Seminar women farmers aceh strempel_150911


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Strempel A (2011) Women's farming groups in Aceh: reflections from a year as a volunteer, ACIAR Seminar Series presentation, 15 September 2011, Canberra, Australia.

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  • Women produce most of the world’s food; money goes further in the hands of women and health impacts are extended to family; programs that haven’t been designed with gender differences in mind have tended to sideline women in developing countries. If women are to be engaged and have a voice they need to be specifically targeted and to have ownership. It’s critical that men continue to support the project and the best way is to engage them somehow. Also critical that women maintain ownership of the project so what is the best role for men to play?Gender policies and committees; staff development e.g. gender training
  • Most important outcome for most interviewees; Spending time with other women on a regular basis, working productively together; Having shared aims a key success factorGroup work and collective action important for women’s initiatives – gives them a stronger voice and more bargaining power; women become strong when they enter the kebun*Social impacts can be difficult to measure or quantify but this should not mean they are left out of project evaluation; transcending social barriers
  • Some interviewees estimated their households’ veg consumption had doubled since joining the project
  • Accessing credit may be an issueFrom the FAO: Not only does the lack of secure title limit women's access to credit, it also bars them from joining farmers’ associations, especially those concerned with processing and marketing. If women had secure title to land they could invest in it rather than merely working it, and this would encourage them to adopt sustainable farming practices.
  • Seminar women farmers aceh strempel_150911

    1. 1. Presenter Anna Strempel Australian Youth Ambassador for DevelopmentTopic “Women farmers in Aceh”Date 3pm, Thursday 15 September 2011Venue Conference Room, ACIAR House, CanberraAcknowledgements Strempel A (2011) Womens farming groups in Aceh: reflections from a year as a volunteer, ACIAR Seminar Series presentation, 15 September 2011, Canberra, Australia.
    2. 2. Womens farming groups in Aceh: Reflections from a year as a volunteer Anna Strempel
    3. 3. My Assignment• Australian Youth Ambassadors for Development (AYAD) program• 9 month position (extended to 12) focusing on women’s farming groups – Needs assessment research & report – Women farmers’ forum #2 – Women in Agriculture Network workshop – Strategic planning
    4. 4. A quick look at Aceh
    5. 5. The KWT project• Began 2009 in West 3 Aceh 1 1 9• Now 25 groups, >400 women 11
    6. 6. Introducing Some Very Effective WomenIbu
    7. 7. Why focus on women?Failure to account for the Women perform 66 percent of the world’s“roles, differences and inequities” work [and] produce 50 percent of thebetween men and women poses “a food, but earn 10 percent of the incomeserious threat to the effectiveness of the and own 1 percent of the propertyagricultural development agenda” – UNICEF 2007 - World Bank’s ‘Gender and agriculture Improvements in health care, nutrition and sourcebook’ education can only be sustained with an increase in household income and greaterTraditional gender divisions of labor control by women over financial resources.often consign women farmers tosubsistence production for [household] - UNFPA 2007consumption. Policies and interventionsthat accept this as a given and assumethat commercial production is theprovince of men will miss manyopportunities to tap into thetremendous productive potential ofwomen.” - Ashby 2008
    8. 8. Needs Assessment • Interviews – KWT leaders and full groups – PPL – Organisations • Literature review
    10. 10. Social Impacts• Improving quality of life “Our whole village has been• Empowering women happier since• Healthier, happier women; the KWT was healthier, happier communities established”
    11. 11. Economic Impacts• Supplements primary income• Buying less vegies = financial savings• Financial empowerment
    12. 12. Food Security• Improving local access to fresh fruit & veg “Meeting world food needs in future will depend… on• Diversifying range of the capabilities and crops resources of women”• Improving productivity - International Food Policy Research Institute & resilience
    13. 13. Health Impacts• Improved nutrition for women & their families 38% of Acehnese children suffer stunting from malnutrition - UNICEF 2005
    14. 14. Uptake of Organic Methods• Biopesticides, organic fertilisers in use already• Chemical use seen as unhealthy, expensive• Women want to learn moreBUT• Chemical companies have a stronghold• People have become dependent
    15. 15. Building CapacityActivities to date:• Forums• Peer-to-peer learning• KWT visits• Training programs• Info dist & extension (PPL, BPTP)
    16. 16. Building CapacityLearning new skills in:• Group management & leadership• Managing finances & credit systems• Cultivation techniques incl. organic methods
    17. 17. Some things that work• Demonstration• Farming is hard work; KWT make it more enjoyable• Extension officers – the local link• Having a long-term presence• Self-driven with support where needed
    19. 19. Gender “In Africa, a donkey-drawn intercrop cultivator could halve weeding time per acre, but women lack the cash to purchase new equipment and men will not invest cash when women’s manual labor is available to them at no cost.”• Project appropriation Ashby et al 2008• Is there a role for men?• Institutional context
    20. 20. Land Tenure“If women had secure title to land theycould invest in it rather than merelyworking it, and this would encourage themto adopt sustainable farming practices.” FAO1999
    21. 21. Extension Officers• A resource with massive potential…• Challenges: – Under resourced – Need for professional development
    22. 22. WHAT NEXT FOR KWT?
    23. 23. What is needed?• Capacity building – Leadership training for KWTs and PPL – Organic/permaculture training – Post-harvest processing training – Further (more structured?) KWT visits• Increased support & agency for Nazariah• Strategic planning• Achieving independence
    24. 24. Achieving Independence• Women in Agriculture Network• Financing through microcredit• Building leadership skills• Expanding activities• Addressing gender and land tenure issues
    26. 26. Women Farmers Said…Q: Do we need a network?A: YES! We need a network because:• Groups will be more visible and more easily supported, and it will be easier to achieve our desired goals.• When we’ve formed an organisation it will be easier for us to achieve the things we want.• It will provide a platform for women farmers to learn together.
    27. 27. Women farmers can:• Share knowledge & experiences with each other Aceh Besar groups visit Mekar Jaya, Bireuen
    28. 28. Women farmers can:• Learn more about managing groups• Become stronger leaders
    29. 29. Women farmers can:• Link with helpful organisations and programs• Develop a stronger political voice
    30. 30. Network Development Workshop• 2 days• 65 attendees – KWT leaders – PPL – Academics – NGOs (ag, gender, livelihoods, permaculture) – Government (ag, health, food security)
    31. 31. Workshop Outcomes• Vision – Women Farmers of Aceh to be an independent, prosperous network with a strong bargaining position.• Mission – Establish and strengthen the capacity of each KWT district/city in Aceh – Build networks and cooperate with other parties – Improve knowledge and skills of members in the KWTs – Build social and economic independence of KWT• Links built with women leaders and supporters• Chairperson elected• Momentum
    32. 32. What next for the network?• Establishing a committee• Developing a communications strategy• Activating links developed through workshop
    33. 33. • orknews?blend=1&ob=5#p/u/0/7XMaiRONdU Y