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ABB Contact 2/13 Southern Gulf & Pakistan- Grid Reliability


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ABB's expertise in power transmission systems and electrical optimization,grid reliability and blackout prevention offer sustainable solutions to the challenges of today, and tomorrow. From Flexible Alternate Current Transmission systems that enhance the security, capactity and flexibility of power transmission networks to HVDC power superhighways , there are comparatively inexpensive and faster ways to provide more power and control in existing networks.

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ABB Contact 2/13 Southern Gulf & Pakistan- Grid Reliability

  1. 1. The customer magazineof ABB in India,Middle East & Africa2|13contactSmart electricity 06The evolution of smart grid technologiesImproving grid reliability at Dubai airport 13Existing SCADA monitoring system to be extended inUAE’s largest airport and major global aviation hubShaping a reliable andsmarter grid
  2. 2. 2 contact 2|13Smart electricityThe evolution of smart grid technologies06 10 Making of a metropolitan gridFACTS technologies help US power companysave 1 million MWh energy a yearContact 2| 13 • Customer news magazine from ABB • copyright 2013 • web: • email: • Publisher: ABB Group• Layout: Shilahar Associates, Bangalore, Indiacontact Dear friends,Reliable electricity is imperative in today’sworld to enable day-to-day householdtasks and keep vital transport systemsand businesses alive. A world withoutreliable power would be extremelycostly, inconvenient and present manyundesirable knock-on effects.As the worlds biggest manufacturerof power transmission and distributionequipment, ABB’s solutions enhancegrid reliability and support the systemsthat keep our world running.There is a need to balance our region’sappetite for power, which is increasingeach year, along with concern for theenvironment and the need to bring morerenewable energy sources online.The traditional grid is under increasingpressure to cope, while transmissionsystem operators must adapt andenhance the flexibility of their grids toimprove capacity and accommodate thepower markets’ demands.ABB is built on 120 years of expertise inpower transmission systems, electricaloptimization, grid reliability and blackoutprevention – offering sustainablesolutions for the challenges of today andtomorrow.ABB is taking the lead in helping to meetthe growing demands on the electricitygrid through the latest technologicalbreakthroughs, project management andthe upgrading, optimization and servicingof existing installations.Enjoy the read!Best regards,Carlos Pone2|13Carlos PoneChief Executive OfficerABB in Southern Gulf and Pakistan
  3. 3. 3contact 2|13News04 HVDC subsea power transmission link in Finland High-end smart grid technology highlighted in Qatar05 Hotline launched to improve service Transforming the urban landscapeGrid reliability11 Ensuring availability and quality of electricity in Oman Solutions to improve network transparency and the efficiency of power systems.12 Caprivi Link Interconnector A 350 kV HVDC Light®system stabilizes two weak networks in Namibia13 Improving grid reliability at Dubai International Airport Existing SCADA system extended for full supervision15 Improving Saudi rail network’s power supply FACTS solutions enhance reliability of transmission grid feeding major railway interconnectionsFor a better world16 DC data center wins energy efficiencyawardZurich-West data center gets prestigious Wattd’Or from Swiss government18 Leading technology to bring drinking waterto millionsEnergy-efficient RO technology solution for thewold’s largest seawater desalination plant inAlgeriaProduct news20 Raising the bar in electrical efficiency Custom-built devices and measurementunits optimize the availability and reliability ofelectrical systemsClose up22 Powering Indias super grid 1200 kV transformer for Bina test station14 Service solutions discussed at Bahrain seminarTime and condition-based maintenance saves energy and reducesCO2emissions19Service contract fromStar CruisesABB to extendequipment life onboardSuperStar VirgoContents
  4. 4. 4 contact 2|13High-end smart grid technologyhighlighted in QatarNewsA range of products and technologiesthat boost grid reliability and provide theelectrical infrastructure for smart grids wentunder the spotlight at the fourth GeneralConference of the Arab Union of Electricityand exhibition in Qatar. Equipment displayed included circuitbreakers, the Tropos wireless connectionand an oil-type transformer. The IntelligentElectronic Devices (IEDs) for distributionautomation and grid automation werealso part of our portfolio. ABB’s UniGearMotor Control Centers (MCC) on displayprovided a key talking point. The smart grid is the future forelectrical systems and set to provide moreelectricity to meet increasing demands.The technology will increase reliability andquality of power supplies, increase energyefficiency and integrate low carbon energysources into power networks. A number ofinitiatives are ongoing around the world toimprove the performance of the electricalsystem and we have many products tosupport them.For more subsea powertransmission link in FinlandWith an order worth around $130 millionfrom Kraftnät Åland AB, we are to supplya new high-voltage direct current (HVDC)power transmission link, capable oftransmitting 100 megawatts (MW) ofelectricity with minimum losses across adistance of 158 kilometers between theFinnish mainland and Åland archipelago,an autonomous Finnish province at theentrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in theBaltic Sea. Åland presently receives its powerthrough an alternating current (AC) cablefrom Sweden and local renewable sources.The existing fossil-fueled power generationbackup facility will be closed down oncethe new link is in operation. The HVDCLight® link will enhance the contributionof renewables to the grid and help Finlandreach its emission reduction targets. The HVDC system incorporates specialfeatures such as active AC voltage support,providing greater network stability andthe unique ‘black-start’ capability, whichprovides faster grid restoration in the eventof a blackout. The system is DC grid-enabled, ie, prepared for a multi-terminalconfiguration, which allows for additionalinfeed from stations, such as future windpower plants.For more information:
