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Scalable CSA technologies and innovations

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Scalable CSA technologies and innovations

  1. 1. SmartAgri – process to develop and implement a Climate Change Sector plan as a roadmap to support the agricultural sector AFAAS/SASAE Conference Dr. Ilse Trautmann SCALABLE CSA TECHNOLOGIES AND INNOVATIONS 31 October 2017
  2. 2. Content: Step by step guide to a plan 1. Background on climate change - actions taken, trends and future predictions 2. Processes followed to develop the SmartAgri plan 3. Results and outputs 4. Implementation – internal and external 5. Concluding remarks and lessons learnt 6. The role of the extensionists
  3. 3. STEP 1: STOCK TAKE PREVIOUS ACTIONS, CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE PREDICTIONS ON THE CLIMATE STOCK TAKE
  4. 4. Background on Climate Change actions in Western Cape – alignment with previous interventions • Agriculture has always been very vulnerable: land, water, climate. Several projects and initiatives were part of our departmental service delivery agenda over many years. • 2006: Status quo report on climate change and agriculture in the Western Cape – commissioned by DoA • 2008: Western Cape Climate Change Response Strategy and Action Plan released – agriculture was one of the sectors included • 2014: Western Cape Climate Change Response Strategy, revised by DEA&DP • But, there was no plan focussing only on agriculture
  5. 5. Revived urgency – record warming of the earth in 2016
  6. 6. • 2015-2017: Worst drought in 30 years, high temperatures • Induced by El Niño and compounded by climate change • Climate change expected to bring more of this South Africa/Western Cape: Drought 2015-2017
  7. 7. Recent climate related extreme events • Floods - the most common hazard causing most damage and disruption • In 2003-2010, cut-off low weather systems causing flash floods were linked to direct economic losses in excess of R 5 billion in the WC; In 2011-2014 the losses were ca. R1.6 billion • Hailstorms (2006, 2013) – large losses in fruit volumes and income, loss of jobs • Droughts – devastating impacts; 2015/17 – damages R2-4 billion at least • Fires – increasing frequency and intensity
  8. 8. Severe weather events: increasing out to 2050 • More heat stress • More frequent and longer dry spells • More heavy rainfall and floods • Possible changes in hail and strong winds • Increasingly favourable conditions for wildfires
  9. 9. The risks and impacts of climate change will not be the same everywhere While agriculture is highly sensitive to climatic fluctuations, the impacts of future climate change will differ widely from place to place. The scale of the impacts will depend on: • Local farming systems • Commodities • Natural resources • Socio-economic situations • in combination with the expected climatic changes
  10. 10. Who needs a response strategy? We really should have done something…
  11. 11. STEP 2 A PLAN TO ACTION – THE SMART AGRI PLAN
  12. 12. • Terms of reference – take time to develop – the TOR will determine the product • Who is taking the lead – steering committee • Who is paying? Government? Political and management support pivotal • If government – one department or multi-departmental • Timeline – good plan = sufficient time • Phased approach with clear timelines and deliverables • Clear on outcomes and outputs • Who is taking part in the development of the plan – top down, bottom up or stakeholder participation with government leading?? Pivotal steps
  13. 13. The SmartAgri Journey 2014 - 2016
  14. 14. • SmartAgri – a “better together” initiative between DoA and DEA&DP • Goal: Development of the Western Cape Agricultural Sector Climate Change Framework and Implementation Plan (also called SmartAgri) • The SmartAgri Plan builds on the Western Cape Climate Change Response Strategy (WCCCRS 2014) – first sectoral response framework and plan • It presents the “road map” for the agricultural sector of the WC to travel towards a more productive and sustainable future, despite the uncertainties around specific climate projections • Consortium led by ACDI (UCT) • Project commenced 1 August 2014 - delivered 31 March 2016 • Implementation May 2016 The SmartAgri project
  15. 15. Step 3: Three-phased work plan Phase 1: Status Quo Months 1-4 Stakeholder workshops Stakeholder database Status Quo assessment of climate change responses in agriculture Phase 2: Framework Months 4-13 Stakeholder workshops and interviews WC Agric Sector Climate Change Response Framework •Gap analysis •Scenario analysis •6 Case Studies Phase 3: Implementation Plan Months 14-20 Communications Campaign Stakeholder workshops and forum meetings Implementation Plan with M&E Plan Final Stakeholder database August 2014 March 2016
  16. 16. 23 Agro-ecological zones
  17. 17. Step 4: Stakeholder engagements Farmers, commodities, expert groups, focus groups, research institutions, municipalities, etc.
  18. 18. Workshop & Focus group locations Agri busines s Government Stakeholder Focus group meeting Government / agribusiness workshop
  19. 19. Local context: key compounding influences Overberg WEST COAST Grain & Livestock OVERBERG Grain & Livestock SOUTHERN CAPE Dairy & regional commodities KLEIN KAROO Mixed farming CENTRAL KAROO Livestock Energy crisis Input cost Water infrastructure Climate Risk (drought, heat wave) Predators Pastures Water management Farming practices (soil/ pasture) Aliens Rainfall (intensity, amount, distribution) Predation Commodity prices Land use competition (urbanisation, land reform) Soil erosion/ overgrazing Overexploitation of groundwater Stock theft Technology –new & improved Environmental Risks Pollination Government (taxes, support) Water supply and management Research Markets and prices Water infrastructure & management Financial costs of inputs Social & political (new farmers) Responses to customer needs Access to resources (financial) Guidance/legislation Infrastructural degradation Biological diversity Natural resources management External influences (labour, legislation, electricity supply) Energy Labour (trust, productivity, laws) Price/ economic viability Limited farming options Diseases Fracking Soil degradation (limitation b/c of soil type) Politics/policy & land reform/expectations Labour Land use change (farming to conservation, reduced production) Natural hazard (fire, drought, disease) Skills development Finance & land availability Predators
