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AIEA 2011 Presentation: International Education in Australia


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The success of the last 25 years of active international engagement by Australian education institutions has brought international education to the forefront of the thinking not only of the institutions, but also governments, media and the Australian community generally. This presentation focuses on the educational, public policy and community aspects of Australian international education.

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AIEA 2011 Presentation: International Education in Australia

  1. 1. Entrepreneurial International Education: The Australian Experience<br />20 February 2011<br />Australian Education International<br />The University of New South Wales<br />The University of Queensland<br />RMIT University<br />La Trobe University<br />
  2. 2. Overview of International Education in Australia<br />Mark DarbyCounsellor-EducationEmbassy of<br />
  3. 3. Two levels of government<br />State and Territory governments have major legislative responsibilities<br />Australian Government has significant financial and policy responsibility<br />
  4. 4. Size and shape of the sector<br />Diverse higher education sector, including:<br />37 public universities<br />2 private universities, and two branches of overseas universities<br />3 self accrediting providers<br />≈ 150 other higher education providers approved by State and territory legislation<br />Student numbers<br />≈ 814,000 domestic students<br />≈ 321,000 international students<br />(2009 DEEWR Statistics)<br />
  5. 5. International Students in Australia<br />International Student Enrolments 2007-2010<br />(Year-to-date November 2010)<br />
  6. 6. Australians studying overseas<br />Number of Australian Students Studying Offshore 2003-2007<br />
  7. 7. Phases of Internationalization<br />1950<br />1986<br />2007<br />Phase 3: <br />Global partner<br />Phase 1: <br />Colombo Plan<br />Phase 2: <br />Recruitment of international students<br />
  8. 8. Today’s Shared Challenges<br />Visa Integrity<br />Sustainability<br />Quality<br />
  9. 9. Broader policy context<br /><ul><li>Access and Equity
  10. 10. Quality Assurance
  11. 11. Funding
  12. 12. Research & Infrastructure</li></li></ul><li>Australian Government Policy Responses<br /><ul><li>Ministerial Statement on International Education
  13. 13. International Students Strategy for Australia
  14. 14. Education Services for Overseas Students Act
  15. 15. Review of Student Visa Program
  16. 16. Education Agents</li></li></ul><li>Entrepreneurial International Education: ‘The Australian Experience’<br />Approaches to internationalisation in Australian universities<br />IEAA/AIEA Workshop<br />Jennie Lang<br />Pro-Vice-Chancellor (International), UNSW and <br />Chair Universities Australia Committee of Deputy Vice-Chancellors, Pro-Vice-Chancellors (International)<br />
  17. 17. The Australian International Education Experience at a glance:<br />Education Philanthropy<br />‘Colombo Plan’<br />(1950s +)<br />Export of Education<br />(since 1986)<br />Regional Development & Capacity Building(1960s +)<br />Internationalisation of <br />Universities<br />(1990s +)<br />Multicultural Australia<br />(1970s +)<br />Global Engagement<br />(2000s +)<br />
  18. 18. Clear themes underpin the Australian International Education experience to date<br />Educational philanthropy (since 1950s)<br /><ul><li> Government lead
  19. 19. Institution lead (by a few universities)
  20. 20. Scholarships provided initially under the Colombo Plan or by individual universities for top students from Asia</li></ul>2. Regional Development and Capacity Building (since 1960s)<br /><ul><li> good neighbour
  21. 21. knowledge transfer
  22. 22. sponsorship programs
  23. 23. education capacity building</li></li></ul><li>3. Multicultural Australia (1970s)<br /><ul><li> migrants were encouraged from Asia and beyond
  24. 24. increased Aid funding directed to scholarships for students from Asia
  25. 25. Education sectors were encouraged to promote multiculturalism</li></ul>4. Export of Education (1980s)<br /><ul><li> all Australian government education providers able to enrol full-fee paying international students
  26. 26. marketing and recruitment drives were spearheaded by Austrade and IDP Education Australia
  27. 27. Universities quickly established education pathways, appointed education agents and entered into education partnerships such as twinning programs and established offshore programs and campuses</li></li></ul><li>5. Internationalisation<br /><ul><li> bilateral and multilateral research networks
  28. 28. student exchange and mobility
  29. 29. staff exchanges and collaboration
  30. 30. international curricula
  31. 31. dual degree programs and articulation agreements with overseas partner universities
  32. 32. student integration on campus
