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  1. 1. Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year Friday, November 8, 2013 8:30-10am Association of School Administrators Leadership Summit Launching our bold new future San Jose
  2. 2. Presenters • Dr. Terry Deloria, Assistant Superintendent Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District • Dr. Louise Jaffe, Independent Researcher Santa Monica College Trustee • Michele Badovinac, Director K-12 Outreach Cal-PASS Plus Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  3. 3. To be covered… • Research: Math from high school to community college – Louise • Response to findings – Terry • New tool: Cal-PASS Plus – Michele Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  4. 4. Problem Students are coming to community college unprepared for college-level coursework as determined by the community college placement assessment. Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  5. 5. Why it matters “…placement in developmental math [is] one of the single greatest barriers to college completion.” (Burdman, 2013, p.3) Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  6. 6. Mathematics from High School to Community College What are students doing? How does it affect their college placement? Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  7. 7. Sample: 2920 12th Grade Students Classes of 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 from a single high school Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  8. 8. CC Freshmen Ethnicity (N=953) 9% Black Latino 48% 35% A/PI White Other 7% Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year 8
  9. 9. High School Math Pathway Markers • Where students start: Grade 9 Math • Geometry or Above • Algebra 1 or Below • When students stop: Math in Grade 12 • Yes or No • Where students stop: Highest-Level Math • Above Algebra 2 • Algebra 2 • Below Algebra 2 Every course beyond Algebra 2 doubles the odds of college completion (Adelman, 2006) Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  10. 10. All 12 high school math pathways lead to high school graduation Path High School Observed Math Pathways Grade 9 Math Class All Students N=2920 CC Freshmen n=953 1 Geometry Math in Grade 12 Yes Highest-Level Math Above Algebra 2 36.5% 17.7% 2 3 Algebra 1 and Below Algebra 1 and Below No Yes Algebra 2 Above Algebra 2 12.4% 11.0% 19.5% 11.6% 4 5 6 7 Geometry Algebra 1 and Below Algebra 1 and Below Algebra 1 and Below No Yes No Yes Above Algebra 2 Algebra 2 Below Algebra 2 Below Algebra 2 9.6% 6.0% 2.0% 1.5% 10.3% 10.4% 2.9% 2.2% 8 9 10 11 12 Geometry Geometry Geometry Algebra 1 and Below Geometry TOTAL No Yes Yes No No Algebra 2 Algebra 2 Below Algebra 2 Above Algebra 2 Below Algebra 2 .9% .4% .4% .2% .1% 81% (2363) 1.3% .5% .6% .2% .2% 78% (739) Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  11. 11. The goalposts have moved… Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  12. 12. How do the different high school mathematics pathways prepare students for college? Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  13. 13. Enter Community College, Take Math Placement Assessment Assessment College-level Mathematics 1-level below 2-levels below 3-levels below 4-levels below Placement College-level Mathematics Intermediate Algebra Algebra 1 Pre-Algebra Basic Arithmetic Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  14. 14. College Math Placement Results All CC Freshmen CC Freshmen by Ethnicity Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  15. 15. What predicts placing into college-level or belowcollege-level coursework on the community college placement assessment? Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  16. 16. Variables Tested in Predictive Model 1. Gender 2. Ethnicity 3. Parent Education 4. Low SES 5. Grade 9 Math Course – where students start 6. Highest-Level Math Course – where students stop 7. No Math in Grade 12 – when students stop 8. Grade 9 Math GPA 9. Grade 10 Math GPA 10. Grade 11 Math GPA 11. CAHSEE Math Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  17. 