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Hellenism

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A rather-longer-than-necessary slide-show on how to outline an academic essay of at least five paragraphs.

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Hellenism

  1. 1. Hellenism & How to Write an Essay 22 February 2010
  2. 2. At the end of this Week... You should be able to... plan and write a 5-paragraph essay submit that essay as part of your exam (50%) Understand how Hellenism formed Extrapolate how “fusion cultures” form
  3. 3. At the end of Today... You should be able to... plan a 5-paragraph essay write an outline of your essay understand what a “fusion culture” is
  4. 4. Hellenism Alexander’s effort to meld ancient Greek culture with Egyptian and Mesopotamian culture Continued for 400 years after Alexander’s death 322 BC to c. 50 AD Fusion Culture
  5. 5. Fusion Culture defined A culture that combines parts of two ore more societies. Examples: Sicily, America, Hellenistic-era Egypt (320 BC - 100 AD) Indicators: food, ideas, technology, culture
  6. 6. Sushi is Fusion Food Originates in one culture, Japan. But now popular among many people, all over the world. Retains some ethnic character, but adapted to suit local tastes everywhere. Image Credit http://sprott.physics.wisc.edu/pickover/pc/sushi-large.jpg
  7. 7. Skyscrapers are Fusion Culture Originates in one culture, America. But now built all over the world. Retains some original elements, but adapted to suit local tastes everywhere. Image Credit: http://images.travelpod.com/users/peteyrin/p~m-japan-06~07.1169754060.22_ads_on_skyscrapers.jpg
  8. 8. Cellphone is Fusion tech Originates in America. But 5 billion cellphones in use world-wide Retains some basic characteristics, but found in niche markets everywhere. Image credit: http://eprom.mit.edu/images/feature2.jpg
  9. 9. COmputer Games are Fusion culture Originates in America. But now popular among many people, all over the world. Retains some basic characteristics, but found in niche markets everywhere. Image Credit: http://www.roleplayinggames365.com/uploaded_images/Role-Playing-Games-365-736005.jpg
  10. 10. Academic Essay A piece of writing 5 or more paragraphs in length — correct grammar, spelling, style. Effort to persuade the reader Engaging, readable, funny, clever, interesting Detail-oriented, out to prove something
  11. 11. Academic Essay STructure Introductory ¶: statement of intent, thesis, outline of evidence. Body ¶’s... at least 3. Includes specific details in narrative form, explaining facts in chosen order. Conclusion ¶: summary of evidence, restatement of thesis
  12. 12. Hellenism & Thesis: Choose Five positions: Alexander’s goal completely achieved Alexander’s goal partly achieved Alexander’s goal mixture of success/failure Alexander’s goal partly failed Alexander’s goal failed completely
  13. 13. STep one: REad your Sources
  14. 14. Check the Book: p. 146-49
  15. 15. STep TWo: Plan your Essay’s Body
  16. 16. Check the Book: p. 146-47
  17. 17. Check the Book: p. 146-47
  18. 18. Check the Book: p. 146-47
  19. 19. Check the Book: p. 146-47
  20. 20. These tell you: “include a technology paragraph” This tells you: “include a culture paragraph” Check the Book: p. 146-47
  21. 21. This tells you: “include a culture paragraph specifically about math or philosophy” and ... Pp. 148-149
  22. 22. This tells you: “include a culture paragraph specifically about math or philosophy” and ... Pp. 148-149
  23. 23. STep Three: Write your Outline down
  24. 24. Hellenism Essay Outline ¶ 1: ¶ 2: Culture of Alexandria ¶ 3: Hellenistic Technology and/or Astronomy ¶ 4: Hellenistic Philosophy, Art, or Math ¶ 5:
  25. 25. STep Four: Flesh out your Outline
  26. 26. Extract Info: p. 146
  27. 27. Remember to include top of p. 147! Extract Info: p. 146
  28. 28. Expand the Outline ¶ 1: ¶ 2: Culture of Alexandria ¶ 3: Hellenistic Technology and/or Astronomy ¶ 4: Hellenistic Philosophy, Art, or Math ¶ 5:
