A simpur story


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Information on simpur

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A simpur story

  1. 1. A Simpur StoryA Simple Guide to Understand Simpur. 1
  2. 2. General Facts❖ Simpur is of one the many species from the genus Di!enia.❖ Named after German botanist, Johann Jacob Dillenius.❖ There are currently 96 species in this genus.❖ Native to tropical and subtropical regions such as Asia, Australasia and Indian Ocean Islands. 2
  3. 3. Habitat From top right, Simpur growing on eroded land; bottom right, Simpurgrowing near the edge of forest; le", a lone simpur tree at Jerudong Beach 3
  4. 4. The Distribution❖ Di!enia beccariana ❖ Status: Borneo endemic ❖ Common name: Buan (Iban) ❖ Found: on disturbed clay slope in lower Temburong and Batu Apoi valleys, Ulu Tutong and Tasik 4
  5. 5. The Distribution❖ Di!enia excelsa ❖ Status: Uncommon. ❖ Common name: Simpur laki (Brunei, Dusun), beringin (Iban) ❖ Found: on moist valley and lower slopes of forest. Some are planted near Brunei Arts and Crafts Centre. 5
  6. 6. The Distribution❖ Di!enia grandifolia ❖ Status: Uncommon ❖ Common name: Stilted Simpoh ❖ Found: in Ulu Ingei and Andulau Forest Reserve, Belait and Kuala Belalong. 6
  7. 7. The Distribution❖ Di!enia reticulata ❖ Status: Critically endangered ❖ Common name: Stilted Simpoh ❖ Found: on sandy soils in the floodplains of the streams within Andulau Forest Reserve in Brunei and Ulu Belait. 7
  8. 8. The Distribution❖ Di!enia su#oticosa ❖ Status: Common ❖ Common name: Simpoh Air, Simpor Bini ❖ Found: on degraded land, river banks, downriver and poor soils. 8
  9. 9. The Distribution❖ Di!enia sumatrana ❖ Status: Common ❖ Common name: Simpur laki (Brunei), peru, menterong. ❖ Found: on lowland forest on leached sandy clay soils in Belait, Tutong and Temburong Districts. 9
  10. 10. The Distribution❖ Di!enia borneesis ❖ Di!enia pulche!a ❖ Status: Rare ❖ Common name: Simpur paya (Brunei). ❖ Common name: Ubah Rusa (Iban) ❖ Found: in peat swamp forest and swampy ❖ Found: on clay soils in kerangas, in Brunei forest 300 m in especially near the Temburong District. coast. 10
  11. 11. D. beccariana D. excelsa D. su#uticosa D. alata D. indica D. sumatrana D. phi!ipinensis 11
  12. 12. D. alata D. excelsa D. su#uticosa D. ingens D. indica D. ovata D. phi!ipinensisa 12
  13. 13. General Uses❖ The leaves can be used for wrapping food.❖ Matured leaves of some species can be used as sand paper.❖ Fruit pulp can be used for washing hair.❖ Young shoots can stop a wound from bleeding. 13
  14. 14. Simpur leaves used in cooking From top right, the fish being wrapped in the leaf; bottom right, the finished product ofthe fish with the leaf opened; le", the finished product of the fish with the leaf sti! intact. 14
  15. 15. Sweet Tapai From the right, two types of tapai, the common tapai and the less commontapai wrapped in simpur leaf; le", the less common tapai showing its content. 15
  16. 16. Other uses❖ It can be used to indicate water level. ❖ It sends out deep tap roots during dry season. So, people use it as a guide to dig well.❖ It can grow on white sand. ❖ It colonises the land to provide shade for other seedlings. the seedlings will the eventually form a new forest. 16