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Food Nutrition and Safety


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Food Nutrition and Safety - Prof Judith Kimiywe, Chairperson, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics, Jomo Kenyatta University

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Food Nutrition and Safety

  1. 1. THEME: FOOD NUTRITION AND SAFETYPRESENTER:Prof. Judith KimiyweChairperson, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics,Kenyatta University , Nairobi Kenya
  2. 2. The Magnitude and Severity of the chronic malnutrition situation in Kenya• Over 10 million people in Kenya suffer from chronic food insecurity and poor nutrition.• 2-4 million people require emergency food assistance at any given time.• Nearly 30% of Kenya’s children are undernourished with 35% stunted.• Micronutrient deficiencies (iron, vitamin A, Zinc and iodine ) are widespread, with emerging rise in rickets.Impact: Sustained high rate of stunting adversely affects humancapital and economic progress0.8% GDP lost due to vitamin and mineral deficiencies (UNICEF &MI, 2004)
  3. 3. Double Burden of Malnutrition: Overweight and ObesityKenya facing increased cases of new and emerging conditionsand diseases known as non- communicable diseases (NCDs)Hypertension, Diabetes, Cancer, Cardiovascular diseases due toa rise in Overweight and Obesity (40% in women and 22% inchildren)Causes: Shift to increased consumption of highly refined foodswith added Sugars, Salts & Fats and Shift to reduced physicalactivity and sedentary lifestyleImpact: Early and premature deaths, Increased health carecosts at national and household level, No savings forinvestment and poverty circle continues
  4. 4. 1000 days- The 11 High Impact Nutrition Interventions for Kenya• Exclusive breastfeeding, • Zinc supplements for• Complementary feeding management of• Hand washing diarrhoea• Iron folate • Food fortification of local supplementation staples• Vitamin A • Prevention and treatment supplementation of malnutrition ( moderate and severe• Deworming acute forms)• Multiple micronutrient supplementation Proven cost-effective• Salt iodization interventions to reverse malnutrition trends
  5. 5. Policy Environment for Nutrition Improvement:The National Food and Nutrition Security PolicyThis policy provides a close link between food and nutritionhence key role of agriculture sectorObjectives of the NFNSP:• To achieve good nutrition for optimum health of all Kenyans.• To increase the quantity and quality of food available, accessible and affordable to all Kenyans at all times.• To protect vulnerable populations using innovative and cost- effective safety nets linked to long-term development.
  6. 6. Key priority areas for the NFNSP• Food availability and • Food and nutrition access security information• Food safety, standards • Early warning and and quality control emergency• Nutrition improvement management and nutrition security • Institutional and• School nutrition and Implementation nutrition awareness framework• School nutrition and Calls for high level nutrition awareness government commitment
  7. 7. KENYA NATIONAL NUTRITION ACTION PLAN 2012- 2017-Key Priority Areas• To improve the nutritional status of • To improve nutrition in schools, women of reproductive age (15-49 public and private institutions years) • To improve nutrition knowledge• To improve the nutritional status of attitudes and practices among children under 5 years of age the population• To reduce the prevalence of • To strengthen the nutrition micronutrient deficiencies in the surveillance, monitoring and population evaluation systems• To prevent deterioration of • To enhance evidence-based nutritional status and save lives of vulnerable groups in emergencies decision-making through research• To improve access to quality • To Strengthen coordination and curative nutrition services partnerships among the key nutrition actors• To improve prevention, management and control of diet related Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
  8. 8. Potential to achieving Nutrition GoalsGuiding Documents Guiding Principles• Kenya Vision 2030 The Constitution of Kenya• Kenya National Health 2010 Sector Strategic plan • 43 (1 ) (C) Every person• National Food and has the right to be free Nutrition Security policy from hunger and to have• National Nutrition Action adequate food of Plan acceptable quality• At global level The MDGs • 53(1) (C) Every child has and Scaling Up Nutrition the right to basic framework for action nutrition ,shelter and health care
  9. 9. Acknowledgements• Presentation is based on data contained in the DRAFT Paper on Reducing Chronic Malnutrition in Kenya: A Situation Analysis and Recommendation for a multisectoral response by;Emily Levitt Ruppert, Ziauddin Hyder, Terry Wefwafwa, Huihui Wang, John Newman• The Government of Kenya reports• The ministry of Public Health and Sanitation• The Ministry of Agriculture• Data from the development partners (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, USAID, GAIN, MI, WFP, World Vision)
  10. 10. Insert Logo Thank you