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Agricultural landscape in Africa and the role of AFAAS

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Agricultural landscape in Africa and the role of AFAAS

  1. 1. at the IALB/EUFRAS Conference 2017in Münster (Germany) Agricultural landscape in Africa and the Role of AFAAS Silim Nahdy M Africa Wide Extension Week October/Nov 2017 Durban South Africa
  2. 2. 1: BACKGROUND Agriculture in The Global Context
  3. 3. Increasing world population Cited from FARA NEED TO MEET CURRENT AND FUTURE FOOD DEMANDS REQUIRES ADDRESSING CAUSES OF FOOD INSUFFICIENCY 10bn
  4. 4. Population Distribution Three-quarters of the world's poorest billion live in rural areas – Depend on agriculture for their livelihoods – Many face serious food insufficiency and reduced livelihoods from their farming – The situation is particularly serious in Africa  In AFRICA Rural poverty linked to untransformed agriculture
  5. 5. Population Dynamics in Africa • Africa has the world’s youngest population • SSA home to over 200 million young people • Two out of three inhabitants in SSA are under 25 years • 44% of its population is under the age of 15 • 70% of the youth resides in rural areas • Most employed youth work primarily in the agricultural sector, where they account for 65% of the workforce. Young African men and women are critical to the development of agriculture in Africa
  6. 6. Population Dynamics cont.. • “The energy of youth can spark economies … The future belongs to them and they have a clear vision of the world we need to build together” United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki- moon
  7. 7. Climate change & soil degradation CAUSES OF FOOD INSUFFICIENCY &POVERTY IN AFRICA Agricultural productivity Capacity issues Market issues Policy environmentConflicts Population growth and Inclusiveness Scaling up innovations
  8. 8. The agricultural sector’s growth has lagged behind national economic growth in Africa (IFPRI) “The underperforming agricultural sector in Africa is not just delaying economic transformation, but is also contributing to higher poverty rates,” Ousmane Badiane, IFPRI
  9. 9. Low Productivity Poor tillage methods, low use of improved seed, fertilizer, post harvest technology etc.
  10. 10. 2. RESPONDING TO CHALLENGES FACING GLOBAL AND AFRICAN AGRICULTURE
  11. 11. SDGs SDG proposals for food security and nutrition
  12. 12. SDG Cont… AGRICULTURE IN SDG
  13. 13. SDG cont…… Agric. Extension in SDG: SDG 2.a. Explicitly recognises vital importance of effective AEAS (AEAS) in achieving SDG aims. “increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development, and plant and livestock gene bank to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries
  14. 14. Situating the S3A in continental and global development frameworks Sustainable Development Goals AU Agenda 2063 CAADP STISA PIDA etc
  15. 15. 3. The Research, Development and Innovations
  16. 16. Need for Scaling up & out AR&I Results Scaling Up Scaling Out Investment Institutional change Agricultural productivity Policy changes AR4D/Is -Strategic -Applied -Adaptive Generation Adoption Commercialization
  17. 17. The broken Link in scaling Knowledge, Technologies and Innovations!! Broken diffusion pipeline that needs fixing Feed back system
  18. 18. Identifying the Broad Challenges in AES: The impediment to upscaling • Policy environment • Institutional architecture to deliver • Low Capacities • Inadequate Knowledge and Management for ARD innovations • Co-learning • Building strong partnership • Low funding
  19. 19. The Role of AFAAS in upscaling
  20. 20. AFAAS Thrusts Championing Knowledge Management and Innovation in Africa • Strengthening Country Fora for national level engagement • Partnerships and collaboration with all ARD actors for scaling up and out technologies & innovations • Capacity Strengthening for AEAS for effective AEAS • Policy and advocacy for AEAS and feeding into CAADP, AUC agendas
  21. 21. AFAAS Mandate under CAADP AFAAS Signed the MoU with AUC in 2015 •Enhancing CAADP momentum based on under the Malabo declaration of June 2014; utilisation and adoption of productivity enhancing Innovations value adding processes  loss-reducing practices gender responsive RAS Scaling up and out TIMPs
  22. 22. AFAAS Achievements
  23. 23. Key Broad Achievements Country Fora • 19 CF established and operational • CF and Sub Regional networks emerging • CAADP engagement at all levels • Policy & Advocacy; East Africa AEAS regional policy meeting • KM frameworks in place and functional • Scaling out innovations • Partnerships- established national level – projects e.g. PHM , INGENEAS; Youth engagement Continental level Institutional Development • General Assembly • Board • Secretariat • Strategic Plan • New strategic direction –under formulation CONTINENTAL LEVEL • Engagement with CAADP, S3A • Partnerships • Knowledge and information Management and sharing
