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Metadata for architectural contents in europe

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Metadata for architectural contents in europe

  1. 1. co-funded by the European Commission Massimiliano Condotta Istituto Universitario di Architettura Venezia , Italy MTWG - August 2010 - Los Angeles
  2. 2. OVERVIEW <ul><li>Objectives and approach </li></ul><ul><li>The MACE classification </li></ul><ul><li>The MACE Portal </li></ul>
  3. 3. PROJECT OVERVIEW <ul><li>M etadata for A rchitectural C ontents in E urope </li></ul><ul><li>Co–funded by the EU </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eContentPlus program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>September 2006 – 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Objective: create a common infrastructure for enriching and retrieving educational digital contents - about architecture - stored in European archives </li></ul>
  4. 4. STARTING POINT <ul><li>Various repositories for architectural contents, but: </li></ul><ul><li>not interconnected </li></ul><ul><li>not widely known </li></ul><ul><li>no single access point </li></ul>
  5. 5. OBJECTIVE <ul><li>Create a conceptual and technical infrastructure to </li></ul><ul><li>connect contents via metadata </li></ul><ul><li>connect existing communities </li></ul><ul><li>provide federated search and access </li></ul><ul><li>create a sustainable knowledge network </li></ul>
  6. 6. INFRASTRUCTURE OAI-PMH HARVESTED METADATA LOM CAM–RSS ATTENTION METADATA CAM DOMAIN METADATA COMPETENCE METADATA CONTEXT METADATA WEB SERVICES FEDERATED SEARCH USER MANAGE- MENT IMPROVED ACCESS INTEGRATED WIDGETS FACETED SEARCH EXPERT INDEXERS ENRICHED METADATA ARCHITECTURAL COMMUNITY AUTOMATIC METHODS MACE PORTAL
  7. 7. THE CELESTIAL EMPORIUM OF BENEVOLENT KNOWLEDGE An introduction to the MACE index taxonomy
  8. 8. An animal taxonomy from an ancient Chinese encyclopedia, the Celestial Emporium of Benevolent Knowledge <ul><li>those that belong to the Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>those that are trained </li></ul><ul><li>fabulous ones </li></ul><ul><li>stray dogs </li></ul><ul><li>those that are included in this classification </li></ul><ul><li>innumerable ones </li></ul><ul><li>those drawn with a very fine camel's hair brush </li></ul><ul><li>others </li></ul><ul><li>those that have just broken a flower vase </li></ul><ul><li>those that resemble flies from a distance </li></ul>Jorge Luis Borges
  9. 9. THE ARCHITECTURAL DOMAIN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY CI/Sfb UNIClass EPIC MASTERFORMAT IFC ANY CHANCE? LIBRARY CATALOGUE Anglo american Cataloguing Rules 2° Ed The Dewey bDecimal Classification (DDC) BUILDING CONSTRUCTION ISO – 12006/2 ISP/PAS 12006/3 CULTURAL HERITAGE Categories for the description of work (CDWA) WRA core 4.0 Cataloguing Cultural Object (CCO) Foundation for Documents of Architecture (FDA) GLOSSARIES FOR ARTS The Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) Thesaurus of Graphic Materials (TGM) Thesaurus fo Geographic Names (TGN)
  10. 10. <ul><li>organize this domain </li></ul><ul><li>via a KOS that: </li></ul>HOW?
  11. 11. BE COMPLETE MACE CDWA CCO FDA AAT TGM TGN DDC CI/Sfb UNIClass EPIC MASTERFORMAT ISO – 12006/2 ISP/PAS 12006/3
  12. 12. BE TASK ORIENTED <ul><li>Extensive use case analysis pointed out the main tasks and the information types </li></ul>
  13. 13. BE COGNITIVELY ADEQUATE <ul><li>Design … is an ill defined problem … </li></ul><ul><li>Shaping the problem space and problem solving flow concurrently </li></ul>
  14. 14. The learner’s standpoint 10 THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE
  15. 15. The learner’s standpoint 12 THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE
  16. 16. The learner’s standpoint 15 THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE
  17. 17. The learner’s standpoint 16 THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE
  18. 18. The learner’s standpoint 17 THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE
  19. 19. BEING SOCIAL DIAGRAM VISIONARY PRIMITIVE FACADE LAND RELATIONAL SPACE MODEL SITUATIONALIST EXTERNAL VIEW EVENTS VOLUMETRIC VENTURI RENDER LIQUID PLASTIC TRANSPARENT STRONG DISTORTION VOIDING CONNECTING ADDING REPEATING GRID
  20. 20. <ul><li>to support this “architectural-like” browsing system </li></ul><ul><li>we need “rules” “criterions” to organize and classify all the aspects of the architectural domain </li></ul><ul><li>for this reason we have to develop our own “rules” and “criterions” </li></ul>
  21. 21. WE NEED
  22. 22. <ul><li>an architectural-like intuitive navigation system </li></ul><ul><li>to search and browse </li></ul><ul><li>through concepts </li></ul><ul><li>in a NON_PASSIVE way </li></ul>WE NEED
  23. 23. WE NEED MACE knowledge organization system <ul><li>an architectural-like intuitive navigation system to search and browse </li></ul><ul><li>through conceptsin a NON_PASSIVE way </li></ul>
  24. 24. the architectural project
  25. 25. functionality constructive living wellness technical aspects the architectural project
  26. 26. functionality constructive living wellness ideas meaning technical aspects poetic artistic aspects metaphor
