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Dynamic Software Defined Network Infrastructure Test Bed at Marist College

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Check out Todd Bundy's slides from a joint presentation on SDN infrastructure test beds he gave at Marist College in cooperation with IBM and BCNET.

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Dynamic Software Defined Network Infrastructure Test Bed at Marist College

  1. 1. Dynamic Software Defined Network (SDN)infrastructure test bed at Marist College with IBMand ADVA Optical Networking.Todd BundyDirector Global Alliances-Enterprise ASMADVA Optical Networkingtbundy@advaoptical.com203-546-8230
  2. 2. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.22Our speaker todayTodd BundyBusiness Development Director,ADVA Optical Networkingtbundy@advaoptical.comSpecial Thanks:Robert M. CannistraSchool of Computer Sciences andMathematicsMarist Collegerobert.cannista@marist.eduSpecial Thanks:Casimer DeCusatisDistinguished Engineer,IBM STG –eSystems Dev Labdecusat@us.ibm.com
  3. 3. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.33Michael Haley,Distinguished Engineer, IBM CHQ – El CloudInfrastructurehaleym@us.ibm.comJim Theodoras ,Senior Director TechnicalMarketing, Marketing & Strategy,ADVA Optical NetworkingJTheodoras@advaoptical.comChristian Illmer,Business Development Senior DirectorADVA Optical Networkingcillmer@advaoptical.comSpecial Thanks
  4. 4. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.44The Need for SDN
  5. 5. © 2012 IBM Corporation5More Complex / Yet More ConsumableData and data managementDiscovering insightsInteractionFast PaceEvolving business eco-systemDynamic scalabilityMinimize time to value & updateContextual OverloadProliferation of sensors and devicesDemand for personalizationJust in timeIT Mega TrendsTechnology DriversMobile - Social - Cloud -Big Data / AnalyticsGrowing Scale/Lower Barrier of EntryUsersTransactions, ComputationsData, Bandwidth
  6. 6. © 2012 IBM Corporation6Smarter Commerce ExampleServiceBuySellMarketSuperbowladde Big Data Analyticsdetect socialmedia spikeSupply chainupdatedTargetmarketingWebtransactionsUpdate forbrick & mortarIn-storetransactionsClientfollow-upChannelfollow-up45% of customer seek advice from others, before a purchase.53% of folks on twitter recommend companies and products.50% of customer value is in the hands of suppliers.90% of marketers say web data is important for analytics & decisions.85% of clients expect seamless experience across channels.86% of clients stop doing business with a companydue to bad experience.60% of clients are willing to pay more for a better experience
  7. 7. © 2012 IBM Corporation7Smarter Commerce ExampleServiceBuySellMarketSuperbowladdeBig DataAnalyticsdetect socialmedia spikeSupply chainupdatedTargetmarketingWebtransactionsUpdate forbrick & mortarIn-store transactionsClientfollow-upChannelfollow-upPhysicalFabricNetworkHypervisorIntrusionPreventionFirewallWeb Servers ApplicationServerFirewallLoadBalancerDatabaseClusterClients require a fast way to respondto their market demand• Today it takes days. For example, atOFC 2013 Cisco’s SVP of IT, JohnManville stated it takes Cisco’s IT 5days to fully bring a multi-tierworkload on-line, includes:configuring network appliances,storage,etc…• For this example to be possible, 5 daysneeds to be 5 minutes or less.
  8. 8. © 2012 IBM Corporation8Big Data: Fueling Smarter Commerce CycleVideoTextExaPetaTeraGigaDataVolume1990’s 2020’s2000’s 2010’sStructured dataAudioImageMedHighLowComputationalNeedsSophisticationofAnalysisDigital Marketing10+% of video viewsWide Area Imagery100’s TB per day72 video hrs/minuteMediaSource: IBM Market Insights based on composite sourcesSafety / SecurityHealthcareCustomer1B camera phones1B medical images/yr10s millions camerasEnterprise VideoUsed by 1/3 of enterprises
  9. 9. © 2013 IBM Corporation9System Networking RequirementsAutomate connectivity ofmulti-tier system patterns(Lower OpEx)Hyperscale(Lower CapEx)De-couple virtual networkfrom physical network(Lower OpEx)Flow optimization(Lower CapEx)Provide global network visibilitywith “real-time” control(Lower CapEx)New network interactionparadigm (Lower OpEx)Tenant 1 cloudNetwork HypervisorTenant 2 cloudSite A Site BStorageFirewallWebServerDatabaseApplicationServerIntrusionPreventionHoursto DaysMinutes
  10. 10. © 2012 IBM Corporation10Cloud needs elasticity and multi-tenancyBig Data & Analytics needs Application controlled, optimized fabricsMobility needs guaranteed end-to-end SLADC Virtualization needs agility of a fully virtualized environmentWhy is the Network usually a boat anchor in today’s data center?Today’s Data Center Networkoften gets in the way of client trendsToday’s protocols make multi-tenancy complex.Box-level services & discrete physical infrastructure prevent true elasticity.Network virtualization is lagging other parts of DC Infrastructure.Complexities of physical network (box-type, SW version;capabilities; vendor inconsistencies) drag agility.Box-by-box protocols and behavior prevent anything end-to-endand results in error-prone security and QoSClosed networks cannot be programmed via business applications,resulting in under-utilized networks.But….But….But….But….
