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LEADERSHIPLEADERSHIP
 Definition
 Features of Leadership
 LEADERSHIP VS. MANAGERSHIP: Comparison
Importance / Signific...
DEFNITION :DEFNITION : LEADERSHIPLEADERSHIP
"Leadership might be defined as the art of
influencing the behavior and perfor...
Features of Leadership
(i) every manager is a leader
(ii) In the leadership terminology, the term 'leader' and
'followers'...
(v) Leadership rests on power rather than the formal authority
of the manager.
(vi) Leadership is a continuous managerial ...
LEADERSHIP VS. MANAGERSHIPLEADERSHIP VS. MANAGERSHIP
Importance/ Significance of leadershipImportance/ Significance of leadership
(i)(i) Achieving co-operation through team wo...
LEADERSHIP STYLES
Depending on the attitude of a leader towards his followers
and their work, the following major styles o...
AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLEAUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLE
• also known as authoritarian or dictatorial.
• leader believes in ...
Merits of autocratic leadership styleMerits of autocratic leadership style
(i) quick-decision making
(ii) suitable at lowe...
Limitations of autocratic leadershipLimitations of autocratic leadership
stylestyle
• frustration in subordinates.
• Subor...
DEMOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLEDEMOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLE
also known as participative or consultative.
This style of leadersh...
Merits of Democratic style
(i) invites commitment to decisions,
(ii)Potential of subordinates is utilised
(iii)helps to in...
Limitations of Democratic style
(i) delayed decision-making
(ii)the leader might be taken as a sign of managerial
incompet...
LAISSEZ-FAIRELAISSEZ-FAIRE OROR FREE-REIN LEADERSHIP STYLEFREE-REIN LEADERSHIP STYLE
•once instructions for doing assigned...
Merits of laissez-fair style of leadership
(i) highest sense of job-satisfaction for subordinates
(ii)encourages the fulle...
Limitations of laissez-fair styleLimitations of laissez-fair style
(i) minimises the role of the leader.
(ii)Performance o...
Paternalistic leadership stylePaternalistic leadership style
the leader plays a 'fatherly' role towards the subordinates
a...
Merits of Paternalistic leadership styleMerits of Paternalistic leadership style
(i)Under this style of leadership, subord...
Limitations of Paternalistic leadership styleLimitations of Paternalistic leadership style
(i) This style of leadership is...
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Leadership