17. Significant Predictors of Placement in Below College-Level Mathematics Delta-p Variable 1-level below 2-levels below 3-levels below 4-levels below Grade 9 Math GPA 14.42** Grade 10 Math GPA 16.74* Grade 11Math GPA Grade 9 Math No Math in Grade 12 14.96** 21.99** 16.69** 22.27* 22.39** 21.38*** 57.64** 45.66* 49.20** * p < .05, ** p < .01, ***p < .001 Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  18. 18. CAHSEE Math scores were a significant predictor of placement at all below-college-level mathematics. Delta-p Variable 1-level below 2-levels below 3-levels below * p < .05, ** p < .01, ***p < .001 Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year 4-levels below
  19. 19. CAHSEE Math and Community College Assessed Placement Level (N=857) 100% 10% 15 % 9% 80% 39% 83% 33% 60% 19% 40% 82 % 46% 20% 19% 17% 6% 0% FAIL PASS (n=33) 275- (n=340) 350-379 8% 8% ADVANCED PROFICIENT (n=367) 380-421 (n=117) 422-450
  20. 20. CAHSEE Math PASS by Ethnicity (N=2753) Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  21. 21. CAHSEE Math by Ethnicity (N=2753) Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  22. 22. No Math in Grade 12 was a significant predictor of placement at 2-, 3-, and 4-levels below college-level mathematics, with a large effect. Delta-p Variable No Math in Grade 12 1-level below 2-levels below 57.64** 3-levels below 45.66* * p < .05, ** p < .01, ***p < .001 Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year 4-levels below 49.20**
  23. 23. Who Took No Math in Grade 12? All Students (N=2920) CC Freshmen (N=953) By Ethnicity (N=2895)
  24. 24. Who Took No Math in Grade 12? Grade 9 Math
  25. 25. How does not taking mathematics in grade 12 negatively impact students matriculating to community college? Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  26. 26. Where students stopped was determined in part by when students stopped Students Last Grade Above Alg. 2 Alg. 2 All 12 52% 9% 1% 2% 11 11% 15% 3% 1% 63% 24% 4% 4% 12 34% 14% 1% 3% 11 12% 23% 4% 2% 46% 37% 6% 5% (n=2920) Total CC Freshmen (n=953) Total Alg. 1 and Geom. below Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  27. 27. Students who advanced beyond Algebra 2 were more frequently college-ready Highest-Level Math with CC Math Placement High School Math Community College Math Placement Highest-level Grade Taken Collegelevel 1-level below 2-levels below 3-levels below 4-levels below > Algebra 2 12 54% 16% 13% 11% 6% 30 7 11 48% 16% 15% 12.5% 8% 10 4 12 11% 8% 9.5% 32% 40% 12 6 11 11% 14% 16% 28% 31% 21 0 12 2% 2% 5% 24% 67% 42 11 1.9% 3.8% 34% Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math:5.7% Repositioning Senior Year 55% 53 Algebra 2 < Algebra 2 N
  28. 28. No Math in Grade 12: Different Students, Different Needs High School Mathematics HS Pathway Markers Path Grade 12 HighestGr 9 Math* Math** level Math CAHSEE Math * Grade 10 Community College Placement Level % of HS Path n % of 903 2 ≤ Algebra 1 No Algebra 2 380+ College-level 9% 17 2% 4 Geometry No > Algebra 2 380+ College-level 46% 43 5% 4 Geometry No > Algebra 2 380+ 1-level below 13% 12 1% 4 Geometry No > Algebra 2 380+ 2-levels below 14% 13 1% 2 ≤ Algebra 1 No Algebra 2 380+ 1-level below 9% 17 2% 2 ≤ Algebra 1 No Algebra 2 380+ 2-levels below 11% 20 2% 2 ≤ Algebra 1 No Algebra 2 380+ 3-levels below 11% 19 2% 2 ≤ Algebra 1 No Algebra 2 350-379 3-levels below 19% 34 4% 2 ≤ Algebra 1 No Algebra 2 350-379 4-levels below 27% 48 5% 6 ≤ Algebra 1 No < Algebra 2 350-379 4-levels below 41% 11 1% 23 26% 4
  29. 29. Four Groups No Math in Grade 12 Students 1. Did not need 12th grade mathematics; 2. May have had adequate competencies but needed to brush up; 3. Were on-track to college-readiness in grade 11 but needed to acquire additional skills in grade 12; and 4. Students with weak skills who were not on track to college-readiness and needed remediation.
