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Food and Beverage Service PowerPoint Presentation on cigar and cigarette

Food and Beverage Service PowerPoint Presentation on cigar and cigarette for hotel management students !

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Food and Beverage Service PowerPoint Presentation on cigar and cigarette

  1. 1. Prepared By : yash agarwal 
  2. 2. CIGARETTE • A cigarette (French "small cigar", from cigar + -ette) is a small roll of finely-cut tobacco leaves wrapped in a cylinder of thin paper for smoking.
  3. 3. History The earliest forms of cigarettes were similar to their predecessor, the cigar. Cigarettes appear to have had antecedents in Mexico and Central America around the 9th century in the form of reeds and smoking tubes. The Maya, and later the Aztecs, smoked tobacco and various psychoactive drugs in religious rituals and frequently depicted priests and deities smoking on pottery and temple engravings. The cigarette and the cigar were the most common methods of smoking in the Caribbean, Mexico and Central and South America until recent times.
  4. 4. MANUFACTURING Commercially manufactured cigarettes are seemingly simple objects consisting mainly of a -  Tobacco blend,  Paper,  Glue to bond the outer layer of paper together, and  Often also a cellulose acetate–based filter.
  5. 5. 1. Filter made of 95% cellulose acetate. 2. Tipping paper to cover the filter. 3. Rolling paper to cover the tobacco. 4. Tobacco blend.
  6. 6. TOBACCO BLEND  The process of blending, gives the end product a consistent taste from batches of tobacco grown in different areas of a country that may change in flavor profile from year to year due to different environmental conditions.
  7. 7. PAPER  The paper for holding the tobacco blend may vary in porosity to allow ventilation of the burning ember or contain materials that control the burning rate of the cigarette and stability of the produced ash.
  8. 8. FILTER  This helps in reducing the amount of nicotine that goes along with the smoke to the person’s body is made up of cellulose fibers which are very fine.
  9. 9. Brand Names With There Countries Cigarette Brands Origin  520  Benson & Hedges  Camel  Classic  Dunhill  Gauloises  Hollywood  L&M  Lambert & Butler  Longbeach  Marlboro  Mild Seven  Parisienne  China  United Kingdom  United States  India  United Kingdom  France  Brazil  United States  Great Britain  Australia and Indonesia  United States  Japan  Switzerland
  10. 10. TYPES OF CIGARETTE  Beedi  Herbal cigarette  Menthol cigarette  Kretek  Electronic cigarette
  11. 11. BEEDI  A beedi is a thin, Indian cigarette filled with tobacco flake and wrapped in atendu or possibly even Piliostigma racemosum leaf tied with a string at one end. The name is derived from the Marwari word beeda — a leaf wrapped in betel nuts, herbs, and condiments.
  12. 12. HERBAL CIGARETTE  Herbal cigarettes are cigarettes that do not contain any tobacco, instead being composed of a mixture of various herbs and/or other plant material. Such cigarettes are not to be confused with non-additive or natural tobacco cigarette varieties.
  13. 13. MENTHOL CIGARETTE  A menthol cigarette is a cigarette flavoured with the compound menthol, a substance which triggers the cold-sensitive nerves in the skin without actually providing a drop in temperature.
  14. 14. KRETEK  Kretek /ˈkrɛtɛk/ are cigarette made with a blend of tobacco, cloves and other flavours. The word "kretek" itself is an onomatopoetic term for the crackling sound of burning cloves.
  15. 15. ELECTRONIC CIGARETTE  An electronic cigarette, personal vaporizer or electronic nicotine delivery system is a battery-powered vaporizer which feels similar to tobacco smoking. Electronic cigarettes produce an aerosol, commonly called vapour, rather than cigarette smoke.
  16. 16. CIGAR Cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco.
  17. 17. History Explorer Christopher Columbus is generally credited with the introduction of tobacco to Europe. Three of Columbus's crewmen during his 1492 journey, Rodrigo de Jerez, Hector Fuentes and Luis de Torres, are said to have encountered tobacco for the first time on the island of Hispaniola, in what is present day Dominican Republic, when natives presented them with dry leaves that spread a peculiar fragrance. His sailors reported that the Taínos on the island of Cuba smoked a primitive form of cigar, with twisted, dried tobacco leaves rolled in other leaves such as
  18. 18. MANUFACTURING  Cigar is made up of three types of Tobacco leaves. a) Fillers – broken or crushed leaves which forms the centre of cigar b) Binders- small leaves are bound around the filler and a special type of glue is used to bind these leaves in cigar c) Wrappers- big leaves that are soft & elastic wrapped to give the final smooth surface
  19. 19. Brand Names With There Countries Cigar Brands Origin  Arturo Fuente  Cohiba  Gurkha  King of Denmark  Louixs  Macanudo  Oliva  Padrón  Perdomo  Rocky Patel  Stradivarius  United States  United States  North America  Europe  California  America  North America  Florida  North America  Florida  North America
  20. 20. Types Of Cigar
  21. 21. CLASSIFICATION  Cigars are classified on the basis of a) Size; b) Shape; and c) Color
  23. 23. SIZE  Size of a Cigar is measured by 2 dimensions a) Ring Gauge - 64th of an inch b) Length (inch)
  24. 24. PAREJO  They have a cylindrical body, straight sides, one end open, and a round tobacco-leaf "cap" on the other end which must be sliced off, have a V-shaped notch made in it with a special cutter, or punched through before smoking.
  25. 25. A) CORONAS  Petit Corona - 5” * 42 gauge  Corona - 5 ½” * 42 gauge  Long Corona - 6” * 42 gauge  Robusto - 5” * 50 gauge  Toro - 6” * 50 gauge  Lonsdale - 6 ½” * 42 gauge
  26. 26. B) PANANTELES These are thinner than Coronas 1. Small Pananteles - 5” * 33 gauge 2. Pananteles - 6” * 38 gauge 3. Long Pananteles - 7 ½ * 38 gauge
  27. 27. FIGURADO  Irregularly shaped  higher quality and more expensive because they are more difficult to make. a) Torpedo b) Pyramid c) Perfecto d) Presidente
  28. 28. COLOR 1. CLARO (CCC) – color of this cigar is yellow and it is very light
  29. 29. 2. COLORADO CLARO (CC) - It is medium strength cigar and mid brown in color. 3. COLORADO (C) – strong cigar, reddish brown in color.
  30. 30. 4. COLORADO MADURO (CM) – very strong, dark brown in color. 5. MADURO (M) – stronger than other cigars, very dark brown in color.