ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR
PRESENTED TO: PRESENTED BY:
Ms. BHAWANA SAUN ASHUTOSH GUPTA
RAJENDRA SINGH
ADITYA GANGRADE
INSTIT...
A DYNAMIC CONDITION IN WHICH AN INDIVIDUAL IS
CONFRONTED WITH AN OPPORTUNITY, CONSTRAINT, OR
DEMAND RELATED TO WHAT HE OR ...
A MODEL OF STRESS
POTENTIAL STRESS
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
• ECONOMIC UNCERTAINITY
• POLITICAL UNCERTAINITY
• TECHNOLOGICAL ...
POTENTIAL SOURCES OF STRESS
 ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
 ORGANIZATIONAL FACTORS
 INDIVIDUAL FACTORS
POSITIVE STRESS
IT IS AN OPPORTUNITY WHEN, IT OFFERS POTENTIAL GAIN.
EX: THE SUPERIOR PERFORMANCE THAT AN ATHELETE OR STAG...
NEGATIVE STRESS
Negative stress is the reaction to a situation or
event that puts you under great pressure. It is
experie...
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
ABILITY TO HANDLE STRESS
PERCEPTION OF REALITY
APPROACH TO THE PROBLEM
SOCIAL SUPPORT
SELF EFF...
CONSEQUENCES OF STRESS
 PHYSIOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS
 PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS
 BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS
METHOD FOR IDENTIFY THE CAUSES OF STRESS
STRESS MANAGEMENT
The objective of stress management is to keep stress or tension levels
within the optimal range for perf...
APPROACHES TO MANAGE STRESS
ORGANIZATIONAL APPROACH
• IMPROVED PERSONNEL SELECTION
• JOB PLACEMENT
• TRAINING
• USE OF REA...
INDIVIDUAL APPROACH
• IMPLEMENTING TIME MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
• INCRESING RELAXATION TRAINING
• EXPANDING THE SOCIAL SUPPO...
STRESS MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES
• ATTITUDE
• LAUGH
• MEDITATION & EXERCISE
• HEALTHY EATING
•
• AVOID CIGARETTES
• RELAXING Y...
• ORGANIZATION
• BUDGET
• SPIRITUALITY
• DETERMINE YOUR LEARNING STYLE
• SLOW DOWN
• FIND A SUPPORT SYSTEM
• MAKE CHANGES ...
Benefits of Stress Management
 Physical health gets better
-more energy and stamina
 Emotions stabilized
-positive attit...
Success Stories/
Case Studies
GSK implemented a “Team Resilience” program for its
employees
and managers in 2001 to take c...
Wellness Programs
Estimate suggests J&J’s program has saved the
company $22.4 million per year. The initiative has
several...
CONCLUSION
 WE FOUND THAT EXISTENCE OF WORK STRESS , IN AND OF ITSELF
NEED NOT IMPLY LOWER PERFORMANCE. THE EVIDENCE INDI...
BIBLIOGRAPHY
 WWW.SLIDESHARE.NET
 WWW.MANAGEMENTGUIDE.COM
 ORGANIZATION BEHAVIOUR (Stephen p Robbins.)
 www.mbanotesra...
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Stress management ppt

  1. 1. ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR PRESENTED TO: PRESENTED BY: Ms. BHAWANA SAUN ASHUTOSH GUPTA RAJENDRA SINGH ADITYA GANGRADE INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES DAVV, INDORE
  2. 2. A DYNAMIC CONDITION IN WHICH AN INDIVIDUAL IS CONFRONTED WITH AN OPPORTUNITY, CONSTRAINT, OR DEMAND RELATED TO WHAT HE OR SHE DESIRES AND FOR WHICH THE OUTCOME IS PERCEIVED TO BE BOTH UNCERTAIN AND IMPORTANT.
  3. 3. A MODEL OF STRESS POTENTIAL STRESS ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS • ECONOMIC UNCERTAINITY • POLITICAL UNCERTAINITY • TECHNOLOGICAL UNCERTAINITY ORGANISATIONAL FACTORS • TASK DEMANDS • ROLE DEMANDS • INTERPERSONAL DEMANDS • ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE • ORGANIZATIONAL LEADERSHIP • ORGANIZATIONS LIFESTAGE INDIVIDUAL FACTORS • FAMILY PROBLEMS • ECONOMIC PROBLEMS • PERSONALITY INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES • PERCEPTION • JOB EXPERIENCE • SOCIAL SUPPORT • BELIEF IN LOCUS OF CONTROL • SELF – EFFICACY • HOSTILITY EXPERIENCED STRESS PHYSIOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS • HEADACHES • HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE • HEART DISEASE PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS • ANXIETY • DEPRESSION • DECREASE IN JOB SATISFACTION BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS • PRODUCTIVITY • ABSENTEEISM • TURNOVER CONSEQUENCES
  4. 4. POTENTIAL SOURCES OF STRESS  ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS  ORGANIZATIONAL FACTORS  INDIVIDUAL FACTORS
  5. 5. POSITIVE STRESS IT IS AN OPPORTUNITY WHEN, IT OFFERS POTENTIAL GAIN. EX: THE SUPERIOR PERFORMANCE THAT AN ATHELETE OR STAGE PERFORMER GIVES IN “CLUCH” SITUATIONS. SUCH INDIVIDUALS OFTEN USE STRESS POSITIVELY TO RISE TO THE OCCASION AND PERFORM AT OR NEAR THEIR MAXIMUM. SIMILARLY, MANY PROFESSIONALS SEE THE PRESSURES OF HEAVY WORKLOAD AND DEADLINES AS A POSITIVE CHALLENGES THAT ENHANCE THE QUALITY OF THEIR WORK AND THE SATISFACTION THEY GET FROM THEIR JOB.