  5. 5. 5contact 2|13In brief NewsEnhancedmaintenanceservicesABB’s on-site maintenanceand repair capability offerspeace of mind and extensiveparts availability to get you upand running fast. Preventativemaintenance and total carepackages are offered alongsideinstallation, configuration andcommissioning to ensurecustomers get the most from theirnew equipment.Watersustainabilityfor futuregenerations atEmirati-SwissforumABB joined forces at the thirdEmirati-Swiss Friendship Forum(ESFF) to tackle one of the greatestchallenges faced by the world –water sustainability. We highlightedtechnology and connected with thenext generation through universityseminars and workshops.Gian-Francesco Imperiali, Headof ABB’s Water Sector Initiative,spoke about factors affecting thepower and water industry suchas green technologies, climatechange, digital information andglobal megatrends.Transforming the urbanlandscapeHotline launched toimprove serviceA free phone number, 800 CALL ABB(800 2255 222) has been launched in theUAE to help customers quickly resolveservice issues. The number will cater for basicproduct inquiries right through to plantbreakdown emergencies. All customersand prospective customers can ring thenumber for information about ABB andour products. Toni Turkama, India, Middle Eastand Africa (IMA) region service managersaid, “This single point of contact willcreate a more efficient customer contactmanagement system and enable us tobe competitive in the service market. 800CALL ABB demonstrates our commitmentto service, which is high on the strategicagenda of our company.” Customers can call 24 hours a day,seven days a week and will be put throughto one of our highly experienced serviceengineers, when they need them most.From there, ABB will organize a solution tothe problem, for instance, send emergencyservice engineers out to existing customersor arrange a client meeting. This new number is set to simplify theservice process and create a more seamlessapproach to helping our customers –making it easier to do business with ABB.For more information: increasing awareness of the need forenergy-efficient, green buildings in Indiaprovides a window of opportunity for ABB’si-bus® building control solution that hastransformed many buildings across theworld, improving comfort and security, whilesignificantly reducing energy consumptionand improving overall efficiency. Our solutions can be used for all typesof buildings – from large, commercialprojects to residential housing. Some ofour landmark projects in India includethe new International Terminal 3, at theIndira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi,the ONGC Building, Mumbai, projects forconstruction majors, resorts in Pune, hotelsand the Intuit Software Park in Bangalore. In recognition of the India KNX team’scontribution to transforming the Indianurban landscape Confederation of IndianIndustries (CII) and the Indian GreenBuilding Council (IGBC) in Hyderabad,presented ABB an award for intelligentbuilding controls. Sudhansu Rath, Manager of ABBsKNX – Intelligent Building Controls, Indiansubcontinent said, “We are going beyondjust landmark projects now, towardsbuilding a low-carbon economy.”For more information:
  6. 6. 6 contact 2|13Grid reliabilitySmartelectricityThe complex challenges of deliveringthe growing demand for power, as wellas providing a stable and sustainablesupply of electricity is driving theevolution of smart grid technologies.There is hardly any process inindustry or any application in lifethat does not use electricity, somuch so, we take reliable powerfor granted. The demand for electricity isgrowing faster than any other form of energy– most notably in rapidly industrializingcountries, such as China and India, andeven momentary power disruptions causehuge economic losses. A sobering fact today is that coalfuels more than 40 percent of the world’selectric supply. To increase generationand at the same time, lower environmentalimpact, new solutions are needed alongthe electrical value chain. Transmission,distribution and consumption of electricalenergy must become more efficient. As itstands, inefficiencies along the whole valuechain lead to around 80 percent losses –from primary energy sources to the usefulconsumption of electricity. Although renewable energy generationis growing fast, the proportion in theoverall energy mix is still quite small andposes additional challenges: not least –availability, highlighting the need for efficientand reliable energy storage systems tocoordinate available sources of power. Tointegrate the growing amount of renewableenergy generation, and at the same timesignificantly improve efficiency along thevalue chain, requires massive changes inthe whole electrical system, in the way itshould be structured and operated.Smart Grids The future electrical system (or smartgrid), must be designed to meet four majorrequirements across the globe:– Capacity– Reliability– Efficiency– SustainabilityTo cope with what the International EnergyAgency foresees as the addition of 1 GWpower plant and related grid infrastructureevery week for the next 20 years, the futureelectric system must handle the capacityincrease in an economic way. The larger the amount of electricitytransported the closer the system willoperate to its stability limit. Yet blackoutsor even smaller disturbances are becomingincreasingly unacceptable. A 2005 Berkleylab study reported that unreliable electricalsystems cost the US $80 billion annually.If an electrical system can safely handleFACTS solutions for improved grid reliability
  7. 7. 7contact 2|13Grid reliabilityand stabilize grid disturbances, then thatsystem will require fewer generating plantsavailable in reserve. This means loweremissions. Projections by the International EnergyAgency show that using energy moreefficiently has a greater potential to curbCO2emissions over the next 20 years thanall the other options put together. The reluctance to invest in energyefficiency is surprising. Investmentscan usually be recouped through lowerenergy costs in less than two years, andunder other circumstances, businesseswould normally leap at such prospectsof rapid returns. A major obstacle is alack of knowledge in private households,companies, or public authorities concerningenergy-efficient equipment. This challengeis further compounded by the variety ofavailable options. Another obstacle is a lack of incentives.Why should a landlord invest in energyefficiency if the tenant will reap the benefits?Why should a purchasing manager spendmore of his budget on efficient equipmentif the savings all go to the department thatpays the electricity? Efficient and reliable energy-efficientsolutions are rarely replicable. Variable-A smart grid is an evolving networkof new technologies, equipment, andcontrols that work together to respondimmediately to our 21stcenturydemand for reliable, efficient andsustainable electricity.
