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Martin aafp state affairs


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Martin aafp state affairs

  1. 1. What’s Next?State Health Care Policy in 2012 2011 State Legislative Conference Salt Lake City, Utah November 5, 2011
  2. 2. State GovernmentsWhere the action really happens. …but having money helps.
  3. 3. State BudgetsYEAR CUMULATIVE BUDGET GAPFY2002 $40,000,000,000FY2003 $75,000,000,000FY2004 $80,000,000,000FY2005 $45,000,000,000FY2009 $110,000,000,000FY2010 $191,000,000,000FY2011 $130,500,000,000*FY2012 $103,000,000,000*FY2013 $46,000,000,000** $820,500,000,000 Source: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities Source: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities ( (
  4. 4. State Governments• Three ways to fill a budget hole: – Use the rainy day fund • Drained – Cut programs • Medicaid payments are a perennial favorite – Raise revenues • Never a popular option• All within the context of health reform implementation
  5. 5. What’s in ACA for States?• Public Coverage – Medicaid and CHIP• Private Insurance – Health Insurance Exchanges – Interstate Insurance Commerce – Co-Ops• New Programs and Opportunities – Alternatives to Liability Tort – PC Extensions and Community Health Teams – Demonstration Programs and Other Odds and Ends
  6. 6. Medicaid: Eligibility• Eligibility Expansion• About 16 million uninsured, non-elderly citizens expected to qualify • <133% of the Federal Poverty Level – Household Income – $29,326.50 for a family of four • State may file a plan amendment to expand further – Foster children through the age of 26
  7. 7. Medicaid: Benefits• Concurrent hospice and curative treatment for children• Smoking cessation – Comprehensive treatment for pregnant women – Prescriptions covered for everyone• Adult preventive services option – 1 point FMAP increase
  8. 8. Medicaid: Benefits• Premium assistance for employer- sponsored insurance• Long-Term Care – Remember Willie Sutton? • Dual eligibles are 46% of Medicaid’s costs. – Community First, 1915(i) revision – Money follows the Person Demo – Spousal Impoverishment Protection
  9. 9. Medicaid: Quality• Prevention Incentives – $100M in grants to states to implement comprehensive, evidence-based incentive programs in Medicaid for: • Tobacco cessation • Weight loss • Lowering cholesterol or blood pressure, or • Avoiding onset, or improving control, of diabetes – States may apply for grants lasting 3 - 5 years
  10. 10. Medicaid: Waste, Fraud, Abuse• Waste, Fraud, Abuse Provisions – Screening of all Medicare, Medicaid, and CHIP providers • Suspension and termination of enrollment • Booted from one, booted from all – Overpayments • Collection period expanded from 60 days to 1 year – Program Integrity • Recovery audit contractors
  11. 11. Medicaid: Payment• Primary care physician payment will be brought to parity with Medicare. – Covers E&M codes and immunization codes – Feds pay the difference between Medicare and what your state’s Medicaid program paid on June 30, 2009. • States responsible for any difference between the January 1, 2013 and June 30, 2009 levels – Only lasts for two years: 2013 and 2014
  12. 12. Children’s Care• CHIP – Authorization extended through 2019 – Federal funding increased by 23 points • Lowest current Fed Matching Rate: 65% • Feds will pay 95%+ for nearly half of states – Maintenance of effort required by states• Pediatric ACO Demo – Four-year demo (2012-2016) – Allows pediatric providers who meet certain criteria (TBD) to be recognized as ACOs
  13. 13. Medicaid: PCMH• New State Option: Health Homes for Patients with Chronic Conditions – 90 percent federal match for first 8 quarters – Focus on patients with asthma, diabetes, heart disease, mental health condition, substance use disorder, or overweight/obesity (BMI over 25) • Patient must have two chronic conditions; • One chronic condition and is at risk of having a second chronic condition; or • A serious and persistent mental health condition – Simpler plan amendment process is all that’s needed
  14. 14. Health Insurance Exchanges• States must make choices: – Let the Feds do it or run it ourselves? – Combine individual and small group markets? – “Advanced” exchange planning • Regional Multi-State / Regional Intra-State• Exchanges must become self-sufficient• In 2013, HHS will certify that exchanges are prepared to begin operations
  15. 15. Health Insurance Exchanges• What would FPs think an ideal insurance market looks like?• States are responsible for setting guidelines and regulating products offered on the exchange – Get to know your Insurance Commissioner – Get to know your state legislature’s committees with jurisdiction over health insurance
  16. 16. Health Insurance Exchanges• Family Medicine’s Principles 1. Fair Representation of Stakeholders 2. Payment for PCMH & Enhanced Access 3. Standardized Contracting 4. Set Primary Care Targets 5. Require Robust PC-Based Essential Benefits 6. Presume Eligibility 7. Reward Quality 8. Protect Consumers & Physicians
  17. 17. Interstate Insurance CommerceInterstate Insurance Compacts• Cross-border sale/purchase of insurance• National Association of Insurance Commissioners to develop regulations with HHS• General rules: – Subject to general insurance and contract laws/regs of state where policy is written – Subject to consumer protection laws/regs of state where policy is purchased
  18. 18. Interstate Insurance Commerce• Multi-State Qualified Health Plans – Contracts negotiated by Office of Personnel Management (OPM) – At least two multi-state plans to be offered on every state exchange • At least one must be non-profit – Must be considered qualified coverage
  19. 19. Co-Ops• Loans and grants to cover start-up and solvency costs of starting Consumer Oriented and Operated Plans (CO-OPs) – Loans paid back in 5 years, grants in 15 years• Non-profits that may not be run by any unit of government, nor by private insurers• Goal of at least one per state• $2.2 billion (of $6B) rescinded in FY11 CR.
  20. 20. Liability: Tort Alternatives Demos• Supposed to begin October 2010• Grants for demonstration programs – Grants made to states• Similar to 2009 HHS-initiated program• Funding would be nice, though…
  21. 21. Primary Care Extensions• Grants to states or multi-state entities• Creates upper-level hubs and local-level extension agencies – Hubs: State health department, Medicaid, state Medicare administrator, departments of at least one school training in primary care • May also include professional societies• Funding would be nice, though…
  22. 22. Community Health Teams• Help states/state-designated entities to establish community-based, inter- professional, interdisciplinary teams to support primary care physicians and patients – A model used very successfully in North Carolina and Vermont, for example• Funding would be nice, though…
  23. 23. Odds and Ends• Medicaid Global Payment Demo• Affordable Care Access 10-State Demo• Reimbursement Data Collection/Analysis• Community Transformation Grants• School-Based Health Centers• Increased Funding for Territories• Consumer Information Office Grants• State Innovation Waiver
  24. 24. But Wait, There’s More!• ACA isn’t all that happened in 2011… …nor will it be all that happens in 2012.• States continue to deal with – Scope of Practice – Workforce – Public Health – Liability …and much, much more
  25. 25. Scope of Practice• Nurse Practitioners • Pharmacists – Independence – Immunizations• Psychologists • Lay Midwives – Rx Authority – Independence• Chiropractors • Naturopaths – Rx Authority – Licensure• Optometrists – Surgery
  26. 26. Scope of Practice• Truth in Advertising – Model legislation and supporting materials available from Scope of Practice Partnership – Legislation passed in… • California • Illinois • Oklahoma • Texas
  27. 27. Workforce and Public Health• Workforce – Student Loan Repayment Programs – Rural Training Programs• Public Health – Pseudoephedrine by Rx – Clean Indoor Air – Anti-Obesity
  28. 28. Liability• The Wheel in the Sky (Keeps on Turnin’) – Courts continue to strike down non-economic damages caps – 2010: Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois• Damage Caps – Utah lowered by $30k• PC No-Fault Compensation Fund – Failed in Vermont
  29. 29. 2012 Outlook• More Budget Cuts = More Pain – Medicaid provider payments – Cuts to optional Medicaid/CHIP services – Cuts to enrollment? – New taxes/fees – Programs (PCMH, workforce, medical school, residency) may go un- or under-funded
  30. 30. 2012 Outlook• Health Reform (not just ACA) Continues – Health Insurance Exchanges – Co-Operatives – Accountable Care Organizations – Public Options – Single-Payer
  31. 31. AAFP State Government Affairs• New Reports, One-Pagers – ACOs, Co-Ops, Exchanges – FP Education & Training versus • NP, DNP and Naturopaths• State Legislative Tracking –• Government Affairs Weekly Reports – Submissions always welcome and wanted
  32. 32. AAFP State Government Affairs• Chapter-Supported Legislation• Ad Hoc Research• Grassroots Advocacy for State Legislation – Speak Out – Legislator-Member Matching• Scope of Practice Partnership – Research and Reports – Grant Applications
  33. 33. Thank You!• Questions?Greg Martin Manager, State Government Affairs American Academy of Family Physicians 888.794.7481, x.2552