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Au Psy492 M7 A2 Presnt Duncan O.Doc


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Au Psy492 M7 A2 Presnt Duncan O.Doc

  1. 1. Okono Duncan PSY492 – Advance General Psychology M6 – Assignment 3 Instructor: Dube August 14, 2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>To understand the term co-occurring disorders </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure that people are aware of Co-occurring Mental Illness and Substance Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Common Disorders that Co-occur with Substance Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the possible causes and consequences of Co-occurring Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure proper assessment and treatment approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers to effective treatment for Co-occurring Disorders </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Individuals who have two separate, but interrelated diagnosis, DRA (2009). </li></ul><ul><li>A mental disorder that co-exists with alcohol and/or substance abuse (NIH). </li></ul><ul><li>An individual who simultaneously has mental illness and abuses alcohol and other substances </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>50% of individual with severe mental illness also have substance abuse problems </li></ul><ul><li>37% of alcohol abusers and 53% of drug abusers also have at least one mental illness </li></ul><ul><li>Of all individuals diagnosed with mental, 29% abuse either drugs or alcohol </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Mood Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Major Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Bipolar Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety Related Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) </li></ul><ul><li>Obsessive - Compulsive Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Generalized Anxiety Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Panic Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Severe mental Illness </li></ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia </li></ul><ul><li>Schizoaffective Disorder </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Depression and Bipolar Disorder are common mood disorders that affect many people and signs and symptoms include but not limited to (Grella, 2003): </li></ul><ul><li>A depressed mood </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of interest in hobbies </li></ul><ul><li>An excessive sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to concentrate </li></ul><ul><li>Suicidal thoughts </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Psychiatric disorders such as depression and bipolar disorder can lead to dependence on alcohol and other drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Psychiatric symptoms often mimic symptoms of substance abuse (depression, mania, invincibility, impaired thinking, low self-esteem, etc..) </li></ul><ul><li>People tend to self medicate to alleviate the symptoms of their disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Substance abuse usually worsen mental illness </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>There are many consequences of co-occurring disorders (Perron, B. E., Bunger, A., Bender, K., Vaughn, M. G., & Howard, M. O. (2010): </li></ul><ul><li>Increase risk for violence </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to comply with medication </li></ul><ul><li>Experience frequent episodes of psychosis </li></ul><ul><li>More likely to end up in jail or homeless </li></ul><ul><li>Unsuccessful treatment outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>The presents of substance abuse and mental illness is often unrecognizable </li></ul><ul><li>Family problems </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>A multiservice approach is absolutely necessary to ensure the cycle does not continue. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated treatment will enable recovery, improve health, and alleviate some of the stress on family. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher chance of both disorders being recognized </li></ul><ul><li>Individual can be able to get housing, jobs, develop social skills, as well as learn techniques that will help them to stay away from drugs and understand their disorder </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Effective treatment include treatment for both disorders and by the same professional in an integrated approach </li></ul><ul><li>Psycho educational classes </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency within treatment model with no division between the two. </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive and behavioral counseling in group setting, individual, family therapy or a combination of all. </li></ul><ul><li>Support Groups (AA, 12 –step, etc.)Social networks that encourage healing should be reinforced </li></ul><ul><li>Clients should learn how to be aware of triggers that may lead them back to an unhealthy lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural sensitivity – services that is tailored towards African American (homelessness, and single mothers) </li></ul><ul><li>Relapse prevention </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Young, N. K., & Grella, C. E. (1998). Mental health and substance abuse treatment services for dually diagnosed clients: Results of a Statewide Survey of County Administrators. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research , 25(1), 83. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard Mental Health Letter (2003). Dual Diagnosis: Part I. SIRS Researcher. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard Mental Health Letter (2003). Dual Diagnosis: Part II. SIRS Researcher. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Mayo Clinic Health Letter (1998). Depression. Retrieved from SIRS Researchers. </li></ul><ul><li>Minkoff, K. (2006). A Review of: “Treating Co-Occurring Disorders: A Handbook for Mental Health and Substance Abuse Professionals”. American Journal on Addictions, 15(5), 407-408. </li></ul><ul><li>Grella, C. E. (2003). Contrasting the Views of Substance Misuse and Mental Health Treatment Providers on Treating the Dually Diagnosed#. Substance Use & Misuse , 38(10), 1433-1446. Retrieved from EBSCO host . </li></ul>