Avaition By Ambrose Barretto 2012-2013

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Avaition By Ambrose Barretto 2012-2013

  1. 1. 1Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  2. 2. 2 INTRODUCTION  Name : AMBROSE BARRETTO  Assessor : Mrs.BINA BOATWALA  Batch : H1  Course : AVITION,HOSPITALITY AND TRAVEL MANAGEMENT  Year : 2012 - 2013Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  3. 3. 3 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT : • I am really thankful for our Aviation faculty for helping me to learn about aviation and I am also grateful to frankfinn for providing an opportunity to learn about Aviation.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  4. 4. 4 TASK 1Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  5. 5. 5Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  6. 6. 6Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  7. 7. 7Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  8. 8. 8Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  9. 9. 9Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  10. 10. 10Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  11. 11. 11 Cockpit • A cockpit or flight deck is the area, usually near the front of an aircraft, from which a pilot controls the aircraft.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  12. 12. 12 DESCENT DEVICECopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  13. 13. 13 • The Emergency Descent Device provides a safe controlled and rapid method of descent from an aircraft during an on- ground emergency situation. It is located in the cockpit and only the pilots can use it.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  14. 14. THROTTLE 14Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  15. 15. 15 • It is the control that regulates the speed of the engine. Push forward for higher RPM, pull back for less. It is located in the cockpit.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  16. 16. 16 Cargo Aircraft • cargo provided on the underside of the aircraft for storing of passenger baggage & freightCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  17. 17. 17Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  18. 18. 18 The cargo compartments are located in the lower fuselage, below the passenger cabin. They are divided into one forward hold (compartment 1) and three aft holds (compartment 3, 4 and 5 = bulk).Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  19. 19. 19 • Cargo section is used to transport freight letters etc. some part of the cargo section is pressurised to transport animals, dead body etc. Cockpit has a direct relation with cargo.Cabin crew has nothing to do with the cargo. When a passenger comes with an extra baggage, crew calls the loader and handovers it to himCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  20. 20. 20 • The forward cargo compartment is neither pressurized not heated and carries goods in the containers. Cargo doors are opened hydraulicallyCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  21. 21. 21 • Aft cargo compartment lies before main gear cabin. Aft cargo compartment is used for the transport of the goods which are imported from other country. Aft cargo compartment have locks at the bottom to hold the containers so it decreases the chances of collideness. Aft cargo compartment is also neither pressurized nor heated.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  22. 22. 22• The bulk cargo compartment is at the end of the aircraft after main gear cabin. The bulk cargo compartment is used for the transport of the goods like vegetable, pets, and other goods. The bulk cargo compartment is pressurized and is heated also because it contains animals some time and they need normal temperature and pressure to survive. The pets are normally carried in dog houses.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  23. 23. 23 TASK 2Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  24. 24. 24Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  25. 25. 25 Cabin Crew are members of an aircrew employed by airlines to ensure the safety and comfort of the passengers hence, airhostess or flight attendant is the face of an airline so they are expected to excel in customer service . Air cabin crew are responsible for the safety of passengers and are specially trained to deal with security and emergency situations like first Aid etc. . Besides ensuring the safety of the aircraft, air cabin crew are also employed to ensure passengers are comfortable and that the flying experience is a pleasant one . Air cabin crew attend to passengers needs throughout the flight and provide a high level of customer service, serving refreshments and selling duty-free goods. They are expected to be friendly, enthusiastic and courteous at all times .Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  26. 26. 26 Duties of cabin crewCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  27. 27. 27 Attend preflight briefings concerning weather, altitudes, routes, emergency procedures, crew coordination, lengths of flights, food and beverage services offered, and numbers of passengers. Carrying out pre-flight duties, including checking the safety equipment, ensuring the aircraft is clean and tidy, ensuring that information in the seat pockets is up to date and that all meals and stock are on board . Welcoming passengers on board and directing them to their seats . Informing the passengers of the aircraft safety procedures and ensuring that all hand luggage is securely stored away . Checking all passenger seat belts and galleys are secured prior to take-off .Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  28. 28. 28 Making announcements on behalf of the pilot and answering passenger questions during the flight . Determine special assistance needs of passengers such as small children, the elderly or disabled persons . Serving meals and refreshments to passengers Reassuring passengers and ensuring that they follow safety procedures correctly in emergency situations .Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  29. 29. Relationship of cabin crew to cockpit 29• Crew has to take regular walks in the cockpit.• Crew has to serve the pilots their meal 1 at a time• Crew has to inform the cockpit about any emergency mishap.• Crew has to make the emergency announcements given by the cockpitCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  30. 30. 30 Attributes of cabin crewCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  31. 31. 31Confidence is the first and themost important quality requiredby the cabin crew to survive inaviation industry. if the person isconfident he is able to achieveany goal he desires and canovercome all the difficulties in hisprofession.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  32. 32. 32Attitude can be defined as point of view ofa person or thought process of person .Aperson with positive attitude has a greatopportunity to analyze and develop theirpersonality fastly. A positive person isalways sure, confident, focused, and alertand all-rounder. It increases his courageand confidenceCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  33. 33. 33A person is said to be rational if he has logicalreason for the decision he has taken in life in anysituation. Rationality means taking decision bymind and not by your heart. The best way to be arational person is to start conditioning our mind.Rationality has many benefits such as- Easy success Sign of maturity. Rise in self-esteem.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  34. 34. 34 Persistence can be defined as ability to try hard till you succeed. To achieve a desired goal and still continue efforts. The best meaning of persistence is continuing or consistency .A consistent person also treats his defeat as a lesson to his victor.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  35. 35. 35 Success in life cannot be achieved without discipline. A disciplined person is also a good time-manager. One should always be honest while following his planned timetable. One should not delay the important work for no Reason.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  36. 36. 36 As a flight attendant one should have the ability to group his flights together in a given month and have 1-2 weeks off every month. Since you are able to move schedule around to suit your personal life you are also able to escape the nine to five job.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  37. 37. Meeting, greeting and seating of passenger:37 When passenger enters into the aircraft first sr.most and other crew will stand near the door and wishes them. Sr.most: good morning ma‟am. Passenger: good morning. Other crew: good morning ma‟am, how are you? Passenger: I am fine thank you. Crew: Ma‟am, can I have your boarding card please? Passenger: sure. Crew: your seat is 2a window seat ma‟am. Passenger: thank you. Crew: your well come.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  38. 38. 38 Distribution Of Hot And Cold TowelsThen crew gave hot and cold Towels to the passenger .Using the tong and then holding it at the end cornerThey started distributing hot and cold towels to thepassengers.Starting from the first row.Crew: Sir would you like to use the cold towel to refreshyour face?Passenger: Certainly, thank youCrew: Ma‟am would you like to use the cold towel?Passenger2: No I am allergic to chemicals sorry.Crew: Its okay ma‟am.This way crew distributed the hot and cold towels to allthe passengersCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  39. 39. 39• Crew: would you like to have some drink sir?• Passenger: yes please:• Crew: how about you mama?• Passenger2: can I have some ice cubes in it?• Crew: sure mama, just give me a moment. crew servers other passengers near by and goes to the galley and will get some ice cubes and gives to her)• Passenger: thank you.• Crew: your welcome.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  40. 40. 40 Distribution of candy,cotton bud, newspaper Then the crew went out with a trolley carrying sweet tray, newspapers, magazines cotton bud etc. • Crew: would you like to read news paper sir? • Passenger: no, I want to listen to music. • Crew: sure, hear is your head set, enjoy your music sir. • Crew: how about you sir? • Passenger: I like to read news paper. • Crew: ok sir, take it. • Passenger: I want to read TIMES OF INDIA • Crew: sorry sir, we don‟t have TIMES OF INDIA on board. • Passenger: its alright, I‟ll adjust with this. • Crew: thank you so much sir.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  41. 41. 