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Leadership

  1. 1. LEADERSHIPLEADERSHIP  Definition  Features of Leadership  LEADERSHIP VS. MANAGERSHIP: Comparison Importance / Significance of leadership Leadership Styles TOPICS UNDER DISCUSSIONTOPICS UNDER DISCUSSION
  2. 2. DEFNITION :DEFNITION : LEADERSHIPLEADERSHIP "Leadership might be defined as the art of influencing the behavior and performance of followers (i.e. subordinates) towards the most enthusiastic attainment of common objectives through inspiring the people by the leader's personality, conduct and behavior ” OrOr "Leadership is the ability of a manager to induce subordinates (followers) to work with confidence and zeal"
  3. 3. Features of Leadership (i) every manager is a leader (ii) In the leadership terminology, the term 'leader' and 'followers' and popularly used as against the traditional terms of superior and subordinates. (iii) Leadership is a process of interpersonal influence. (iv) Leadership is a mix of Inspiration, motivation and communication..
  4. 4. (v) Leadership rests on power rather than the formal authority of the manager. (vi) Leadership is a continuous managerial activity, (vii) Leadership rather than a dictator like an autocrat all the time has to mix liberalism and paternalism with authoritarianism at appropriate junctures to respond to the demands of the situation.
  5. 5. LEADERSHIP VS. MANAGERSHIPLEADERSHIP VS. MANAGERSHIP
  6. 6. Importance/ Significance of leadershipImportance/ Significance of leadership (i)(i) Achieving co-operation through team workAchieving co-operation through team work (ii)(ii) Emphasizing on unity of objectivesEmphasizing on unity of objectives (iii) Arousing self-confidence(iii) Arousing self-confidence (iv) Encouraging Initiative.(iv) Encouraging Initiative. (v) Best utilisation of man-power - through motivation(v) Best utilisation of man-power - through motivation (vi) Developing good human relations(vi) Developing good human relations (vii) Building and raising morale(vii) Building and raising morale (viii) Overcoming resistance to changes(viii) Overcoming resistance to changes
  7. 7. LEADERSHIP STYLES Depending on the attitude of a leader towards his followers and their work, the following major styles of leadership could be identified. •Autocratic leadership styleAutocratic leadership style •Democratic readership styleDemocratic readership style •Free-rein leadership styleFree-rein leadership style •Paternalistic leadership style.Paternalistic leadership style.
  8. 8. AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLEAUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLE • also known as authoritarian or dictatorial. • leader believes in centralization of powers • Autocratic leadership style seems to have originated in military organisations; where the only 'rule or order' prevails. EG: Adolf Hitler, Saddam Hussein
  9. 9. Merits of autocratic leadership styleMerits of autocratic leadership style (i) quick-decision making (ii) suitable at lower levels in an organization (iii)suitable in emergency situation; where urgent decisions on strategic issues are required. (iv)An authoritarian leader may provide strong leadership to the group; by virtue of, his vast powers over subordinates.
  10. 10. Limitations of autocratic leadershipLimitations of autocratic leadership stylestyle • frustration in subordinates. • Subordinates avoid responsibility whenever they can afford to do so. • potential cannot be exploited. This phenomenon retards human development. • Autocratic leadership style may yield fruit; but only in the short-run.
  11. 11. DEMOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLEDEMOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLE also known as participative or consultative. This style of leadership is usually adopted by the chief executive of a business enterprise; the Prime Minister of a democratic nation goes by this style of leadership EG:EG: Bill Gates, President John F. Kennedy
  12. 12. Merits of Democratic style (i) invites commitment to decisions, (ii)Potential of subordinates is utilised (iii)helps to increase-motivation, morale and job-satisfaction for subordinates; because of the satisfaction of their social and ego needs, during the process of decision making. (iv) emergence of good human relations, in the enterprise.
  13. 13. Limitations of Democratic style (i) delayed decision-making (ii)the leader might be taken as a sign of managerial incompetence. (iii) Democratic style of leadership, in the long-run, can lead to loss of leader's control, over subordinates. (iv)The leaders can have a tendency of passing the buck, if wrong-decisions are taken. (v)This style of leadership is not suitable; when decisions on complex and strategic issues are required.
  14. 14. LAISSEZ-FAIRELAISSEZ-FAIRE OROR FREE-REIN LEADERSHIP STYLEFREE-REIN LEADERSHIP STYLE •once instructions for doing assigned work are given to the followers, the leader plays only a supervisory role over their functioning. •The leader does not interfere, while the subordinates are performing. • followed in circumstances, where subordinates are educated and skilled and understand well as to how to do their jobs. •An outstanding field for the application of free-rein leadership style might be traced to 'sports teams', where players play on the field or perform on the 'pitch'; without inviting or necessitating any guidance from the captain, who just oversees their performance.
  15. 15. Merits of laissez-fair style of leadership (i) highest sense of job-satisfaction for subordinates (ii)encourages the fullest exploitation of potential of subordinates. (iii) technique of training and developing subordinates for higher managerial positions.
  16. 16. Limitations of laissez-fair styleLimitations of laissez-fair style (i) minimises the role of the leader. (ii)Performance of subordinates can go poor under this style of leadership; because of loss of control of leader and unavailability of leader's expert guidance. (iii)Under this style of leadership, subordinates may work at cross-purposes; because of the laissez-faire approach followed by the leader. (iv)This style of leadership is not suitable when subordinates are uneducated or less educated or less skilled
  17. 17. Paternalistic leadership stylePaternalistic leadership style the leader plays a 'fatherly' role towards the subordinates and takes care of the problems A paternalistic leader, towards his followers, believes in the philosophy 'work hard and I will take care for you'philosophy 'work hard and I will take care for you'.. This style of leadership is one of the fundamental characteristics of the Japanese management system; and much accounts for the tremendous economic growth achieved by this nation.
  18. 18. Merits of Paternalistic leadership styleMerits of Paternalistic leadership style (i)Under this style of leadership, subordinates are loyal to the leader and the organization, because of a 'father-like' approach of the leader. (ii)There are good human relations, in the organization; because of a sort of 'family- environment’ generated by paternalistic style of leadership. (iii)This style of leadership implies a balanced leadership approach; in which fear and love both are combined in a unique manner by the leader. Therefore performance by people is the best.
  19. 19. Limitations of Paternalistic leadership styleLimitations of Paternalistic leadership style (i) This style of leadership is unsuitable; when there is a lack of mutual trust between the leader and the followers. (ii) Under this style of leadership, subordinates might take undue advantage of the leniency of the leader. (iii) The Hard-approach of the leader, due to the urgency of situational factors, might be strongly resisted to by subordinates.

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  • AbdurRazzak72

    Jul. 4, 2018
  • GautamAdhikary2

    Nov. 25, 2019

ppt of leaderdhip

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