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Educational research

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Educational research

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Educational research

  1. 1. EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
  2. 2. RESEARCH? • Research is a careful or critical inquiry or examination in seeking facts or principles. • Research is diligent investigation to ascertain.
  3. 3. C.C. Crawford, “ Research is simply a systematic & refined technique of thinking, employing specialized tools, instruments & procedures in order to obtain a more adequate solution of a problem that would be possible under ordinary means. It starts with a problem, collects data or facts, analyses these critically & reaches decisions based on the actual evidence. It evolves original work instead of mere exercise of personal opinion. It is quantitative, seeking to know not only what but ‘how much’ and measurement is ‘therefore, a central feature of it’.
  4. 4. “Research is considered to be the more formal, systematic, intensive process of carrying on the scientific method of analysis. It involves a more systematic structure of investigation, usually resulting in some sort of formal record of procedures and report of result or conclusion” John W. Best
  5. 5. EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH? “Education Research is that activity which is directed towards development of a science of behaviour in educational situations. The ultimate aim of such a science is to provide knowledge that will permit the educator to achieve his goals by the most effective methods” J.W. Best Robert M.W. Traverse
  6. 6. Educational Research is: • Purposive • Objective • Concerned with problems to be solved • Endeavors to organize data in quantitative terms • Systematic & accurate investigation • Collects facts • Expresses results without being influenced by any extraneous considerations
  7. 7. TYPES OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
  8. 8. • 2 broad area: (1)Quantitative studies (2)Qualitative studies
  9. 9. Types of studies in Educational Research QUANTITATIVE (based on positivists paradigm) QUALITATIVE (Based on Humanistic paradigm) 1. Experimental 2. Quasi-experimental 3. Correlation 1. Survey 2. Case studies 3. Documentary analysis 4. Developmental 5. Ethnographic 6. Historical 7. Philosophical
  10. 10. Experimental Research • Investigation of cause –effect relationship. • Variable(s) related to cause (antecedents) • Variable(s) related to effect (consequents) • If an antecedent is varied under control- Independent Variable(s). • The variable on whom the effect is measured- Dependent variable(s).
  11. 11. Quasi- experimental Studies • Quasi: seemingly but not really • Not truly experimental design • Same issue as ER but difference in manner • Most ER are QER as we deal with human beings.
  12. 12. Correlation Research • Correlation between 2 variables. • Correlation may be + or – or 0 • Varies between 0 and 1 & is expressed in terms of direction as well as magnitude (e.g. +0.8, -0.5)
  13. 13. Descriptive Research • Descriptive research investigates ‘what exists’. • DR includes surveys and fact finding enquiries of different kinds. • The major purpose of DR is description of the state of affairs as it exists at present. • The researcher has no control over the variables: he can only report what has happened/happening.
  14. 14. • Ex-post facto studies include attempt by researchers to discover causes even when they cannot control the variables. • Methods used in DR- survey method (comparative & correlational methods).
  15. 15. Ethnographic Research • Opposite of experimental Research • Emphasis on naturalistic field study. • Participant/non-participant observation for collection of data
  16. 16. Historical Research • “What was” • Try to determine, evaluate & understand past events for gaining clearer understanding of the present & better prediction of future. • Established educational system Philosophical Research • Deals with philosophical aspects of education • Taken up under HR • Interpretive in its approach.
  17. 17. ACTION RESEARCH
  18. 18. THANKYOU

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