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CCET
DIPLOMA IN MECHANICAL
ENGINEERING
Major project
on
Automatic Coolant System of
Drilling Machine
Submitted To : Submit...
CANDIDATE’S DECLARATION
We hereby declare that major project which is presented on this report entitled
“AUTOMATIC COOLANT...
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
We express our sincere thanks & profound gratitude to Mr. Randhir Singh
(Workshop Instructor) & Mr. R.P. D...
CERTIFICATE
Certified that the present project work entitled “AUTOMATIC COOLANT
SYSTEM OF DRILLING MACHINE”
Submitted by
A...
INDEX
Introduction
 Sequence of Making Project
 Machines used
 Shops Used
 Tools used
 Cost of Project
 Conclusion
INTRODUCTION
Cutting fluids or coolants greatly increase the life of drill bits, taps, lathe
and milling cutters as well a...
Mist systems also use water based soluable oil coolants. These systems use
a small container of the coolant and and air po...
DRILLING MACHINE
A drilling machine, called a drill press, is used to cut holes into or
through metal, wood, or other mate...
The worktable is supported on an arm mounted to the column. The
worktable can be adjusted vertically to accommodate differ...
SPECIFICATIONS OF PILLAR TYPE RADIAL MACHINE
Drilling capacity in
steel
20 20 13 13
Tapping capacity in
steel
M 12 - - -
M...
WORKING
Its working is very simple and easy to understand as it works under the
action of Gravitational force.
Its working...
ACTUAL COOLANT
SYSTEM
SEQUENCE
FOR
COMPLETE
PROJECT
MAKING
PAINTING OF COOLANT CONTAINER
Spray painting is a painting technique where a device sprays a coating
through the air onto ...
MOUNTING OF COOLANT CONTAINER
 First of all Coolant container is fixed on the side wall of the
Drilling Machine with the ...
MATERIAL OF VARIOUS COMPONENTS
STEEL :- Steels are alloys of iron and carbon, widely used in
construction and other applic...
TOOLS USED
 Screw Driver
 Hacksaw
 File
 Measuring tape
 Hammer
 Saw
 Chisel
 Surface Plate
 Plier
 Spanner
 Pu...
SCREW DRIVER
A screwdriver is a tool, manual or powered, for turning (driving or
removing) screws. A typical simple screwd...
FILE
A file is a metalworking, woodworking and plastic working tool used
to cut fine amounts of material from a work piece...
HAMMER
A hammer is a tool that delivers a blow (a sudden impact) to an object.
The most common uses for hammers are to dri...
CHISEL
A chisel is a tool with a characteristically shaped cutting edge (such that
wood chisels have lent part of their na...
PLIER
Pliers are a hand tool used to hold objects firmly, possibly developed
from tongs used to handle hot metal in Bronze...
PUNCH
A punch is a hard metal rod with a shaped tip at one end and a blunt butt
end at the other, which is usually struck ...
MACHINES USED
Portable Drilling Machine
A drill is a tool fitted with a cutting tool attachment or driving tool
attachment...
SPRAY PAINTING MACHINE
Spray painting is a painting technique where a device sprays a coating
(paint, ink, varnish, etc.) ...
PIPE BENDING MACHINE
Tube bending is the umbrella term for metal forming processes used to
permanently form pipes or tubin...
WELDING MACHINE
Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials,
usually metals or thermoplastics, by ...
WORKSHOPS
USED
 Fitting Shop
 Welding Shop
 Carpentary Shop
 Sheet Metal Shop
FITTING SHOP
FITTING SHOP is the trade of fitting out retail and
service shops and stores with equipment, fixtures and fit...
CARPENTARY SHOP
Carpentry is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the
cutting, shaping and installation ...
SHEET METAL SHOP
Sheet metal is metal formed by an industrial process into thin, flat
pieces. It is one of the fundamental...
