1. INTRODUCTION: <ul><li>Terrassa (Terrassa officially in Catalan), ancient Roman and egos Egara Iberian, a Spanish municipality located about twenty kilometers from the city of Barcelona, in the region of Vallès Occidental is the regional capital with Sabadell (province Barcelona, Catalonia). With a population of 212,724 inhabitants (INE 2010), is Catalonia's fourth largest city in population and the twenty-fifth of Spain. </li></ul>
2. GEOGRAPHICAL FRAMEWORK: <ul><li>Terrassa is located south of the Massif de Sant Llorenç del Munt Riera on the Sand, to 286 m and 41 ° 33'40 "N 2 ° 00'29" E / 41.56111, 2.00806, within the rift valley Vallès-Penedès. Forest areas occupy the largest sector northwest of the term, the northern part is integrated in the Natural Park of Sant Llorenç del Munt i l'Obac. The municipality covers an area of 70.2 km ². Matadepera bordered to the north, Mura and Vacarisas, east to the city of Sabadell and Castellar del Valles, south of San Quirico in Terrassa, Les Fonts, Ruby and Ullastrell, and west by Viladecavalls and Vacarisas. Located about twenty kilometers from the city of Barcelona, nearby town of Sabadell, with whom she has a historic rivalry. Administratively located within the district of Vallés Occidental, which share capital with the city of Sabadell. </li></ul>Localización de Tarrasa dentro del Vallés Occidental
3. HISTORY: <ul><li>The first news of the current Tarrasa come from the time of the Romans, who founded the city of Egara on an ancient Iberian settlement which some remains have been found, including coins. Also Paleolithic remains have been found around Vallparadís stream, near where is now the Group of Monuments at the churches of San Pedro de Terrassa, as well as a necropolis of Culture Urnfield Misert Can. In the municipality is also Cartuja Vallparadís Castle, a twelfth-century building. Tarrasa nineteenth century was one of the Spanish cities where the industrial revolution had a higher incidence, with a large number of factories and industries engaged in the textile industry. Today, many modernist buildings still survive from that era, such as the Vapor Aymerich, Amat i Jover (1907), now the Museum of Science and Technology of Catalonia, the Masia Freixa (1907), Casa Alegre de Sagrera (1911 ), the City Hall (1902), Grand Casino (1920), the Main Theatre (1920) and the Parc de disinfection (1920), to name just the highlights. On July 1, 1904 the municipality of Terrassa annexed part of the end of the village of San Pedro de Terrassa (formerly Egara, which had 4404 inhabitants in 1900). Sabadell, meanwhile, was annexed by another party (the Creu Alta, Ca n'Oriac ...) and another Ruby (Castellnou). On September 25, 1962 was affected by the great flood that occurred in the Vallés area, which also affected other municipalities like San Quirico Ruby and Terrassa. </li></ul>Castillo cartuja de Vallparadís.
4. ART AND ARCHITECTURE: <ul><li>The municipality of Terrassa has a wide variety of different artistic fields or artistic periods. From the Roman period, through the Romanesque and Byzantine influenced the most characteristic Catalan Gothic and modernist art to the more conceptual. Several excavations by the Parc Vallparadís are proving Palaeolithic and Neolithic life in the city. The remains found so far are located within the castle's museum set Vallparadís Charterhouse. The Roman world has gotten very little, not to mention the current excavations in the monumental complex of San Pedro, specifically Santa Maria, where are remains of what was an ancient Roman bath and the access bridge to the set. More current is the monument of the churches of San Pedro, made by San Pedro, San Miguel and Santa Maria. All three show the evolution of Romanesque art in the world. It also has important modernist monuments as Masia Freixa, the architect Lluís Muncunill i Parellada. </li></ul>Masía Freixa.
5. LEISURE: <ul><li>In turn, Tarrasa shows a range of possibilities for the young and idlers in the Parc Vallès where cinema, clubs and arcades. And for lovers of nature, with the current Terrassa Parc Vallparadís. It is also known as consolidated its Jazz Festival, the 2010 held its twenty-ninth edition. </li></ul>
6. NEIGHBORHOODS: <ul><li>district 1 Plaça de Catalunya i Escola Industrial, Cementiri Vell, Centre, and Antic Vallparadís Poble de Sant Pere. district 2 Montserrat, Vilardell, Torre-sana and n'Anglada Ca. district 3 Can Parellada, Les Fonts (part of the neighborhood is within the municipality of San Quirico de Tarrasa), Can Jofresa, Guadalhorce and Guadiana, Can Palet II, Xúquer, XX Segle Can Palet. district 4 N'Aurell Ca, La Maurina, the cowl, Roc Blanc, Les pallet Can Carbonell and Vista Alegre. district 5 Sant Pere, Pla del Bon Air, Can Roca, Poble Nou i Esportiva Zone, Torrent d'en Pere Parres, Can Boada del Pi, Can Gontero, Pla del Bon Aire i the club. district 6 Les Arenes, La Grípia, Can Montllor, Sant Llorenç, Sant Pere Nord, Egara, Can Tusell. </li></ul>