  11. 11. © 2013 IBM Corporation11Pods of IT ResourcesEmbedded Blade, Virtual SwitchesOverlays Virtualize L2/3 functionsWANSANPools ofVirtual Appliancesstacked switcheslossless EthernetFCoE, TRILL, & moreVirtualized &SDN EnabledFCoEGatewayFCoE StorageSDN controllerODIN – The Open Datacenter Interoperable NetworkAn industry standard point of view on SDN & network virtualizationhttp://www-03.ibm.com/systems/networking/solutions/odin.htmlONFThe Linux Foundation (nonprofitorganization dedicated to opensource development) hasannounced the OpenDaylightProject (www.opendaylight.org )OpenDaylight SDN ProjectIncludes OpenFlow protocols, an opencontroller, virtual overlay networks(including DOVE), protocol plug-ins, and switch deviceenhancements
  12. 12. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.1212Virtualization and Beyond
  13. 13. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.1313What is SDN?• Today, routers control themselves, passing messagesbetween them• SDN separates the Control and Data planes• A separate, centralized controller then takes commandControlDataData DataDataDataControlControlDataControlDataControlData
  14. 14. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.1414Do we want Distributed or Centralized?14• Ethernet topologies were builtdistributedScalable but hard to monitor• Openflow topologies (today) arecentralizedControl-data separation forces this modelStrengths of one approach are weaknesses of the otherCentralized is better suited for modern cloud applicationsIBM System Networking
  15. 15. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.1515Better topologies• Multi-tiered tree topologies• High oversubscription• Expensive, high bandwidth uplinks• Robustness of higher tier producthas been a concern• 2-tiered mesh or Clos topologies• Oversubscription only to WAN/core• Large cross sectional bandwidth(TOR bandwidth is cheap)• Mature Layer 2/3 softwareIBM System Networking
  16. 16. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.1616SDN in a Single Sentence• The hope/expectation of better efficiency/utilization throughidentifying flows of packets and making smarter holistic decisions• A good analogy would be the Air Traffic Control system*flightradar24.com*http://virtualskies.arc.nasa.gov/atm/6.html* http://mattsflight.blogspot.com
  17. 17. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.1717IBM System Networking17Packet or Flow Switched?• Ethernet topologies are packetswitchedStatistical link utilization• Openflow topologies (today) areflow switchedApplication level network control
  18. 18. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.1818SDN Model: Applications influence the network18VMVMVMVMApp AppNetworkHypervisorProgram& InstructOld ModelIBM System Networking
  19. 19. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.1919How do you extend SDN to the Metro?Data DataDataDataSDN ControlData Center CData DataDataDataSDN ControlData Center AData DataDataDataSDN ControlData Center B150km75km 50km…but what about:• Billing• Carrier interworking• Stacking of SDN controllers• Oversubscription, lack of resources
  20. 20. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.2020Metro connectivity:• Data center distances < 100km• Ethernet, Fiber Channel, some Infiniband• DWDM w/ minimum processing (latency)Optical Network VirtualizationCore connectivity:• Globally distributed data centers• IP/MPLS over OTN/DWDM• Standard core network technologiesMetroCoreIncreased resource efficiency and reduced interconnection costsby optical capacity sharing.Programmable opticalconnectivity forcloud data centeroperators & tenants
  21. 21. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.2121Virtualization Beyond DC BoundariesWeb 2.0 data centers Global carriersFrom “warehouse-scale computers” to “the network is the computer”.
