OPYRIGHT In the Age of “New Media” A social issues presentation by Albert Ou ©
What is copyright? It grants the copyright holder a bundle of exclusive rights to control certain uses  of a “creative wor...
So why does copyright matter to  us ? ?
Copyright is everywhere. music video images books It automatically applies to  every  tangible form of creative expression...
Understanding purpose ? True  or  False ? The  primary  purpose of copyright is to give authors and artists credit for the...
The   “Copyright Clause” “ To promote the progress of Science and the Useful Arts…” –  Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Co...
“ Copyright has become [a] culture policy.” –  Professor Lawrence Lessig  (personal interview) It influences the creation ...
CONTROL
versus
FREEDOM
Copyright maintains a crucial balance between private interest public interest & in order to foster  creativity .
However, in recent times, the balance has become By favoring the interests of copyright holders without equally considerin...
Danger!  Creating a Monopolistic System  <ul><li>Continual term extensions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Act of 1976 </l...
Questionable Motivations <sarcasm> Welcoming our media overlords </sarcasm>
Danger!  Creating a Monopolistic System  <ul><li>Continual term extensions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Act of 1976 </l...
Danger!  Creating a Monopolistic System  <ul><li>Continual term extensions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Act of 1976 </l...
The Copyright Spectrum “ strong” copyright “copyleft” (“weak” copyright) complete abolition ←  more  restrictive more “ fr...
How less restrictive copyright can better benefit creative individuals According to an FCC report, 85% of America’s media ...
The Bottom Line The general problem is that the copyright system currently undermines its own goal. The role of copyright ...
<ul><li>Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity  by Lawrence L...
This presentation is available under the  Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License . ALL WRONGS RESERVED <ul...
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Copyright: Freedom vs. Control

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Copyright: Freedom vs. Control

  1. 1. OPYRIGHT In the Age of “New Media” A social issues presentation by Albert Ou ©
  2. 2. What is copyright? It grants the copyright holder a bundle of exclusive rights to control certain uses of a “creative work”… To copy and distribute the work To publically perform the work To publically display the work To create derivative works To profit from the work … which means that if the rest of us want to use the work in these ways… We must usually ask for permission . Images courtesy of Creative Commons
  3. 3. So why does copyright matter to us ? ?
  4. 4. Copyright is everywhere. music video images books It automatically applies to every tangible form of creative expression: We may not always notice the effects of copyright, but we cannot avoid them. Images courtesy of Creative Commons
  5. 5. Understanding purpose ? True or False ? The primary purpose of copyright is to give authors and artists credit for their works and to “protect” them from those who intend to steal the fruits of their labor. Answer: False Yet most people still believe this to be true.
  6. 6. The “Copyright Clause” “ To promote the progress of Science and the Useful Arts…” – Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution National Archives ( source )
  7. 7. “ Copyright has become [a] culture policy.” – Professor Lawrence Lessig (personal interview) It influences the creation of works and regulates the ways by which they can and cannot be used.
  8. 8. CONTROL
  9. 9. versus
  10. 10. FREEDOM
  11. 11. Copyright maintains a crucial balance between private interest public interest & in order to foster creativity .
  12. 12. However, in recent times, the balance has become By favoring the interests of copyright holders without equally considering public interest, the system is becoming increasingly restrictive. public interest private interest lopsided.
  13. 13. Danger! Creating a Monopolistic System <ul><li>Continual term extensions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Act of 1976 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Term Extension Act (1998) – Controlling the mouse and freezing the public domain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eldred v. Ashcroft (2003) – Fighting perpetual copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ever-expanding scope and control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Millennium Copyright Act (1998) – Locking down the digital realm </li></ul></ul>Effects of recent legislation:
  14. 14. Questionable Motivations <sarcasm> Welcoming our media overlords </sarcasm>
  15. 15. Danger! Creating a Monopolistic System <ul><li>Continual term extensions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Act of 1976 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Term Extension Act (1998) – Controlling the mouse and freezing the public domain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eldred v. Ashcroft (2003) – Fighting perpetual copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ever-expanding scope and control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Millennium Copyright Act (1998) – Locking down the digital realm </li></ul></ul>Effects of recent legislation:
  16. 16. Danger! Creating a Monopolistic System <ul><li>Continual term extensions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Act of 1976 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Term Extension Act (1998) – Controlling the mouse and freezing the public domain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eldred v. Ashcroft (2003) – Fighting perpetual copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ever-expanding scope and control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Millennium Copyright Act (1998) – Locking down the digital realm </li></ul></ul>Effects of recent legislation:
  17. 17. The Copyright Spectrum “ strong” copyright “copyleft” (“weak” copyright) complete abolition ← more restrictive more “ free ”-> Wikimedia Commons ( source ) The great question: Where should the power go
  18. 18. How less restrictive copyright can better benefit creative individuals According to an FCC report, 85% of America’s media sources are owned by five companies, also major copyright holders themselves. They are usually concerned only about big money-makers. Many artists and authors outside the profitable mainstream are neglected. However , if the distribution system made more open… In short, creative individuals receive greater public exposure.
  19. 19. The Bottom Line The general problem is that the copyright system currently undermines its own goal. The role of copyright law has become less about supporting creativity and more about protecting commercial interests. When this happens, society will ultimately lose what should be a gain.
  20. 20. <ul><li>Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity by Lawrence Lessig </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full copy available online at < http://www.free-culture.cc/freecontent/ > </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Essays by Peter Saint-Andre < https://stpeter.im/ > </li></ul><ul><li>QuestionCopyright.org </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A non-profit organization offering alternatives to full copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>< http://www.creativecommons.org > </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Copyright Alliance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Washington lobbying group representing forty organizations in favor of strengthening copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.copyrightalliance.org/ </li></ul></ul>Additional Materials of Interest
  21. 21. This presentation is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License . ALL WRONGS RESERVED <ul><li>Which means as long as you give credit, you can … </li></ul><ul><li>copy, distribute, and display the work, </li></ul><ul><li>make derivative works, </li></ul><ul><li>… and, yes, make money off of this. </li></ul><ul><li>(In other words, “Do more and pay lawyers less.”) </li></ul><ul><li>Isn’t freedom great? </li></ul>

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