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Field of Robotics and its types

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  1. 1. ROBOTICS
  2. 2. What is robotics    THE WORD ROBOTICS IS USED TO COLLECTIVILY DEFINE A FIELD IN ENGINEERING THAT COVERS THE MIMICKING OF VARIOUS HUMAN CHARACTERISTICS SOUND CONCEPTS IN MANY ENGINEERING DISCIPLINES IS NEEDED FOR WORKING IN THIS FIELD IT FIND ITS USES IN ALL ASPECTS OF OUR LIFE What a Robot can mean? An automatic industrial machine replacing the human in hazardous work. An automatic mobile sweeper machine at a modern home. An automatic toy car for a child to play with. A machine removing mines in a war field all by itself and many more… robotics is a field of Engineering that covers the mimicking of human behavior. TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played ping pong at Tokyo IREX 2009
  3. 3. Robots on Earth •Cartesian robot •Cylindrical robot •Spherical/Polar robot •SCARA robot •Articulated robot •Parallel robot
  4. 4. Robots in Space
  5. 5. Rolling robots  Two-wheeled balancing robots,  One-wheeled balancing robots,  Tracked robots
  6. 6. Kismet can produce a range of facial expressions
  7. 7. Robot Ironhide does battle in this scene from the movie “Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen.” Stories of artificial helpers and companions and attempts to create them have a long history.The first uses of modern robots were in factories as industrial robots .
  8. 8. Date Significance Robot Name Inventor First century A.D. and earlier Descriptions of more than 100 machines and automata, including a fire engine, a wind organ, a coin-operated machine, and a steam-powered engine, in Pneumatica and Automata by Heron of Alexandria Ctesibius, Philo of Byzantium, Heron of Alexandria, and others c. 420 B.C.E A wooden, steam propelled bird, which was able to fly Archytas of Tarentum 1206 Created early humanoid automata, programmable automaton band[8] 1495 Robot band, hand-washing automaton,[9] automated moving peacocks[10] Al-Jazari Designs for a humanoid robot Mechanical knight Mechanical duck that was able to eat, flap its wings, Digesting Duck and excrete Nikola Tesla demonstrates first radio-controlled Teleautomaton vessel. First fictional automatons called "robots" appear in the Rossum's Universal Robots play R.U.R. Humanoid robot exhibited at the 1939 and 1940 Elektro World's Fairs Leonardo da Vinci 1948 Simple robots exhibiting biological behaviors[11] William Grey Walter 1956 First commercial robot, from the Unimation company founded by George Devol and Joseph Engelberger, Unimate based on Devol's patents[12] 1738 1898 1921 1930s 1961 1973 First installed industrial robot. First industrial robot with six electromechanically driven axes[13] Elsie and Elmer Jacques de Vaucanson Nikola Tesla Karel Čapek Westinghouse Electric Corporation George Devol Unimate George Devol Famulus KUKA Robot Group 1974 The world’s first microcomputer controlled electric industrial robot, IRB 6 from ASEA, was delivered to a small mechanical engineering company in southern . IRB 6 The design of this robot had been patented already 1972. ABB Robot Group 1975 Programmable universal manipulation arm, a Unimation product Victor Scheinman 2004 Launch of IRC5 It sets new standards with its modular concept, a completely new ergonomically-designed Windows CE IRC5 interface unit (touch screen) to speed up programming. PUMA ABB Robot Group
  9. 9. How Robots Are Made?                  Power source Electric motors Linear actuators Series elastic actuators Air muscles Muscle wire Electroactive polymers Piezo motors Elastic nanotubes Sensing Touch Vision Manipulation Mechanical grippers Vacuum grippers General purpose effectors Locomotion A robotic leg powered by air muscles KUKA industrial robot operating in a foundry ( Mobile manipulator)
  10. 10.  Two robot snakes. ASIMO (2000) at the Expo 2005, a humanoid robot Articulated welding robots used in a factory Robots work from a central microprocessor that controls the movement .
  11. 11. Future of Robotics Robots have replaced humans in the assistance of performing those repetitive and dangerous tasks which humans prefer not to do, or are unable to do due to size limitations, or even those such as in outer space or at the bottom of the sea where humans could not survive the extreme environments. The SCORBOT-ER 4u – educational robot.
  12. 12. Employment Education and training A robot technician builds small all-terrain robots. Robotics is an essential component in many modern manufacturing environments. As factories increase their use of robots, the number of robotics–related jobs grow and have been observed to be steadily rising.
  13. 13. ANY QUESTIONS??