  33. 33. alumni engagement</li></li></ul><li>6. Global Engagement <br /><ul><li>involvement in </li></ul>University networks eg U21, APRU<br />offshore campuses, presences, office networks<br />jointly badged degree programs<br />consortia to consortia co-operation eg Group of Eight research universities Australia, and China 9 (HK3) research intensive universities <br />Knowledge partnerships involving government, industry and university collaboration from 2 or more countries<br />
  34. 34. Perceptions of International Education in Australia<br /><ul><li>entrepreneurial
  35. 35. aggressive
  36. 36. opportunistic
  37. 37. emphasis on export revenue
  38. 38. focus on student recruitment (one way inbound flows)
  39. 39. competitive</li></li></ul><li>Australian International Education Realities:<br /><ul><li>Emphasis on quality and diversity at most Australian universities
  40. 40. International strategies are more holistic (eg UNSW 4 Pillars: Global Research, Global Education, Global Students, Global Engagement)
  41. 41. Strategic education partnerships and platforms
  42. 42. QA and Legislation designed to enhance the student experience and protect students as consumers of Australian education</li></li></ul><li>Australian International Education Realities:<br /><ul><li>Increasing participation of domestic students in student mobility programs
  43. 43. Reputation drives revenue
  44. 44. Proactive rather than aggressive
  45. 45. International education is moving to a more sustainable footing
  46. 46. Sharing of knowledge and expertise through professional networks, eg IEAA</li></li></ul><li>UNSW Model Embeds Global Citizens as a core graduate attribute for all students<br />Global Citizens<br />(360° x 365)<br />Scholars<br />Leaders<br />Professionals<br />
  47. 47. Models of International Education being embraced by Australian Universities<br />
  48. 48. Models of International Education being embraced by Australian Universities<br />
  49. 49. ‘Co-ompetition’<br />Collegial International Strategies<br /><ul><li>Universities Australia
  50. 50. GO8, ATN, IRU etc
  51. 51. State collaboration eg Qld Smart State
  52. 52. Australia-India Institute (the University of Melbourne, UNSW and LaTrobe University)
  53. 53. International University networks eg
  54. 54. Universitas 21: UQ, Uni of Melb, UNSW
  55. 55. APRU: ANU, Uni of Sydney, Uni of Melb
  56. 56. World Universities Network: Uni of Sydney, UWA</li></li></ul><li>Hallmarks of Mature International Programs:<br /><ul><li>Multifaceted International Strategy
  57. 57. Proactive rather than reactive international engagement
  58. 58. Deeper, broader and stronger education partnerships for mutual benefit
  59. 59. Long-term objectives
  60. 60. Student centred environment (for international and domestic students)
  61. 61. Student Integration</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Cost-effective TNE programs
  62. 62. Embedded quality assurance mechanisms
  63. 63. Whole of university commitment to internationalisation
  64. 64. Nimble response to challenges to protect reputation and brand
  65. 65. Effective and transparent governance</li></li></ul><li>Approaches to internationalisation<br />Thank You<br />Jennie Lang<br />Pro-Vice-Chancellor (International)<br />The University of New South Wales<br />Email:<br />
  66. 66. IEAA/AIEAState-University PartnershipsAndrew Everett, The University of Queensland<br />02/20/11<br />
  67. 67. International Education in Queensland<br />103,182 international students (Nov 2010)<br />Queensland’s 2nd largest services export industry<br />In 2009/10, over $2.9 billion contribution to the Queensland economy.  <br />Employs, directly and indirectly, more than 17,000 Queenslanders.  <br />
  68. 68. The Smart State Strategy<br />The Smart State Strategy 1998 – 2012<br />Knowledge, Creativity, Innovation<br />The Smart State in Action at UQ<br />Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology<br />Institute for Molecular Science (IMB)<br />Sustainable Minerals Institute<br />Queensland Brain Institute<br />UQ Centre for Clinical Research<br />Pharmacy Australia Centre of Excellence<br />Queensland Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Network<br />UQ's Diamantina Institute for Cancer<br />Smart State fellowships and scholarships for UQ researchers and students <br />
  69. 69. Queensland Education and Training Export Strategy<br />Aims<br />build a whole-of-industry and whole-of-government approach<br />position Queensland as a preferred provider in selected international and niche markets<br />introduce strategies to ensure high quality of education and training, academic support and pastoral care<br />minimise structural, regulatory and infrastructure barriers to growth<br />Objectives<br />double export earnings of the Queensland education and training industry from $500 million to $1 billion in 5 years – accomplished by the end of 2006<br />work with and provide leadership to existing line agencies<br />co-ordination and consensus to ensure success and maximum impact<br />Vision<br />Development of the international education and training export industry will directly contribute to the long-term economic growth of Queensland’s economy. It will support and extend the principles of the Smart State by funding and intellectually fuelling the development of a knowledge economy that is competitive globally.<br />