  30. 30. By not taking mathematics in grade 12, the students in Groups 2, 3, and 4 did not just miss an opportunity; they diminished their chances for postsecondary success. Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  31. 31. No Math in Senior Year Launchpad to College Un-Readiness
  32. 32. How is our school district addressing these findings? Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  33. 33. Santa Monica-Malibu USD • • • • District Demographics Multiple Measure of College Readiness SMMUSD College Readiness Dashboard SMMUSD Response Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  34. 34. SMMUSD Overview • • • • • • PreK-12 District Santa Monica AND Malibu 11,417 White 51% Black 6% Hispanic 30% Asian 6% English Learners 9% Socio-Economically Disadvantaged 27% Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  35. 35. SMMUSD Overview • • • • 53 Administrators 66 Pupil Services 554 Teachers 663 Classified Staff Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  36. 36. SMMUSD Overview • • • • • • • • Child Development Services (0-Pre-K) 10 K-5 Elementary Schools 2 Middle Schools (6-8) 1 High School (9-12) 1 Middle/High School (6-8, 9-12) 1 Alternative (K-8) 1 Continuation High School (11, 12) 1 Adult School Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  37. 37. So Many CR Metrics! • A-G completion rate • Early Assessment Program (EAP) • SAT CR • SMC Freshmen Course Enrollment Data • Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC) • All of them as each provides useful information Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  38. 38. SMMUSD CR Dashboard (%) 75 58 39 32 26 2 A-G Rate EAP English EAP Algebra 2 EAP Summative Math SAT CR A-G is necessary and required BUT is insufficient as a measure of CR. CC CollegeLevel Math
  39. 39. SMMUSD Response • Goal: All seniors graduate prepared to enroll in post-secondary, freshmen-level math courses Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  40. 40. Curriculum Alignment Assessment Professional Development Equity and Access SMMUSD Plan: Increase College Readiness in Math Homework Intervention & Enrichment Parent Involvement Program Monitoring
  41. 41. Curriculum Alignment: What do we want students to know? • Reshape school culture: Require parents/caregivers to “opt out” of senior math • Create two new senior math electives 1. Review only of math concepts found on SMC’s math placement test 2. Intensive reteaching of math concepts required for placement in post-secondary freshman math courses (Aligns with SMC’s accelerated path) • Team with SMC to administer math placement test at SMMUSD sites as appropriate Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  42. 42. Curriculum Alignment: What do we want students to know? • Pre-K Alignment to K-5 • K-12 Alignment: Curriculum AND Rigor – Vertically and horizontally – Standards-based (CCSS, NCTM, SAT, AP) • How? – Curriculum Guides – Teacher collaboration – Data – Classroom Walk-Through’s Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  43. 43. Assessment: How will we know if students learned? • Formative—Used effectively twice a week for one school year resulted in a mean gain of 30 percentile points over control group (Ahead of the Curve, p. 106) • Summative • Common, teacher-created (School & District) • Data used to inform teaching, intervention and enrichment • CR Diagnostic Tools beginning in grade 5 Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  44. 44. Professional Development: Teachers • Content • Cognitive Strategies (visualization, active engagement, vocabulary, culturally responsiveness, etc.) • Non-cognitive strategies (grit, selfcontrol, curiosity, conscientiousness, optimis m, etc.) • RTI2, Differentiation and Small Group Instruction • STEM Connections Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  45. 45. Professional Development: Others • Who else? – Principals, Co-Administrators, District Leaders – Counselors/Advisors – Parents/Caregivers – Students • Focus – Rationale : Why all students need to be CR – Roles and Responsibilities Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  46. 46. Equity and Access • Review of Board Policies and Administrative Regulations • Review of school practices and traditions – Progress and Repeat “rules” – Grading policies – Homework policies – Reteach and Retest policies – Homework policies Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  47. 