TOTAL COST OF PROJECT
NAME OF
PRODUCT
QUANTITY COST
Casting of spindle
holder
1 600
Coolant Container 1 1000
Copper tube 2...
CONCLUSION
We have learnt alot from this project about types of tools, machines &
how are they used in mechanical workplac...
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Project Report on Automatic Coolant System For Drilling Machines

Project Report for Mechanical Engineers

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Project Report on Automatic Coolant System For Drilling Machines

  1. 1. CCET DIPLOMA IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Major project on Automatic Coolant System of Drilling Machine Submitted To : Submitted By: Mr. Randhir Singh Anoop Kumar-(5307/12) Anuj Kumar-(5309/12) Harsimran Singh-(5322/12) Himanshu-(5323/12)
  2. 2. CANDIDATE’S DECLARATION We hereby declare that major project which is presented on this report entitled “AUTOMATIC COOLANT SYSTEM OF DRILLING MACHINE” submitted in partial fulfilments of requirements of the award of the Diploma in MECHANICAL ENGINEERING to the Punjab State Board of Technical Education & Indusrial Training ,Sector-36-A, Chandigarh, is an authentic record of our own work carried at Chandigarh College Of Engineering & Technology, Sector-26,Chandigarh campus is carried out under the supervision of Mr. Randhir Singh (Workshop Instructor) & Mr. R.P. Dhiman (Superintendent of Workshop) The material embodied in this project work has not been submitted to any other institution for award of any Diploma/ Degree. Place : Date: This to certify that above statement made by the candidate is best to my knowledge. Guided By: Mr. Randhir Singh (Workshop Instructor) And Mr. R.P. Dhiman (Superintendent of Workshop)
  3. 3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We express our sincere thanks & profound gratitude to Mr. Randhir Singh (Workshop Instructor) & Mr. R.P. Dhiman (Superintendent of Workshop) for contributing his valuable time for completing the project “AUTOMATIC COOLANT SYSTEM OF DRILLING MACHINE” successfully. Our special thanks to Mr. Chaman Lal , H.O.D. Mechanical for his encouragement during the project. Finally we thank all unmentioned names & visible names who helped us in bringing this major project report to form. Last but not the least I wish to avail myself this opportunity, express a sense of gratitude & love to my friends and my beloved parents for their mutual support , strength, and help for everything. Place : Chandigarh Date:
  4. 4. CERTIFICATE Certified that the present project work entitled “AUTOMATIC COOLANT SYSTEM OF DRILLING MACHINE” Submitted by Anoop Kumar-(5307/12) Anuj Kumar-(5309/12) Harsimran Singh-(5322/12) Himanshu-(5323/12) in partial fulfilments of requirements of the award of the Diploma in MECHANICAL ENGINEERING to the Punjab State Board of Technical Education & Indusrial Training ,Sector-36-A, Chandigarh, is an authentic record of our own work carried out in Final Year of Diploma in Mechanical Engg. Under my supervision & guidance. Signature CCET Sector-26, Chandigarh Place: Chandigarh Date:
  5. 5. INDEX Introduction  Sequence of Making Project  Machines used  Shops Used  Tools used  Cost of Project  Conclusion
  6. 6. INTRODUCTION Cutting fluids or coolants greatly increase the life of drill bits, taps, lathe and milling cutters as well as saw blades. The standard cutting fluid was a dark sulphurized oil. Today water soluble oils are used in recirculating systems and mist systems. There are also simple shop recipes, make do's and localized cutter lubricants. These products all do a number of things:  Cool the cutting edge  Lubricate the non-cutting surfaces and chips  Wash away fine chips For light duty work use WD-40 because it is handy as keep several cans in the shop at all times. The spray cans are convenient dispensers and work well on moving parts. The residue that does not evaporate helps protect the machine. For production drilling have used kerosene mixed with motor oil. The kerosene boils and evaporates at the cutting edge cooling where it is most important. This can be a smokey way to drill and can be a fire hazard. On machines with pump systems including lathes, mills, saws and grinders you use water soluble oil. This makes a milky white liquid that cools and lubricates. It washes off easily and carries other oils to the tank. These are know an "tramp" oils and there are systems for removing them from the tank. Most water based coolants have an anti-microbial agent to prevent them from going stale. Bacteria growing in the coolant can be a health hazzard and often stinks. Pumped systems can be messy on saws and drills. Some production drill presses are equiped tables with a large gutter and drain as well as no holes for coolant to leak through. Saws tend to be messy even when designed for coolant.