41 The same way crew offered The passengers sweets,& cotton bud to cover their ears. Crew: Sir would you like to try some sweets? Passenger: Yeah, sure. Do you have Ferrero Rochers? Crew: Yes sir just give me a minute; Here you go sir. Passenger: Thank you. Crew: Your welcome. Passenger2: Can I have the cotton buds please? Crew: Surely ma‟am, here you go. Passenger2: Thank you very much. And this way we offered sweets and cotton buds to all the passengers.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  42. 42. Wishing them good bye 42After the flight landed at the airport:Again the sr. most and the other crew stands near the door and wishes them.• Crew: good bye mama, have a nice day,• Passenger: good byeCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  43. 43. 43 OFFERING MENU CARDS Before the Beverage service the crew gives the passengers the menu card with the information of about the meals and beverages. Crew: Sir which meal would you liketo have from the menu card? The veg or the non-veg meal? Passenger: I want the veg meal please. Crew: Sure sir, as you wish. This way the crew asks all the passengers about their choice of meal.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  44. 44. 44 BEVERAGE SERVICECopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  45. 45. 45After take off the crew went out with the beverage cart. They started servingliquor starting from the first row.Crew: Sir, would u like to served some drinks?Passenger: Yes please, what do you have?Crew: Sir we have vodka, rum, beer, whine, whisky.Passenger: I would like to have a vodka with sprite and ice please.The crew placed the coaster on the table followed by the glass and with thehelp of tongs she put ice cubes, then she gave the passenger a miniature bottleof vodka.Passenger: Thank you.Crew : your welcome sir.The next passenger asked for a whiskey with soda and ice. The crew placedthe coaster on the table followed by the glass, with the help of tongs she put icecubes, and gave the passenger miniature bottles of whiskey and soda.And this way the crew served beverage to all the passengers.After service the crew again went to clear the glasses. Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  46. 46. 46 LUNCHAfter checking the PIL (passengerinformation list) for special meal to see whoare veg and non veg passengers.The crewbrought out the meal cart. 2 crew memberswere serving in either rows. Starting fromthe first row, the crew went to the 1stpassenger.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  47. 47. 47Crew: Excuse me sir, in this given list you are mentioned as avegetarian.Passenger: Yes but do you have daal in the dish?Crew: Certainly sir, here is your veg daal biryani. Enjoy your mealsir.Passenger: Thank you.Crew: Your welcome.The next passenger:Crew: Ma‟am in this given list you are mentioned as a non-veg(Chinese)Passenger: Yes but you also have chinese food in the aircraft?Crew: Yes ma‟am we do have. Here is your chinese meal, enjoyyour meal maam.And this way we served lunch to all the passengers.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  48. 48. 48Then in the evening the crew came out with the tea/coffee trolley. They startedserving tea/coffee to the passengers. Both the crew members were serving onthe either rows.The crew went to the 1st passenger on the first row.Crew: Sir would like to have a cup of tea or coffee?Passenger: Yes, I would like to have a cup of tea but without sugar.Crew: Sure sir,The crew placed the coaster then the cup and poured tea into it.Crew: Here you go sir. Enjoy your tea.Passenger: Thank you.Crew: My pleasure.The next passenger:Crew: Ma‟am would like to have a cup of tea or coffee?Passenger: No thanks.THE NEXT ROW Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  49. 49. 49Crew: Wat about you sir?Passenger: yes I want a coffee.The crew placed the coaster first, then the cup and pouredmilk into it and gave the sugar and coffee sachets to thepassenger.Passenger: thank you.Crew: your welcome sir.And this way the crew served tea/coffee to all the passengers. Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  50. 50. 50 TASK 3Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  51. 51. 51 Wheelchair passenger • They embark first along with the commercial person. • The ground staff hand overs the passenger to senior most. • The wheelchair passenger handed over to the crew in whose zone he/she is seated • Often these passengers are accompanied by a relative or a medical personnel like a nurse. • The arm waist of these can be open and close. • While serving we must serve them first. • They are seated close to the lavatory many airlines have a specially designated „Handicap lavatory.‟ • In emergency evacuation they should evacuate last with the help crew. • They disembark last.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  52. 52. 52 Wheelchair passengerCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  53. 53. 53 TASK 4Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  54. 54. 54Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  55. 55. 55Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  56. 56. 56Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  57. 57. 57 TASK 5Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  58. 58. 