  6. 6. NEGATIVE STRESS Negative stress is the reaction to a situation or event that puts you under great pressure. It is experienced when stress when people doubt their capability and don't believe they can meet the challenge and thrive.
  7. 7. INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES ABILITY TO HANDLE STRESS PERCEPTION OF REALITY APPROACH TO THE PROBLEM SOCIAL SUPPORT SELF EFFICACY PERSONALITY TRAITS
  8. 8. CONSEQUENCES OF STRESS  PHYSIOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS  PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS  BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS
  9. 9. METHOD FOR IDENTIFY THE CAUSES OF STRESS
  10. 10. STRESS MANAGEMENT The objective of stress management is to keep stress or tension levels within the optimal range for performance, health and well-being. To study how the employees are balancing their Stress Management. The main objective of this project is to find out the reasons for Stress.
  11. 11. APPROACHES TO MANAGE STRESS ORGANIZATIONAL APPROACH • IMPROVED PERSONNEL SELECTION • JOB PLACEMENT • TRAINING • USE OF REALISTIC GOAL SETTING • REDESIGNING OF JOBS • INCREASED EMPLOYEE INVOLVEMENT • IMPROVED ORGANIZATIONAL COMMUNICATION • OFFERING EMPLOYEE SABBATICALS • ESTABLISHMENT OF CORPORATE WELLNESS PROGRAMME
  12. 12. INDIVIDUAL APPROACH • IMPLEMENTING TIME MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES • INCRESING RELAXATION TRAINING • EXPANDING THE SOCIAL SUPPORT NETWORK
  13. 13. STRESS MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES • ATTITUDE • LAUGH • MEDITATION & EXERCISE • HEALTHY EATING • • AVOID CIGARETTES • RELAXING YOUR MIND & BODY • SLEEP • HEALTHY RELATIONSHIP • TIME MANAGEMENT
  14. 14. • ORGANIZATION • BUDGET • SPIRITUALITY • DETERMINE YOUR LEARNING STYLE • SLOW DOWN • FIND A SUPPORT SYSTEM • MAKE CHANGES IN YOUR SURROUNDING • DELEGATE RESPONSIBILITIES
  15. 15. Benefits of Stress Management  Physical health gets better -more energy and stamina  Emotions stabilized -positive attitude -hopeful/happier  Ability to focus improved -able to learn and achieve
  16. 16. Success Stories/ Case Studies GSK implemented a “Team Resilience” program for its employees and managers in 2001 to take corrective team actions against job stressors. The program included an employee survey to determine the sources of stress, which identified late meetings, artificial deadlines and other on-the-job stressors. By the end of 2008, participants reported an 80 percent reduction in workplace pressures, a 25 percent drop in work/life conflict, and a 21 percent increase in satisfaction with GSK as an employer.
  17. 17. Wellness Programs Estimate suggests J&J’s program has saved the company $22.4 million per year. The initiative has several goals: • 91% of employees will be tobacco free • 90% of employees will have blood pressure of 140/90 or better • 85% of employees will have a total cholesterol below 240 • 75% of employees will be physically active, define as 30 minutes of activity three or more times each week • 60% of employees will be trained in resilience/stress management
  18. 18. CONCLUSION  WE FOUND THAT EXISTENCE OF WORK STRESS , IN AND OF ITSELF NEED NOT IMPLY LOWER PERFORMANCE. THE EVIDENCE INDICATES THAT STRESS CAN BE EITHER A POSITIVE OR A NEGATIVE INFLUENCE ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE. FOR MANY PEOPLE, LOW TO MODERATE AMOUNTS OF STRESS ENABLE THEM TO PERFORM THEIR JOBS BETTER, BY INCRESING THEIR WORK INTENSITY, ALERTNESS AND ABILITY TO REACT. HOWEVER A HIGH LEVEL OF STRESS , OR EVEN A MODERATE AMOUNT SUSTAINED OVER A LONG PERIOD, EVENTUALLY TAKES ITS TOLL, AND PERFORMANCE DECLINES. THE IMPACT OF STRESS ON SATISFACTION IS FAR MORE STRAIGHT- FORWARD. JOB- RELATED TENSION TENDS TO DECREASE GENERAL JOB SATISFACTION. EVEN THOUGH LOE TO MODERATE LEVELS OF STRESS MAY IMPROVE JOB PERFORMANCE, EMPLOYEES FIND STRESS DISSATISFYING.
  19. 19. BIBLIOGRAPHY  WWW.SLIDESHARE.NET  WWW.MANAGEMENTGUIDE.COM  ORGANIZATION BEHAVIOUR (Stephen p Robbins.)  www.mbanotesravi.com  www.sas.calpoly.edu  www.mc.edu

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