A short history of the world since 1750

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  • Scale up -- the problem is loss of human individual agency What do we focus on?: trade, environment, population, technology, politics, culture?
  • Since Hans Rosling started us with population, let’s put it in a larger context
  • So, in all, we can see a significant global population boom that is generally constant and exponential during the anthropocene
  • We can see this same information to slightly different effect using a chart --you’ll notice the devastating effects on Africa of the slave trade and imperialism --you’ll also notice the devastation of the collapse of the Qing Empire, the civil wars that led up to it as well as the civil war and Sino-Japanese wars of the 1930s and 1940s
  • The early modern world was already a global world connected by --trade (silver flow from Americas to Europe to Asia) --migration (voluntary and forced) --ecological exchange (flora, fauna, microbiological)
  • Cold War and Humans’ Imprint on Geological Strata
  • Great Divergence --causes dispute (see H109 Lecture 5)
  • Great Acceleratin
  • Engineering Geology 1
  • Engineering Geology 2
  • A short history of the world since 1750

    1. 1. Jason M. Kellyjaskelly@iupui.eduA Brief History of the AnthropoceneDubai, United Arab Emirates, 2000 and 2010http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/world/road-to-rio/satellite-photos-urban-sprawl/index.html
    2. 2. How can we summarize 250 years of history?
    3. 3. Hans Rosling “200 years, 200 countries, 4 minutes”http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=jbkSRLYSojo
    4. 4. NOVA. Population Densities through Time. World in Balance (PBS).http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/worldbalance0 CE.3B
    5. 5. NOVA. Population Densities through Time. World in Balance (PBS)http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/worldbalance1000 CE.4B
    6. 6. NOVA. Population Densities through Time. World in Balance (PBS)http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/worldbalance1800 CE1B
    7. 7. NOVA. Population Densities through Time. World in Balance (PBS)http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/worldbalance1927 CE2B
    8. 8. NOVA. Population Densities through Time. World in Balance (PBS)http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/worldbalance1960 CE3B
    9. 9. NOVA. Population Densities through Time. World in Balance (PBS)http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/worldbalance1974 CE4B
    10. 10. NOVA. Population Densities through Time. World in Balance (PBS)http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/worldbalance1980 CE5B
    11. 11. NOVA. Population Densities through Time. World in Balance (PBS)http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/worldbalance1999 CE 6B
    12. 12. NOVA. Population Densities through Time. World in Balance (PBS)http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/worldbalance2050 CE9B
    13. 13. UN. The World at Six Billion. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/sixbillion/sixbillion.htmhttp://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/sixbillion/sixbilpart1.pdfPercentage of Earth’s Population by Region
    14. 14. “Trade in Silver and Other Commodities, 1650 – 1750,” Worlds Together, Worlds Apart
    15. 15. 20001700 18501775 1925Great Divergence Great AccelerationHumanity and the AnthropoceneGreenRevolution1st Industrial Revolution 2nd Industrial RevolutionOld Imperialism New Imperialism PostcolonialismGlobal WarAgriculturalRevolutionGEOPOLITICALSOCIOECONOMICCold WarAtlanticRevolutionsEurasianRevolutionsBIOLOGICALSanitaryRegimePharmaceuticalRegimeConservationism EnvironmentalismGeneticRegimeCoal OilCanal Train Automobile AirBiofuelAtlantic MigrationState Centralization/Biological Old Regimes6th Great ExtinctionAgrochemicalRevolutionSteamshipAtomicEngineering GeologyAfrican DiasporaFiscal-military state Finance CapitalismIndustrialMonoculture
    16. 16. Isa Hashimoto, "1945-1998." 2003http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjAqR1zICA0&feature=
    17. 17. 20001700 18501775 1925Great Divergence Great AccelerationHumanity and the AnthropoceneGreenRevolution1st Industrial Revolution 2nd Industrial RevolutionOld Imperialism New Imperialism PostcolonialismGlobal WarAgriculturalRevolutionGEOPOLITICALSOCIOECONOMICCold WarAtlanticRevolutionsEurasianRevolutionsBIOLOGICALSanitaryRegimePharmaceuticalRegimeConservationism EnvironmentalismGeneticRegimeCoal OilCanal Train Automobile AirBiofuelAtlantic MigrationState Centralization/Biological Old Regimes6th Great ExtinctionAgrochemicalRevolutionSteamshipAtomicEngineering GeologyAfrican DiasporaFiscal-military state Finance CapitalismIndustrialMonoculture
    18. 18. TextGross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita between 1500 and 1950 in 1990 International Dollars for selected nations, depicting data excerpted from Contours of the WorldEconomy, 1–2030 AD. Essays in Macro-Economic History by Angus Maddison, Oxford University Press, 2007, ISBN 978-0-19-922721-1, p. 382, Table A.7.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Maddison_GDP_per_capita_1500-1950.svgGross Domestic Product Per Capita
    19. 19. Vlachogianni, T. , & Valavanidis, A. (2013). Energy and Environmental Impact on theBiosphere Energy Flow, Storage and Conversion in Human Civilization. American Journalof Educational Research, 1(3), 68-78.
    20. 20. 20001700 18501775 1925Great Divergence Great AccelerationHumanity and the AnthropoceneGreenRevolution1st Industrial Revolution 2nd Industrial RevolutionOld Imperialism New Imperialism PostcolonialismGlobal WarAgriculturalRevolutionGEOPOLITICALSOCIOECONOMICCold WarAtlanticRevolutionsEurasianRevolutionsBIOLOGICALSanitaryRegimePharmaceuticalRegimeConservationism EnvironmentalismGeneticRegimeCoal OilCanal Train Automobile AirBiofuelAtlantic MigrationState Centralization/Biological Old Regimes6th Great ExtinctionAgrochemicalRevolutionSteamshipAtomicEngineering GeologyAfrican DiasporaFiscal-military state Finance CapitalismIndustrialMonoculture
    21. 21. The Accidental Seahttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=otIU6Py4K_A&list=PLJC6
    22. 22. World Dams since 1800http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OR5IFcSsaxY&list=PLJC6XztkApXPD-OAj-RLIF8xBiXtXg9qr&index=5
    23. 23. 20001700 18501775 1925Great Divergence Great AccelerationHumanity and the AnthropoceneGreenRevolution1st Industrial Revolution 2nd Industrial RevolutionOld Imperialism New Imperialism PostcolonialismGlobal WarAgriculturalRevolutionGEOPOLITICALSOCIOECONOMICCold WarAtlanticRevolutionsEurasianRevolutionsBIOLOGICALSanitaryRegimePharmaceuticalRegimeConservationism EnvironmentalismGeneticRegimeCoal OilCanal Train Automobile AirBiofuelAtlantic MigrationState Centralization/Biological Old Regimes6th Great ExtinctionAgrochemicalRevolutionSteamshipAtomicEngineering GeologyAfrican DiasporaFiscal-military state Finance CapitalismIndustrialMonoculture

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