STEP 4. Sphere Standard


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This presentation was given by Telesforo Laplana of Plan Philippines
Step by Step Guide sa Disaster Management:
1. Rapid Assessment Form
2. Camp Management Checklist
3. Psychosocial Response
4. Sphere Standards

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STEP 4. Sphere Standard

  1. 1. SPHERE Standards Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards for Humanitarian ResponseBackroundSPHERE Project Initiated in 1997 by NGOs and Red Cross & Red Crescent Movement to develop a set of universal minimum standards in core areas of humanitarian response•SPHERE Handbook (standards) Aim: to improve the quality of humanitarian response in situations of disaster and conflict, and to enhance the accountability of the humanitarian system to disaster- affected people 1 1
  2. 2. •Sphere is known for introducing considerations of qualityand accountability to humanitarian response•It is designed for use in humanitarian response in arange of situations including natural disasters, conflict,slow and rapid onset events, rural and environments, andcomplex political emergencies in all countries. 2
  3. 3. SPHERE StandardsCommon Principles, Rights (InternationalHumanitarian Law, Human Rights and RefugeeLaw):the right to life with dignitythe right to receive humanitarian assistancethe right to protection and security. 3 3
  4. 4. SPHERE StandardsUniversal minimum standards in 4 core areas of humanitarian response:1. Water supply, sanitation and hygiene2. Food security and nutrition3. Shelter, settlement and non-food items4. Health 4 4
  5. 5. WASHWater supply, sanitation and hygiene Hygiene promotion Water supply Sanitation Solid waste management Drainage 5 5
  6. 6. WASHHygiene promotion 6 6
  7. 7. WASHWater supply -500 meters max distance -30 minutes queuing time Maximum number of persons per water source 7 7
  8. 8. WASHSanitation 8 8
  9. 9. WASHSanitation Bathing cubicles -male & female -PWDs) -with locks inside -near water source 9 9
  10. 10. WASHSolid waste management -At least one 100-litre refuse container is available per 10 households -Garbage bins emptied daily or twice a week if there is communal pit 100 meters away 10 10
  11. 11. WASHDrainage -Water point drainage is well planned (washing, bathing areas and water collection points) and hand washing facilities built and maintained. 11 11
  12. 12. Food and NutritionFood requirements -Baseline nutritional requirements (WHO): 2,100 kcal/person/day, including 10–12% of the total energy from proteins, 17% of total energy from fat, and adequate micronutrient intake through fresh and fortified food. -Pregnant women need an additional 300 kcal per day -Breastfeeding woman need an additional 500 kcal per day 12 12
  13. 13. Food and NutritionFood Distribution -Set up distribution committees -Set up a ration card system before the distribution -Monthly/weekly distribution cycle -Announce any distribution in advance -Distribution centers (1 per camp) -Establish complaints mechanisms -Post-distribution monitoring system 13 13
  14. 14. NFINon-Food Items Clothing and Bedding Material Personal Hygiene Kitchen Utensils (cooking, eating & drinking) School Kits Shelter Kits (plastic sheets, private partitions bed kits, kitchen counters, etc.) 14 14
  15. 15. HealthRapid Health Assessments (within 3 days)Health Center: 1 per camp (Max 20,000 persons)Rererral Hospital: 1 per 200,000 persons)Control of communicable diseases & epidemicsMental Health & Psycho-Social Support 15 15
  16. 16. ShelterArea in EC is 3.5 sq. m. / personIf Provide Tents: Tents should be All-weather roofing and have Wind protectionCommunity participationConstruction of shelter for vulnerable persons likePWDs 16 16