58 SIGN IN TO SIGN OUT OF CREW FLT. NO.9W415 SECTOR-BOM-BKK FLYING TIME-4HRS WORKING POSITION-’ECY’ CLASS SP. HANDLING PAX-WCHR MEAL SERVICE-BEVERAGE & LUNCHCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  59. 59. 59 1. Entry into the airport with the documents like:  Two id cards  Passport  Circular  Announcement book  Airlines handbook  Torch  DGCA handbookCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  60. 60. 60 2. Then report to the moment control 2 hours before departure.  Check the departure time, arrival time, crew name, captain name, flight number, registration number. 3. And then fill the flight report, custom and immigration form. 4. Report to the senior most in the briefing room. 5. If there is sudden medical check we must attend it. 6. And then the customs and immigration forms.And then security.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  61. 61. 61 7. And after entering into the flight report to the senior most. 8. We do preflight check. In that we check:  Cabin dressing  Lavatory dressing  Galley check  Emergency equipment  Cabin dressing: We check Seat back upright, Seat belt is placed properly, Window shutters up and Seat pockets (news paper, safety card, disposal bag, magazines and headset if arm wrest is there).Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  62. 62. 62  Lavatory dressing : We check nappy table, Soaps and other things which are used to wash hands and face, Emergency fire extinguisher, Crew call button and Open close Nob.  Galley check : We check all the things are secured and strapped, how many meals and trolleys, drinks.  Emergency equipment : We check Portable oxygen bottle with mask, fire extinguisher, fire axe, Life vests and emergency lights which come automatically when no power in flight. 9. And embarkation of passengers. At that time crew take their working position and show the passengers their seats and help them to keep their baggage in the baggage bin.  And also help them to fasten their seat belts.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  63. 63. 63 10. And then we do welcome announcement first in Hindi and then in English. 11. We also do demonstration announcement first in Hindi and then in English. 12. Prepare for take off:  Captain says to close the doors and arm the doors.  Crew members close the door and arm the doors.  Senior takes the briefing from the crew that all doors closed and armed.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  64. 64. 64  Then senior most gives briefing to the captain that a. Captain all doors closed and armed b. 100 passengers on board c. lavatory cleared d. Galley secured e. Passengers seated and strapped f. All emergency equipment checked  Then captain says “crew at your station for take off”.  Then crew sits in their jump seat and senior most dims the cabin lights while take off.  After reaching cruising level crew makes an announcement “ You can remove when fasten seat belt sign is off but please remain seated and wear your seat belts”.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  65. 65. 65 13. Then the crew starts the service.  First the crew starts the complementary bar service to the passengers.  And if the passengers want to buy there is bar sale and in-flight shopping on board.  If it is morning we start the breakfast service.  Before service we make an announcement that “please remain seated now we are starting the service, if there is any special meal ordered press the call button”.  Breakfast service to first class:  During the service first we check with the other galley that they are ready for the service or not.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  66. 66. 66  Then we go to the passengers open the table and place the table cloth and give menu card for them.  After two min we offered them some chakos in a bowl.  And then we come with hot and cold milk and ask them if they want hot or cold milk.  After some time serve the main Anthre like warm bread, egg and different types of egg like half boiled, egg toast, full boiled etc.  After that we serve fruits for the passengers.  And we take the trolley with different types of tea ,coffee placed on it along with some cookies.  And then collection of the trays and bowl.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  67. 67. 67  After the service is over for the passengers the crew can also eat but only two members at a time.  And after that one hour before landing we fill up all the forms like bar sale, meal service, bar service, in-flight shopping.  And while landing see that all the passengers are seated and strapped , galley secured and see that no person must be in the lavatory.  After landing we make landing announcement.  And when the captain says disarm the door, disarm the door and before opening it see that the step ladder is attached.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  68. 68. 68  And during disembarkation two crew will stand at the door and remaining crew will help the passengers to remove their baggage from the baggage bin.  And after disembarkation check the cabin if the passengers left something. If there is any object give to the security person.  After that proceed to the moment control.  We must sign out and take the hotel voucher and proceed to the hotel.  After reaching to the hotel first the senior most or the pilots will check in.