47. Homework • Homework practices contribute to achievement gaps • Harris Cooper (Duke University) – Meta-analysis of empirical research – Class Comparison: homework vs. no homework – Grade Level Studies  Elementary – no academic gain  JHS – 12-15 percentile gains on nationally-normed tests  HS – 24-31 percentile gains on nationally-normed tests Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  48. 48. Homework • Professional Development – Effective homework – Differentiated homework • Monitoring completion rates • Comprehensive Response: The only consequence for not doing homework is to do the homework! – Classroom – Department – School Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  49. 49. Intervention and Enrichment: How will we respond when students don’t learn? What if they already know the content? • Comprehensive system response – Classroom level – Department/grade level – School level • Data and Assessment • Small group instruction (practice, intervention, enrichment) • Timely, high-quality corrective action Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  50. 50. Parent Involvement • Parenting: Help all families establish home environments to support children as scholars • Communication: Design effective tools for school-tohome AND home-to-school on programs, policies and student progress • Volunteer support • Learning at home strategies • Collaboration • Training Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  51. 51. Program Monitoring and Refinement • Common District Assessments • 2014: SBAC interim assessments • Collaboration – Among teachers – Among leaders – Among partners • Classroom Walkthrough’s • Data, data, data Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  52. 52. How is our community college addressing these findings? Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  53. 53. Santa Monica College Programs • Prep 2 Test • Early Assessment Program (June 2013) • Accelerated Math Pathways • SMC First Year Experience (FYE) • SMC FYE Summer Bridge • Summer Jams • Supplemental Instruction Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  54. 54. Data Aligns Our Work Teaching Learning Assessing Placing Assessing Placing Messaging Scheduling School District Teaching Learning Messaging Community College District Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  55. 55. Data can show us the way • Shared research – cross-systems analyses – can help us increase college readiness • Collective and Collaborative Impact – If school districts and community colleges see the same findings for shared students, they can implement reforms and interventions that align and increase student success, and – work together more easily and more effectively. Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year
  56. 56. Overcoming Barriers to College Success Through Actionable Data and Collaboration 56
  57. 57. Finding Solutions: Using Actionable Data and Collaboration • Creating a shared pathway to college and career readiness by connecting Pre-K through 12 to postsecondary education. • Increasing college completion by reducing the need for remedial coursework through the use of effective interventions and multiple measures of placement. • Targeting and improving the transition from postsecondary education to the workforce. 57
  58. 58. Website in Transition A Sneak-Peek 58
  59. 59. New Website Preview 59
  60. 60. New Website Preview 60
  61. 61. Where Are Our Students Enrolling in College? Each box can be expanded to provide additional detail: school names, demographics, etc. 61
  62. 62. Are Students “Ready” to Progress Through The Pipeline? 62
  63. 63. Are Students Progressing Through The Pipeline? Momentum points
  64. 64. New Website Preview 64
  65. 65. College Readiness-EAP Algebra II
  66. 66. College ReadinessEAP Summative Math
  67. 67. New Website Preview 67
  68. 68. College-Readiness Charts
  69. 69. School Proficiency Compared to Peers
  70. 70. Where Are Their Peers?
  71. 71. For Additional Information Contact: Michele Badovinac Michele@calpass.org www.calpassplus.org
  72. 72. Thank you! Contacts Terry Deloria, Assistant Superintendent, Educational Services Santa Monica Malibu USD, tdeloria@smmusd.org Louise Jaffe, Independent Researcher, louisecjaffe@gmail.com Santa Monica College Trustee, jaffe_louise@smc.edu Michele Badovinac, Director K-12 Outreach Cal-PASS Plus, michele@calpass.org www.calpassplus.org Launchpad to College-Readiness in Math: Repositioning Senior Year

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