Census 2011 shows St. Maarten Population is ageing

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Census 2011 shows St. Maarten Population is ageing

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Census 2011 shows St. Maarten Population is ageing

  1. 1. DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS (STAT)For more information: 549-0235 – fax 542-3022Address: Juancho Yrausquin Boulevard 6 (units 7/8)Email: statinfo@sintmaartengov.orgPress release Philipsburg, October 12th 2012 Census 2011 shows St. Maarten Population is ageingThe Department of Statistics (STAT) has released preliminary results of the Census 2011. Duringthe 2011 Census, which was conducted in April of that year, enumerators went house to houseand interviewed the population of St. Maarten. Questions that were asked related to thehousehold (composition, building material, language spoken, amenities available, nuisancesexperienced) and personal characteristics such as demography and migration, health, fertility,education, labour and income.The data entry process has now been completed and STAT is in the process of verifying andanalysing the data. For this reason, the preliminary results are only reported relatively (as apercentage). However, STAT can already release some of the basic results such as the householdcharacteristics, country of birth, nationalities, illnesses, insurance coverage, gender and age.Household characteristicsThe data shows that 63% of households include members that are related to each other whilenearly 30% of the population lives alone. The second and third most popular compositions arehouseholds consisting of married couple with children (19%) and single mothers with one or morechildren (13.18%). A notable statistic is that single parent households compose 15% of thepopulation.An average household has 2.6 members. This is not significantly different from 2001. 1
  2. 2. Country of birth and NationalityThe composition of St. Maarten is changing. The statistics show a shift in the country of birthcompared to 2001 Census results. 30% of the population is born on St. Maarten as was the case in2001. The top 5 countries of birth in 2001 were Sint Maarten, Dominican Republic, Haiti,Dominica and Curaçao. In 2011 however, the top 5 is Sint Maarten, Dominican Republic, Haiti,Jamaica and Saint Martin. Other countries that are now also better represented are Guyana andIndia. Figure 1. Country of Birth 2011 Census vs. 2001 Census 14.00% 2001 Census 2011 Census 12.00% 10.00% 8.00% 6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 0.00%The country of birth is not synonymous with nationality. As the graph below shows, nationalitycan be different from the country of birth. The second popular nationality is the Haitiannationality with the Dominican (from the Dominican Republic) nationality the third most popularand the Guyanese nationality follows closely behind the Jamaican nationality. Please note thatthe category Netherlands includes persons with Dutch nationality. 2
  3. 3. A notable observation is that a total of 91 recognized nationalities and 118 different birthcountries have been recorded. PercentageNationality of personsNetherlands 63.69%Haiti 6.70%Dominican Republic 5.68%Jamaica 5.36%Guyana 3.80%Dominica 2.93%India 1.67%Saint Martin 1.55%United States of America 0.86%Saint Lucia 0.82%Table 1. Top 10 Nationalities (in percentage)GenderIn 2001 the ratio between men and women was 51.33% female and 48.66% male. This ratio haschanged in 2011 and we now have a distribution of 52.91% female and 47.06% male. This meansthat for every 100 men on St. Maarten there are 112 women.AgeThe number of people over 40 is higher than it was in 2001 while the percentage of people under40 has decreased. This ageing trend is noticeable in more countries in the Caribbean. 3
  4. 4. Figure 2. Age distribution Census 2001 vs Census 2011 2011 Census (Female) 2011 Census (Male) 2001 Census (Female) 2001 Census (Male) 85+ 80-84 75-79 70-74 65-69 60-64 55-59 50-54 45-49 40-44 35-39 30-34 25-29 20-24 15-19 10-14 5-9 0-4 10% 5% 0% 5% 10%The age category with the largest growth is amongst people aged 55 to 59 while the largestdecrease is recorded in the age category 30 to 34. The graph below (Figure 3) outlines the valleybetween 25 and 45 year- olds and the peak between 45 to 75. This is a clear indication of theageing process of the population. 4
  5. 5. 4.00% Figure 3. Difference between 2001 and 2011 Census in percentage points 3.00% 2.00% 1.00% 0.00% -1.00% -2.00% -3.00% -4.00%Insurance coverageNearly 65% of SXM population is insured by SZV / BZV. This is a significant change from 2001when only 46% was insured by SZV. This shift has benefited the total uninsured population, whonow consist of 12.26% of the population as opposed to 30.20% observed in 2001. From Figure 4we can see that SZV increased as the uninsured decreased. Figure 4a 2001 Census Insurance coverage Private insurance, 11.2% BZV/SZV, 7.1% I am not insured, 30.2% SVB, 38.9% Insurance by employer, 3.1% PP card, 3.8% FZOG, 1.8% 5
  6. 6. Figure 4b 2011 Census Insurance coverage Private insurance, 14.6% I am not insured, 12.3% Not reported, 2.9% BZV/SZV, 20.2% Insurance by employer, 1.7% PP card, 1.6% SVB, 44.7% I don’t know, 1.1% FZOG, 1.0% 6
  7. 7. IllnessesWe have expanded the list of illnesses during the 2011 Census compared to the 2001 Census toinclude cancer, sickle cell, Brain hemorrhage and dementia/Alzheimer. High blood pressure is stillthe leading illness on St. Maarten. Figure 5 illustrates the ranking of each illness, where bloodpressure is the most prevalent followed by diabetes and asthma. Figure 5. St. Maarten population and illnessesThe number of blood pressure patients has more than doubled since 2001; this is also true fordiabetes. Although the percentage of the population suffering from asthma has not doubled,there is a significant rise. 2011 2001Illnesses Census CensusBlood pressure 10.71% 4.00%Diabetes 5.37% 2.51%Asthma / chronic bronchitis / CARA 2.65% 1.81%Other 1.26%Glaucoma / pressure in the eyes 1.04% 0.43%Heart problems 0.86% 0.73%Sickle cell 0.42%Cancer 0.29%Consequences of a heart attack 0.24% 0.09%Serious kidney problems 0.21% 0.30%Dementia / Alzheimer 0.21%Consequences of a brain hemorrhage 0.14%Table 2. Illnesses Census 2001 vs. Census 2011 7

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