  8. 8. 8 contact 2|13Grid reliabilityPower electronics help grids evolve into moreintelligent and environmentally friendly networksspeed drives, which raise the efficiency ofelectric motors, sit in plain metal boxes,belying the fact that their energy savingpotential is many times greater than themuch touted compact fluorescent lightbulb. The drive systems installed by ABBalone save as much as 170 million metrictons of CO2every year globally. Thiscorresponds to 20 percent of all emissionsin Germany. The European Union took an importantstep in June 2009 when it set efficiencystandards for most of the electric motorsused in industrial applications. The movewas barely noticed, yet it is expected tosave 135 billion kilowatt-hours per yearby 2020. That is three times more thanthe savings expected from phasing outincandescent light bulbs in the Europeanregion and equals more than Sweden’stotal electric power consumption (whichin 2007 amounted to 132 billion kWh).Sustainability Generating electricity with solar,wind, wave or geothermal energy iswithout doubt a powerful way to avoidCO2emissions. There is hope that withimproving technology, better conversionefficiency and lower production costs, thecontribution of such sources to the futureenergy mix will increase. Hydropower is the traditional CO2-freesource of electrical energy and accordingto the IEA this will continue to be the casefor the next 20 years. Generating electricityin this way is one task; the other equallyimportant requirement is to connect it tothe electrical grid. Huge distances haveto be bridged to carry electrical powerfrom hydropower plants to the centers ofconsumption. In China, for example, bulkpower is being transported more than2,000 km with low transmission losses. Intermittent wind-power generators poseanother challenge to grid stability and theneed for additional reserves, but adequatetechnology is also required to connectthem from remote places far offshore. Efficient and reliable energy storage willultimately help to overcome the issues ofintermittency and HVDC cable technologyis the way to cross the sea. The final influence, however, is the endconsumer who decides how much and inwhich way he wants to consume energy.At the present energy costs and in viewof the difference between high and lowtariffs, the incentives to save energy oruse it at times of lower cost are limited. Technology could provide greatertransparency regarding consumption atany moment in time and its associated costto the consumer. The resulting demand/response relationship between generatorsand consumers makes a further contributionto the reduction of the required generatingreserve. ABB has the full portfolio of products,systems and services to further improve anddevelop the electrical system. Wide areacontrol systems, flexible AC transmissionsystems, substation control, HVDCsystems, cable connections, distributioncontrol and low-voltage systems addressthe grid. Drive systems, efficient devicesand a broad application of process controltechnologies help to increase the efficiencyin industrial and commercial applications.Building automation and control is anotherarea with energy saving potential servedby us. ABB meters and the connectedcommunication technology that facilitatesdemand-response interactions and the
  9. 9. 9contact 2|13Grid reliabilityWhat do we really mean by gridreliability and why is it important?A grid has to operate 24/7, all365 days of the year. Whatever ittakes to make this happen is what wemean by grid reliability. Redundancyis designed into a transmission gridto handle outages through parallelpaths, the design criteria – n-1 meansthe grid can withstand loss of onetransmission line of a certain powerrating.What are the key elements that canfacilitate grid reliability?The most important factor isthe generation mix. Integratingintermittent power from renewablesincreases the risk of destabilizing thegrid. Depending on the percentageof renewables, it is much morecomplicated now to plan powergeneration and indirectly, gridreliability.Another crucial element is thetransmission network capacity. InIndia there is an increasing demandfor high-voltage direct current (HVDC)lines for transmission of bulk powerover long distances with fewerconversion and transmission losses.What are blackouts and how arethey connected to grid reliability?Blackouts can be caused by ashort circuit, damage to transmissionlines or by overloading the electricitymains. Quite often they happen whenImportance ofreliability in gridoperationsInterviewthere is a miscommunication betweencontrol centers.To prevent blackouts,functionalities have been addedto strengthen the traditional grid.Substation automation and protectionsystems safeguard human lifeand machines, allowing operatorsto remotely control and monitorswitching for an entire region. InKarnataka alone, our systems monitorand control 1,317 main transmissionand distribution substations spreadacross the state.What does ABB have to offer tohelp enhance grid reliability?Everything – except powergeneration equipment. ABB hasseveral solutions from productionplanning software to addingtransmission capacity through flexiblealternating current transmissionsystems (FACTS). In India, FACTScan help stabilize the grid, reducelosses in long AC lines and filter outdisturbances.Could you shed some light onthis area from a broader regionperspective?There is a lot of interest in solarin Africa, the Middle East and India.The hot climate is a better fit as peakhours coincide with peak generation,simplifying the addition of renewablesto the grid.Even so, every time generationClaes Rytoft, head of technology for thePower Systems division of ABB tells us howtechnology can prevent blackouts and createreliable energy networks.capacity is added, there are someproblems with transmission capacity.The focus on solar has addedcomplexity to keeping grids stable.Energy storage, still at the pilot projectstage, is complicated and expensiveand not an option in the short term.When commercially viable energystorage technology is developed, itwill change the way grids are built.Could you tell us about some of thelatest technology advances in thisarea? ABB’s hybrid HVDC breaker comesright at the top. The ability to interruptdirect current makes it possible to joinHVDC transmission lines to form aresilient power grid that could providean efficient way to transmit powerfrom widely distributed sources ofrenewable energy.Our Ventyx Network Manager SCADA/EMS is a key component for poweringsmart grids, enabling power utilities tocontrol and manage complex energysystems, reduce operation costs andensure cyber security.Smart meters allow real-time usagemonitoring through new wireless,digital technology that anchors next-generation grids. But, so far there hasbeen no broad-scale to operate energy markets is inuse in many locations worldwide. ABB is committed to lead furtherdevelopment of smart electricity, providingefficient power for a sustainable world.For more