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  69. 69. 69 If our flight is next day at 6:00 am the hotel people will make a wake up call at four .  The crew members who are in that room must pick the wake up call. And then we check out from hotel and we reach airport. From here the whole procedure is same as the above procedure.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  70. 70. 70 DUMMY EQUIPMENT( FIRE EXTINGUISHER)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  71. 71. 71 TASK 6Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  72. 72. 72 VSCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  73. 73. 73Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  74. 74. 74 Type Subsidiary • Industry Aerospace • Founded 1970 (as Airbus Industrie) 2001 (Airbus as SAS) • Headquarters Blagnac, France • Key people Thomas Enders, Bernard Lathière, John Leahy, . Fabrice Brégier • Products Commercial airliners • Revenue €27.45 billion • Employees 52,000 • Parent EADS • Website www.airbus.comCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  75. 75. 75 • Role Wide-body, double-deck jet airliner • National origin Multi-national • Manufacturer Airbus • First flight 27 April 2005 • Introduction 25 October 2007 with Singapore Airlines • Status In production, in service • Primary users Emirates, Singapore Airlines Qantas, Lufthansa .,etc • Produced 2004–presentCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  76. 76. 76 Type Public • Industry Aerospace, Defense • Founded Seattle, Washington, U.S. (1916) • Headquarters Chicago, Illinois, U.S. • Key people James McNerney (Chairman & CEO) • Products Commercial airliners, Military aircraft ,Munitions, Space systems, Computer services • Revenue US$ 64.306 billion (2010) • Employees 164,495 (Apr. 28, 2011) • Website www.Boeing.comCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  77. 77. 77 • Role Wide-body, long-range • National origin United States • Manufacturer Boeing Commercial Airplanes • First flight February 9, 1969 • Introduction January 22, 1970 with Pan Am • Status In production, in service • Primary users British Airways, Cathay Pacific Korean Air, Lufthansa ..,etc • Produced 1969–present • Variants 747SP, 747-400, 747-8, VC-25, E-4Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  78. 78. Airbus a380 Boeing 747 78Decks double deck with twin aisle one is fwb and aftEngines 4 engines 4 enginesInternal cabin width 6.58m 6.1mCapacity of passengers 555min-853max 416Cabin altitude cruises at an altitude of cruises at an altitude of 43,000 feet 28,000 –35,000 ft.Emergency evacuation time 80 sec 90 secWheels 22 wheels 18 wheelsCockpit crew 3 3Cabin crew 22 12Doors 16 12 Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  79. 79. 79 Airbus a380 Boeing 747 Tack off 9,800 ft 11,600ft landing 6,900 ft 7,400 ft features It has bar, beauty saloon, It has only bar confrence room ,restaurant, spa, first Class Private Suite etcCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  80. 80. 80 Airbus 380 Boeing 747-400 Measurements Wingspan 79.8 m (261 ft 10 in) 64.4 m (211 ft 5 in) Length 73.0 m (239 ft 6 in) 70.7 m (231 ft 10 in) Height 24.1 m (79 ft) 19.4 m (63 ft 8 in) Weight: Empty 610,700 lbs 393,263 lbs (277,000 kg) (178,756 kg) Weight: Max Takeoff 1,234,600 lbs 875,000 lbs (560,000 kg) (397,000 kg)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  81. 81. 81Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  82. 82. 82 Airbus A380 vs Boeing 747  Airbus and Boeing are the two giants when it comes to manufacturing commercial airplanes.  The A380 is the latest and biggest plane from Airbus while the 747 has been Boeing‟s flagship for quite some time.  The biggest difference between the two is size as the A380 is certainly much bigger than the 747.  The Airbus A380 has a wingspan that is 15m longer to that of the 747. It is also about 50% heavier than the 747 even when empty.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  83. 83. 83  The size of the A380 is such that many airport runways are not equipped to accommodate the huge planes and had to undergo major renovations to make them fit.  The major contributor to the A380′s considerable size is its 2nd deck, which extends the full length of the entire plane. The 747 is also a double Decker but its 2nd deck is just very short.  The 747′s characteristic bulge at the front of the plane is the extent of its 2nd deck. Because of the full length of the A380′s deck, it can accommodate way more passengers than the 747 without extending its length by much.  Even though the A380 is just over 2 meters longer than the 747, it can accommodate 33% more passengers in the usual 3 class seating or up to 50% more in an all economy seating.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  84. 84. 84  In order to get that much weight into the air, the A380 needs a lot more thrust than the 747.  Each of the A380′s four engines can put out at least 80,000lbs of thrust while the 747′s engines only put out somewhere around 60,000lbs of thrust. But all in all, the A380 still manages to be more efficient and less costly per passenger and would be perfect in high traffic routes like major cities and regional hubs. Other areas may not benefit from having an A380 or may even lose profit because of it.  