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Panel 03: Food nutrition and safety  Under-research crops and livestock as key   contributors to food security in Africa  ...
Food and nutrition security in Africa                                  Malnutrition/Undernutrition (There                ...
We need more than classical large livestock      and more than staple crops                                               ...
Under-research livestock (Cavies) as key          contributors to food security in Africa                                 ...
Amaranth as key contributor to food                   security in AfricaMadiira 1                     Madiira 2Low to medi...
Amaranth as key contributor to food             security in AfricaLink with SME in Kenya   Link with GAIN initiative
Key message                                  Non-staple crops   Photo courtesy:                   and under-    Brigitte M...
Biosciences eastern and central Africa – International    Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI Hub)    Mobilizing biosc...
Biosciences eastern and central Africa – International    Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI Hub)    Mobilizing biosc...
The BecA Hub team10 countries Australia, Benin, Cameroon, England, Ethiopia, Italy, Kenya, Scotland, USA
Thank youThe Government of KenyaCanadian International Development Agency (CIDA)Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agricu...
Under-research crops and livestock as key contributors to food security in Africa
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Under-research crops and livestock as key contributors to food security in Africa

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Under-research crops and livestock as key contributors to food security in Africa - Dr Appolinaire Djikeng, Technology Manager, Biosciences Eastern and Central Africa (BecA) Hub

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Under-research crops and livestock as key contributors to food security in Africa

  1. 1. Panel 03: Food nutrition and safety Under-research crops and livestock as key contributors to food security in Africa Appolinaire Djikeng, PhD BecA-ILRI Hub, ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya
  2. 2. Food and nutrition security in Africa  Malnutrition/Undernutrition (There is 20% annual increment since 1990)  Stunting in children under five (40% in Africa – 195 Millions total in developing countries)  East Africa; Kenya and Tanzania, 2011 (< 5 years old: 44% stunting; pregnant women: 52% anemia)  Food safety (toxins and microbes)Photo courtesy: Daniel Sila Innovations: JKUAT  Better crops and livestock animals  Safe food  Alternative to classical crops and livestock
  3. 3. We need more than classical large livestock and more than staple crops Amaranth  Leave and grain edible  High protein contents (^30% more than the common cereals),  Essential fatty acids  Micro-nutrients (vitamins and minerals)  It is highly tolerant of aridCIAT monogastric project, 2009- 11 environments
  4. 4. Under-research livestock (Cavies) as key contributors to food security in Africa  High protein value (19-21%) => the highest  High carcass yield (≈85%)Guinée Côte d‘Ivoire Nigeria  Low fat contents (< 8%) Cameroon  Mineral contents (≈ 1%) Guinea Rwanda Kenya Congo DR Congo BurundiGeo-referencedLocated from literature/key informant Tanzania Our focus:Known from region only; importance unknownFrom literature/key informant; not important Malawi Targeting women and children inOnly used as pet Mozambique Cameroon and Cameroon: Cavies for more protein and income Shaded area of distribution after map by Ngoupayou et al. (1995)
  5. 5. Amaranth as key contributor to food security in AfricaMadiira 1 Madiira 2Low to medium altitude Low to high altitudeAbout 40 t/ha About 40 t/haNarrow leaves Broad leavesSweet tasting Sweet tastingLong harvesting period Long harvesting period
  6. 6. Amaranth as key contributor to food security in AfricaLink with SME in Kenya Link with GAIN initiative
  7. 7. Key message Non-staple crops Photo courtesy: and under- Brigitte Maass CIAT researched livestock offer solutions to food and nutritional security in Africa Photo courtesy: Daniel Sila JKUAT Photo courtesy: Daniel Sila
  8. 8. Biosciences eastern and central Africa – International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI Hub) Mobilizing biosciences for Africa’s development 1. Research 2. Capacity building and training 3. Research and Technology-related services 4. Focal point for the agricultural research community in eastern and central Africa 5. Promotion of product development and delivery
  9. 9. Biosciences eastern and central Africa – International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI Hub) Mobilizing biosciences for Africa’s development RESEARCH (and DEVELOPMENT)  Food safety  Nutritional security and income generation  The food security (crop and livestock improvement)  The biosciences for climate change mitigation  The disease diagnostics (crops and animals)  The “Low science input” crops and animals (orphan crops and animals)  The agroecosystem health CAPACITY BUILDING  Strengthening Individuals and institutions  Visiting scientist program Alignments: ABI, CAADP, ASARECA, RUFORUM, other …
  10. 10. The BecA Hub team10 countries Australia, Benin, Cameroon, England, Ethiopia, Italy, Kenya, Scotland, USA
  11. 11. Thank youThe Government of KenyaCanadian International Development Agency (CIDA)Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable AgricultureAusAID/CSIROThe Bill & Melinda Gates FoundationSwedish Ministry for Foreign AffairsSwedish International Development Agency (Sida)Rockefeller FoundationDoyle FoundationUNESCO, IFS, ASARECA, RUFORUM, etc …Together we can achieve food security in Africa

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