Winter Exam Review 2

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How to study for the final exam in history for the winter term. Revised slideshow to account for some typographical errors on the dates of Themistocles and Leonidas

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Winter Exam Review 2

  1. 1. Winter Term: Exam Review II 26 February 2010
  2. 2. Greek writers Homer, c. 850 BC — “Greece’s greatest Poet” wrote the Iliad and Odyssey Sophocles of Athens, d. 405 BC — Tragic playwright; wrote “Iphegenia” Thucydides of Athens, c. 410 BC — Wrote “History of the Peloponnesian War” Pindar of Thebes, d. 425 BC — The poet whose house Alexander spared
  3. 3. The Olympic Games Founded officially in 776 BC Originally a foot-race, one stade in length By 427 BC, many other sports — Races in armor and naked javelin and discus wrestling and pankration
  4. 4. Differences between Sparta and Athens, c. 500 BC Sparta Athens military oligarchy direct democracy Council of Ephors Assembly of all adult rule the city (10-12) male citizens (25,000) best army & fiercest Best navy, network of fighters in known subject states & world allies
  5. 5. Achievements of the Periclean Age, c. 475 - 425 BC* Civilian Military Parthenon & Acropolis Delian League buildings (p. 133) Statue of Athena by Navy of 300+ triremes Phidias & other ships expansion of Drama: walls around city, development of fortified road to Port comedy and tragedy of Athens *dates may not be accurate; check your readings!
  6. 6. Battles of the Persian Wars, 490 - 479 BC* Marathon Thermopylae Salamis Plataea Date 490 BC 480 BC 480 BC 479 BC Siege of town taken on land, 26 miles from On land, in straits Location on land, in mountain pass by Persians, 60 Athens off Athens miles from Athens Forces 100,000 Greeks c. 250,000 Persians vs. 600 Persian ships (defens 25,000 Persians vs. 5,000 Greeks & 300 vs. 200 Athenian (incl. 30,000 e listed 10,000 athenians Spartans) vs. Spartans ships 2nd) 200,000 Persians After the battle, Athenian Themistocles lures After the battle, it’s Main runner Pheidippides runs 5,000 Greeks leave. Spartans Persians into narrow said, every Greek took the first Marathon with the hold off Persians 3 days; die to water, counterattacks, point message: “Rejoice, we last man one slave, and killed destroys Persian fleet three prisoners. conquer” Persia Greece (primarily Victor Athens (they kill everyone, Athens Athens and so they ‘win’) Sparta) *dates may not be accurate; check your readings!
  7. 7. Events of the Peloponnesian War, 431 - 405 BC* What? You Think? I’m Going to Everything? tell you? Check your textbook: p. 137-138. Make something like the previous slide as a study guide. *dates may not be accurate; check your readings!
  8. 8. Alexander and Economics You should have an idea what to do with this topic. If you don’t, review your essay. If you didn’t write an essay... review someone else’s on the wiki.
  9. 9. Early Exam Essay Write a short, 3-paragraph description of something you learned about Greece this term, before the exam. Bring this with you to the exam. This will be your essay for the final exam.
  10. 10. Regular Exam Essay Write a short, 3-paragraph description of something you learned about Greece this term, before the exam. Bring this with you to the exam. This will be your essay for the final exam. It counts 50%, so remember! Remember!

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