  7. 7. Mist systems also use water based soluable oil coolants. These systems use a small container of the coolant and and air powered atomizer to spray the coolant on the work. These are handy for machines that do not have drain pans or aprons to catch fluid from a pumped system. Care must be taken as to what type of coolant is used as mists are inhaled by workers and can be a serious health hazzard. Oil mists are particularly hazardous and should be avoided. For taping the same coolants are commonly used especially when a machine has a pump or mist system. However there are special tapping compounds that cool better and lubricate better under the high pressures of taping. One of the best taping agents was "Tap Free" a non-flamable solvent based product. It had a low boiling point and you could hear it "sizzling" at the cutting edge. It was amazing stuff but has been taken off the market. Currently there are a number of taping fluids on the market and they all do a fairly good job. Machinists often use them on difficult to machine materials on lathes and milling machines as well as for tapping. Cutting fluids, lubricants, and coolants are used in drilling work to lubricate the chip being formed for easier removal, to help dissipate the high heat caused by friction, to wash away the chips, to improve the finish, and to permit greater cutting speeds for best efficiency. In drilling work, the cutting fluid can be sprayed, dripped, or machine pumped onto the work and cutting too! to cool the action and provide for maximum tool life. Drilling, reaming, and tapping of various materials can be improved by using the proper cutting fluids. Cutting- fluids can be produced from animal, vegetable, or mineral oils. Some cutting fluids are very versatile and can be used for any operation, while other cutting fluids are specially designed for only one particular metal.
  8. 8. DRILLING MACHINE A drilling machine, called a drill press, is used to cut holes into or through metal, wood, or other materials.Drilling machines use a drilling tool that has cutting edges atits point. This cutting tool is held in the drill press by a chuck or Morse taper and is rotated and fed into the work at variablespeeds. Drilling machines may be used to perform other operations. They can perform countersinking, boring, counterboring, spot facing, reaming, and tapping. Drill press operators must know how to set up the work, set speed and feed, and provide for coolant to get an acceptable finished product. Pillar Radial Drilling Machine All drilling machines have the following construction characteristics column, head, worktable, and base.The spindle holds the drill or cutting tools and revolves in a fixed position in a sleeve. In most drilling machines, the spindle is vertical and the work is supported on a horizontal table. The sleeve or quill assembly does not revolve but may slide in its bearing in a direction parallel to its axis. When the sleeve carrying the spindle with a cutting tool is lowered, the cutting tool is fed into the work: and when it is moved upward, the cutting tool is withdrawn from the work. Feed pressure applied to the sleeve by hand or power causes the revolving drill to cut its way into the work a few thousandths of an inch per revolution. The column of most drill presses is circular and built rugged and solid. The column supports the head and the sleeve or quill assembly. The head of the drill press is composed of the sleeve, spindle, electric motor, and feed mechanism. The head is bolted to the column.
  9. 9. The worktable is supported on an arm mounted to the column. The worktable can be adjusted vertically to accommodate different heights of work. or it may be swung completely out of the way. It may be tilted up to 90° in either direction, to allow for long pieces to be end or angled drilled. The base of the drilling machine supports the entire machine and when bolted to the floor, provides for vibration-free operation and best machining accuracy. The top of the base is similar to a worktable and maybe equipped with T-slots for mounting work too large for the table.