  70. 70. Queensland Education and Training International<br />Five Strategic Objectives<br />Mobilising the Will<br />Creating the Image<br />Capturing the Markets <br />Removing the Barriers <br />Investing in the Future<br />
  71. 71. Regional Clusters<br />
  72. 72. Creating the Image and Capturing Markets<br />Market Intelligence Seminars<br />Inbound and Outbound Missions<br />Regional Cluster Development<br />Scholarships<br />Student Experience Reference Group<br />Annual Queensland International Awards for Excellence<br />Shanghai Expo – Queensland Cup<br />
  73. 73. QETI International Awards for Excellence<br />QETI International Awards for Excellence<br />International Student of the Year 2010 – ResearchMiss ManaswiniSivaramakrishnan, Queensland University of Technology<br />International Student of the Year 2010 – Higher EducationMr Joseph Hongoh, The University of Queensland<br />Outstanding International Student Support 2010 – Vocational Education and TrainingInternational Education Services<br />Outstanding International Student Support 2010 – ELICOSExtension Studies International, Institute of Continuing & TESOL Education, The University of Queensland<br />Best Practice in International Collaboration 2010 – ResearchQueensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland<br />Best Practice in International Collaboration 2010 – ELICOSInstitute of Continuing & TESOL Education, The University of Queensland<br />International Alumnus of the Year 2010 – ResearchProfessor Max Lu, The University of Queensland<br />
  74. 74. Removing the Barriers and Investing in the Future<br />Queensland ready to welcome international students<br />Minister for Natural Resources, Mines and Energy and Minister for TradeThe Honourable Stephen Robertson18/01/2011<br />Queensland’s world-class international education and training institutions are ready to welcome students for the start of the 2011 academic year.<br />Minister for Trade Stephen Robertson said educational institutions have advised that most classes will commence as scheduled after last week’s floods.<br />“We are open for business again and look forward to welcoming international students to our State for the first semester of 2011,” Mr Robertson said.<br />For information on education and training institutions visit Study Queensland or Australian Education International and for information on studying in Brisbane visit Study Brisbane.<br />
  75. 75. State University Partnership Benefits<br /><ul><li>Linkages to Smart State Strategies
  76. 76. Profiling and branding through “Study Queensland”
  77. 77. Increased global awareness of UQ capabilities
  78. 78. Opportunity to shape government international education policies</li></li></ul><li> State University Partnership Benefits<br /><ul><li>Access to timely market intelligence
  79. 79. Introduction to key contacts, networks
  80. 80. Harness government to government relationships
  81. 81. Professional development for staff</li></li></ul><li>Future Challenges State-University Partnerships<br />Financial – post GFC (and floods!)<br />Maturing international education sector<br />Increased competition - globally<br />
  82. 82. State – University Partnerships<br />Thank You <br />Any Questions?<br />Andrew Everett<br />Director, UQ International<br />University of Queensland<br />Email:<br />
  83. 83. Professionalising International Education in Australia<br />Stephen Connelly<br />DVC International and Development<br />RMIT University<br />President<br />IEAA<br />
  84. 84. RMIT University©2011<br />41<br />Origins<br />Australia’s full fee-paying international student program - Quiz question #1<br />Who was going to do the work?<br /><ul><li>University staff from other areas
  85. 85. Administrators, publications officers, faculty, student advisors dealing with domestic students ‘thrown together’ into newly formed international offices</li></ul>Professional affiliations<br /><ul><li>These staff brought their professional affiliations - including experience of conferences, professional development etc. - with them</li></li></ul><li>RMIT University©2011<br />42<br />First steps - the role of IDP<br />Approach to markets<br /><ul><li>Understanding country and student requirements</li></ul>Professional practice and professional development<br /><ul><li>industry briefings, conferences and workshops
  86. 86. First IDP workshopOverseas Students: New Approaches and Practices held in Canberra. Quiz question #2. Now known as AIEC. Quiz question #3.