  10. 10. 10 contact 2|13Grid reliabilityMaking of a metropolitanpower gridThe energy-efficient solutionusing ABBs FACTS technologyenables Texas-based electricutility, Oncor, to increase thecapacity, secure the reliability and improvethe energy efficiency of its power networkin north Texas and the Dallas-Fort Worthmetropolitan area. Oncor is the largest power transmissionand distribution company in Texas, servingsome three million homes and businesses,including most of Dallas-Fort Worth, thefourth largest metropolitan area in theUnited States with a combined populationof 6.5 million. The solution has also earned Oncor thestate’s highest award for environmentalexcellence from the Texas Commissionon Environmental Quality. According to the commission, whichmade the award in April 2010, the solutioneliminates the need to generate anestimated 563 hours of peak-load electricityand saves almost one million megawatt-hours of energy and associated greenhousegas emissions a year. The solution encompasses the world’slargest and fastest-acting concentrationof static var compensators (SVC), whichreact in just 20 milliseconds whenevervoltage fluctuations threaten to destabilizethe grid. Voltage fluctuations are usually causedby increased demand for electricity duringpeak periods. But in Dallas-Fort Worth,other long-term stress factors are alsoinvolved: consistent year-on-year growthin demand, the recent retirement of severallocal power plants, and the increasingamount of wind power and remote powergeneration in the Texas energy mix.Integrating renewable energy The SVCs enable Oncor to integraterenewable energy and reduce itsdependence on locally generated fossil-fueled power, thereby reducing greenhousegas emissions and improving theenvironment in the Dallas-Fort Worth area. The SVCs have been operating at theAn award-winning ABB solution is helping a US power company save almost onemillion megawatt-hours of energy and associated CO2emissions a year.Parkdale substation in Dallas since June2009. In the first 10 months of operationthey successfully responded to 38 powergrid events that threatened grid stability. The results of the installation have beenso successful that Oncor has orderedtwo additional SVCs from us, which arecurrently being installed at the utility’sRenner substation in Plano, a northernsuburb of Dallas. SVCs are part of ABB’s family offlexible AC transmission systems (FACTS),solutions that increase the capacity ofexisting transmission networks by as muchas 50 percent, while at the same timeimproving their reliability. We delivered the Parkdale solutionin the record and unrivaled time of just14 months. ABB is a global leader inFACTS technologies and has more than700 installations in operation or underconstruction around the world, around 50percent of the market total.For more information: – the largest power T&D company in Texas, serves some 3 million customers
  11. 11. 11contact 2|13Grid reliabilityThe Mazoon Electricity Companyawarded a $7 million contract toABB for improving the availabilityand quality of electricity in Oman.A range of components will be delivered,such as a Network Manager supervisorycontrol and data acquisition (SCADA)system and multiple remote terminal units(RTU). In addition, 90 outdoor remote terminalunit stations will be supplied on a turnkeybasis for Mazoon, one of Oman’s mainelectricity distribution companies.This includes interfaces for 33/11 kVsubstations and the supervisory controland data acquisition system to control andmonitor electricity supplies in Oman. TheSCADA system will cover the grid areas ofSouth Batinah, Dakhliyah and Sharqiyahgovernorates. Network Manager SCADA, which is partof ABB’s Ventyx software portfolio, offersa full range of solutions that enhance theefficiency and reliability of power systems.The software is used in infrastructureprojects such as electric grids to monitorand control entire sites or complexes ofsystems spread out over large geographicalareas. Most control actions are performedautomatically by RTUs and substationcontrol systems. “This project is another step in Mazoon’sdevelopment of its infrastructure in order toimprove transparency on its network, whichEnsuring availability andquality of electricity in Omanultimately helps the company provide acleaner, more reliable and smarter service toits customers,” said Saeed Fahim, Managerof ABB in Oman. “We are pleased to beable to work with Mazoon again on thisproject after successful cooperation inphase I.” In phase I, ABB installed a new NetworkManager SCADA system at the main controlcenter to integrate existing 33/11 kV feedersand equipment in all grid substations, aswell as indoor primary stations.For more information: the second phase of Mazoon Electricity Company’s development of thecountry’s power infrastructure, ABB’s software solutions will improve networktransparency and the efficiency of power systems.ABB solutions improve network transparency and power systems efficiency