  20. 20. STEP 5: RESULTS AND OUTPUTS
  21. 21. Status Quo Review products Full SQ Review Executive Summary Summary briefs for regions / commodities
  22. 22. Dept of the Premier; Dept of Health (food security); Dept of Human Settlements; Dept Social Development ; Dept of Transport & Public Works (low-carbon fuels); Dept of Economic Development & Tourism (value chain growth & jobs) Dept of Transport & Public Works (built infrastructure) Dept of Economic Development & Tourism (markets) Dept of Human Settlements; Dept of Health; Dept of Social Development (agri- worker well-being) DoA leading the sector plan and implementation of the Strategic Focus Areas (SFA’s)
  23. 23. Phase 3: The SmartAgri Plan
  24. 24. SFA 1. Promote a climate-resilient agricultural sector that is productive, competitive, equitable and ecologically sustainable across the value chain
  25. 25. * The SmartAgri Plan 2016 *16 Commodity briefs * 6 Case studies 1. FruitLook 2. Conservation agriculture 3. Smallholder farming 4. Disaster risk reduction & management 5. (Peri-)urban agriculture 6. Renewable energy * Input for District Municipality IDP process * SmartAgri Video clip * Stakeholder database
  26. 26. Six Priority Projects The “Priority Projects” have been prioritised by a range of stakeholders and are supported by the current scientific understanding of urgent actions needed. A number of the projects will link with key provincial strategic projects over the next five years and can thus benefit from existing high levels of support and resourcing. Jointly these projects will accelerate the implementation of the SmartAgri Plan.
  27. 27. Sector Priority Projects • Priority Project 1: Conservation Agriculture for all commodities and farming systems • Priority Project 2: Restored ecological infrastructure for increased landscape productivity, socio-ecological resilience and soil carbon sequestration • Priority Project 3: Collaborative integrated catchment management for improved water security (quality and quantity) and job creation • Priority Project 4: Energy efficiency and renewable energy case studies to inspire the transition to low-carbon agriculture • Priority Project 5: Climate-proofing the growth of agri-processing in the Western Cape • Priority Project 6: An integrated knowledge system for climate smart agricultural extension. • Priority Project 6: An integrated knowledge system for climate smart agricultural extension
  28. 28. STEP 6: IMPLEMENTATION INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL
  29. 29. Implementation Internal • Embedded in Departmental programmes and APP – lead by example • CSA alignment with national and international plans, practises and technology development External : • Push versus pull implementation • Communication and awareness (SmartAgri Barometer – e-newsletter) • Addressing research gaps with research networks and other institutions • Invitations by commodity organisations, organised agriculture organisations, agri-businesses, labour organisations, etc. for assistance, presentation, workshops, etc. • Implementation with industry bodies and stakeholders • Joint project development and execution. • Radio – Elsenburg radio – weekly to farmers/special programmes on climate change and SmartAgri • Priority Project 6: An integrated knowledge system for climate smart
  30. 30. CONCLUDING REMARKS
  31. 31. Process in a nutshell – lessons learnt • Stocktake of current situation and predicted future • Develop a plan – have a structured approach – terms of reference very very important – appoint a smart steering committee that is focussed and outcome driven • Stakeholder participation of utmost importance – if you are part of the development of a plan, your take ownership! Farmers knowledge is very important. • Communication pivotal • Implementation to be actioned and fast tracked • Getting champions to carry the priority projects forward • Involve stakeholders and agricultural organisations to assist with implementation – government to lead • It remains a dynamic process and needs reworking continuously – climate change is here to stay!
  32. 32. The role of the extension officers • Key agents in assisting farmers in decision making and CSA. • An integrated knowledge management system is needed to embed CSA in every task of the extension officer. • Farmers should be encouraged to adopt tried and tested technologies for adaptation and mitigation, and to adopt improved methods of sustainable farming. • Extension officers should inform farmers of opportunities in niche crops and markets, the green economy, agri-processing and agri-tourism, as means to build climate resilience through diversification. • Extension officers should be the conduit for shared learning on local climate change risks and responses between farmers and institutions. • Extension officers require direct access to relevant climate and agricultural science and have the skills to use this knowledge when advising farmers. • Western Cape – development of CSF (climate smart filter) for CASP projects – judicial use of resources and opportunities for green and climate smart operations/technologies identified.
  33. 33. Thank you www.greenagri.org.za
  34. 34. Tel: Fax: www.elsenburg.com Contact Us • Dr. Ilse Trautmann • Research and Technology Development Services • 021-8085012 • 021-8085335 • Ilset@elsenburg.com

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