  87. 87. industry research
  88. 88. targeted publications on current themes and issues
  89. 89. specialist professional groupings
  90. 90. codes of practice</li></ul>The papers from the second Conference in 1988, which focused on institutional responses to the new opportunities presented by overseas students, were collected into a publication Overseas Students: Policy and Practice, amongst the earliest documentation of the impact of full-fee paying international students in Australia.<br />
  91. 91. RMIT University©2011<br />43<br />Industry research<br /><ul><li>Early to mid 1990s
  92. 92. IDP began to undertake industry wide research, first funded by DEET and later undertaken specifically for the Conference and funded by IDP itself.
  93. 93. IDP’s research effort led by Dorothy Davis, who also had responsibility for the AIEC. Research seen to be an integral and important part of what the Conference should provide the industry and the practitioners in it.
  94. 94. First IDP research study on international curriculum in Australian universities, followed by a landmark study on internationalization in Australian higher education. The latter resulted from collaboration with researchers Hans de Wit and Jane Knight.
  95. 95. Other research commissioned for the Conference or developed by IDP included: quality issues in transnational education; Australians studying abroad; online education; emerging markets; and outcomes of international education including comparative performance of international and domestic students. </li></li></ul><li>RMIT University©2011<br />44<br />Early professional groupings<br />ELICOS Australia late 1980s - English Australia<br />Schools - Vision International - 1994<br /><ul><li>MELCOS and OSDU - Quiz question #4</li></ul>Universities<br /><ul><li>OSAN 1989 - ISANA
  96. 96. National Association of Directors of International Offices - NADIO
  97. 97. Australian International Educators Association - AIEA
  98. 98. Australian Universities International Directors Forum - AUIDF</li></ul>State based groups<br /><ul><li>CANDIP
  99. 99. Victorian International Directors Committee – VIDC
  100. 100. Queensland International Directors Forum - QIDF</li></ul>Vocational Education and Training<br /><ul><li>Australian TAFE International Network - ATIN
  101. 101. Victorian TAFE International - Quiz question #5</li></li></ul><li>RMIT University©2011<br />45<br />Current peak bodies & AIEC<br />International Education Association Australia<br />Australian Council of Private Education and Training<br />English Australia<br />Independent Schools Council of Australia<br />TAFE Directors Australia<br />Universities Australia - DVC/PVC International Committee<br />Council of Private Higher Education - Quiz question #6<br />AIEC<br /><ul><li>1300 delegates, 3rd largest IE conference in the world
  102. 102. More quiz questions!!!</li></li></ul><li>International Education Association Australia<br />Association incorporated in 2004<br /> Associations Act, formal constitution<br />Member services – over 1100 members<br /> Special Interest Groups – TNE, Mobility, IoC, Marketing and Communications<br /> Professional Development<br /> Annual Calendar<br /> AIEC pre-conference workshops<br />Research committee<br />Major projects<br />Industry awards<br />Advocacy and public policy<br />Alliance of peak bodies<br />RMIT University©2011<br />46<br />
  103. 103. International Learning Mobility:<br />Trends in Australia<br />Dawn Koban<br />Manager, La Trobe Abroad<br />Chair, IEAA Mobility SIG<br />
  104. 104. Overview<br />Phases of internationalisation in International Learning Mobility in Australia<br />Current landscape & national trends <br />Institutional<br />Government<br />Industry<br />Challenges to expanding International Learning Mobility in Australia<br />Future developments<br />
  105. 105. Three Phases of Internationalisation of Australian Higher Education: Student Mobility <br />Molony, J. (2010) Curricular and Extra-Curricular Programs Supporting Improved International Learning Mobility Experiences: An Emerging Trend in Australia. Centre for the Study of Higher Education. University of Melbourne.<br />
  106. 106. Australian Universities International Directors Forum (AUIDF)<br />Representation on a national scale<br />Commissions national benchmarking annually AUIDF survey<br />AUIDF National Survey<br />Comparable to the US Open Doors Survey Data<br />International Learning Mobility first included 2005 <br />From 2009 included on annual basis<br />