  24. 24. Key Achievements Contd … Specific areas • AEAS actors (individuals) directly affected or reached by AFAAS interventions; over 30,000 RAS agents • PHM reached 338,474 farmers ( Benin and Mozambique ) • Innovations grants in 12 countries directly reached farmers • CF with capacity to articulate demands, advocate for AEAS reforms, address gender equality- 14; beyond the planned 12.
  25. 25. Key Achievements Contd … Global Knowledge network linkages 25 25 MELA SARFAAS
  26. 26. CAADP CAADP support processes • AFAAS a key member of Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa-(S3A ) – Science Agenda for Agriculture Consortium (S4AC). – Continued participation of CF members in the CAADP process at national level – esp. in design of strategies, – AFAAS contribute to CAADP Technical Networks
  27. 27. Sub Grants  Direct Sub Grants  Direct Commissioned  Innovation and competitive sub grants; Focus areas participatory agreed with CFs:  Generating knowledge-enhancing content for AEAS providers and/or farmers and other value chain actors;  Communicating and engaging with AEAS providers and/or famers and other value chain actors;  Tools and platforms especially focusing on those utilising the use of the internet, mobile phones, Radio, etc;  Methods and approaches for scaling up and out of agricultural innovations and technologies to farmers and other value chain actors;  Targeting youth and Women in agriculture
  28. 28. KM -Tools & Platforms AFAAS Website: www.afaas-africa.org Currently 19 countries have their pages on the website: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. At regional level RESCAR has its own website: http:www.//www.rescar-aoc.org/. The SARFAAS website is still under construction on this URL: http://sarfaas.org/. At CF level 4 countries have their own websites: Uganda (www.ufaas-ugandacf.org), Nigeria (www.nifaas.org.ng), Mozambique (http://www.fosem.org.mz) and Madagascar (www.fca- madagascar.org) Others Kenya, Mali, and Cameroon..
  29. 29. KM – Tools and platforms ….. •Virtual Social Networking Platform (VSNP): networking.afaas-africa.org •AFAAS Extension Week = Lesson ; a lot of learning and capacity building takes place during extension week .
  30. 30. Regional/ Global Partnerships GFRAS : platforms for global sharing and learning; Capacity development Rural Development Agency – RDA; Korea to support AEAS in Africa esp. Capacity and studies in AEAS Tropical Agricultural Program (TAP):AFAAS serving as Global steering committee member AGRA: support platform for networking and learning . Access Agriculture – Development and dissemination of videos to farmers in Africa Access Agriculture – Dissemination of videos targeted for extension Workers and Farmers
  31. 31. PHM in SSA (GPFS / SDC) Benin and Mozambique
  32. 32. YOUTHS EMPOWERED IN AGRICULTURAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND COMMUNITY TRANSFORMATION Scaling up and out 6.MARKETPLACE DEVELOPMENT 4. TEACHING AND SKILLING OF THE MEMBERS- KM 3. STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT BY THE SCHOOL FARMERS’ CLUB 5. COMMUNITY OUTREACH 1. INCEPTION STAGE 2. (agricultural and related 2. FORMATION OF THE SCHOOL FARMERS’ CLUB School Agricultural Innovation Platform (SAIP) PROCESSES
  33. 33. Gender : INGENEAS Project in Uganda and Zambia Photo:DanQuinn,HorticultureInnovationLab Integrating Gender and Nutrition within Agricultural Extension Services IN GE N A E S
  34. 34. Studies to inform -AEAS •Gender responsive approaches to rural advisory services (GRAS) in Africa; •Benin, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Nigeria, Sudan, & Uganda; •Draft Gender strategy developed Gender policy brief and this document is being by CFs and Partners •Centralisation and Decentralisation in Africa •Farmer Based organisations and AEAS
  35. 35. AFAAS New Strategic Direction 2018 -2027 The AFAAS New strategy is informed by the Lessons Learnt and internal and external evaluations of AFAAS
  36. 36. Strategic Pillars 2018-2027 1. Strengthening and expanding network and knowledge management capacities; 2. Developing capacities for scaling out technologies and Innovations; 3. Facilitating advancement of AEAS.
  37. 37. What next steps for Impact ? Working Together, Delivering Together GFRAS and Networks AFAAS and CFNetworks
  38. 38. AFAAS Current Major Donors http://www.afaas-africa.org

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