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History and cultures of West Bengal

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This is made to help students in making ppt on history,food,culture,climate of West Bengal. In other words it is a subject related to general knowledge

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History and cultures of West Bengal

  1. 1. SOCIAL SCIENCE PROJECT CLASS= 10th A MADE BY : MD ZAKARIA
  2. 2. HISTORY OF WEST BENGAL CAPITAL=KOLKATA
  3. 3. OUR GROUP MEMBERS ●MD ZAKARIA [LEADER] ●ADITHYA AJAY ●SHIVAM JAISWAR[KALI] ●GIRIMALA ●SAGAR INGLE ●AAKASH VALMIKI
  4. 4. LOCATION
  5. 5. ●Country : India State: West Bengal Latitude: 22 degree 82 minutes North Longitude: 88 degrees 20 minutes East Altitude: 17 feet from sea levelDistance from sea: 60 miles from Bay of Bengal International Time: (+ 5 1/2) hours from GMTTemperature Winter:(12-27C) Summer: (24- 38C)Average Rainfall: 160cm
  6. 6. ●Kolkata has beautiful colonial buildings and heritage structures. Established in 1814, the Indian Museum is the oldest museum in Asia and houses vast collection of Indian natural history and Indian art. The Victoria Memorial, one of the major tourist attractions in Kolkata, has a museum documenting the city's history. Other important buildings in Kolkata are Belvedere Estate, Jorasanko Thakur Bari, Marble Palace, National Library of India, Raj
  7. 7. ●How To Reach ●Kolkata is well connected by Air, Rail and Road.Air The Netaji Subhas International Airport (Dum Dum) airport is 15 km North of the city centre and is on the international network. Kolkata falls on the route of major carriers in the world, like British Airways, Air India, Thai, Singapore Airlines, Malaysia Ailines etc. It will well connected by Indian Airlines, the national domestic carrier, and several other private airlines to several destinations within the country. See the Guide2Travel section for details on Airlines, Hotels to plan your journey. Check out the latest International and Domestic flight timings and set your journey plan accordingly.
  8. 8. ●Rail ●Kolkata is connected to almost all cities by an efficient and fast rail network. The Howrah railway station is the main arrival point for the long distance trains. The other rail station is the Sealdah station which also connects to some destinations in the north of the country. See the Guide2Travel section for details on Airlines, Hotels to plan your journey.
  9. 9. ●RoadKolkata is linked to major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai by road. National Highway no. 2 links the city with Delhi while National Highway no. 6 links the city with Mumbai. The Esplnande bus terminus is the main bus terminus of Kolkata - which is located in the heart of the city. The other bus terminus is at Ultadanga. There is an international bus terminus at Salt Lake where buses leave for Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  10. 10. RULERS OF WEST BENGAL ●List of rulers of Bengal ●This is a list of rulers of Bengal. For much of its history, Bengal was split up into several independent kingdoms, completely unifying only several times. In ancient times, Bengal consisted of the kingdoms of Pundra, Suhma,Anga, Vanga, Rarh and Harikela. Along with Bihar, parts of northwestern Bengal were also incorporated into the kingdom of Magadha. ●Under the Mauryas, much of Bengal was conquered save for the far eastern Bengali kingdoms which continued to exist as tributary states before succumbing to the Guptas. With the fall of the Gupta Empire, Bengal was united under a single local ruler, Shashanka, for the first time. With the collapse of his kingdom, Bengal split up into petty kingdoms once more. ●With the rise of Gopala, Bengal was united once more under the Pala Empire, Chandra dynasty), Sena dynastyand deva dynasty. Then Bengal was ruled by the Muslim dynasties followed by the British. In 1947, Bengal waspartitioned, making West Bengal part of India and the East Bengal part