7. PUBLIC TRANSPORT WITHIN: <ul><li>Within the city operates a total of fifteen bus lines. The lines are: bus: Tours (April 2009) 1 Sant Llorenç - Rambla d'Egara - Hospital 2 Les Arenes - The Gripia - Rambla d'Egara 3 The Gripia-Les Arenes - Dr. Robert - Rambla d'Egara - The Maurina 4 Can Parellada - Ca n'Aurell 5 Pla del Bon Air - Poble Nou - Rambla d'Egara - Roc Blanc - Can Trias 6 Can Tusell - St. Pere Nord - Rambla d'Egara - The Cogullada 7 Nord - Sud (Pla de Bon Aire - Dr. Robert - Can Jofresa) 8 Avinguda (Can Jofresa - Avinguda - Rbla d'Egara - Can Jofresa) 9 Avinguda (Can Palet - Can Jofresa - Rbla d'Egara - Avinguda - Can Palet) 10 Les Fonts - Estació Nord Poble Nou 11 - Estació Nord - Ca n'Anglada - Hospital 12 Can Palet de Vista Alegre - Rambla Egara - Can Gontero 14 Mercadal Setmanal Martí Parellada Can Human l'(weekly market on Wednesdays) 15 Polígons Industrials (Les Fonts - Polígons Colom II - Can Parellada - Sta.Margarida, Cap Sud) DNIT 16 Bus (Night) The last line (the 11th) was created on 3/25/09 and became operational in April 2009 (4.4.09). Line 13 is in the pipeline. For the year 2010, EMTs said that a great circle line will be created to provide more services to neighborhoods outside the city. The service is performed by the company Transports Municipals d'Egara, SA from the day October 1, 1989, when it replaced the previous concessionaire service TUTS (Transportes Urbanos de Terrassa, SA). Metro: Currently under construction Metro Terrassa, an extension of the Railway line S1 of the Government of Catalunya (FGC). </li></ul>
8.CULTURA AND SPORT: <ul><li>To Tarrasa Culture is the Jazz and the sport Hockey. Sport is one of the hallmarks of the city. It has a running track, football and Olympic swimming pool, a track cycling and also has one of the best facilities in the hockey world in which he played a world championship in this sport. As major sporting Acontecimento should be noted that in 1992 was 1992 Olympic subsite. Stands out among all the sports field hockey with 4 top flight clubs in the Spanish national and many international players and localities bordering Tarrasa. In football descata the Terrassa FC, who military after the Second Division A of the Spanish League between 2001 and 2005, declined and compete in the third division until 2010 i now play in division 3. In addition, Terrassa has the current and evolving Fencing Club Ciutat de Terrassa whose members compete nationally and in several categories, both male and female. In the field of popular culture, Tarrasa is representative within the world of castellers, to have two crews (Colla castellera) important and Castellers Minyons Terrassa Terrassa. Note that the colla Minyons of Terrassa is one of the most important in this discipline. There is also the Drac de Terrassa, is a mythical figure in the form of a dragon. The dragon itself is a figure who throws fire at various points of your body. The most important exhibition of Drac is the festival of the Drac Tarrasa and represents the legend of Terrassa in which the lower Drac Mola (Sant Llorenç) to eat the tarrasenses, something like the story of Sant Jordi and the dragon. Stresses the musical activity around jazz in Terrassa been held for 25 years, the International Jazz Festival, which has become the Catalonia's festival for programming and prestige. It is known that he had a predilection international jazz pianist Tete Montoliu by his club, the Jazz Cava, given the opportunities afforded to play with international jazzmen like Pony Poindexter, Dexter Gordon and a long list. In gratitude, he gave the club its Kawai grand piano, which is currently at the headquarters of the Friends of Arts and Joventutds musicals, artistic group that owns Jazzterrassa, festival organizer and programmer stable Nova Jazz Cava de Terrassa. </li></ul>
<ul><li>athletes: Santi Freixa (1983 -), International Hockey Player of the Athletic Terrassa Hockey Club (ATHC) currently in Amsterdam HC. Xavi Hernandez (1980 -), international footballer currently at FC Barcelona. Albert Luque (1978 -), international footballer currently at Málaga CF. Cristian Garcia (1981 -), footballer currently on the SD Ponferradina. Toni Moral (1981 -), footballer currently on the Football Club Cartagena. Juan Carlos Moreno (1975 -), former Under-21 international footballer. Also highlighted as very important sport handball in Terrassa find a club called Handball Terrassa, which debuted this year at first. Albert Oliver (1978 -), basketball player currently on the Student Basketball Club. Guillem Rubio (1982 -), currently on the international basketball Unicaja Malaga. Peñarroya Joan (1969 -), retired basketball star, played in TDK Manresa, CB Leon and CB Ourense. </li></ul>
9. MEANS OF COMMUNICATION <ul><li>Terrassa has a local newspaper, the Diario de Terrassa, which is published daily Tuesday through Saturday, and several radio stations: Cadena SER Radio Terrassa Vallés (one of the pioneering stations in Catalonia), the municipal station noucincpuntdos, Radio Star Terrassa (the city's cultural station). The city also has several local TV: TV20 Localia Vallès and Canal Terrassa (municipal). It also has digital newspapers as Kaosenlared.net (founded 2001) and has more than one million views per month, making it the most important information through the city and the world in their language and communication area (see the indexer http://www.alexa.com) infoterrasa.com (founded 2002), e-newsterrassa.com (since 2005, local online newspaper) and aterrassa.cat (since April 2008, controlled by Avui). Also published since 1984, and monthly municipal magazine Visquem Terrassa. It is distributed free to every household in the city. As of May 2009 published the free newspaper Societat Terrassa, broadcast monthly with a circulation of 50,000 copies. It was published in 1999. That same month stopped publication of the paper edition of Avui + Terrassa, which was edited free since April 2008. His disappearance did not lead the digital version aterrassa.cat. In November 2007 closed Més Terrassa, another free paper, after being published in just two years. </li></ul>