  10. 10. SPECIFICATIONS OF PILLAR TYPE RADIAL MACHINE Drilling capacity in steel 20 20 13 13 Tapping capacity in steel M 12 - - - Morse taper in spindle 2 2 1 J 6 (arbor type) Spindle traverse 125 125 100 100 Vertical adjustment of Spindle head 425 425 425 425 Pillar diameter 76.2 76.2 57.15 57.15 Distance between centre of spindle and column front 200 200 149 149 Max. distance between spindle and table 300 300 300 300 Max. distance between spindle and base 600 600 500 500 Table Working surface 370 Dia (With Coolant Gutter) 370 Dia ( (With Coolant Gutter) 200 x 200 (With Coolant Gutter) 200 x 200 (With Coolant Gutter) Base Working surface 385 x 375 385 x 375 180 x 210 180 x 210 No. of spindle speeds 10 5 4 4 Range of spindle speeds (rpm) 100 - 142 - 210-310 - 450 - 600 - 852 - 1260 -1860 - 2700 375 -700 - 1170 - 1900 - 3220 480 - 820 - 1320 - 2080 480 - 720 - 1080 - 1590 Feed Hand Hand Hand Hand Power of the spindle drive motor 0.75 kW/ 1 HP, 1400 rpm, 415 V AC, 3 Phase, 50 Hz 0.75kW/1 HP, 1400 rpm, 415 V AC, 3 Phase, 50 Hz 0.37kW/ 0.5 HP, 1425 rpm, 415 V AC, 3 Phase, 50 Hz 0.37kW/0.5 HP, 1425 rpm, 415 V AC, 3 Phase, 50 Hz Space occupied ( L x B x H ) 790 x 440 x 1370 790 x 440 x 1250 550x 340 x 1100 650x 340 x 1100 Net weight of the machine : 220 Kg 210 Kg 105 Kg 105 Kg (All dimensions are in mm)
  11. 11. WORKING Its working is very simple and easy to understand as it works under the action of Gravitational force. Its working is described in following steps : 1. First of all the desired coolant is filled in the coolant tank which mounted over head of the Drilling Machine. 2. When the tank is fully filled by coolant then the outlet valve is used to start or stop the passage of coolant as per requirement. 3. The coolant comes out through a flexible steel pipe due to gravity. 4. With the help of flexible pipe the operator can easily direct the flow of cutting fluid. 5. The coolant will cool down the drill bit while the cutting process is carried out. 6. It provides smooth cutting operation with less heat emission. 7. Which enhances the tool life and increase productivity.
  12. 12. ACTUAL COOLANT SYSTEM
  13. 13. SEQUENCE FOR COMPLETE PROJECT MAKING
  14. 14. PAINTING OF COOLANT CONTAINER Spray painting is a painting technique where a device sprays a coating through the air onto a surface. The most common types employ compressed gas—usually air—to atomize and direct the paint particles. Spray guns evolved from airbrushes, and the two are usually distinguished by their size and the size of the spray pattern they produce. Airbrushes are hand-held and used instead of a brush for detailed work such as photo retouching, painting nails or fine art. Air gun spraying uses equipment that is generally larger. It is typically used for covering large surfaces with an even coating of liquid. Spray guns can be either automated or hand-held and have interchangeable heads to allow for different spray patterns. Single color aerosol paint cans are portable and easy to store.
  15. 15. MOUNTING OF COOLANT CONTAINER  First of all Coolant container is fixed on the side wall of the Drilling Machine with the help of a clamp  After that outlet valve is attatched to the container with the help of wing nut.  The length of PVC pipe is 150mm having internal diameter 10mm.  The one end of PVC pipe is attatched to the outlet valve which is inserted in the coolant container & other end is attatched is inserted in into the flexible copper tube .  At the end of copper tube a flexible steel pipe is attatched for the free movement of the outlet tip from where coolant is poured on to the job, during the cutting process.
  16. 16. MATERIAL OF VARIOUS COMPONENTS STEEL :- Steels are alloys of iron and carbon, widely used in construction and other applications because of their high tensile strengthsand low costs. Carbon, other elements, and inclusions within iron act as hardening agents that prevent the movement ofdislocations that otherwise occur in the crystal lattices of iron atoms. The carbon in typical steel alloys may contribute up to 2.1% of its weight. Varying the amount of alloying elements, their formation in the steel either as solute elements, or as precipitated phases, retards the movement of those dislocations that make iron so ductile and weak, and thus controls qualities such as the hardness, ductility, and tensile strength of the resulting steel. COPPER :- Copper tubing is most often used for supply of hot and cold tap water, and as refrigerant line in HVAC systems. There are two basic types of copper tubing, soft copper and rigid copper. Copper tubing is joined using flare connection, compression connection, or solder. Copper offers a high level of corrosion resistance, but is becoming very costly. PVC Pipe :- Plastic pipework is used for the conveyance of drinking water, waste water, chemicals, heating fluid and cooling fluids, foodstuffs, ultra-pure liquids, slurries, gases,compressed air and vacuum system applications. COMPONENTS MATERIAL Coolant tank Steel Pipe (outlet) Poly Vinyl chloride Coolant tube Copper Flexible pipe Steel Outlet Valve Brass
  17. 17. TOOLS USED  Screw Driver  Hacksaw  File  Measuring tape  Hammer  Saw  Chisel  Surface Plate  Plier  Spanner  Punch
  18. 18. SCREW DRIVER A screwdriver is a tool, manual or powered, for turning (driving or removing) screws. A typical simple screwdriver has a handle and a shaft, and a tip that the user inserts into the screw head to turn it. The shaft is usually made of tough steel to resist bending or twisting. The tip may be hardened to resist wear, treated with a dark tip coating for improved visual contrast between tip and screw—or ridged or treated for additional 'grip'. HACKSAW A hacksaw is a fine-toothed saw, originally and principally for cutting metal. They can also cut various other materials, such as plastic and wood; for example, plumbers and electricians often cut plastic pipe and plastic conduit with them. There are hand saw versions and powered versions (power hacksaws). Most hacksaws are hand saws with a C-shaped frame that holds a blade under tension. Such hacksaws have a handle, usually a pistol grip, with pins for attaching a narrow disposable blade. The frames may also be adjustable to accommodate blades of different sizes.
  19. 19. FILE A file is a metalworking, woodworking and plastic working tool used to cut fine amounts of material from a work piece. It most commonly refers to the hand tool style, which takes the form of a steel bar with a case hardened surface and a series of sharp, parallel teeth. Most files have a narrow, pointed tang at one end to which a handle can be fitted. A similar tool is the rasp. This is an older form, with simpler teeth. As they have larger clearance between teeth, these are usually used on softer, non-metallic materials. MEASURING TAPE A tape measure or measuring tape is a flexible ruler. It consists of a ribbon of cloth, plastic, fiber glass, or metal strip with linear- measurement markings. It is a common measuring tool. Its design allows for a measure of great length to be easily carried in pocket or toolkit and permits one to measure around curves or corners. Today it is ubiquitous, even appearing in miniature form as a keychain fob, or novelty item. Surveyors use tape measures in lengths of over 100 m (300+ ft).
  20. 20. HAMMER A hammer is a tool that delivers a blow (a sudden impact) to an object. The most common uses for hammers are to drivenails, fit parts, forge metal, and break apart objects. Hammers vary in shape, size, and structure, depending on their uses. Hammers are basic tools in many trades. The usual features are a head (most often made of steel) and a handle (also called a helve or haft). SAW A saw is a tool consisting of a hard blade, wire, or chain with a toothed edge. It is used to cut through relatively hard material, most often wood. The cut is made by placing the toothed edge against the material and moving it forcefully back and forth. This force may be applied by hand, or powered by steam, water, electricity or other power source. An abrasive saw has a powered circular blade designed to cut through metal.
  21. 21. CHISEL A chisel is a tool with a characteristically shaped cutting edge (such that wood chisels have lent part of their name to a particular grind) of blade on its end, for carving or cutting a hard material such as wood, stone, or metal by hand, struck with a mallet, or mechanical power. The handle and blade of some types of chisel are made of metal or of wood with a sharp edge in it. SURFACE PLATE A surface plate is a solid, flat plate used as the main horizontal reference plane for precision inspection, marking out (layout), and tooling setup. The surface plate is often used as the baseline for all measurements to the workpiece, therefore one primary surface is finished extremely flat with accuracy up to 0.00001 in or 250 nm for a grade AA or AAA plate.
  22. 22. PLIER Pliers are a hand tool used to hold objects firmly, possibly developed from tongs used to handle hot metal in Bronze AgeEurope.They are also useful for bending and compressing a wide range of materials. Generally, pliers consist of a pair ofmetal first-class levers joined at a fulcrum positioned closer to one end of the levers, creating short jaws on one side of the fulcrum, and longer handles on the other side. SPANNER A wrench (also called a spanner) is a tool used to provide grip and mechanical advantage in applying torque to turn objects—usually rotary fasteners, such as nuts and bolts—or keep them from turning. In British English, spanner is the standard term. The most common shapes are called open-ended spanner and ring spanner. The term wrench is generally used for tools that turn non-fastening devices (e.g. tap wrench and pipe wrench), or may be used for a monkey wrench - an adjustable spanner.
  23. 23. PUNCH A punch is a hard metal rod with a shaped tip at one end and a blunt butt end at the other, which is usually struck by a hammer. Most woodworkers prefer to use aball-peen hammer for using punches. Punches are used to drive objects, such as nails, or to form an impression of the tip on a workpiece. Decorative punches may also be used to create a pattern or even form an image.
  24. 24. MACHINES USED Portable Drilling Machine A drill is a tool fitted with a cutting tool attachment or driving tool attachment, usually a drill bit or driver bit, used for boring holes in various materials or fastening various materials together with the use of fasteners. The attachment is gripped by a chuck at one end of the drill and rotated while pressed against the target material. The tip, and sometimes edges, of the cutting tool does the work of cutting into the target material. This may be slicing off thin shavings (twist drills or auger bits), grinding off small particles (oil drilling), crushing and removing pieces of the workpiece (SDS masonry drill), countersinking, counterboring, or other operations. Drills are commonly used in woodworking, metalworking, construction and do-it-yourself projects. Specially designed drills are also used in medicine, space missions and other applications. Drills are available with a wide variety of performance characteristics, such as power and capacity.
  25. 25. SPRAY PAINTING MACHINE Spray painting is a painting technique where a device sprays a coating (paint, ink, varnish, etc.) through the air onto a surface. The most common types employ compressed gas—usually air—to atomize and direct the paint particles. Spray guns evolved from airbrushes, and the two are usually distinguished by their size and the size of the spray pattern they produce. Airbrushes are hand-held and used instead of a brush for detailed work such as photo retouching, painting nails or fine art. Air gun spraying uses equipment that is generally larger. It is typically used for covering large surfaces with an even coating of liquid. Spray guns can be either automated or hand-held and have interchangeable heads to allow for different spray patterns. Single color aerosol paint cans are portable and easy to store.
  26. 26. PIPE BENDING MACHINE Tube bending is the umbrella term for metal forming processes used to permanently form pipes or tubing. One has to differentiate between form-bound and freeform-bending procedures, as well as between heat supported and cold forming procedures. Form bound bending procedures like “press bending” or “rotary draw bending” are used to form the work piece into the shape of a die. Straight tube stock can be formed using a bending machine to create a variety of single or multiple bends and to shape the piece into the desired form. This processes can be used to form complex shapes out of different types of ductile metal tubing.Freeform-bending processes, like three-roll-pushbending, shape the workpiece kinematically, thus the bending contour is not dependent on the tool geometry. Generally, round stock is what is used in tube bending. However, square and rectangular tubes and pipes may also be bent to meet job specifications. Other factors involved in the tube bending process is the wall thickness, tooling and lubricants needed by the pipe and tube bender to best shape the material and it is also used in different ways e.g.( tube,pipe wires).
  27. 27. WELDING MACHINE Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing coalescence. This is often done by melting the workpieces and adding a filler material to form a pool of molten material (the weld pool) that cools to become a strong joint, with pressure sometimes used in conjunction with heat, or by itself, to produce the weld. This is in contrast with soldering and brazing, which involve melting a lower-melting- point material between the workpieces to form a bond between them, without melting the work pieces. It is often used in construction engineering. A welding power supply is a device that provides an electric current to perform welding. Welding usually requires high current (over 80 amperes) and it can need above 12,000 amperes in spot welding. Low current can also be used; welding two razor blades together at 5 amps with gas tungsten arc welding is a good example.
  28. 28. WORKSHOPS USED  Fitting Shop  Welding Shop  Carpentary Shop  Sheet Metal Shop
  29. 29. FITTING SHOP FITTING SHOP is the trade of fitting out retail and service shops and stores with equipment, fixtures and fittings. The trade applies to all kinds of outlets from small corner shops to hypermarkets. A shop fitter executes planning, designs shop layout and installs equipment and services. A shop fitting firm typically incorporates professional expertise in interior design, manufacturing of bespoke furniture, signage and fittings (with own or outsourced facilities) and purchasing of retail equipment. During our project the cutting, drilling & painting are performed under the supervision of Mr. Randhir Sir. Also the whole assembly of Coolant system was performed here and completion was done in this shop only.
  30. 30. CARPENTARY SHOP Carpentry is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork, etc. Carpenters traditionally worked with natural wood and did the rougher work such as framing, but today many other materials are also used and sometimes the finer trades of cabinetmaking and furniture building are considered carpentry. Carpentry in the United States is almost always done by men. During our project the mounting of the coolant tank is done with the help of various types of tools under the supervision of Mr. Randhir Sir & S. Jasmer Sir.
  31. 31. SHEET METAL SHOP Sheet metal is metal formed by an industrial process into thin, flat pieces. It is one of the fundamental forms used inmetalworking and it can be cut and bent into a variety of shapes. Countless everyday objects are constructed with sheet metal. Thicknesses can vary significantly; extremely thin thicknesses are considered foil or leaf, and pieces thicker than 6 mm (0.25 in) are considered plate. Sheet metal is available in flat pieces or coiled strips. The coils are formed by running a continuous sheet of metal through a roll slitter. The thickness of sheet metal is commonly specified by a traditional, non-linear measure known as its gauge. The usage of Sheet Metal Shop is limited to the makin of sheet metal clamp for holding the coolant tank and copper tubing under the supervision of Mr. Randhir Sir.
  32. 32. TOTAL COST OF PROJECT NAME OF PRODUCT QUANTITY COST Casting of spindle holder 1 600 Coolant Container 1 1000 Copper tube 2.5m 400 Flexible pipe (3/8”) 18” 150 PVC pipe 1’ 80 Outlet Valve + Ring nut (Brass) 2 350 Paint ½ litre + 50g 175 M-Seal 1 10 Total Two Thousand Seven Hundred Sixty Five Only 2765
  33. 33. CONCLUSION We have learnt alot from this project about types of tools, machines & how are they used in mechanical workplaces in Industry, Some basic techniques like cutting, Surface finishing, planning, grinding are introduced very nicely. In addition to this we have also learntabout painting and welding. Moreover this projectgave us a good experience of purchasing material from market and increased our surveying capabilities In the end I would like to thanks my teacher who guided us throughout the project especiallyour Fitting instructor Mr. Randhir Sir.

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Project Report for Mechanical Engineers

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