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Ssop workshop 08 may 2013 ioc unesco


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Ssop workshop 08 may 2013 ioc unesco

  1. 1. ESCAP/WMO Typhoon CommitteeWMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical CyclonesWorkshop on Synergised Standard OperatingProcedures for Coastal Multi-hazards Early WarningSystemStandard Operating Procedures for Tsunami Warningand Emergency Response in the Indian Ocean andSoutheast Asia RegionUN Conference Centre, Bangkok8-9 May 2013Tony Elliott, Head of ICG/IOTWS SecretariatIOC UNESCO
  2. 2. 26 December 2004• c.230,000 Dead – Nations of the region react• 2 international coordination meetings in early 2005• IOC invited to lead TWS establishment• ICG/IOTWS established by IOC Assembly, July 200511 countries~230,000 deaths1 million displaced
  3. 3. Global Network of TWS
  4. 4. End-to-End Tsunami Warning SystemsUpstream• Detection, verification, threatevaluation, tsunami forecast,warning disseminationDownstream• Delivery of public safety message.• Initiate national counter-measures• Prepare and implement standardised reactionGoal is to have the same quality every time
  5. 5. NOCoastal StationsSeismic NetworkDeep Ocean StationsGlobalTelecommunicationSystemsSirensE-mailCell Phonesmore…YESLIVESSAVEDHazard Detection Threat Evaluation Alert Dissemination Preparedness& Forecast Alert Formulation Public Safety Msg & ResponseRegional National LocalTHREAT?Sea Level NetworkWarning CentresTraditionalNOCoastal StationsSeismic NetworkDeep Ocean StationsGlobalTelecommunicationSystemsSirensE-mailCell Phonesmore…YESLIVESSAVEDHazard Detection Threat Evaluation Alert Dissemination Preparedness& Forecast Alert Formulation Public Safety Msg & ResponseRegional National LocalTHREAT?THREAT?Sea Level NetworkWarning CentresTraditional
  6. 6. What to Consider• Tsunami Warning Centre: – Coordination and information flow (type, content,timeline) with NDMO– Iterative process (warning, update, cancellation)• Tsunami Emergency Response: – NDMO/EOC receipt, interpret, decide, notify– Notify Responders, Decision-makers, Public– Recommend Public Safety Action– Implement / coordinate Action– Inform on ‘All-Clear’ for safe return– Initiate Search-and-Rescue, etc.
  7. 7. What are SOPs?• Set of written instructions for routine/repetitiveorganization activities. Procedure followed inan emergency.• Detail work processes conducted/followedwithin organization.• Document way activities performed forconsistent conformance to systemrequirements and organisation’s mission.
  8. 8. SOP Working Definition“ A description and procedure onagreed steps by institutions usedin coordinating who, what, when,where and how for tsunami earlywarning and response”From Indonesia Local SOP Workshops: Capacity Building for Developmentof Local SOPs for Tsunami Early Warning and Response. 2006-2007
  9. 9. AustraliaMauritiusLa ReunionMadagascarSouth AfricaMozambiqueComorosTanzaniaKenyaSomaliaDjiboutiYemenOmanUAEIran PakistanIndiaSeychellesMaldives Sri LankaBangladeshMyanmarThailandMalaysiaIndonesiaTimor LesteSingaporeBritish IndianOcean TerritoriesICG/IOTWSRTSP Tsunami Advisoriesfor the Indian Ocean10
  10. 10. IOTWS Key Stakeholders• Regional Tsunami Service Providers(RTSPs)• National Tsunami Warning Centres(NTWCs)• (National)Disaster Management Offices(DMO)/Local Authorities• Emergency Services• Media• Public
  11. 11. Role of RTSPs• Regional Monitoring & Detection (24/7)• International collation/sharing of data• Issue Regional Alerts to National WarningCentres• Cancel Regional Alerts
  12. 12. Role of NTWCs• Local (Country specific) Monitoring &Detection (24/7)• Receive RTSP Alerts• Assessment of information-determine localthreat• Issue National Warnings to DMO’s, media& agencies• Cancel National Warnings
  13. 13. Role of DMOs• Receive National Warnings from NTWC• Activate local public alert systems asappropriate• Decide & Manage Evacuations• Communicate ‘All Clear’• Signage• Public Education
  14. 14. Role of Emergency Services• Support DMO/Local Authorities with– Public alerting– Evacuation– Law & Order– Response after tsunami has struck
  15. 15. Role of Media• Convey Official Warnings (National &Local)But also:• Convey Unofficial WarningsTherefore:• Can cause or counter public response
  16. 16. The Public• End receiver of warnings• Convey Official and Unofficial Warnings• Therefore must understand:– Official Warnings (how will they bewarned)– Natural Warnings (what to look out for)– Evacuation zones, routes & Safe zones– How to respond where evacuationzones are not defined
  17. 17. INTERNATIONALPUBLICMEDIAAuthorizedInstitutionsNTWCOfficial Warning to the PublicPublic mustunderstand:– How will theybe warned– How to reactand respond– Where to go(evacuationzones, routes& Safe zones)
  18. 18. SOPs are coherentNTWC SOPDMO SOPEVACUATION SOPSTANDARDS:SignageNotificationEvac ZonesNaturalWarningsRTSP SOPRTSP SOP
  19. 19. Warning Chain…..National Tsunami Warning CentersCommunity at RiskNational and Local Authorities(NDMO, PDMO, DDMO, Local Government andDecision Makers)Data AnalysisThreat EvaluationAdvisory BulletinsInterpretationDecisionDisseminationInterpretationResponse and ActionEvacuateWarningWarning and GuidanceTIMELINERegional Tsunami Service ProvidersExchange BulletinsData AnalysisDecisionWarning Messages
  20. 20. End-End SOP LinkageRTSP Detection &Notification SOPNTWC Receipt,Assessment &Notification SOPDMO Receipt &Notification SOPsEvacuation SOPsPublic AwarenessStandards for:SignageEvac ZonesMessages forNatural Warnings
  21. 21. Coordination
  22. 22. Conclusions• SOPs are the foundation of effective, reliablewarning systems• All warning systems require SOPs, but fortsunami, rapid evaluation, warning and responseis essential to save lives• In an end-to-end system, communications linksbetween stakeholders must be robust or warningchain will be broken• SOPs should be developed, practiced andmodified as necessary – a “living document”