  12. 12. 12 contact 2|13Grid reliabilityCaprivi Link InterconnectorThe Namibian transmission systemoperator, NamPower, chose theHVDC Light (high-voltage directcurrent) system to electricallyconnect the northeastern part of thecountry to central Namibia, a distance of950 kilometers. ABB was contracted tobuild the 350 kilovolt (kV), 300 megawatt(MW) transmission link between Zambezi,close to the Zambian border in the regionof Caprivi, and Gerus in the central partof the country. HVDC Light technologyhelps to stabilize the two weak networks. The high voltage transmission system,providing a new route for power imports,was officially inaugurated by NamibiasPresident, His Excellency HifikepunyePohamba. The HVDC Light system ispart of a greater scheme that includes a950 kilometer-long DC overhead line, anupgrade of an existing AC overhead linefrom Gerus to Auas to 400 kV, the extensionof the Gerus and Auas substations, and anew AC substation in Zambezi. The Caprivi Link Interconnector,connecting electricity grids in Namibiaand Zambia, ensures reliable power transfercapability between the east and west ofthe Southern African Power Pool (SAPP).It is also the first electrical connectionbetween the Caprivi region of Namibiaand the rest of the country, and is ableto supply power to the region if normalsupplies from Zambia are disrupted. Evenlarger islanded parts of the Namibian andZambian grids can be supplied by the DClink, which maintains frequency controland thereby avoids power outages. We were responsible for systemengineering, including design, supply andinstallation of the two converter stationsand earth electrodes. ABB’s innovative andenvironmentally friendly HVDC Light is ahigh-voltage direct current transmissiontechnology that is capable of stabilizingweak electricity networks by means ofpowerful voltage control. The design alsoallows for a bi-pole extension to 600 MW.“The new Caprivi Link Interconnector willsecure power supplies, strengthen gridreliability and facilitate power trading inthe region,” said Martin Gross, head ofABBs Grid Systems business. “Our HVDCLight technology is ideally suited to enablethe efficient transmission of electricity andintegrate clean renewable energies likeA 350 kV HVDC Light®system stabilizes two weak networks in Namibia andenables power trading in the expansive region of southern Africa.hydro power.” "The Caprivi Link Interconnector,connecting electricity grids in Namibiaand Zambia will ensure reliable powertransfer capability between the east andwest of the Southern African Power Pool(SAPP)," said NamPower’s marketingand communications officer, TangeniKambangula. This project extends the voltage ratingfor HVDC Light to 350 kV and marks thefirst time the technology has been usedin overhead transmission lines instead ofunderground or underwater cables.For more information: Light – strengthening grids and enabling power trading
  13. 13. 13contact 2|13Grid reliabilityImproving grid reliability atDubai International AirportA contract was awarded by Dubai Aviation City Corporation (DACC) – EngineeringProjects for the extension of the existing ABB SCADA monitoring system at theDubai Airport in the UAE, a major global aviation hub.Dubai airport – engineered for the futureThe airport-wide electricalsupervisory control and dataacquisition (SCADA) systemgives the airport operational staffan excellent overview of the status of theelectrical distribution in the whole area.The scope of supply includes remoteterminal units (RTU), telecommunicationand integration of new field equipment inthe SCADA system. The system allowsfull supervision and easy operation of theelectrical grid of a modern airport thatoperates 24 hours a day, seven days aweek, and is ranked as fourth busiestairport in the world.ABB was first awarded the projectfor the implementation of the AirportDistribution SCADA (11 kilovolt network)in 2004. Earlier we installed RTUs, fiberoptic cables (for SCADA system) andintegrated RTUs (for Ring Main Units)and programmable logic controllers(PLC) from the main distribution system,creating a state-of-the-art in-plantSCADA system. This additional workwill see RTUs, telecommunication andintegration of new field equipment in theSCADA system.“Implementing the first SCADAsystem was the beginning of a successfulpartnership. Additional requirementsmade it necessary to expand the system,adding more data, more substationsand more distribution equipment. Weare delighted that a new contract hasbeen signed between ABB and DACC,Engineering Projects to further developthe SCADA system,” says De Villiers,Manager for ABB’s Power Systemsdivision in the Gulf countries.The system, which is now part of ourVentyx portfolio, includes functions suchas dynamic network coloring, givingthe operators an easy-to-read overviewof the connectivity of the system. Inaddition, it provides gas turbine logicthat automatically connects loads tothe system after ramping up emergencygas turbines that will be started only incase of a blackout i.e, losing the 132 kVconnections with the electrical supplier.ABB is a leader in SCADA solutionsfor the oil and gas, power transmissionand distribution, alternative energy, andwater and waste-water markets and hasextensive SCADA experience focusingon efficient, safe and profitable SCADAoperations for customers.For more
  14. 14. 14 contact 2|13Grid reliabilityTime and condition-based maintenance saves energy and reduces CO2emissions,while increasing productivity.Customers from major industriesin Bahrain took part in aseminar to learn about servicesolutions and ABB’s LifeExpectancy Analysis Program (LEAP) forstator windings of high-voltage rotatingmachines. The benefits of the conceptinclude reduction of plant downtime dueto maintenance process and increase inproductivity. The materials and components ofelectrical machines are subject to thermal,electrical, ambient and mechanical stresses.This leads to a process of degradation asmaterials lose strength over time. ABB’stime and condition-based maintenancestrategies can be applied at the early stagesof equipment life cycle. The seminar demonstrated how togo green by upgrading classic drives –timely replacement of drives can lead tosignificant energy savings and reductionin CO2emissions.Service solutions discussedat Bahrain seminarSeminar held to teach customers about ABBservice solutionsSystematic maintenance management Surveys have shown that for largermotors, above 2000 kW, the most commoncause of failure was in the stator (static)windings at nearly 61 percent. Since theselarger machines are in the most widespreaduse in the oil, gas and petrochemicalindustries, LEAP analysis is focused onassessing the condition of stator windings. LEAP tracks the development ofdefects over time and can be directlyintegrated into a maintenance plan. ABBoffers a package of DC (PDCA) and AC(Non-Linear Insulation Behavior, PartialDischarge and Tan Delta and CapacitanceAnalysis) measurements, to assess thecondition of the stator winding. Additionally, the program enablesan operator to know, with a high levelof confidence, how long a motor orgenerator can remain in service beforea failure. “This systematic approach tomaintenance management, when used inconjunction with the known time to repairor replace a component, allows service tobe performed during planned downtime,rather than during a costly emergency,”said Mostafa State, ABB’s Machine ServiceSales Manager in the Gulf. The program provides operators withdetailed information on the condition ofthe stator insulation so they can planeffective action to prevent the failure andincrease the overall life of the machine.To carry out a LEAP analysis, we take arange of sophisticated instrumentation tosite that enables a battery of tests to beperformed on the stator winding insulation.This instrumentation is available throughoutthe world via our network of 17 globalservice hubs.For more information:
  15. 15. 15contact 2|13Grid reliabilityAn order worth $115 millionhas been awarded by theSaudi Electricity Company(SEC), the country’s nationalpower transmission and distributionoperator, to provide a flexible alternatingcurrent transmission system (FACTS)solution enhancing the reliability ofthe transmission grid that feeds majorrailway interconnections. This is thebiggest FACTS order received by thecompany. The order was booked in thethird quarter of 2012. Concern for the environment,urbanization and the need to movemore people and freight faster, makesrail infrastructure a key component for acountry’s economic success. ABB providesreliable, innovative and energy-efficientpower and automation technologies formodern urban, conventional and high-speed rail networks. The Institute of Electrical and ElectronicsEngineers (IEEE) publication, Spectrum,named FACTS among its Top 11Improving Saudi railnetwork’s power supplyFACTS solutions enhance reliability of transmission grid feeding major railwayinterconnections.ABB strengthens transmission grid and power to Saudi Arabian rail linkstechnologies of the decade. IEEE is one ofthe world’s largest professional associationsfor the advancement of technology. As partof the turnkey solution, we will design,supply, install and commission two identicalstatic var compensators (SVCs) at theHaramain High Speed Railway’s (HHR)380 kilovolt (kV) substations. Theseinstallations will support the large scalerailway interconnection between thecities of Mecca and Medina. The projectis scheduled to be completed by 2015. “This solution will help strengthen thetransmission grid and enhance reliabilityof power supply to important rail linksbeing developed in Saudi Arabia,” saidBrice Koch, head of ABB’s Power Systemsdivision. “SVCs are part of ABB’s familyof FACTS technologies, which helpenhance the capacity and flexibility ofpower transmission systems and alsocontribute to the development of smartergrids.” In 2011, ABB won an $85 million orderto supply 380 kV indoor gas-insulatedswitchgear (GIS),a key component of thenew substations to power the 444 kilometerlong high-speed Haramain rail line. Thesesubstations will supply electricity to high-speed (360 kph) electric trains that areexpected to help transport about threemillion passengers annually. The new railline is expected to reduce traffic congestionon the roads and cut travel time betweenMedina and Mecca from six hours to two. ABB is a global leader in the growingfield of FACTS and has delivered morethan 800 such installations across theworld. FACTS technologies allow morepower to reach consumers with minimalenvironmental impact, lower investmentcosts and shorter implementation timesthan the traditional alternative of buildingnew power plants and transmission lines.For more information:
  16. 16. 16 contact 2|13For a better worldPhotovaltaic panels
  17. 17. 17contact 2|13For a better worldThe Zurich-West data center using direct current (DC)technology has won the prestigious Watt dOr award from theSwiss government.World’s mostpowerful DC datacenter wins energyefficiency awardThe Zurich-West data center facilityearned the Watt d’Or award forthe scale of the energy savingsachieved through the pioneeringuse of DC technology. ABB, HP andGreen, one of the top information andcommunications technology (ITC) serviceproviders in Switzerland, opened the datacenter last year. The data center is "an internationalshowcase for Swiss clean technology, as ituses high-voltage direct current technologyfrom Swiss company ABB," the SwissFederal Office of Energy said in a statement."Thanks to the elimination of losses fromcurrent transformations and waste heat,it uses 20 percent less electricity and setsnew standards." We installed the 1 megawatt DC powerdistribution solution for the 1,100 m2expansion of Green’s Zurich-West datacenter. The project underlines our goalto create new power options throughexpanded DC applications. ABB pioneered technologies that made– DecathalonTM: Data Center Infra-structure Management (DCIM) –Built on an open platform design,the DCIM provides remote man-agement of data center operationsenterprise-wide through a unifiedview – so operators can deliverservices faster, in the most reliableand efficient way possible.– Data center services– Consulting, data center enterprisemanagement and on-site servicesABB offerings for data centers– Electrical solutions– Worldwide, ABB is known for itselectrical solutions offerings. Fordata centers, we can provide anexhaustive range of transformersand switchgears for high-, medi-um- as well as low-voltage.– UPS solutions– Newave (now a part of ABB) pro-vides a UPS solution for criticalpower supply.conversion between AC and DC systemspossible and was the first to commercializelong distance high-voltage DC powertransmission. ABB is now applying DC tomedium- and low-voltage applications inelectric vehicle charging, power distributionsystems on ships, in buildings and in datacenters.For more information:
  18. 18. 18 contact 2|13For a better worldThe solution is a complete andhighly optimized electricalpackage that will power theMagtaa desalination plant inAlgeria at an unprecedented level ofenergy efficiency and significantly reducethe length of scheduled plant shutdownsfor maintenance. Located at Oran, Algeria’s secondlargest city, the reverse osmosis seawaterdesalination plant will produce up to500,000 cubic meters of drinking water aday, enough to meet the daily requirementsof about five million people. ABB has completed the erection, testingof switchgear and equipment supplied.Now, the testing of electric drives andhot-commissioning of the system is inprogress. When operational, in the secondhalf of 2013, Magtaa will be the largestseawater desalination plant in the worldusing reverse osmosis technology – built,owned and operated for a period of 25years by Asia’s leading technology-drivenenvironmental company, Hyflux. Electrical power consumption is oneof the biggest single running costs ofdesalination, so making the process moreenergy-efficient directly translates intoaffordable potable water. We are supplying a complete electricalsolution for the entire desalination plantand a 220 kV outdoor substation,which willconnect the facility to the Algerian powergrid and ensure that the plant receivesa reliable supply of electricity withoutimpacting grid stability. The solution includes 33 medium-voltagedrives that will reduce plant electrical lossesfrom the benchmark target of 5 percent toonly 3 percent – a huge improvement inenergy efficiency, compared to acceptedindustry standards. In addition, the drives will speed upEnhancing the efficiency of reverse osmosisLeading technology to bring drinkingwater to millionsA reverse osmosis technology solution for the worlds largest seawaterdesalination plant in Algeria will boost energy efficiency and cut maintenancedowntime from weeks to days.the long plant startup process aftermaintenance or power-failure relatedshutdowns, reducing the length of plantdowntime, compared with the moretraditional method of mechanical control. Over the course of Hyflux’s 25-yearoperation of the plant, these improvementsin energy efficiency, plant productivity andreduced wear and tear made possible bythe ABB solution will provide a huge andsustained boost to plant profitability. As one of the leading suppliers of powerand automation solutions to the watersector, we offer complete capability inintegrated and optimized instrumentation,control and electrical (ICE) systems as wellas a range of automation products thatimprove the energy efficiency, productivityand reliability of plant assets.For more information: you know?Reverse osmosis is a processused to turn seawater into potablewater. Seawater is forced, (ie,using a pump) through a fine-pored membrane. Water moleculespass through the membrane whilesalt and impurities are retained.Exerting pressure to reverse theflow is necessary because inregular osmosis, water moleculesnaturally flow in the direction ofhigher concentrations of salt andimpurities, rather than away fromthem.
  19. 19. 19contact 2|13For a better worldThe SuperStar Virgo is theflagship of the line, Star Cruises’sole mega-ship and the onlypurpose-built ship of the fleet.Built in Papenburg, Germany, she hashad an illustrious career, operatingcruises from Singapore and then fromPerth, Australia. She was redeployed toHong Kong for the duration of the BeijingOlympics in 2008, before returning toSingapore. The largest floating five-starresort in Asia, the SuperStar Virgo offersmore than 16 restaurants and boasts a100 meter mega waterslide aboard. Winning the long-term servicecontract from Star Cruises for preventivemaintenance of all ABB equipment onboardSuperStar Virgo for the next five years is asignificant achievement. The approximately$1 million contract was signed in the fourthquarter of 2012 and came into effect onJanuary 1, 2013. We are carrying outperiodic maintenance visits. The benefitsof the long-term contract include increasedreliability, extended equipment life time of allABB equipment and reduced maintenancerelated costs, making the budget morepredictable for Star Cruises. Star Cruises, the world’s third largestcruise company, has led cruise developmentin the Asia-Pacific region, where it operatesseven vessels between the ports ofSingapore, Port Klang in Malaysia and HongKong. Star caters to Asian passengers aswell as to North Americans, Europeansand Australians, keen on sailing to Asiandestinations. Its energy saving programhas given Star Cruises best-in-class statusin the cruise industry. “A lot of effort and time has been put intocoordinating several small service providersto carry out the maintenance of Starvessels,” pointed out Mikael Mattsson, AVPMarine Operation, Star Cruises. “Throughthis service agreement, ABB becomesour sole service provider for equipmentsuch as rotating machines, switchgears,transformers, drives, automation etc,SuperStar VirgoStar Cruises awards ABBexclusive service contractWe have undertaken preventive maintenance of all equipment onboard theSuperStar Virgo to increase reliability and lower maintenance costs for the HongKong-based cruise company.considerably optimizing the maintenanceprocess.” “The market is looking for ways toincrease safety and uptime of vesseloperation, while extending the life cycleof their assets and making costs morepredictable,” explains Heikki Soljama, Headof ABB’s Marine and Cranes business.“ABB has responded very successfully tothis demand, with a wide range of serviceagreements that provide security for ourcustomers’ operations and business. InABB, this has been the basis for buildinglong-lasting and trusting relationships withship managers and ship owners.” The service contract covers periodicmaintenance visits, scheduled when theyleast disturb SuperStar Virgo operations.A long-term approach to maintenanceand reduction in the variable costscaused by maintenance-related actionsmake budgeting more predictable.Additionally, the contract ensures effectivecommunication and transparency betweenStar ship-management and ABB engineers.For more
  20. 20. 20 contact 2|13Product newsRES670 and PSGuardPhasor Measurement UnitsAdvantages−− Up to 8 analog phasors,with ability to sendpositive, negative, zerosequence values, or all−− Reference for the phaseangle – GPS or IRIG-B−− High measurementaccuracy of voltages andcurrents−− Customized / pre-configured measurementsolutionsAdvantages−− Proven suite of advancedWAMS applications−− Scalable server-clientarchitecture, range ofapplications, step-wiseintroduction−− Supports IEEE C37.118compliant PMUs−− Powerful data storage andexport capabilities−− Integration into platform-independent SCADA/EMSsystems−− Modern and intuitive HMIreal-time information ofthe power system status−− Flexible data exchange−− OPC interfaces ensureinteroperable solutions Raising the bar inelectrical efficiencyCustom-built devices and measurement units launched in India and the Middle Eastincrease and optimize the availability and reliability of electrical systems.Traditional control systems that monitorthe magnitude of loads and voltages fallshort of providing information regardingthe transient behavior of the transmis-sion network to system operators. Thisgap in information is bridged by WideArea Monitoring Systems (WAMS) usingPhasor Measurement Units (PMUs).