  11. 11. Table of Contents1Ancient Period 1.1Legendary kings of Magadha: Brihadratha Dynasty (c. 1700-799 BC) 1.2Pradyota Dynasty (799-684 BC) 1.3Shishunaga Dynasty (684-424 BC) 1.4Nanda Dynasty (424-321 BC) 1.5Maurya Dynasty (324-184
  12. 12. ●2Medieval Period ●2.1Khilji Dynasty 2.2Governors of Bengal under Mameluk Dynasty 2.3Independent Balban Dynasty 2.4Governors of Sonargaon 2.5Governors of Lakhnauti 2.6Independent Sultans of Sonargaon 2.7Independent Sultans of Satgaon 2.8Independent Sultans of Lakhnauti 2.9Ilyas Shahi Dynasty (1st period) 2.10Ganesha Dynasty
  13. 13. 2.11Ilyas Shahi Dynasty (restored) 2.12Habshi dynasty 2.13Hussain Shahi dynasty 2.14Bengal Governors under Afghan rule (Sur dynasty) of Delhi Sultanate 2.15Muhammad Shahi Dynasty 2.16Karrani Dynasty (Mughal vassals) 2.17Mughal Subahdars of
  14. 14. HISTORYBritish East India CompanyWhen the British East India Company began strengthening the defenses at Fort William (Calcutta), the Nawab,Siraj Ud Daulah, at the encouragement of the French, attacked. Under the leadership
  15. 15. The Nawab was assassinated in Murshidabad, and the British installed their own Nawab for Bengal and extended their direct control in the south. Chandernagore was restored to the French in 1763. The Bengalis attempted to regain their territories in 1765 in alliance with the Mughal
  16. 16. Bengal Renaissance RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY
  17. 17. RABINDRA NATH TAGORE
  18. 18. SWAMI VIVEKANAND
  19. 19. J.C BOSE
  20. 20. The Bengal Renaissance refers to a social reform movement during the nineteenth and early 20th centuries in the region of Bengal in undivided India during the period of British rule. The Bengal renaissance can be said to have started with Raja
  21. 21. SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE
  22. 22. Bengal played a major role in the Indian independence movement, in whichrevolutionary groups such as Anushilan Samiti and Jugantar were dominant. Bengalis also played a notable role in the Indian independence movement. Many of the early proponents of the freedom struggle, and subsequent leaders in movement were Bengalis such as Chittaranjan Das, Surendranath Banerjea, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Prafulla Chaki, Bagha Jatin,Khudiram Bose, Surya Sen, Binoy-Badal-Dinesh, Sarojini Naidu, Aurobindo Ghosh, Rashbehari Bose and many more. Some of these leaders, such as Netaji, did not subscribe to the view that non-violent civil disobedience was the only way
  23. 23. During the Second World War Netaji escaped to Germany from house arrest in India and there he founded the Indian Legion an army to fight against the British Government, but the turning of the war compelled him to come to South-East Asia and there he became the co-founder and leader of the Indian National Army (distinct from the army of British India) that challenged British forces in several parts of India. He was also the head of state of a parallel regime named 'The Provisional Governmeent of Free India' or Arzi
  24. 24. MARKETS
  25. 25. DANCES CLASSICAL DANCE MAMTA SANKER
  26. 26. CHAYANO
  27. 27. DESERT
  28. 28. ANANY A FESTIVAL DANCE IN BHUTAN
  29. 29. CLASSICAL DANCE MODERN DANCE
  30. 30. KONARK DANCE
  31. 31. CLIMATE ●Kolkata has a Tropical wet-and-dry climate (Koppen climate classification Aw). The annual mean temperature is 26.8 °C (80 °F); monthly mean temperatures range from 19 °C to 30 °C (67 °F to 86 °F).[1] Summers are hot and humid with temperatures in the low 30's and during dry spells the maximum temperatures often exceed 40 °C (104 °F) during May and June.[1] Winter tends to last for only about two and a half months, with seasonal lows dipping to 12 °C – 14 °C (54 °F – 57 °F) between December and January.