As the 747 has been in production for four decades, it is no secret that it has gone through many revisions and has many variants aside from the typical passenger and cargo models. Non-commercial variants include VIP transport, with Air Force One being the most popular, Shuttle carrier, and as an aerial fire fighter among others. The A380, being fairly new, only has passenger and cargo models at the moment.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  85. 85. 85 Summary 1.The A380 is much bigger than the 747 2.The A380 is a true double decker while the 747 is not 3.The A380 can accommodate 33% more passengers than the 747 4.The A380 has more powerful engines than the 747 5.The 747 comes in a lot more variants than the A380Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  86. 86. 86 D(2) (UNIT 4 AND 9)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  87. 87. 87 US Airways flight 1549 crashCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  88. 88. 88 • US Airways flight 1549 was a passenger flight from New York-La Guardia Airport to Charlotte- Douglas International Airport, operated by an Airbus A320. The airplane took off at 15:26 from LaGuardias runway 04. The first officer was pilot flying. As they were reaching an altitude of 3000 feet the crew saw a formation of Canada geese. Before they knew it, the windscreen turned dark brown and several loud thuds were heard. Both engines began to loose power and there was a burning smell.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  89. 89. 89Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  90. 90. 90 • The captain took over control of the the flight. They radioed ATC about their emergency situation: "Aaah, this is Cactus 1549. We lost thrust in both engines. We are turning back toward LaGuardia." It quickly became evident that they were not able to reach LaGuardia. • A possible landing at the Tereboro Airport (TEB) was considered. The captain decided that they would not be able to land safely on the short runway in the middle of a built-up area. The flight descended over the Hudson River until it ditched.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  91. 91. 91Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  92. 92. 92 • Contributing to the survivability of the accident was (1) the decision-making of the flight crewmembers and their crew resource management during the accident sequence; (2) the fortuitous use of an airplane that was equipped for an extended overwater flight, including the availability of the forward slide/rafts, even though it was not required to be so equipped; (3) the performance of the cabin crewmembers while expediting the evacuation of the airplane; and (4) the proximity of the emergency responders to the accident site and their immediate and appropriate response to the accident."Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  93. 93. 93Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  94. 94. 94 Ditching • The plane ended its six-minute flight at 3:31 pm with an unpowered ditching while heading south at about 130 knots (150 mph; 240 km/h) in the middle of the North River section of the Hudson River roughly abeam 50th Street (near the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum) in Manhattan and Port Imperial in Weehawken, New Jersey.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  95. 95. 95Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  96. 96. 96 • commander said in an interview on CBS television that his training prompted him to choose a ditching location near operating boats so as to maximize the chance of rescue. The location was near three boat terminals: two used by ferry operator NY Waterway on either side of the Hudson River and a third used by tour boat operator Circle Line Sightseeing Cruises. After coming to a stop in the river, the plane began drifting southward with the current.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  97. 97. 97Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  98. 98. 98 • National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Board Member Kitty Higgins, the principal spokesperson for the on-scene investigation, said at a press conference the day after the accident that it "has to go down [as] the most successful ditching in aviation history." "These people knew what they were supposed to do and they did it and as a result, nobody lost their life."Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  99. 99. 99Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  100. 100. 100 Evacuation • Immediately after the A320 had been ditched in mid-river, commander gave the "evacuate" order over the PA, and the aircrew began evacuating the 150 passengers, both on to the wings through the four mid-cabin emergency window exits and into an inflatable slide that doubles as a life raft, deployed from the front right passenger door (the front left slide failed to operate as intended), while the partially submerged and slowly sinking airliner drifted down the river with the currentCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  101. 101. 101Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  102. 102. 102 • . Two flight attendants were in the front, one in the rear. Each flight attendant in the front opened a door, which was also armed to activate a slide/raft, although the port side raft did not immediately deploy; a manual inflation handle was pulled. One rear door was opened by a panicking passenger, causing the A320 to fill more quickly with water.