  22. 22. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.2222Optical transport and SDN• Decades of work have yielded today’s agile core networks• Unfortunately, the information to make intelligent decisions residesat higher layers• Problem is made worse by today’s flow dominated trafficRouter RouterIntelligentMUXHybridEDFA/RAMANAmpAgileCoreNetworkGridlessROADMCoherentReceiver
  23. 23. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.2323Optical OpenFlow ExtensionsCAny λλ BlockWSSWSSWSSWSSλ1λ2λ3TXWSS1:NWSS1:N WSS1:NWSS1:N WSS1:N WSSConnectivity & Topology DiscoverySignal Mapping & Format CompatibilityOptical Node Model:Wavelength Continuity &Dynamic Switching ConstraintsOptical Performance ConstraintsSequential Lightpath Setup/TeardownOptical Power BalancingOpenFlow Support forFSP 3000 ROADM platformOptical extensions required to deal with the analogue nature of the optical layer.OSC(Out-of-band)
  24. 24. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.2424Optical transport and SDNDirect vs Indirect Model• How to best extend SDN to transport layer?• Direct control yields most potential benefits at cost of complexity andlatency• Indirect control is easier to implement, and provides a migration pathIndirectDirect
  25. 25. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.2525Dynamic Infrastructure Test Bed
  26. 26. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.2626Marist SDN Lab Objectives• Initially funded by an IBM STG University Alliance TeamFaculty Grant received in 4th quarter 2011• Compliment IBM software-defined networking research &development• Establish a pipeline of skilled students• As of December 2012, we are proud to have successfullycompleted all of the initial objectives set forth and we aremoving full steam ahead in creating new ones!
  27. 27. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.2727NY State Center of Excellence forCloud Computing and Analytics• $3M grant• Awarded Dec. 2012• Student Research• Business Intelligence Cloud• Incubation Center• Workforce Development Center
  28. 28. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.2828MARIST: Dynamic Infrastructure Test BedVM ClusterADVA FSP3000 Site ASite C Site BADVAFSP 3000ADVAFSP 3000StorageStorageIBM V7000Storagedual10Gdual10Gdual10Gdual10GIBM G8264OF SwitchIBM G8264OF SwitchFloodlightControllerOpenDayLightController
  29. 29. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.2929MARIST: Adding System ZVM ClusterADVA FSP3000 Site ASite C Site BADVAFSP 3000ADVAFSP 3000StorageStorageIBM V7000Storagedual10Gdual10Gdual10Gdual10GIBM G8264OF SwitchIBM G8264OF SwitchOpenDayLightControllerFloodlightController
  30. 30. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.3030VM ClusterDynamic Infrastructure Test BedADVA FSP 3000Site ASite C Site BADVAFSP 3000ADVAFSP 3000StorageStorageIBM V7000Storagedual 10G dual 10Gdual 10G dual 10GIBM G8264OF SwitchOpenFlowOpenFlow Controller (VM)• Floodlight• IBM Controller• OpenDaylightADVA OpenFlow Agent (VM)• OpenFlow v1 northbound• ADVA control plane southb.
  31. 31. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.3131Dynamic resource orchestrationControl plane viewOF Controller(ie: OpenDayLight Controller)ADVA OF AgentADVA FSP 3000OF Switch OF Switch OF SwitchWAN OrchestrationWeb I/FFully automatedVirtual ComputeEnvironementSTEP 1 STEP 2Request/grantResources
  32. 32. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.3232SDN for Dynamic SP Infrastructure• Provisioning for peak traffic is losing battle, and only getting worse.• Answer is dynamic network infrastructure.Daytime Configuration All Offices/Sites workingNighttime Configuration Backup between A/B Double the bandwidthOther Configurations Site B to C Site C to ASite ASite BSite C1x 10G1x 10G1x 10GSite ASite BSite C2x 10GSite ASite BSite C2x 10GSite ASite BSite C2x 10GSite ASite BSite C1x 10G1x 10G1x 10G
  33. 33. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.3333Use CasesBandwidth calendaring Cloud burstingSecure multi-tenancyWorkload balancingTransactional nature of DC-to-DC traffic (bulk data transfers)offers opportunities for optical bandwidth-on-demand.Cloud DCPrivateDatacentersTenant 1Tenant 2Load Load
  34. 34. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.3434Summary• Optical network virtualization offers cloud providers & tenantshigh-bandwidth, low-latency connectivity on demand.• Different models for optical network virtualization exist.• A compromise between hiding the optical complexity andexposing the optical topology is required.• Open approaches based on standardized GMPLS or emergingOpenFlow technologies are possible.
  35. 35. © 2013 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved. Confidential.3535Q & A
  36. 36. info@advaoptical.comThank YouIMPORTANT NOTICEThe content of this presentation is strictly confidential. ADVA Optical Networking is the exclusive owner or licensee of thecontent, material, and information in this presentation. Any reproduction, publication or reprint, in whole or in part, is strictlyprohibited.The information in this presentation may not be accurate, complete or up to date, and is provided without warranties orrepresentations of any kind, either express or implied. ADVA Optical Networking shall not be responsible for and disclaims anyliability for any loss or damages, including without limitation, direct, indirect, incidental, consequential and special damages,alleged to have been caused by or in connection with using and/or relying on the information contained in this presentation.Copyright © for the entire content of this presentation: ADVA Optical Networking.

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