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WERNER WOBBE - Social Innovation in European Policies


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Ponencia impartida por Werner Wobbe, miembro de la Dirección General de Investigación e Innovación de la Comisión Europea, el 4 de julio de 2013 en la II European Summer School of Social Innovation

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WERNER WOBBE - Social Innovation in European Policies

  1. 1. Research and Innovation Research and Innovation Social Innovation in European Policies Dr. Werner Wobbe DG RTD C2 2nd European Sommer School of Innovation 4 July 2013, San Sebastian, Spain
  2. 2. PolicyResearch and Innovation Overview • How EU policy has developed in view of social innovation • How does the European Commission understand social innovation • How policy is put into practice by mainly two instruments
  3. 3. PolicyResearch and Innovation The narrative of social innovation in European policies • From social aid to social inclusion • From social inclusion to empowering people and driving change • From technological innovation to social innovation • From competitiveness to societal challenges
  4. 4. PolicyResearch and Innovation Understanding Social Innovation ‘innovations that are social in both their ends and their means. Specifically, [...] new ideas (products, services and models) that simultaneously meet social needs (more effectively than alternatives) and create new social relationships or collaborations. They are innovations that are not only good for society but also boost society’s capacity to act.’
  5. 5. PolicyResearch and Innovation EU Policies and Strategy • Europe 2020 strategy • Seven policy flagship initiatives for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth • Social inclusion, innovation, entrepreneurship and knowledge-based society are core issues • The two most relevant flagship initiatives for social innovation  Instrument I: "European Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion"  Instrument II: "Innovation Union"
  6. 6. PolicyResearch and Innovation Headline Targets of Europe 2020 • 75 per cent employment rate (% of 20-64 year population) • 3 per cent investment in R&D (% of EU GDP); new innovation indicator to be developed • 20 per cent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (30% conditional offer); 20 per cent share of renewables in final energy consumption; move towards 20 per cent increase in energy efficiency • School drop-out reduction rates to less than 10 per cent; at least 40 per cent of 30-34-year-olds to complete tertiary education or equivalent • Lift at least 20 million people out of the risk of poverty and exclusion
  7. 7. The Budget: Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020: Commission’s proposals of 29 June 2011 1. Smart & inclusive growth (€491bn) 2. Sustainable growth, natural resources (€383bn) 3. Security and citizenship (€18.5bn) 4. Global Europe (€70bn) 5. Administration (€62.6bn) Total: € 1,025bn (€960bn recent EU institutional agreement) Education, Youth, Sport Connecting Europe Cohesion Competitive Business SMEs Horizon 2020 Key challenge: stabilise the financial and economic system while taking measures to create economic opportunities
  8. 8. PolicyResearch and Innovation Flagship: Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion • Delivering actions across the whole policy spectrum such as the labour market, minimum income support, healthcare, education, housing and access to basic banking accounts. • Better use of EU funds to support social inclusion. The Commission has proposed that 20% of the European Social Fund be earmarked for fighting poverty and social exclusion. • Promoting robust evidence of what does and does not work in social policy innovations before implementing them more widely. • Working in partnership with civil society to support more effectively the implementation of social policy reforms. The participation of people experiencing poverty is now acknowledged as a catalyst for inclusion strategies. • Enhanced policy coordination among EU countries has been established through the use of the open method of coordination for social protection and social inclusion (Social OMC) and the Social Protection Committee in particular.
  9. 9. PolicyResearch and Innovation Social investment and the (Social) Funds for social innovation Instrument I • European Social Fund (ESF) is European Union’s main financial instrument for supporting the implementation of employment and social policy reforms • Member States will implement a Social Investment Package (SIP) • Support of SIP by the EU through the ESF, and support from other European Structural and Investment Funds • European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the Framework Programmes for Research and Development European (FP RTD), Investment Bank Group (EIB) and European Commission Initiatives (JASPERS, JEREMIE, JESSICA, JASMINE), the European Investment Fund (EIF) to promote social enterprise, the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme (CIP)
  10. 10. PolicyResearch and Innovation What is Horizon 2020 • Instrument II • Commission proposal for a 80 billion euro research and innovation funding programme (2014-2020) • A core part of Europe 2020, Innovation Union & European Research Area: - Responding to the economic crisis to invest in future jobs and growth - Addressing people’s concerns about their livelihoods, safety and environment - Strengthening the EU’s global position in research, innovation and technology
  11. 11. PolicyResearch and Innovation Investment in R&D is part of the solution to exit from the economic crises: The more countries invest in R&D the better they perform
  12. 12. Research and Innovation Three priorities: 1. Excellent science 2. Industrial leadership 3. Societal challenges
  13. 13. PolicyResearch and Innovation Priority 3. Societal challenges • Why: • Concerns of citizens and society/EU policy objectives (climate, environment, energy, transport etc) cannot be achieved without innovation • Breakthrough solutions come from multi- disciplinary collaborations, including social sciences & humanities • Promising solutions need to be tested, demonstrated and scaled up
  14. 14. PolicyResearch and Innovation • Proposed funding million euro, 2014-2020 (Commission proposal) Health, demographic change and wellbeing 8 033 Food security, sustainable agriculture, marine and maritime research & the bioeconomy 4 152 Secure, clean and efficient energy* 5 782 Smart, green and integrated transport 6 802 Climate action, resource efficiency and raw materials 3 160 Inclusive, innovative and secure societies 3 819
  15. 15. PolicyResearch and Innovation Socio-economic sciences and humanities • Integrated approach: SSH included as an integral part of the activities, working beyond 'silos‘ (e.g. understanding the determinants of health and optimising the effectiveness of healthcare systems). • The 'Inclusive, Innovative and Secure Societies' challenge: issues such as smart and sustainable growth, social transformations, social innovation and creativity, the position of Europe as a global actor as well as the social dimension of a secure society (SSH have the tools to contribute to addressing security challenges, enhancing the societal dimension of security policy and research).
  16. 16. PolicyResearch and Innovation Next steps Ongoing: Parliament and Council negotiations on the basis of the Commission proposals Ongoing: Parliament and Council negotiations on EU budget 2014-2020 (including overall budget for Horizon 2020) Mid 2012: Final calls under 7th Framework Programme for research to bridge gap towards Horizon 2020 Mid 2013: Adoption of legislative acts by Parliament and Council on Horizon 2020 1/1/2014: Horizon 2020 starts, launch of first calls
  17. 17. PolicyResearch and Innovation Discussion –Reflection - Concepts • Social Aid ><Social inclusion • Capacity to act • Social economy (cooperatives, associations, 'Gemeinwirtschaft', 'Daseinsvorsorge') • Productivity movement • New public management • Public authority and political movements
  18. 18. Research and Innovation Find out more: