Survival - Traps and snares - 715 squadron


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Survival - Traps and snares - 715 squadron

  1. 1. Traps and Snares Survival Advanced CUO Tonya Gentry-Brown Mar 2011 Image taken from: SVA 2
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>SVA 2 Traps and Snares </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the assembly of the following traps and snares: </li></ul><ul><li>Simple latch/pin and trigger </li></ul><ul><li>Platform </li></ul><ul><li>Pit </li></ul><ul><li>Figure 4 and Fish traps. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Need food to maintain strength </li></ul><ul><li>Best type of food is meat </li></ul><ul><li>Having the ability to catch means living off land </li></ul><ul><li>Anything is a source of food </li></ul>
  4. 4. Successful Hunting and Trapping <ul><li>Set up base camp </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Study made of conditions and habits. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Looking for good sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animals usually follow defined trails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some small animals use same toilet stops (but need to ensure you do not disturb area) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study eating habits ( usually regular times of the day) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Common Animal Tracks
  6. 7. Emergency Survival <ul><li>Your survival is your only priority </li></ul><ul><li>Make yourself think and act like a predator </li></ul><ul><li>Use camouflage and concealment skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move carefully </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use wind to your advantage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disguise your human scent </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Construction Materials <ul><li>Can be made from all natural materials </li></ul><ul><li>Good habit to keep a few things in your survival kit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wire noose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish hooks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Selecting Timber </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Green and springy (provides flexibility and won’t snap easily) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Simple Rules for Traps and Snares <ul><li>Human/foreign scents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Handle trap as little as possible (wear gloves) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use nearby timber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Camp fire smoke and/or animal dung will disguise human scent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disturbing the Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prep away from trap site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not tread on trail or dung </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover any sign you’ve been there </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Camouflage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blend traps into surroundings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover any freshly cut ends of saplings ( w/ mud or droppings) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strength </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trapped animal will be fighting no matter how small </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use all of its energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traps need to be stronger than the animal intended (no second chance if it escapes) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Types <ul><li>Most traps will kill animal quickly and as humanely as possible (don’t be mislead by the trap name) </li></ul><ul><li>Some devices may seem savage but your survival is important </li></ul><ul><li>Generally fall into 4 categories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strangle (loops and snares) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mangle (deadfall) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tangle (net) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hold (pit or cage) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Baiting Traps <ul><li>Test bait an area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Select varied types of bait </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set them on low stakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 3 feet apart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leave overnight (check in morning ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Investigation of stomach contents will also inform you of eating habits </li></ul>
  12. 13. Suggested Baits <ul><li>Root or insects (earth digging) </li></ul><ul><li>Flesh (carnivorous) </li></ul><ul><li>Insects, Feed or Fruit (birds or tree feeding) </li></ul><ul><li>Herbage (grazing) </li></ul><ul><li>Worms, Grubs or Insects (fish) </li></ul><ul><li>Use very small portions of your emergency rations – chocolate is strange and attracts game </li></ul>
  13. 14. Simple Latch <ul><li>Most commonly used w/ twitch up snare </li></ul><ul><li>Consist of 2 sticks (notched at 1 end) </li></ul><ul><li>1 stick anchored to ground, other fixed on noose </li></ul><ul><li>Notch ends fit as illustrated </li></ul>
  14. 15. Pin and Trigger Mechanism <ul><li>Consists of 3 small hardwood sticks </li></ul><ul><li>2 pins driven into trunk (horizontal to ground) </li></ul><ul><li>Trigger stick tied to mangle or snare type trap – fits under 2 pins </li></ul><ul><li>Trigger held against 2 pins until released by trip wire </li></ul>
  15. 17. Latch/Pin and Trigger <ul><li>Triggering device </li></ul><ul><li>Usually consist of noose, spring and trip wire/stick </li></ul><ul><li>Baited or unbaited </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Snare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitch-up Snares </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baited toggle release snare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unbaited spring snare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baited double spring snare </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. Simple Snare <ul><li>Loop dragged over game trail, tied to strong shrub (or tie to drag pole) </li></ul><ul><li>Strangles game </li></ul>
  17. 19. Twitch-up Snares <ul><li>Using natural springiness of sapling (lift catch off ground away from predators) </li></ul><ul><li>Sapling looped, bent and fixed release mechanism (simple latch is effective) </li></ul><ul><li>3 types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>w/ simple latch release mechanism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>w/ pin and trigger mechanism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hanging snare </li></ul></ul>
  18. 20. Simple Latch Release
  19. 21. Pin and Trigger
  20. 22. Hanging Snare
  21. 23. Baited Toggle Release Snare <ul><li>Baited stick wedged against bottom of toggle </li></ul><ul><li>Top of toggle attached by line to springy sapling (under tension) and hooked under retaining bar </li></ul><ul><li>When bait stick is moved, toggle releases and flies up taking snare with it. </li></ul>
  22. 25. Unbaited Spring Snare <ul><li>Activated by animal struggle </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of 2 uprights w/ rounded notches holding a noose stick </li></ul><ul><li>Tensioned line angled away from noose stick </li></ul>
  23. 26. Baited Double Spring Snare <ul><li>Uses stiff wire nooses </li></ul><ul><li>Normally sited along a game trail (trap small carnivores or pigs) </li></ul><ul><li>2 saplings notched to fit </li></ul><ul><li>Bait bar latched to one of them </li></ul><ul><li>Bait is taken, saplings spring apart, animal suspended between </li></ul>
  24. 28. Platform Trap <ul><li>Consists of platform made from sticks or bark </li></ul><ul><li>Triggering device similar to the double spring snare </li></ul><ul><li>Best placed in depression in ground (either game trail or feeding area) </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to catch animal by the leg </li></ul>
  25. 30. Pit Trap <ul><li>Hole in ground </li></ul><ul><li>Usually dug across game trail </li></ul><ul><li>Covered w/ natural material </li></ul><ul><li>Animal falls in and can’t get out </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom can be staked (impaled and killed) </li></ul><ul><li>Or staked around side to trap in </li></ul>WARNING : all pits traps should be marked in some way. They work on humans just as well.
  26. 31. OR
  27. 32. Figure 4 Deadfall <ul><li>Triggering device resembling number 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of bait stick </li></ul><ul><li>Notched at right angle into an upright </li></ul><ul><li>Locking bar (45 degree angle) – support deadfall </li></ul><ul><li>Cage may be substituted (but must be heavy enough to prevent escape) </li></ul>
  28. 34. Fish Trap <ul><li>Drum or Basket </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Useful in fresh or salt water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Damming & Netting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small flowing river and creeks </li></ul></ul>
  29. 35. Conclusion <ul><li>You should now be able to identify and describe the assembly of common traps and snares </li></ul>
  30. 36. AUSTRALIAN AIR FORCE CADETS 715 (City of Belmont) Squadron Join as a Cadet Aged 13 – 16 year old Join as an Adult Instructor Aged 19 years and above Friday Nights (in the school term) 1815h – 2200h Palmer Barracks, Barker Road, South Guildford