CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURE STRATEGIC
3rd AFAAS AFRICA-WIDE AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION
51st ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN
SOCIETY FOR AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION
Dr Ikalafeng Kgakatsi
30 October 2017
1. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
2. SA CSA STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK: OVERVIEW
3. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF SA CSA FRAMEWORK
4. KEY OUTPUTS OF SA CSA STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK
5. MONITORING AND EVALUATION
6. IMPLEMENTATION OF CSA IN SA
7. IMPLEMENTATION COORDINATING FRAMEWORK
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
• Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) as defined by the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is an approach
that addresses specific elements: Adaptation, Mitigation and Food
Security to the adverse impacts of climate change and achieves
sustainable development goals.
• Impacts of climate change is already felt in agriculture, food
security, water resources and eco-system, public health and
infrastructure climate related disasters.
• Adaptation to CC won’t stop but will reduce the impacts
• The process of developing the national CSA Strategic Framework
by DAFF started in 2015.
• The framework will guide the implementation and upscaling of best
CSA practices throughout South Africa (including extension and
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND cont…….
• South Africa’s CSA Strategic Framework highlights the importance
of CSA mainstreaming w.r.t gender, youth and rural communities,
• The idea is to change behaviours and address concerns, empower
communities for effective decision making through adoption of good
principles and practices
• It is critical to involve all role players in decision-making processes,
policies and laws, institutions, technologies, standards, planning
frameworks and actions, and this Framework ensure that these
continue to be part of the agenda in subsequent decision-making
processes, implementation and revision.
• The framework is also aligned to Climate Change Response
Strategy, CCSP, CCAMP and relevant DAFF policies
SA CSA STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK: OVERVIEW
• Wider consultations was conducted through meetings, National and
Provincial Workshops to solicit inputs and to discuss the situational
analysis report which informed the development of the CSA
• These consolidated inputs into the CSA Strategic Framework
included inputs from the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sector
stakeholders as well as government departments, PDAs, research
and academic institutions, organised labour, SOEs,NGOs, etc.
AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF CSA FRAMEWORK
•The main Aim is to create a socially inclusive and sustainable
agricultural, forestry, fisheries and natural resource management
underpinned by increased productivity for national food security and
•To guide actions for the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries sector, all
levels of government, investors and development partners on
mainstreaming CSA into agriculture, forestry and fisheries plans,
programmes and projects.
•Contribute to increasing productivity and growth of agricultural,
forestry and fisheries related value chains with nutrition and gender
AIM AND OBJECTIVES continue……..
• Enhance resilience to climatic and weather shocks on the social,
environmental, and economic aspects of agriculture, forestry and
fisheries production and food systems.
• Contribute to low carbon development through efficient use of
agricultural, agribusiness, forestry and fisheries resources to reduce
national emission intensity in the DAFF production and food
• Strengthen governance and institutional coordination for effective
implementation of the Climate Smart Agriculture Framework
Programme at the national, provincial and local levels.
KEY OUTPUTS OF THE CSA STRATEGIC FRAMEWORKKEY OUTPUTS OF THE CSA STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK
KEY OUTPUTS OF CSA STRATEGIC FRAMEWORKKEY OUTPUTS OF CSA STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK
MONITORING AND EVALUATION(M&E)
• M&E will be key drivers of CSA mainstreaming into the Agriculture,
Forestry and Fisheries Sectors.
• M&E systems are critical for results-oriented and suitable for internal
and external reporting on progress made in CSA integration,
including identification of relevant indicators that contain consistent
information for all the main subthemes.
• A more comprehensive and comparable CSA in the Agriculture,
Forestry and Fisheries Programme reporting system should contain
consistent information for all the main sub-themes and that goes
beyond mere funding allocation and expenditure data.
• It is critical to involve ALL stakeholders in the development of the
M&E system with a view to agreeing on a reporting system to be
applied by all stakeholder.
IMPLEMENTATION OF CSA
• It is critical to involve all stakeholders & role players from the onset
and ensure CSA mainstreaming at all levels.
• This is to ensure successful implementation nationally, provisionally
• It is also important to learn from others and encourage partnership
and collaboration at various levels including regional and
• Strong partnerships between governments and private sectors need
to be encouraged.
• Climate change is a cross-cutting issue and affects us ALL.
• It is the responsibility of all of us to ensure that we tackle climate
change by adopting climate-smart practices and approaches that
will promote sustainable agriculture and assist us as a country to
achieve sustainable development and ensure food security.
• The development of CSA strategic frameworks should enable us to
achieve this objective.
• CSA mainstreaming is critical to change behaviours and
perceptions, and should integrate indigenous knowledge systems
• In general the framework emphasis that the goal of promoting
effective adaptive responses and increasing adaptive capacity to
reduce vulnerability and increase overall resillience of agricultural
and food systems.