The pyramids of Giza are the oldest surviving
monuments of the Seven Wonders of the ancient
world and are the most famous pyramids in the
world. Located in Egypt. Its construction dates back
to 2580 BC and is located in the Giza Necropolis.
The cluster was
probably used for
the burial of Pharaoh
and was built during
fourth dynasty of Egypt.
In ancient necropolis of Giza belong: the Pyramid of
Khufu also known as the "Great Pyramid", the slightly
smaller Pyramid of Khafra and the relatively modest-sized
Pyramid of Mykerinou. All three belonged to the Fourth
Dynasty. Together they formed a vast complex of smaller
pyramids (queens) , funerary temples and tombs officials.
In the Necropolis also
belongs the famous
The largest and most famous is the Pyramid of
Khufu while the other two are smaller and located
some meters away from the pyramid of Khufu.
Its height is 146.60 meters and has got perfectly
square base with side 230.35 m ; it makes great
impression to modern scholars for its time of
construction . It has a volume of 2,521,000 cubic
meters ,it covers an area of 54,000 square meters and
its estimated weight
reaches 6.5 million tons.