  29. 29. Expand the Outline ¶ 1: ¶ 2: Culture of Alexandria ¶ 3: Hellenistic Technology and/or Astronomy ¶ 4: Hellenistic Philosophy, Art, or Math
  30. 30. Expand the Outline ¶ 1: ¶ 2: Culture of Alexandria Mix of Persian, Indian, Egyptian, Greek Trade network spanning the world (like New York!) Tourism : Alexander’s Tomb, art museum, Library Koine Greek as a common language Restaurants, harbor, lighthouse, art galleries, zoo! ¶ 3: Hellenistic Technology and/or Astronomy ¶ 4: Hellenistic Philosophy, Art, or Math
  31. 31. Expand the Outline ¶ 1: ¶ 2: Culture of Alexandria ¶ 3: Hellenistic Technology and/or Astronomy ¶ 4: Hellenistic Philosophy, Art, or Math ¶ 5:
  32. 32. Expand the Outline ¶ 1: ¶ 2: Culture of Alexandria ¶ 3: Hellenistic Technology and/or Astronomy ¶ 4: Hellenistic Philosophy, Art, or Math
  33. 33. Expand the Outline ¶ 1: ¶ 2: Culture of Alexandria Mix of Persian, Indian, Egyptian, Greek Trade network spanning the world (like New York!) Tourism : Alexander’s Tomb, art museum, Library Koine Greek as a common language Restaurants, harbor, lighthouse, art galleries, zoo! ¶ 3: Hellenistic Technology and/or Astronomy ¶ 4: Hellenistic Philosophy, Art, or Math
  34. 34. Repeat PRocess: p. 147
  35. 35. Repeat PRocess: p. 147
  36. 36. Repeat PRocess: p. 147
  37. 37. Repeat PRocess: p. 147
  38. 38. include top of p. 148! Repeat PRocess: p. 147
  39. 39. include top of p. 148! Repeat PRocess: p. 147
  40. 40. include top of p. 148! Repeat PRocess: p. 147
  41. 41. include top of p. 148! Repeat PRocess: p. 147
  42. 42. Expand the Outline ¶ 1: ¶ 2: Culture of Alexandria ¶ 3: Hellenistic Technology and/or Astronomy ¶ 4: Hellenistic Philosophy, Art, or Math ¶ 5:
  43. 43. Expand the Outline ¶ 1: ¶ 2: Culture of Alexandria ¶ 3: Hellenistic Technology and/or Astronomy ¶ 4: Hellenistic Philosophy, Art, or Math
  44. 44. Expand the Outline ¶ 1: ¶ 2: Culture of Alexandria ¶ 3: Hellenistic Technology and/or Astronomy Astronomers and other scientists Aristarchus, Ptolemy, Eratosthenes Mathematics: Euclid, Archimedes estimating π, Archimedes Screw, compound pulley ¶ 4: Hellenistic Philosophy, Art, or Math
  45. 45. Research Terms ¶ 1: ¶ 2: Culture of Alexandria ¶ 3: Hellenistic Technology and/or Astronomy Astronomers and other scientists Aristarchus, Ptolemy, Eratosthenes Mathematics: Euclid, Archimedes estimating π, Archimedes Screw, compound pulley ¶ 4: Hellenistic Philosophy, Art, or Math
  46. 46. Compound Pulley: fusion Tech Archimedes takes two existing technologies — rope and wheels — and combines them. The resulting technology makes it possible for him to lift 10-ton ships clear out of the water, one- handed! Image Credit: http://www.rescueresponse.com/store/media/newsletter/techtips/pulley_sys_defs_04.gif
  47. 47. Archimedes Screw: fusion Tech Archimedes takes two existing technologies — rope and wheels — and combines them. The resulting technology makes it possible for him to lift 10-ton ships clear out of the water, one- handed! Image Credit: http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/images/wsci_04_img0459.jpg
  48. 48. STep Six: Outline Paragraph 4 using same process as for 2 & 3
  49. 49. STep Seven: Outline Start & End ¶
  50. 50. COmplete Outline ¶ 1: Alexandria a fusion city Tech a combo of Egyptian & Greek astronomy & math etc. etc. ¶ 2: Culture of Alexandria Mix of Persian, Indian, Egyptian, Greek Trade network spanning the world (like New York!)
  51. 51. STep Eight: Write a Thesis statement
  52. 52. COmplete Outline ¶ 1: Thesis: Alexander’s goal was/wasn’t achieved, and Hellenism was/wasn’t a fusion culture. Alexandria a fusion city Tech a combo of Egyptian & Greek astronomy & math etc. etc. ¶ 2: Culture of Alexandria Mix of Persian, Indian, Egyptian, Greek
  53. 53. STep Nine: Write ¶s 2-5 according to your outline
  54. 54. STep Ten: Ask friends to read your essay, make corrections. then turn it in on Exam Day

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