an instrument for mobilising the physical, human, institutional, financial and policy resources required to increase the application of STI to achieve agricultural development goals and targets Vision of the S3A: “By 2030 Africa ensures its food and nutrition security; becomes a recognised global scientific player in agriculture and food systems and the world’s bread-basket”
  35. 35. 41 countries Regional and National engagement for S3A roll out Southern Africa West, Central and North Africa East and Central Africa National consultations Tier One Country Sub Region Malawi Southern Africa Rwanda East and Central Africa Ghana West and Central Africa Senegal West Africa Egypt North Africa - NAASRO Leadership, Solidarity & learning
  36. 36. Institutional arrangements for supporting the roll-out of the S3A NAIS NARIs Education Advisory Services Producers Agri- business Policy makers S4AC CGIAR etc Science for Agriculture Consortium (S4AC) FARA AFAAS CCARDESA CORAF/WECARD ASARECA NAASRO
  37. 37. NAIS NARIs Education Advisory Services Producers Agri- business Policy makers S4AC CGIAR etc Institutional arrangements for supporting the implementation of the S3A Science for Agriculture Consortium (S4AC) – Coordination, Foresighting etc Strategic Innovation Platform For Agenda setting, policy analysis and formation, Programme development and prioritization Programme delivery – Human and institutional capacity Operation al Innovatio n Platform– for specific commodit y value chains in country
  38. 38. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 40 “Challenges will always abound; overcoming them is the real challenge” Yemi Akinbamijo The real challenge
  39. 39. Agriculture and the SDGs
  40. 40. Concluding Remarks 1. Achieving the continental target of doubling agricultural productivity and the national productivity growth targets on which the continental target depends will not happen by chance. 2. The S3A is the instrument designed to galvanize action towards achievement of these targets. 3. The S3A seeks not only to support the increased application of STI in agriculture, but also more efficient utilization of resources (investment, capacities, partnerships, Innovative Ag Extensison systems, etc) in ARD – By enhancing coherence of initiatives 4. S3A actions primarily happen at national level. Thus national commitment is a condition for success (achievement of targets)
  41. 41. “Connecting Science” to Transform Agriculture in Africa Thank you for the attention Visit Us #ScienceAgenda