  107. 107. AUDIF 2009 Data <br />36 Aus universities participated<br />15,058 students at all levels undertook international study experiences<br />246,877 completions at all levels <br />6.1% of all student completions in 2009<br />Increase from 4.7% in 2007<br />Olsen, A. (2010) AUIDF Mobility Benchmark Report<br />
  108. 108. Access by Australian Students <br />110,185 domestic UG completions with 9,703 UG students<br />participating in international study experience<br />8.8% of domestic UG completions in 2009 <br />up from 5.8% in 2007<br />Comparable to the US Open Doors Data in 2009 reporting 10.1%<br />3,982 PG research completions with 2,283 PG research students<br />participating in international study experience (17 Universities)<br />57.3% of PG completions in 2009<br />Figure is up from 36.9% in 2007<br />
  109. 109. Fields of Education <br />Reported the field of education for 14,140 international study experiences <br />Management and Commerce (19%) and Society and Culture (18%) <br />Olsen, A. (2010) AUIDF Mobility Benchmark Report<br />
  110. 110. Destination <br />Reported destination for 14,783 international study experiences <br />36.6% Europe; 32.2% Asia; 22% Americas<br />Olsen, A. (2010) AUIDF Mobility Benchmark Report<br />
  111. 111. Australian Funding Sources <br />for Student Mobility<br />Table constructed using data from (Olsen & Molony, 2010)<br />
  112. 112. Current Landscape and Trends<br />Institutional <br />International Learning Mobility is an initiative written into the strategic plans of Australian Universities<br />Firm targets are being set<br />Creation of curricular & extra-curricular programs supporting improved international learning mobility<br />Involvement of more faculty in mobility – institutional cultural shift<br />Shorter and more flexible program development – emphasis on practical learning<br />VET sector – increased focus on mobility<br />
  113. 113. Current Landscape and Trends<br />Government <br />Increased scholarships for international learning mobility<br />Increased OS HELP loans<br />Diversifying scholarship scheme to include short term programs<br />Contributed funding and support for benchmarking studies<br />Supported the VET Outbound Mobility Toolkit<br />
  114. 114. Current Landscape and Trends<br />Industry <br />Establishment of outbound service provider (AIM Overseas)<br />Newly established IEAA SIG<br />Value of International Learning Mobility is being recognised by Australian employers<br />Annual Outbound Mobility Forum – inaugural Forum 2007<br />Collaboration with comparable industry groups in the EU<br />Annual Australian Exchange Fair Circuit<br />
  115. 115. IEAA – Outbound Mobility SIG<br />Purpose of the OSM SIG:The SIG aims to act as the prime Australian forum for discussion, debate, research and the disseminationof information and models of best practice in thearea of outbound student mobility.<br />Activities and Support- Professional Development: workshops, Annual Forum- Networking: state-based groups, meetings- Communications: web, list serv - Research - Annual Australian Exchange Fair Circuit<br />
  116. 116. Exchange Fair Circuit<br />Exchange Fair Dates:<br />28 March – 12 April <br />Outbound Mobility Forum <br />“Managing Growth”<br />8 April <br />Hosted by the University of Technology Sydney<br />
  117. 117. Challenges to expand International Learning Mobility<br />Insufficient data collection<br />Lack of awareness from Aus students – moving away from ‘gap year’ mentality<br />Language and cultural barriers<br />Access of programs<br />Cost<br />
  118. 118. Future Trends<br />Sector is committed to developing mechanisms for measuring outcomes and data collection<br />Institutions will continue to create innovative programs that internationalise the curriculum<br />Australian students will increasingly seek out more outcomes based international experiences – professional based outcomes<br />Further collaboration with comparable industry bodies in the US and the EU<br />Increased diversity in short term programming<br />Further International Learning Mobility focused research <br />
  119. 119. Contact us<br />Mark Darby<br />Australian Education International<br /><br />Jennie Lang<br />The University of New South Wales<br /><br />Richard Henry<br />The University of New South Wales<br /><br />Andrew Everett<br />The University of Queensland<br /><br />Stephen Connelly<br />RMIT University<br /><br />Dawn Koban<br />La Trobe University<br /><br />