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~ 文章論述 ~ R1: Social Structuration of the Field of Entrepreneurship: A Case Study  (Richard Dery & Jean-Marie Toulouse  ) 創...
What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 ~ ( Karl E. Weick, 密西根大學  ) 長榮大學經營管理研究所博士班 高等管理理論研討課程 任課教授 : 李元德 學  生 : 蔡雯雅 2...
What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 <ul><li>Sutton and Staw (1995)  曾經說 :  有些理論跟沒理論的分別是很清楚地,參考 ( 文獻 ) 、數據、變數、圖表與假...
What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 <ul><li>(Merton,1967) </li></ul><ul><li>general orientations in which broad  ...
What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 <ul><li>post-factum interpretation in which ad hoc hypotheses are derived fro...
What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 <ul><li>引用 ( 文獻 ) 不是理論 </li></ul><ul><li>數據不是理論 </li></ul><ul><li>best medica...
What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 <ul><li>變數不是理論 </li></ul><ul><li>Lists also convey the tacit message that cau...
What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 <ul><li>假設不是理論 </li></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless, isolated hypotheses are close ...
SUMMARIZE <ul><li>ASQ: &quot;If manuscripts contain no theory, their value is suspect.&quot;  </li></ul><ul><li>The next t...
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What theory is not, theorizing is

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(理論化過程的產品很少出現成熟的理論,這意味著大多數所謂的組織研究理論都包含著近似性。儘管這些近似性各不相同,但是他們很少採取強理論的形式,大部分可以理解為“代替”強理論。這些替代理論可能是由惰性理論造成的,在惰性理論中,人們嘗試將理論移植成數據集,其包括引用文獻、數據、變量、圖表和假設。)

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What theory is not, theorizing is

  1. 1. ~ 文章論述 ~ R1: Social Structuration of the Field of Entrepreneurship: A Case Study (Richard Dery & Jean-Marie Toulouse ) 創業領域社會結構化 : 個案研究 R2: BARRIERS TO THE ADVANCE OF ORGANIZATIONAL SCIENCE: PARADIGM DEVELOPMENT AS A DEPENDENT VARIABLE (Jeffrey Preffery) 組織科學發展進程的阻礙 : 作為因變數的模式化發展 R3: What theory is not ( Sutton&Staw) 什麼不是理論
  2. 2. What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 ~ ( Karl E. Weick, 密西根大學 ) 長榮大學經營管理研究所博士班 高等管理理論研討課程 任課教授 : 李元德 學 生 : 蔡雯雅 2010 年 11 月 3 日
  3. 3. What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 <ul><li>Sutton and Staw (1995) 曾經說 : 有些理論跟沒理論的分別是很清楚地,參考 ( 文獻 ) 、數據、變數、圖表與假設,任一單獨個別都不是理論 , 但是理論可能包含有此五種元素的部分或全部。 </li></ul>References 文獻 Data 數據 Lists 變數 Diagrams 圖表 Hypotheses 假設 Sutton and Staw 非理論
  4. 4. What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 <ul><li>(Merton,1967) </li></ul><ul><li>general orientations in which broad frameworks specify types of variables people should take into account, without any specification of relationships among these variables </li></ul><ul><li>analysis of concepts in which concepts are specified, clarified, and defined but not interrelated </li></ul>
  5. 5. What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 <ul><li>post-factum interpretation in which ad hoc hypotheses are derived from a single observation, with no effort to explore alternative explanations or new observations </li></ul><ul><li>empirical generalization in which an isolated proposition ( 命題 ) summarizes the relationship between two variables, but further interrelations are not attempted </li></ul>
  6. 6. What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 <ul><li>引用 ( 文獻 ) 不是理論 </li></ul><ul><li>數據不是理論 </li></ul><ul><li>best medical doctors treat symptoms directly without relying on diagnosis to determine treatments </li></ul><ul><li>best theorists may make prescriptions based on data alone without introducing theory between data and prescriptions. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.Mann Gulch disaster </li></ul>we need more precise descriptions of what is being extracted from references
  7. 7. What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 <ul><li>變數不是理論 </li></ul><ul><li>Lists also convey the tacit message that causation is assumed to be simultaneous rather than sequential, that history is less crucial than contemporary structure, that relations among items are additive, and that items toward the top of the list are more important than items toward the bottom. </li></ul><ul><li>圖表不是理論 </li></ul><ul><li>if compare diagrams to lists, it should be clear that diagrams are more explicit than lists about sequence, about more and less determinate relationships, and about pathways of influence. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is. 理論是什麼,理論是 <ul><li>假設不是理論 </li></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless, isolated hypotheses are close to theories and lack only connections with propositions and concepts to make them into such (Bacharach, 1989: 498--499). Such connecting may necessitate little more than raising the level of abstraction of key terms in the hypotheses. </li></ul>
  9. 9. SUMMARIZE <ul><li>ASQ: &quot;If manuscripts contain no theory, their value is suspect.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>The next two sentences, which they left out, speak of tradeoffs: &quot;Ungrounded theory, however, is no more helpful than are a theoretical data. We are receptive to multiple forms of grounding. but not to a complete avoidance of grounding.&quot; </li></ul>
  10. 10. THE END Thank your listening

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