Geoffrey.Whittam@gcu.ac.uk
Investing in our common future
•Definition
•Example 1 the community of Gigha
•Example 2 Fife holiday Home and the
Simon Community
•Example 3 Self-Directe...
 “The financial and economic crisis makes
creativity and innovation in general and social
innovation in particular even m...
 Employers
 Employees (and their representatives)
 Tax payers?
 Clients/community
 Funders
 Scottish Land Fund (financed from the
national lottery) administered by state
regional development agencies.
 Aims to c...
From ‘feudal’ rights to ‘common ownership’
 Limited economic and community
development
 Tied houses
 Control by the Lai...
 Peripherality and remoteness: rural areas
 Social capital
 Population
 Housing
 Enterprise
 SMEs
 “First of all there is a burst of energy, [the buy
out] creates a lot of energy, which is pulled
together suddenly…as a ...
 Community- they own the assets, more
control over their lives, increase in
population, better housing, more
opportunitie...
 Provides a week away for School children
 Full order book
 Losing money, subsidised by Local
Municipalities
 Recessio...
 Local retired business man and friends take
over the centre
 Remains open
 Employees now voluntary
 Breaking even
 Community Benefit- maybe, the resource is
still open
 Tax Payers- yes no longer subsiding the
centre
 Employees- from ...
 Works with people who are homeless
 Worked in conjunction with a mental health
charity
 Majority of funding from Local...
 Within 3 months the mental health charity
realised it did not have the expertise
 Went to the Simon Community
 Tax Pay...
 Legislation going through Scottish Parliament
 ‘Parental Choice’ for services such as respite
care
 Just completed a s...
 90% of funding from Local Authorities
 Monopoly provider in some local areas
 Clients 100% happy- “too much to do with...
 Provided an example of positive social
innovation
 Need to be careful with concepts such as
‘social innovation’
 ‘Soci...
 Perhaps the examples of questionable social
innovation it is too early to say?
 Innovation means change
 With change ‘...
Investing in our common future
GEOFFREY WHITTAM - Social Innovation. Where the social meets the market
GEOFFREY WHITTAM - Social Innovation. Where the social meets the market
GEOFFREY WHITTAM - Social Innovation. Where the social meets the market
GEOFFREY WHITTAM - Social Innovation. Where the social meets the market
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GEOFFREY WHITTAM - Social Innovation. Where the social meets the market

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Ponencia impartida por Geoffrey Whittam, investigador de la Glasgow Caledonian University, el 3 de julio de 2013 en la II European Summer School of Social Innovation

Published in: Business, Economy & Finance
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GEOFFREY WHITTAM - Social Innovation. Where the social meets the market

  1. 1. Geoffrey.Whittam@gcu.ac.uk Investing in our common future
  2. 2. •Definition •Example 1 the community of Gigha •Example 2 Fife holiday Home and the Simon Community •Example 3 Self-Directed Support (SDS) • Discussion •Conclusion
  3. 3.  “The financial and economic crisis makes creativity and innovation in general and social innovation in particular even more important to foster sustainable growth, secure jobs and boost competitiveness” EU President Borroso 2009 Investing in our common future
  4. 4.  Employers  Employees (and their representatives)  Tax payers?  Clients/community  Funders
  5. 5.  Scottish Land Fund (financed from the national lottery) administered by state regional development agencies.  Aims to contribute to sustainable development in rural Scotland by assisting communities to acquire, develop and manage local land or land assets. Pioneering in stimulating investment in community development
  6. 6. From ‘feudal’ rights to ‘common ownership’  Limited economic and community development  Tied houses  Control by the Laird Avoiding ‘The Tragedy of the Commons’ Hardin (1968)
  7. 7.  Peripherality and remoteness: rural areas  Social capital  Population  Housing  Enterprise  SMEs
  8. 8.  “First of all there is a burst of energy, [the buy out] creates a lot of energy, which is pulled together suddenly…as a result from that energy comes a lot of ideas… It’s not all about physically owning the land. It’s about what it does to you and I think that’s really, really important.”
  9. 9.  Community- they own the assets, more control over their lives, increase in population, better housing, more opportunities  Funders- loans being paid back  Tax Payers?  Employees  Employers A Good example of Social Innovation
  10. 10.  Provides a week away for School children  Full order book  Losing money, subsidised by Local Municipalities  Recession, need to cut budgets  No longer viable- therefore threatened with closure
  11. 11.  Local retired business man and friends take over the centre  Remains open  Employees now voluntary  Breaking even
  12. 12.  Community Benefit- maybe, the resource is still open  Tax Payers- yes no longer subsiding the centre  Employees- from well paid employment to volunteering?  Employers- psychic income? Social Innovation?
  13. 13.  Works with people who are homeless  Worked in conjunction with a mental health charity  Majority of funding from Local Authority  In Glasgow the service went out to tender- the Simon Community lost the contract, went to the mental health charity
  14. 14.  Within 3 months the mental health charity realised it did not have the expertise  Went to the Simon Community  Tax Payers saved money  Employees?  Funders, Local Authorities ‘happy’  Uncertainty for the clients  Community?- social capital  Social Innovation?
  15. 15.  Legislation going through Scottish Parliament  ‘Parental Choice’ for services such as respite care  Just completed a study for an organisation having to adapt to the change- confidentiality  Clients, majority of staff, Local Authorities don’t want it
  16. 16.  90% of funding from Local Authorities  Monopoly provider in some local areas  Clients 100% happy- “too much to do without having to spend time sorting out a care package”  Personal Assistants a potential solution?  Is it about choice or cost-cutting? Social Innovation ?
  17. 17.  Provided an example of positive social innovation  Need to be careful with concepts such as ‘social innovation’  ‘Social innovation’ for whom?  ‘Social innovation’ for what?  What of ‘social innovation’ that none of the key stakeholders necessarily wants?
  18. 18.  Perhaps the examples of questionable social innovation it is too early to say?  Innovation means change  With change ‘winners’ and ‘losers’  Needs to be analysed with the backdrop of the changing nature and function of the state and society.
  19. 19. Investing in our common future

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