  21. 21. 21contact 2|13True modular power protection Enormous energy saving potentialAdvantages−− Delivers true modularpower protection from10 to 200 kW (in 10 or20 kW steps) in a single,industry-standard frame−− Flexible design provides a‘pay as you grow’ model−− Modules can be replacedwithout powering down−− Best-in-class efficiency ofup to 96.5 percentAdvantages−− Contains a protection tripunit with an integratedpower controller−− Patented algorithm tomeasure and evaluateenergy consumption−− Manages the loads tomaintain or reduce thepeak power usage asdetermined by the user−− Prevents blackouts as theroot cause is often peakdemand exceeding supplyNewave, an ABB company, haslaunched an extension to the DPA UP-Scale ST range of uninterruptible powersupplies (UPS). The DPA UPScale ST200 extends power capability from120 kW up to 200 kW, while keepinga footprint of just 0.42 m2. This mostcompact, true modular UPS system isideal for organizations that aim for zerodowntime and low cost of owenrship.Coming soon to the Middle East andAfrica is the first low-voltage circuitbreaker with integrated energy manage-ment functions. The annual savingspotential of 5.8 million megawatt-hoursis the equivalent yearly electric con-sumption of 1.4 million EU households.Used for protection and control of largeamounts of energy used in low-voltageenvironments like industrial and com-Product newsDPA UP-Scale ST200Emax 2mercial buildings, data centers or ships,the Emax 2 breaker will typically pay foritself within a year.
  22. 22. 22 contact 2|13Close upPowering Indiassuper grid1200 kV transformer for Bina test stationThe 1200 kilovolt (kV) ultrahigh-voltage (UHV)AC power transformer in Vadodara marksanother milestone in the companys longhistory of technology and innovation in India.This will be the highest AC voltage level in theworld, helping boost load capacity and improvegrid reliability, while keeping losses in check.
  23. 23. 23contact 2|13Oil and gas account for more than halfof all primary energy consumed globally.Presently, at 142 million barrels per day(MBPD) combined oil and gas production isalmost double of what it was in 1973, and islikely to reach 180 MBPD by 2030. It is likelythat these fuels will continue to feed a largeshare of the world’s hunger for energy in theforeseeable future.Maintaining the dependability and reliabilityof supply is critical. It is also a technologicalchallenge: of enabling exploration,extraction, processing and transportation ofoil and gas in a safe, clean, energy-efficientand affordable manner.ABB strengthens the oil and gas valuechain through technologies and services.Read how we support the industry in itsentire cycle of activities, from exploration totransportation in the next issue of Contact.Preview 2|13Fuelling innovation inoil and gasExecutive editor: Karen WildsEditor-in-chief: Sanaj NatarajanProduction team:Claire Hill, Devaashish S. Savant, Harmeet Bawa,Michael Wachter, Natasha Mathebula,Peter Stierli, Rakesh Shastri, Rubi Rakha,Tamara Chetty, Wendy JosephContact is published in English for circulationamong ABB customers and stakeholders withan interest in ABB offerings, products andtechnologies.Partial reprints or reproductions are permittedsubject to full acknowledgment. Complete reprintsrequire the publisher’s written consent.Publisher and copyright ©2013.ABB Asea Brown Boveri Ltd.DisclaimerThe information contained herein reflects theviews of the authors and is for informationalpurposes only. Readers should not act upon theinformation contained herein without seekingprofessional advice. We make publicationsavailable with the understanding that the authorsare not rendering technical or other professionaladvice or opinions on specific facts or mattersand assume no liability whatsoever in connectionwith their use.The companies of the ABB Group do not makeany warranty or guarantee, or promise, expressedor implied, concerning the content or accuracy ofthe views expressed herein.
  24. 24. Cities that consume 30% less energy?Certainly.As a leading producer of energy-efficient solutions, ABB helpsdeliver major power savings, without compromising performance.Our lighting control systems can deliver power savings of up to50 percent, and our building automation up to 60 percent. Whileeveryone else is talking about energy prices, power shortagesand climate change, ABB is doing something about it, right here,right now.