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OB MODULE 1.pptx

Organization Behaviour Module

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ORGANISATIONAL
BEHAVIOUR
Introduction
Organization
Organisation is any organized group of people with a particular
purpose, such as a business or government department.
Organizational Behaviour
It is the study and application of knowledge about how people,
individuals, and group act in an organisation.
• It is also the study of the way how people interact with groups.
DEFINITION
According to Callahan “OB is a branch of management concerned with
understanding, predicting and influencing individual behaviour in
organization setting
KEY ELEMENTS OF OB
There are basically 4 key elements that deals with the organization
behaviour.
• People
• Structure
• Technology
• Environment
People
• Integral part of the organization
• Individual, groups and large groups
• Dominant role in achieving the organizational objectives.
Stucture
• Defines official relationship of people in an organization
• Managers, accountants, workers and labours of different
departments etc.
• Power and obligations.
Technology
• Technology for transforming inputs and outputs.
• Physical objects, software, automation and all other productive
components.
Environment
• Organisation always works on an external environment.
• It influences the attitudes of people, working conditions etc
• Individual organization like school, factory cannot escape from this
external environment
• Different interaction allow the organisation to get raw materials, hire
employees, secure capital, obtain knowledge skills, lease of buy
facilities etc

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OB MODULE 1.pptx

  • 2. Introduction Organization Organisation is any organized group of people with a particular purpose, such as a business or government department. Organizational Behaviour It is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and group act in an organisation. • It is also the study of the way how people interact with groups.
  • 3. DEFINITION According to Callahan “OB is a branch of management concerned with understanding, predicting and influencing individual behaviour in organization setting
  • 4. KEY ELEMENTS OF OB There are basically 4 key elements that deals with the organization behaviour. • People • Structure • Technology • Environment
  • 5. People • Integral part of the organization • Individual, groups and large groups • Dominant role in achieving the organizational objectives. Stucture • Defines official relationship of people in an organization • Managers, accountants, workers and labours of different departments etc. • Power and obligations.
  • 6. Technology • Technology for transforming inputs and outputs. • Physical objects, software, automation and all other productive components. Environment • Organisation always works on an external environment. • It influences the attitudes of people, working conditions etc • Individual organization like school, factory cannot escape from this external environment • Different interaction allow the organisation to get raw materials, hire employees, secure capital, obtain knowledge skills, lease of buy facilities etc
  • 7. Needs of Organisation Behaviour 1. Provides a sound working environment 2. Helps in creating effective leaders 3. Improves interpersonal relations 4. Maintains cordial industrial relation 5. Improves motivation and communication 6. Always helps in creating a better climate in an organisation. 7. Optimum and better utilisation of resources 8. Skill improvement. 9. Assist in controlling and directing behaviour
  • 8. MODELS OF OB MODELS AUTOCRATIC MODEL CUSTODIAL MODEL SUPPORTIVE MODEL COLLEGIAL MODEL
  • 9. Autocratic Model • Manager has power of command • Employees are required to follow the rules without commenting on it • Psychological motive is to increase the dependence of their boss
  • 10. Features of Autocratic Model • Management decides right or wrong • Power Based • Formal by nature • Obedient orientation • Dependent on boss
  • 11. Limitation of Autocratic Model • Dependency • Low employee morale • Poor decision making • Afraid to tell opinion • Poor work life
  • 12. Custodial Model • Better employee satisfaction and security • Welfare focused • Organisation dependency • Economic rewards and benefits makes employees happy
  • 13. Features of Custodial Model • Resource based • Focuses employee security • Employee dependency on organisation • Focus on rewards and benefits
  • 14. Supportive model • Leadership • Better climate in work life • Increased motivation • Focuses on employee performance • Participation • Better Involvement
  • 15. Features of Supportive Model • Based on Leadership • Leader support employees • Increases participation • Strongly motivated employees
  • 16. Collegial Model • Team Building • Working with the management • Equal participation in organization goal • Responsibility • Degree of fulfilment • Self discipline
  • 17. Features of Collegial Model • Based on employee cooperation • Focuses teamwork • Employees feel responsible • Satisfaction of employees
  • 18. Benefits of Studying OB • Understand human behaviour • Assist in controlling and directing behaviour • Explain the use of power and obligation • Understanding leadership • Evaluates communication process • Understanding organisational climate