  32. 32. The highest recorded temperature is 43.9 °C (113 °F) and the lowest is 5 °C (41 °F).[1] Often during early summer, dusty squalls followed by spells of thunderstorm and heavy rains lash the city, bringing relief from the humid heat. These thunderstorms are convective in nature, and is locally known as Kal baisakhi (কালবৈশাখী,
  33. 33. The highest rainfall occurs during the monsoon in August (306 mm). The city receives 2,528 hours of sunshine per annum, with the maximum sunlight occurring in March.[4] Pollution is a major concern in Kolkata, and the Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) level is high when compared
  34. 34. FOOD JOINTS
  35. 35. SPECIALITY OF THE PLACE Shopping is one good amusement one can have in Kolkata city. From street vendors to super markets the city has room for everyone. The city contains numerous showrooms of reputed national and international brands. These showrooms always glitter with great pomposity. The city is provided with markets that merchandise all categories of goods. There are fabric stores, ready to wear stores, home appliance stores, gift stores and more. While shopping in Kolkata golden rule is that it is all about bargaining. There are many fixed price shops in the city but the preferred ones include those where price negotiations are allowed . It thus turns out to be quite exciting and smart work to shop in Kolkata city. The speciality of Kolkata include Tant sarees, cotton
  36. 36. FACILITY IN HOSPITAL
  37. 37. We have well equipped equipments to meet today’s requirements. Some of them are as below: MEDICINE (GENERAL & CARDIOLOGY) SURGERY GYNAECOLOGY ORTHOPAEDICS PAEDIATRICS NEUROLOGY EYE ENT ONCOLOGY ENDOCRINOLOGY NEPHROLOGY RHEUMATOLOGY PHSYCOLOGY
  38. 38. BEST TIME TO VISIT ●Kolkata is visited by thousands of national and international tourists every year. People come here to enjoy the colorful art and culture of the City of Joy. Other than the scenic grandeur, the city also offers a peep into the British India, through some ancient architectural buildings. The celebration and festivity of the city are well known. People from round the globe come here to watch the celebration of Durga Pooja and other regional fairs, like Gangasagar and Kenduli Mela. The best time to visit Kolkata is in its festival season i.e. around October, when the atmosphere is colorful, with pleasing weather and festive mood all around.
  39. 39. ●As the summer of Kolkata is very hot and humid, it is nearly impossible for tourists to roam around with ease during this season in the city. In monsoons, the torrential rains can perturb the normal lifestyle of people here, so tourist expeditions are a bit difficult. The best and the most favored season for coming to Kolkata is winter i.e. October to February. This is the best time for visiting Kolkata as there is minimal humidity and perspiration. Even the temperature is in a pleasing range,
  40. 40. ●While coming to Kolkata in winter, make sure to bring light woolens with you, as you may need them during late nights as well as early mornings. However, do not overstuff your bag with too much winter- wear, as you will not need much of them in the city. The temperature never dips below 10°C, so there is no need of heavy woolens as well. You will also find this weather apt for taking pleasant walks near sea. So, wait for nothing more! Just pack your bags and plan a trip to this City of Joy
  41. 41. SOME IMPORTANT PLACES GENERAL POST OFFICE
  42. 42. HEART OF THE CITY
  43. 43. KOLKATA HIGH COURT
  44. 44. HAWRAH BRIDGE
  45. 45. INDIAN MEUSEUM KOLKATA
  46. 46. INSIDE METRO
  47. 47. METRO TRAIN
  48. 48. KALI TEMPLE
  49. 49. KOLKATA SCIENCE CITY
  50. 50. KOLKATA
  51. 51. KOLKATA UNIVERCITY
  52. 52. VICTORIA MEMORIAL
  53. 53. NATIONAL LIBRARY
  54. 54. VICTORIA
  55. 55. SKY LINE FROM THE MAIDAN
  56. 56. MADE BY MD.ZAKARIA

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