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  103. 103. 103Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  104. 104. 104 • PROBABLE CAUSE: "The ingestion of large birds into each engine, which resulted in an almost total loss of thrust in both engines and the subsequent ditching on the Hudson River. Contributing to the fuselage damage and resulting unavailability of the aft slide/rafts were 1). the Federal Aviation Administration‟s approval of ditching certification without determining whether pilots could attain the ditching parameters without engine thrust,Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  105. 105. 105Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  106. 106. 106 2). the lack of industry flight crew training and guidance on ditching techniques, and 3). the captain‟s resulting difficulty maintaining his intended airspeed on final approach due to the task saturation resulting from the emergency situation.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  107. 107. 107Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  108. 108. 108 • The flight attendant in the rear who attempted to reseal the rear door was unable to do so, she told CBS News. It was later revealed that the impact with the water had ripped open a hole in the underside of the airplane and twisted the fuselage, causing cargo doors to pop open and filling the plane with water from the rear. The flight attendant urged passengers to move forward by climbing over seats to escape the rising water within the cabin.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  109. 109. 109Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  110. 110. 110 • One passenger was in a wheelchair. Having twice walked the length of the cabin to confirm that no one remained inside after the plane had been evacuated, the captain was the last person to leave the aircraft. • Evacuees, some wearing life-vests, waited for rescue on the partly submerged slides, knee- deep in icy river water. Others stood on the wings or, fearing an explosion, swam away from the plane.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  111. 111. 111Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  112. 112. 112 Rescue • The FDNY sent four marine units and rescue divers.On land, FDNY declared a level III (All Hands) emergency and mobilized their Major Emergency Response Vehicle, Logistical Support Units and had 35 ambulances ready for patients coming off the flight. About 140 FDNY firefighters responded to docks near the crash. The NYPD sent squad cars, helicopters, vessels, and rescue divers from the Aviation Unit and Harbor Unit.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  113. 113. 113Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  114. 114. 114 • In addition, about 30 other ambulances were made available by other organizations, including several hospital-based ambulances (St. Vincent, St. Barnabas). Various agencies also provided medical help on the Weehawken side of the river, where most passengers were taken. Two mutual aid helicopters responded to the West 30th Street Heliport, one from the Nassau County Police and another from the New Jersey State Police. New York Water Taxi sent boats to the scene but did not take part in the rescue.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  115. 115. 115Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  116. 116. 116 Awards • The Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators awarded the entire flight crew of Flight 1549 a Masters Medal on January 22, 2009. The medal is awarded only rarely, for outstanding aviation achievements at the discretion of the Master of the Guild. The citation for the award is: • “ The reactions of all members of the crew, the split second decision making and the handling of this emergency and evacuation was text book and an example to us all. To have safely executed this emergency ditching and evacuation, with the loss of no lives, is a heroic and unique aviation achievement. It deserves the immediate recognition that has today been given by the Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  117. 117. 117 Analysis • I think the crew of this plain have done a wonderful job in landing and evacuating • The commander respond immediately and took a good decision in ditching • The main mistake I have observed in this crash made by the cabin crew is “some of the passengers are not wearing life jacket and some are not wearing the life jacket properly”Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  118. 118. 118Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  119. 119. 119 Conclusion Aviation classes helped me to know about the factors of aviation industry, its developmental factors & about the current scenario of aviation industry I thank madam for giving me an opportunity to present this assignment.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  120. 120. 120 Bibliography www.airlines.net www.flightglobal.com www.indianaviationnews.ne en.wikipedia.org/wiki/US_Airways_Flight_1549Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential

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