  27. 27. functionality constructive living wellness ideas meaning to develop a coherent strategy to approach the knowledge organization of such a heterogeneous subject the various issues have been separated and re-ordered on the basis of two possible end users’ activities:
  28. 28. functionality constructive living wellness ideas meaning <ul><li>documentation and technical problem solving activity </li></ul><ul><li>of the researcher, the architect, the engineer </li></ul><ul><li>aiming to deepen descriptive aspects, or searching for documentation to approach technical problem solving </li></ul>
  29. 29. functionality constructive living wellness ideas meaning <ul><li>design conception activity </li></ul><ul><li>of the designer, may he be a professional or a student; an activity influenced by theoretical and personal concerns, ideas, poetic cues. </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Architecture and the build environment is not only the technical production of concrete “facts”, but also a </li></ul><ul><li>“ sign” featuring a message </li></ul>
  31. 31. meaning content perception expression symbolical contents metaphorical contents concepts project cues ... project actions ... perceptive qualities form characteristics textures colors <ul><li>“ sign” featuring a message </li></ul>
  32. 32. MACE TAXONOMY
  33. 33. MACE TAXONOMY IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts
  34. 34. IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts 6 categories MACE TAXONOMY
  35. 35. IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts 27 “facets” MACE TAXONOMY
  36. 36. CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology terms 2780 base terms (translated in 4 languages) Hierarchy up to 5 At the moment: 800 synonyms
  37. 37. IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology , Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts church Ronchamp Jubilee Church Hallgrímskirkja Crystal Church
  38. 38. IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile , Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts curtain wall technical drawings details functioning theory
  39. 39. IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues , Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts “ hydra” pavilion water cube freshwater pavilion Stretto house water metaphoric reference
  40. 40. IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities , Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts Neue Nationalgalerie Das Kunstmuseum transparent Fondation Cartier IKMZ
  41. 41. INTERFACE DESIGN
  42. 42. http://portal.mace-project.eu/
  43. 43. MACE INDEXING STRATEGY
  44. 45. <ul><li>adding a classification term to the L.O. </li></ul>INDEXING OF CONTENTS Deconstructivist id = StylesPeriodsAndTrends2450
  45. 47. INDEXING OF CONTENTS CLASSIFICATION TERMS MACE “INTERNAL LOM MACE “ EXPANDED LOM” PORTAL QUERIES MACE PORTAL
  46. 48. “ INTERNAL” LOM “ EXPANDED LOM”
  47. 49. CONNECTING CONTENTS
  48. 50. <ul><li>the classification based on a standardized faceted taxonomy allows a “semantic operability” between contents </li></ul><ul><li>thanks to this “semantic operability” is possible to start a conceptual navigation between contents: </li></ul><ul><li>a navigation inside a dynamic network of mutual relations between contents </li></ul>CONCEPTUAL RELATIONS BETWEEN CONTENTS
  49. 55. <ul><li>HOW IMPROVE THIS TECHNOLOGY TO CREATE A SYSTEM THAT COULD BE USED IN SCENARIOS LINKED TO TERRITORIES TO IMPROVE </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL CREATIVITY and </li></ul><ul><li>KNOWLEDGE GENERATION ? </li></ul>
  50. 56. Massimiliano Condotta Istituto Universitario di Architettura Venezia , Italy
  51. 57. UNFOLDING VENICE: Browsing and correlation of data in tangible maps. a Venice case study
  52. 58. PROJECT OVERVIEW <ul><li>funded by IUAV and coordinated by the IUAV Research Unit “Comunicare la conoscenza: Design dell’informazione & Nuove tecnologie per la conoscenza del territorio e dell’ambiente” </li></ul><ul><li>developed by the IUAV Research Unit, and in an accompanying course on Tangible Maps in the Interface design program at the University of Potsdam (FHP) </li></ul><ul><li>November 2009 – 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Credits: (IUAV): Massimiliano Condotta (in charge of the project), Vittorio Spigai, Luigi Di Prinzio </li></ul><ul><li>(FHP): Till Nagel, Frank Heidmann, Jula Lakritz, Nadine Patzig, Stefan Rechsteiner, Martin Schissler, and Stephan Thiel. </li></ul>
  53. 59. <ul><li>connecting contents related to geographical location; </li></ul><ul><li>a friendly and direct access to data; </li></ul><ul><li>free and flexible navigation of information; </li></ul><ul><li>relation network between notions has to be explicated in a visual ways; </li></ul><ul><li>a social system opening a space to increase the social creativity process. </li></ul>CONCEPTUAL RELATIONS BETWEEN CONTENTS IN A MULTILAYERED INFORMATION SPACE
  54. 60. AN INTERACTIVE TABLE
  55. 61. A MULTILAYERED INFORMATION SPACE
  56. 62. A TANGIBLE OBJECT TO INTERACT WITH THE SYSTEM
  57. 63. VISUALIZATION OF INFORMATION
  58. 65. THE CONCEPTUAL CATEGORIES USED
  59. 66. THE SELECTION OF INVOLVED TERMS
  60. 67. THANKS! Q? A!

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